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187 papers 100 to 500 followers Post concussion syndrome
By David Rhine MD FRCPC. Emergency medicine. Special interest in concussion management.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446457/consensus-statement-on-concussion-in-sport-the-5-th-international-conference-on-concussion-in-sport-held-in-berlin-october-2016
#1
Paul McCrory, Willem Meeuwisse, Jiří Dvorak, Mark Aubry, Julian Bailes, Steven Broglio, Robert C Cantu, David Cassidy, Ruben J Echemendia, Rudy J Castellani, Gavin A Davis, Richard Ellenbogen, Carolyn Emery, Lars Engebretsen, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Christopher C Giza, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Stanley Herring, Grant L Iverson, Karen M Johnston, James Kissick, Jeffrey Kutcher, John J Leddy, David Maddocks, Michael Makdissi, Geoff Manley, Michael McCrea, William P Meehan, Sinji Nagahiro, Jon Patricios, Margot Putukian, Kathryn J Schneider, Allen Sills, Charles H Tator, Michael Turner, Pieter E Vos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426378/ostracism-and-physiological-arousal-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Michelle Kelly, Skye McDonald, Jacqueline Rushby
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the psychological and physiological effects of ostracism in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: A within-subject, counterbalanced design was used. The two conditions, inclusion and ostracism, were examined across two groups (between subjects). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A group of 21 adults with TBI and 17 matched controls participated in the Cyberball paradigm. This task is a computerised task that exposes participants to a game of catch and throw...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396360/concussion-dementia-and-cte-are-we-getting-it-very-wrong
#3
EDITORIAL
Alan Carson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399158/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi-and-chronic-cognitive-impairment-a-scoping-review
#4
Kerry McInnes, Christopher L Friesen, Diane E MacKenzie, David A Westwood, Shaun G Boe
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, is the most common type of traumatic brain injury. With mTBI comes symptoms that include headaches, fatigue, depression, anxiety and irritability, as well as impaired cognitive function. Symptom resolution is thought to occur within 3 months post-injury, with the exception of a small percentage of individuals who are said to experience persistent post-concussion syndrome. The number of individuals who experience persistent symptoms appears to be low despite clear evidence of longer-term pathophysiological changes resulting from mTBI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396361/cognitive-and-psychosocial-function-in-retired-professional-hockey-players
#5
Carrie Esopenko, Tiffany W Chow, Maria Carmela Tartaglia, Agnes Bacopulos, Priya Kumar, Malcolm A Binns, James L Kennedy, Daniel J Müller, Brian Levine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between repeated concussions and neurodegenerative disease has received significant attention, particularly research in postmortem samples. Our objective was to characterise retired professional ice hockey players' cognitive and psychosocial functioning in relation to concussion exposure and apolipoprotein ε4 status. METHODS: Alumni athletes (N=33, aged 34-71 years) and an age-matched sample of comparison participants (N=18) were administered measures of cognitive function and questionnaires concerning psychosocial and psychiatric functioning...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390514/rehabilitation-of-persistent-symptoms-after-concussion
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca N Tapia, Blessen C Eapen
One of the more challenging aspects beyond acute concussion management occurs when symptoms do not resolve as anticipated over time. The term postconcussion syndrome generally refers to a presentation of multiple ongoing symptoms months to years from injury, typically comprised of physical, cognitive, and emotional complaints such as headaches, poor sleep, poor concentration, dizziness, and irritability. Although individual factors vary, the condition is often regarded as multifactorial. Persistent issues can pose a threat to full community reintegration following concussion and reduce overall quality of life; thus early recognition and treatment are essential to optimize long-term outcomes...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387557/a-physiological-approach-to-prolonged-recovery-from-sport-related-concussion
#7
John Leddy, John G Baker, Mohammad Nadir Haider, Andrea Hinds, Barry Willer
Management of the athlete with postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is challenging because of the nonspecificity of PCS symptoms. Ongoing symptoms reflect prolonged concussion pathophysiology or conditions such as migraine headaches, depression or anxiety, chronic pain, cervical injury, visual dysfunction, vestibular dysfunction, or some combination of these. In this paper, we focus on the physiological signs of concussion to help narrow the differential diagnosis of PCS in athletes. The physiological effects of exercise on concussion are especially important for athletes...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387556/long-term-cognitive-and-neuropsychiatric-consequences-of-repetitive-concussion-and-head-impact-exposure
#8
Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea
Initially, interest in sport-related concussion arose from the premise that the study of athletes engaged in sports associated with high rates of concussion could provide insight into the mechanisms, phenomenology, and recovery from mild traumatic brain injury. Over the last decade, concerns have focused on the possibility that, for some athletes, repetitive concussions may raise the long-term risk for cognitive decline, neurobehavioral changes, and neurodegenerative disease. First conceptualized as a discrete event with variable recovery trajectories, concussion is now viewed by some as a trigger of neurobiological events that may influence neurobehavioral function over the course of the life span...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387553/head-impact-measurement-devices-a-systematic-review
