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218 papers 100 to 500 followers Post concussion syndrome
By David Rhine MD FRCPC. Emergency medicine. Special interest in concussion management.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665736/fear-avoidance-and-clinical-outcomes-from-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Noah D Silverberg, William Panenka, Grant L Iverson
Characterizing psychological factors that contribute to persistent symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) can inform early intervention. To determine whether fear avoidance, a known risk factor for chronic disability after musculoskeletal injury, is associated with worse clinical outcomes from MTBI, adults were recruited from four outpatient MTBI clinics and assessed at their first clinic visit (M=2.7, SD=1.5 weeks post-injury) and again 4-5 months later. Of 273 patients screened, 102 completed the initial assessment and 87 returned for the outcome assessment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621405/searching-for-effective-components-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-children-and-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
Christine Resch, Stefanie Rosema, Petra Hurks, Arend de Kloet, Caroline van Heugten
AIM: Cognitive rehabilitation is of interest after paediatric acquired brain injury (ABI). The present systematic review examined studies investigating cognitive rehabilitation interventions for children with ABI, while focusing on identifying effective components. Components were categorized as (1) metacognition and/or strategy use, (2) (computerized) drill-based exercises, and (3) external aids. METHODS: The databases PubMed (including MEDLINE), PsycInfo, and CINAHL were searched until 22nd June 2017...
April 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620911/association-between-history-of-multiple-concussions-and-health-outcomes-among-former-college-football-players-15-year-follow-up-from-the-ncaa-concussion-study-1999-2001
#3
Zachary Y Kerr, Leah C Thomas, Janet E Simon, Michael McCrea, Kevin M Guskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined associations between concussion history and adverse health outcomes among former professional football players. Less is known about the potential effects of concussion among former college football players without additional exposure at the professional level. PURPOSE: To examine the association between concussion and adverse health outcomes in a cohort of former college football players without exposure to professional football, 15 years after their playing careers ended...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580906/post-traumatic-psychiatric-disorders-ptsd-is-not-the-only-diagnosis
#4
Yann Auxéméry
Traumatic events and their consequences are often hidden or minimised by patients for reasons linked to the post-traumatic stress disorder itself (inexpressibility, shame, depressive thoughts, fear of stigmatisation, etc.). Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains the most widely known disorder, chronic post-traumatic psychiatric disorders are many and varied. After a trauma, the practitioner has to check for the different clinical forms of post-traumatic psychological consequences: PTSD is not the only diagnosis...
March 23, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554197/secondary-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-5-to-10-years-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Megan E Narad, Megan Kennelly, Nanhua Zhang, Shari L Wade, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Jeffery N Epstein, Brad G Kurowski
Importance: After traumatic brain injury (TBI), children often experience impairment when faced with tasks and situations of increasing complexity. Studies have failed to consider the potential for attention problems to develop many years after TBI or factors that may predict the development of secondary attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (SADHD). Understanding these patterns will aid in timely identification of clinically significant problems and appropriate initiation of treatment with the hope of limiting additional functional impairment...
March 19, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385828/prolonged-postconcussive-symptoms
#6
Davin K Quinn, Andrew R Mayer, Christina L Master, Jesse R Fann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552934/postconcussive-symptoms-after-single-and-repeated-concussions-in-10-to-20-year-olds-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile, Bronson Elizabeth Delasobera, Nassim Zecavati
The objective was to characterize cognitive deficits and postconcussive symptoms in a pediatric population with no concussion, a single concussion, and ≥2 concussions, using a cross-sectional design. Cognitive function and postconcussive symptoms were assessed in participants (age 10-20) with no concussion (n = 1118), single concussion (n = 368), and repeated (≥2) concussions (n = 252). Analyses were adjusted for age and gender. Individuals with ≥2 concussions exhibited more total postconcussive symptoms; more loss of consciousness, amnesia and confusion; more headaches; and poorer cognitive function compared to no concussion and single concussion...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521703/athletic-suicide-separating-fact-from-fiction-and-navigating-the-challenging-road-ahead
#8
Ashwin L Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490564/worsening-dual-task-gait-costs-after-concussion-and-their-association-with-subsequent-sport-related-injury
#9
David Robert Howell, Thomas Buckley, Robert C Lynall, William Meehan
Prior studies suggest that concussion may lead to an increased risk of a subsequent time-loss sport-related injury, but the mechanisms responsible are unknown. We measured the symptom and dual-task gait outcomes for athletes initially post-concussion and after clinical recovery. Participants then self-reported any additional injuries incurred in the year after their concussion. Forty-two athletes (52% female, mean age=16.8±3.2 years) completed the study. They underwent a dual-task gait evaluation and symptom inventory within 21 days post-concussion, and again after they were deemed clinically recovered...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432249/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-and-concussion
#10
Meeryo Choe, Karen M Barlow
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the impact and complications of mild traumatic brain injury and concussion in children and outlines the recent evidence for its assessment and early management. Useful evidence-based management strategies are provided for children who have a typical recovery following concussion as well as for those who have persistent postconcussion syndrome. Cases are used to demonstrate the commonly encountered pathologies of headache, cognitive issues, and mood disturbances following injury...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411374/a-survey-of-neurologists-on-postconcussion-syndrome
#11
Randolph W Evans, Kamalika Ghosh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) has been controversial for more than 150 years. As there have not been any surveys of PCS among neurologists in the United States since 1992, another was performed using most of the prior items to assess current opinions and practices and whether there have been any changes since 1992. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-nine neurologists attending the Texas Neurological Society 20th Annual Winter Conference continuing medical education meeting in 2017 were supplied the survey instrument with registration materials...
