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227 papers 100 to 500 followers Post concussion syndrome
By David Rhine MD FRCPC. Emergency medicine. Special interest in concussion management.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925450/post-concussion-symptom-factors-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-collegiate-athletes
#1
Erin Guty, Peter Arnett
OBJECTIVES: Research indicates that symptoms following a concussion are related to cognitive dysfunction; however, less is known about how different types of symptoms may be related to cognitive outcomes or how specific domains of cognition are affected. The present study explored the relationship between specific types of symptoms and these various cognitive outcomes following a concussion. METHODS: One-hundred twenty-two student-athletes with sports-related concussion were tested with a battery that included a symptom report measure and various cognitive tests...
June 21, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922224/neuroendocrine-abnormalities-following-traumatic-brain-injury-an-important-contributor-to-neuropsychiatric-sequelae
#2
REVIEW
Amir M Molaie, Jamie Maguire
Neuropsychiatric symptoms following traumatic brain injury (TBI) are common and contribute negatively to TBI outcomes by reducing overall quality of life. The development of neurobehavioral sequelae, such as concentration deficits, depression, anxiety, fatigue, and loss of emotional well-being has historically been attributed to an ambiguous "post-concussive syndrome," considered secondary to frank structural injury and axonal damage. However, recent research suggests that neuroendocrine dysfunction, specifically hypopituitarism, plays an important role in the etiology of these symptoms...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880474/quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-after-sports-related-concussion
#3
K M Koch, T B Meier, R Karr, A S Nencka, L T Muftuler, M McCrea
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Quantitative susceptibility mapping using MR imaging can assess changes in brain tissue structure and composition. This report presents preliminary results demonstrating changes in tissue magnetic susceptibility after sports-related concussion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Longitudinal quantitative susceptibility mapping metrics were produced from imaging data acquired from cohorts of concussed and control football athletes. One hundred thirty-six quantitative susceptibility mapping datasets were analyzed across 3 separate visits (24 hours after injury, 8 days postinjury, and 6 months postinjury)...
June 7, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809036/predictors-of-neuropsychological-outcome-after-pediatric-concussion
#4
Miriam H Beauchamp, Mary Aglipay, Keith Owen Yeates, Naddley Désiré, Michelle Keightley, Peter Anderson, Brian L Brooks, Nick Barrowman, Jocelyn Gravel, Kathy Boutis, Isabelle Gagnon, Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky, Roger Zemek
OBJECTIVE: Previous research suggests that neuropsychological outcome after pediatric concussion is determined by unmodifiable, preexisting factors. This study aimed to predict neuropsychological outcome after pediatric concussion by using a sufficiently large sample to explore a vast array of predictors. METHOD: A total of 311 children and adolescents (6-18 years old) with concussion were assessed in the emergency department to document acute symptomatology and to screen for cognitive functioning...
May 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776480/concussion-symptom-prevalence-severity-and-trajectory-implications-for-nursing-practice
#5
Gail Macartney, Valérie Simoncic, Kristian Goulet, Mary Aglipay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the symptom severity and trajectory in concussed children who were followed during a one year period at a concussion clinic. DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was completed to describe the symptom trajectory up to three months during the recovery. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-six patients were included (74 female, 62 male) with a median age of 15.4years (range 13-17). The most common mechanisms of injury included: falls (19...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757458/posttraumatic-headache-basic-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-targets
#6
REVIEW
Joshua Kamins, Andrew Charles
Frequent or continuous headache, often refractory to medical therapy, is a common occurrence after head trauma. In addition to being the most common acute symptom after traumatic brain injury (TBI), headache is also one of the most persistent and disabling symptoms. Different studies indicate that 18-58% of those suffering a TBI will have significant headache at 1 year following the trauma. In addition to being disabling on its own, posttraumatic headache (PTH) is a predictor of overall outcome after concussion...
May 14, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685082/peripheral-vestibular-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-concussion
#7
Jacob R Brodsky, Talia N Shoshany, Sophie Lipson, Guangwei Zhou
Objective To review peripheral vestibular disorders in pediatric patients with dizziness following concussion. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Pediatric vestibular clinic and pediatric multidisciplinary concussion clinic at a tertiary level pediatric hospital. Subjects and Methods We retrospectively reviewed 109 patients seen for dizziness following a concussion between September 2012 and July 2015. Patients were ≤20 years of age at the time of concussion. Incidences of specific peripheral vestibular disorders were assessed along with timing of diagnosis relative to the date of injury, diagnostic test findings, and treatment interventions associated with those diagnoses...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690799/prediction-of-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Maryse C Cnossen, Joukje van der Naalt, Jacoba M Spikman, Daan Nieboer, John K Yue, Ethan A Winkler, Geoffrey Manley, Nicole von Steinbuechel, Suzanne Polinder, Ewout W Steyerberg, Hester Lingsma
Persistent post-concussion symptoms (PPCS) occur frequently after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The identification of patients at risk for poor outcome remains challenging since valid prediction models are missing. The objectives of the current study were to assess the quality and clinical value of prediction models for PPCS , and to develop a new model based on the synthesis of existing models and addition of complaints at emergency department (ED). MTBI patients (Glasgow Coma Scale score 13-15) were prospectively recruited from three Dutch level I trauma centers between 2013-2015 in the UPFRONT study...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514340/a-comparison-of-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-with-both-disorders-understanding-multimorbidity
#9
Joseph F Kulas, Robert A Rosenheck
Introduction: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common military service-related conditions diagnosed both singly and together in veterans returning from recent military conflicts overseas. The impact of these disorders in real-world Veterans Health Administration practice has not been studied extensively, and few studies have examined the association of these disorders both by themselves and together with sociodemographic characteristics, psychiatric and medical comorbidities, health service utilization, and psychotropic medication fills...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665736/fear-avoidance-and-clinical-outcomes-from-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Noah D Silverberg, William Panenka, Grant L Iverson
