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ER Dogma

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371 papers 500 to 1000 followers ER dogma
By David Rhine MD FRCPC. Emergency medicine. Special interest in concussion management.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053200/treatment-and-prevention-of-acute-and-recurrent-ankle-sprain-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-with-meta-analysis
#1
Cailbhe Doherty, Chris Bleakley, Eamonn Delahunt, Sinead Holden
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are highly prevalent with high risk of recurrence. Consequently, there are a significant number of research reports examining strategies for treating and preventing acute and recurrent sprains (otherwise known as chronic ankle instability (CAI)), with a coinciding proliferation of review articles summarising these reports. OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic overview of the systematic reviews evaluating treatment strategies for acute ankle sprain and CAI...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003344/differentiating-lower-motor-neuron-syndromes
#2
REVIEW
Nidhi Garg, Susanna B Park, Steve Vucic, Con Yiannikas, Judy Spies, James Howells, William Huynh, José M Matamala, Arun V Krishnan, John D Pollard, David R Cornblath, Mary M Reilly, Matthew C Kiernan
Lower motor neuron (LMN) syndromes typically present with muscle wasting and weakness and may arise from pathology affecting the distal motor nerve up to the level of the anterior horn cell. A variety of hereditary causes are recognised, including spinal muscular atrophy, distal hereditary motor neuropathy and LMN variants of familial motor neuron disease. Recent genetic advances have resulted in the identification of a variety of disease-causing mutations. Immune-mediated disorders, including multifocal motor neuropathy and variants of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, account for a proportion of LMN presentations and are important to recognise, as effective treatments are available...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010937/clinical-relevance-of-the-nonvisualized-appendix-on-ultrasonography-of-the-abdomen-in-children
#3
Shireen Anne Nah, Sophie Sihui Ong, Wei Xiang Lim, Sanjena Kumar Amuddhu, Phua Hwee Tang, Yee Low
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical relevance of the nonvisualized appendix on ultrasound imaging in children with right lower quadrant pain. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed 1359 children admitted for abdominal pain between January and December 2013 who had abdominal ultrasound imaging for right lower quadrant pain. Patients who had scans for genitourinary symptoms or intussusception were excluded from the study. When the appendix was not visualized, secondary signs indicating right lower quadrant inflammatory pathology were noted...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007701/ischaemic-colitis
#4
REVIEW
J M Trotter, L Hunt, M B Peter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927672/influenza
#5
REVIEW
Sam Ghebrehewet, Peter MacPherson, Antonia Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815254/anal-itching
#6
Kapil Sahnan, Laurence Lever, Robin K S Philips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908918/alpha-blockers-for-treatment-of-ureteric-stones-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
John M Hollingsworth, Benjamin K Canales, Mary A M Rogers, Shyam Sukumar, Phyllis Yan, Gretchen M Kuntz, Philipp Dahm
OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the efficacy and safety of alpha blockers in the treatment of patients with ureteric stones. DESIGN:  Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:  Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Embase, LILACS, and Medline databases and scientific meeting abstracts to July 2016. REVIEW METHODS:  Randomized controlled trials of alpha blockers compared with placebo or control for treatment of ureteric stones were eligible...
December 1, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908509/emergency-department-concussion-revisits-chart-review-of-the-evaluation-and-discharge-plans-of-post-traumatic-headache-patients
#8
LETTER
Mia Minen, Ashna Shome, Robert Femia, Laura Balcer, Corita Grudzen, Nicholas P Gavin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797737/it-is-time-to-stop-causing-harm-with-inappropriate-imaging-for-low-back-pain
#9
EDITORIAL
Ben Darlow, Bruce B Forster, Kieran O'Sullivan, Peter O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802970/management-of-degenerative-meniscal-tears-and-the-role-of-surgery
#10
Rachelle Buchbinder, Ian A Harris, Andrew Sprowson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803010/health-consequences-of-shift-work-and-insufficient-sleep
#11
REVIEW
Göran Kecklund, John Axelsson
This review summarises the literature on shift work and its relation to insufficient sleep, chronic diseases, and accidents. It is based on 38 meta-analyses and 24 systematic reviews, with additional narrative reviews and articles used for outlining possible mechanisms by which shift work may cause accidents and adverse health. Evidence shows that the effect of shift work on sleep mainly concerns acute sleep loss in connection with night shifts and early morning shifts. A link also exists between shift work and accidents, type 2 diabetes (relative risk range 1...