#9
Kathryn L O'Connor, Steven Rowson, Stefan M Duma, Steven P Broglio
CONTEXT: With an estimated 3.8 million sport- and recreation-related concussions occurring annually, targeted prevention and diagnostic methods are needed. Biomechanical analysis of head impacts may provide quantitative information that can inform both prevention and diagnostic strategies. OBJECTIVE: To assess available head-impact devices and their clinical utility. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic search of the electronic database PubMed for peer-reviewed publications, using the following phrases: accelerometer and concussion, head impact telemetry, head impacts and concussion and sensor, head impacts and sensor, impact sensor and concussion, linear acceleration and concussion, rotational acceleration and concussion, and xpatch concussion...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337734/diffusion-tensor-imaging-dti-findings-in-adult-civilian-military-and-sport-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi-a-systematic-critical-review
#10
Breton Michael Asken, Steven T DeKosky, James R Clugston, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
This review seeks to summarize diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies that have evaluated structural changes attributed to the mechanisms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in adult civilian, military, and athlete populations. Articles from 2002 to 2016 were retrieved from PubMed/MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar, using a Boolean search string containing the following terms: "diffusion tensor imaging", "diffusion imaging", "DTI", "white matter", "concussion", "mild traumatic brain injury", "mTBI", "traumatic brain injury", and "TBI"...
March 24, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293983/trajectories-and-risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-pediatric-concussion
#11
Katherine Truss, Celia Godfrey, Michael Takagi, Franz Babl, Silvia Bressan, Stephen J C Hearps, Cathriona Clarke, Kevin Dunne, Vicki Anderson
A substantial minority of children experience posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) following injury. Research indicates variation in the trajectory of PTSS following pediatric injury, but investigation of PTSS following concussion has assumed homogeneity. This study aimed to identify differential trajectories of PTSS following pediatric concussion and to investigate risk-factors, including acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), associated with these trajectories. 120 children aged 8-18 years reported PTSS for 3 months following concussion diagnosis using the Child PTSD Symptom Scale, with a score of 16 or above indicating probable PTSD diagnosis...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298054/long-term-effects-of-adolescent-sport-concussion-across-the-age-spectrum
#12
Douglas N Martini, James T Eckner, Sean K Meehan, Steven P Broglio
BACKGROUND: Research in sport concussion has increased greatly over the previous decade due to increased scientific interest as well as the media and political spotlight that has been cast on this injury. However, a dearth of literature is available regarding the long-term (>1 year after concussion) effects of adolescent concussion on cognitive and motor performance of high school athletes. PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential for long-term effects of concussion sustained during high school on cognitive and motor performance across the lifespan...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250556/cascade-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-correlational-study-of-cognition-postconcussion-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#13
Rajakumari Pampa Reddy, Jamuna Rajeswaran, B Indira Devi, Thennarasu Kandavel
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) constitutes a significant burden on health care resources in India. TBI is a dynamic process which involves damage to the brain thus leading to behavior cognitive and emotional consequences. AIM: To study the cognitive profile, post-concussion symptoms (PCS), quality of life (QOL), and their correlation. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with TBI were recruited and assessed for neuropsychological profile, PCS, and QOL, the correlation among the variables were analyzed...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243574/5-year-imaging-sequelae-of-concussive-blast-injury-and-relation-to-early-clinical-outcome
#14
Christine L Mac Donald, Jason Barber, Jalal Andre, Nicole Evans, Chris Panks, Samantha Sun, Kody Zalewski, R Elizabeth Sanders, Nancy Temkin
Current imaging diagnostic techniques are often insensitive to the underlying pathological changes following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) or concussion so much so that the explicit definition of these uncomplicated mild brain injuries includes the absence of radiological findings. In the US military, this is complicated by the natural tendency of service members to down play symptoms for fear of removal from their unit particularly in combat making it challenging for clinicians to definitively diagnose and determine course of treatment...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239838/which-matters-more-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-headache-characteristics-and-diagnosis-type-in-soldiers-with-mtbi-concussion
#15
Alan G Finkel, Brian J Ivins, Juanita A Yerry, John S Klaric, Ann Scher, Y Sammy Choi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnostic types and characteristics of headaches in soldiers with mild traumatic brain injury during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. BACKGROUND: Persistent post-traumatic headache interferes with returns to activity or duty. The most commonly cited headache diagnosis after concussion is migraine. We hypothesize that headache diagnosis type, eg, migraine, is not sufficient to predict relationships with occupational outcomes after concussion...