Characterizing psychological factors that contribute to persistent symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) can inform early intervention. To determine whether fear avoidance, a known risk factor for chronic disability after musculoskeletal injury, is associated with worse clinical outcomes from MTBI, adults were recruited from four outpatient MTBI clinics and assessed at their first clinic visit (M=2.7, SD=1.5 weeks post-injury) and again 4-5 months later. Of 273 patients screened, 102 completed the initial assessment and 87 returned for the outcome assessment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621405/searching-for-effective-components-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-children-and-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#11
Christine Resch, Stefanie Rosema, Petra Hurks, Arend de Kloet, Caroline van Heugten
AIM: Cognitive rehabilitation is of interest after paediatric acquired brain injury (ABI). The present systematic review examined studies investigating cognitive rehabilitation interventions for children with ABI, while focusing on identifying effective components. Components were categorized as (1) metacognition and/or strategy use, (2) (computerized) drill-based exercises, and (3) external aids. METHODS: The databases PubMed (including MEDLINE), PsycInfo, and CINAHL were searched until 22nd June 2017...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620911/association-between-history-of-multiple-concussions-and-health-outcomes-among-former-college-football-players-15-year-follow-up-from-the-ncaa-concussion-study-1999-2001
#12
Zachary Y Kerr, Leah C Thomas, Janet E Simon, Michael McCrea, Kevin M Guskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined associations between concussion history and adverse health outcomes among former professional football players. Less is known about the potential effects of concussion among former college football players without additional exposure at the professional level. PURPOSE: To examine the association between concussion and adverse health outcomes in a cohort of former college football players without exposure to professional football, 15 years after their playing careers ended...
June 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580906/post-traumatic-psychiatric-disorders-ptsd-is-not-the-only-diagnosis
#13
REVIEW
Yann Auxéméry
Traumatic events and their consequences are often hidden or minimised by patients for reasons linked to the post-traumatic stress disorder itself (inexpressibility, shame, depressive thoughts, fear of stigmatisation, etc.). Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains the most widely known disorder, chronic post-traumatic psychiatric disorders are many and varied. After a trauma, the practitioner has to check for the different clinical forms of post-traumatic psychological consequences: PTSD is not the only diagnosis...
May 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554197/secondary-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-5-to-10-years-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Megan E Narad, Megan Kennelly, Nanhua Zhang, Shari L Wade, Keith Owen Yeates, H Gerry Taylor, Jeffery N Epstein, Brad G Kurowski
Importance: After traumatic brain injury (TBI), children often experience impairment when faced with tasks and situations of increasing complexity. Studies have failed to consider the potential for attention problems to develop many years after TBI or factors that may predict the development of secondary attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (SADHD). Understanding these patterns will aid in timely identification of clinically significant problems and appropriate initiation of treatment with the hope of limiting additional functional impairment...
May 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385828/prolonged-postconcussive-symptoms
#15
Davin K Quinn, Andrew R Mayer, Christina L Master, Jesse R Fann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552934/postconcussive-symptoms-after-single-and-repeated-concussions-in-10-to-20-year-olds-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile, Bronson Elizabeth Delasobera, Nassim Zecavati
The objective was to characterize cognitive deficits and postconcussive symptoms in a pediatric population with no concussion, a single concussion, and ≥2 concussions, using a cross-sectional design. Cognitive function and postconcussive symptoms were assessed in participants (age 10-20) with no concussion (n = 1118), single concussion (n = 368), and repeated (≥2) concussions (n = 252). Analyses were adjusted for age and gender. Individuals with ≥2 concussions exhibited more total postconcussive symptoms; more loss of consciousness, amnesia and confusion; more headaches; and poorer cognitive function compared to no concussion and single concussion...
May 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521703/athletic-suicide-separating-fact-from-fiction-and-navigating-the-challenging-road-ahead
#17
Ashwin L Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490564/worsening-dual-task-gait-costs-after-concussion-and-their-association-with-subsequent-sport-related-injury
#18
David R Howell, Thomas A Buckley, Robert C Lynall, William P Meehan
Prior studies suggest that concussion may lead to an increased risk of a subsequent time-loss sport-related injury, but the mechanisms responsible are unknown. We measured the symptom and dual-task gait outcomes for athletes initially post-concussion and after clinical recovery. Participants then self-reported any additional injuries incurred in the year after their concussion. Forty-two athletes (52% female, mean age = 16.8 ± 3.2 years) completed the study. They underwent a dual-task gait evaluation and symptom inventory within 21 days post-concussion, and again after they were deemed clinically recovered...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432249/pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-and-concussion
#19
Meeryo Choe, Karen M Barlow
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the impact and complications of mild traumatic brain injury and concussion in children and outlines the recent evidence for its assessment and early management. Useful evidence-based management strategies are provided for children who have a typical recovery following concussion as well as for those who have persistent postconcussion syndrome. Cases are used to demonstrate the commonly encountered pathologies of headache, cognitive issues, and mood disturbances following injury...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411374/a-survey-of-neurologists-on-postconcussion-syndrome
#20
Randolph W Evans, Kamalika Ghosh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) has been controversial for more than 150 years. As there have not been any surveys of PCS among neurologists in the United States since 1992, another was performed using most of the prior items to assess current opinions and practices and whether there have been any changes since 1992. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-nine neurologists attending the Texas Neurological Society 20th Annual Winter Conference continuing medical education meeting in 2017 were supplied the survey instrument with registration materials...
February 7, 2018: Headache
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