November 1, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802876/something-for-pain-responsible-opioid-use-in-emergency-medicine
#12
Reuben J Strayer, Sergey M Motov, Lewis S Nelson
The United States is currently experiencing a public health crisis of opioid addiction, which has its genesis in an industry marketing effort that successfully encouraged clinicians to prescribe opioids liberally, and asserted the safety of prescribing opioids for chronic non-cancer pain, despite a preponderance of evidence demonstrating the risks of dependence and misuse. The resulting rise in opioid use has pushed drug overdose deaths in front of motor vehicle collisions to become the leading cause of accidental death in the country...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772682/aortic-dissection-or-is-it-sigh
#13
Andrew Grock, Michael B Weinstock, Paul Jhun, Mel Herbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745712/non-specific-low-back-pain
#14
Chris Maher, Martin Underwood, Rachelle Buchbinder
Non-specific low back pain affects people of all ages and is a leading contributor to disease burden worldwide. Management guidelines endorse triage to identify the rare cases of low back pain that are caused by medically serious pathology, and so require diagnostic work-up or specialist referral, or both. Because non-specific low back pain does not have a known pathoanatomical cause, treatment focuses on reducing pain and its consequences. Management consists of education and reassurance, analgesic medicines, non-pharmacological therapies, and timely review...
October 10, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701665/treatments-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-and-nausea-and-vomiting-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Catherine McParlin, Amy O'Donnell, Stephen C Robson, Fiona Beyer, Eoin Moloney, Andrew Bryant, Jennifer Bradley, Colin R Muirhead, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Justine Norman, Caroline Shaw, Emma Simpson, Brian Swallow, Laura Yates, Luke Vale
Importance: Nausea and vomiting affects approximately 85% of pregnant women. The most severe form, hyperemesis gravidarum, affects up to 3% of women and can have significant adverse physical and psychological sequelae. Objective: To summarize current evidence on effective treatments for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum. Evidence Review: Databases were searched to June 8, 2016. Relevant websites and bibliographies were also searched...
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707500/pathophysiology-research-challenges-and-clinical-management-of-smoke-inhalation-injury
#16
REVIEW
Perenlei Enkhbaatar, Basil A Pruitt, Oscar Suman, Ronald Mlcak, Steven E Wolf, Hiroyuki Sakurai, David N Herndon
Smoke inhalation injury is a serious medical problem that increases morbidity and mortality after severe burns. However, relatively little attention has been paid to this devastating condition, and the bulk of research is limited to preclinical basic science studies. Moreover, no worldwide consensus criteria exist for its diagnosis, severity grading, and prognosis. Therapeutic approaches are highly variable depending on the country and burn centre or hospital. In this Series paper, we discuss understanding of the pathophysiology of smoke inhalation injury, the best evidence-based treatments, and challenges and future directions in diagnostics and management...
October 1, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697845/presentation-of-neurogenic-shock-within-the-emergency-department
#17
Matthew Pritam Taylor, Paul Wrenn, Andrew David O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Injury to the spinal cord can result in loss of sympathetic innervation causing a drop in BP and HR, this condition is known as neurogenic shock. There is debate among the literature on how and when neurogenic shock presents and what values of HR and BP should be used to define it. Previous studies do not take into account multiple prehospital and emergency department recordings. OBJECTIVE: To improve understanding of how neurogenic shock presents in humans, allowing better identification and treatment...
October 3, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699401/depression
#18
Robert M McCarron, Erik R Vanderlip, Jeffrey Rado
This issue provides a clinical overview of depression, focusing on screening, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645810/the-emergency-medicine-approach-to-transplant-complications
#19
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
INTRODUCTION: Organ transplantation provides improved quality of life and longevity in patients with end-organ disease. These patients have significant physiological and anatomical modifications, and with new immunosuppressive agents, many of these patients will present to the emergency department with complications. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to provide emergency physicians with a review of transplant complications, including infection, rejection, medication adverse effects, and specific complications related to the transplant...
November 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618882/the-hypoxia-response-pathways-hats-off
#20
M Celeste Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
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