February 27, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222567/immune-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Ashley B Petrone, Valerie Gionis, Richard Giersch, Taura L Barr
BACKGROUND: In 2010, there were approximately 2.2 million emergency room visits associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), with 80 percent diagnosed as mild TBI or concussion. In addition, there are a large number of TBIs, especially mild TBIs, which go either unreported by patients or initially undiagnosed by clinicians. Our team has previously identified a panel of immune-related genes that can diagnose ischemic stroke at triage, and due to shared pathophysiological mechanisms of TBI and stroke, we hypothesized that this panel of genes may also be utilized for the diagnosis of TBI...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222566/pilot-study-of-the-sub-symptom-threshold-exercise-program-sstep-for-persistent-concussion-symptoms-in-youth
#17
Sara P D Chrisman, Kathryn B Whitlock, Elissa Somers, Monique S Burton, Stanley A Herring, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest potential benefit using monitored aerobic exercise to treat youth with persistent concussion symptoms, but these studies have been small. OBJECTIVES: To explore the safety and potential benefits of a rehabilitative exercise intervention, the Sub-symptom Threshold Exercise Program (SSTEP), for treating youth with persistent concussion symptoms >1 month. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 83 youth who participated in SSTEP, completing trajectory analysis of concussion symptoms using the symptom subscale of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, version 2 (SCAT-2)...
February 9, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195951/assessment-of-oculomotor-function-in-patients-with-postconcussion-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#18
Foad Taghdiri, Brenda Varriano, Maria Carmela Tartaglia
BACKGROUND: Concussion and its associated sequel, postconcussion syndrome (PCS), have a debilitating impact on the lives of concussed patients. However, a diagnostic biomarker for this condition is lacking. Recently, there has been a surge of interest in using oculomotor function testing as an objective assessment of patients with PCS. OBJECTIVES: To systematically synthesize, appraise, and summarize all published empirical studies that have assessed alteration of oculomotor functions in patients with PCS...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192036/using-acute-performance-on-a-comprehensive-neurocognitive-vestibular-and-ocular-motor-assessment-battery-to-predict-recovery-duration-after-sport-related-concussions
#19
Alicia M Sufrinko, Gregory F Marchetti, Paul E Cohen, R J Elbin, Valentina Re, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND: A sport-related concussion (SRC) is a heterogeneous injury that requires a multifaceted and comprehensive approach for diagnosis and management, including symptom reports, vestibular/ocular motor assessments, and neurocognitive testing. PURPOSE: To determine which acute (eg, within 7 days) vestibular, ocular motor, neurocognitive, and symptom impairments predict the duration of recovery after an SRC. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (prognosis); Level of evidence, 2...
April 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182530/is-state-anxiety-trait-anxiety-or-anxiety-sensitivity-a-clinical-predictor-of-symptoms-in-those-presenting-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-or-concussion
#20
Krista M Hixson, Alex N Allen, Andrew S Williams, Tamara C Valovich-McLeod
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Mild traumatic brain injury, or concussion, has been associated with physical, cognitive, and emotional sequelae. In regard to emotional sequelae, the literature has described numerous psychological variables that can affect a concussed patient’s recovery; such as anxiety, depression, Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and social support or lack thereof. Although there is uncertainty surrounding many pre-injury characteristics and their effect on concussion recovery or development of post-concussion symptoms, anxiety as a construct has been linked as a possible factor resulting in lasting symptoms...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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