February 7, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385179/population-based-cohort-study-of-the-impacts-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults-four-years-post-injury
#12
Alice Theadom, Nicola Starkey, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Kelly Jones, Shanthi Ameratunga, Valery Feigin
There is increasing evidence that some people can experience persistent symptoms for up to a year following mild TBI. However, few longitudinal studies of mild TBI exist and the longer-term impact remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine if there are long-term effects of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) four-years later. Adults (aged ≥16 years) identified as part of a TBI incidence study who experienced a mild-TBI four-years ago (N = 232) were compared to age-sex matched controls (N = 232)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248884/use-of-general-practice-before-and-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-denmark
#13
Stine Fjendbo Galili, Bodil Hammer Bech, Claus Vestergaard, Morten Fenger-Gron, Jakob Christensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Jette Ahrensberg
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is commonly seen in the emergency department (ED). Approximately 85%-90% of TBIs are mild (mTBI). Some cause symptoms such as headache, dizziness, anxiety, blurred vision, insomnia and concentration difficulties, collectively known as postconcussion syndrome (PCS). Some studies suggest that recovery from mTBI is complete. Others find that symptoms persist for months, even years. The aim of this study was to describe the use of general practice, before and after mTBI, as a proxy for symptoms in a large cohort...
December 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350085/divergent-classification-methods-of-post-concussion-syndrome-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-prevalence-rates-risk-factors-and-functional-outcome
#14
Daphne C Voormolen, Maryse C Cnossen, Suzanne Polinder, Nicole von Steinbuechel, Pieter E Vos, Juanita A Haagsma
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common diagnosis and approximately one third of mTBI patients experience a variety of cognitive, emotional, psychosocial, and behavioral post-concussion symptoms. When a cluster of these symptoms persists for more than 3 months they are often classified as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). The objective of this study was to determine prevalence rates, risk factors, and functional outcome associated with PCS 6 months after mTBI, applying divergent classification methods...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157505/sports-related-concussion-acute-management-and-chronic-postconcussive-issues
#15
REVIEW
Navid Mahooti
Sports-related concussion (SRC) is a common problem in youth sports. Concussion may occur after a forceful hit to the body or head, resulting in transient neuropathological changes that spontaneously resolve with relative rest and activity modification in most patients. Most SRCs are effectively managed by primary care physicians and sports medicine specialists. In some cases, symptoms may persist and the child and adolescent psychiatrist may be consulted. This article reviews important background information regarding SRC and highlights a variety of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment options that consultant psychiatrists should know...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115868/longitudinal-trajectories-of-post-concussive-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-with-prolonged-recovery-from-concussion
#16
Elizabeth Stein, Waylon Howard, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara, Douglas Zatzick, Carolyn A McCarty
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the symptom trajectories of depressive and post-concussive symptoms (PCS) in slow-to-recover adolescents to understand how the two sets of symptoms are related. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used data from a randomized clinical trial of a collaborative care intervention for post-concussive symptoms to better understand how these two sets of symptoms change in parallel over 6 months. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: PCS and depressive symptom scores for 49 adolescents (ages 11-17) were measured at enrolment and after 1, 3, and 6 months...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084034/risk-factors-for-prolonged-symptoms-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pediatric-sports-concussion-clinic-cohort
#17
Shayne D Fehr, Lindsay D Nelson, Kyle R Scharer, Elizabeth A Traudt, Joshua M Veenstra, Sergey S Tarima, Xue-Cheng Liu, Kevin D Walter
OBJECTIVE: To examine predictors of prolonged symptom duration from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in a pediatric sports medicine specialty clinic cohort as these predictors may be distinct in this population. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Outpatient specialty clinic. PATIENTS: Charts of 549 patients (age range: 10-18 years) with concussions were reviewed in an outpatient clinic that predominantly managed sports-related injuries (77...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926482/is-there-an-optimal-time-to-initiate-an-active-rehabilitation-protocol-for-concussion-management-in-children-a-case-series
#18
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle J Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the time frame during which initiating an active rehabilitation intervention (aerobic exercise, balance, and sport specific skills) after concussion contributed to improvement in symptoms at follow-up in children and adolescents who are slow to recover (symptoms persisting beyond 2 weeks) from concussion. SETTING: Concussion clinic at a tertiary care pediatric teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 677 children and adolescents with concussion aged 7 to 18 years...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919268/depression-and-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Antoine Yrondi, David Brauge, Johanne LeMen, Christophe Arbus, Jérémie Pariente
CONTEXT: Head injuries are risk factors for chronic depressive disorders, but this association remains poorly explored with regards to concussion. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the incidence of depressive symptoms and depression after sports-related concussion. We also endeavored to identify the response elements regarding the pathophysiology of these symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed and Embase was conducted focusing on papers published until 1st December, 2016, according to PRISMA criteria The following MESH terms were used: (concussion or traumatic brain injury) and sport and (depression or depressive disorder)...
October 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560540/post-traumatic-headache-the-use-of-the-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-scat-3-as-a-predictor-of-post-concussion-recovery
#20
Olivia Begasse de Dhaem, William B Barr, Laura J Balcer, Steven L Galetta, Mia T Minen
BACKGROUND: Given that post-traumatic headache is one of the most prevalent and long-lasting post-concussion sequelae, causes significant morbidity, and might be associated with slower neurocognitive recovery, we sought to evaluate the use of concussion screening scores in a concussion clinic population to assess for post-traumatic headache. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 254 concussion patients from the New York University (NYU) Concussion Registry...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
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