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By J Edward B. Maddela, MD Clinical Assistant Professor and Assistant Director of the Doctoring Curriculum at the University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix Biomedical Campus
Roy F Baumeister
Inhibition is a major form of self-regulation. As such, it depends on self-awareness and comparing oneself to standards and is also susceptible to fluctuations in willpower resources. Ego depletion is the state of reduced willpower caused by prior exertion of self-control. Ego depletion undermines inhibition both because restraints are weaker and because urges are felt more intensely than usual. Conscious inhibition of desires is a pervasive feature of everyday life and may be a requirement of life in civilized, cultural society, and in that sense it goes to the evolved core of human nature...
December 2014: Neuropsychologia
John M Meagher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
T A Stern, L M Prager, M C Cremens
The authors describe the autognosis countertransference rounds for medical house staff at the Massachusetts General Hospital. At these rounds, which have been held weekly for more than a decade in the intensive care unit, countertransference phenomena and their relationship to medical practice are discussed. Methods that have facilitated the autognostic process are provided and highlighted by brief case examples. Participants at these rounds report that their self-awareness increases and the clinical care they provide often improves...
January 1993: Psychosomatics
J E Groves
"Hateful patients" are not those with whom the physician has an occasional personality clash. As defined here they are those whom most physicians dread. The insatiable dependence of "hateful patients" leads to behaviors that group them into four stereotypes: dependent clingers, entitled demanders, manipulative help-rejecters and self-destructive deniers. The physician' negative reactions constitute important clinical data that should facilitate better understanding and more appropriate psychological management for each...
April 20, 1978: New England Journal of Medicine
Linda H Pololi, Richard M Frankel
BACKGROUND: We conducted a longitudinal faculty development programme for medical school faculty, focused on enhancing learner-centred teaching skills, by integrating traditional elements of education, focusing on knowledge, skills and attitudes, with the non-traditional process elements of community building, self-awareness and relationship formation. METHODS: This year-long programme enrolled faculty from a range of clinical departments at a single institution...
February 2005: Medical Education
Pamela A Saunders, Rochelle E Tractenberg, Ranjana Chaterji, Hakima Amri, Nancy Harazduk, James S Gordon, Michael Lumpkin, Aviad Haramati
BACKGROUND: This research examines student evaluations of their experience and attitudes in an 11 week mind-body skills course for first year medical students. AIMS: The aim is to understand the impact of this course on students' self-awareness, self-reflection, and self-care as part of their medical education experience. METHODS: This study uses a qualitative content analysis approach to data analysis. The data are 492 verbatim responses from 82 students to six open-ended questions about the students' experiences and attitudes after a mind-body skills course...
October 2007: Medical Teacher
Jochanan Benbassat, Reuben Baumal
Self-awareness is an individual's tendency to pay attention to his or her own emotions, attitudes, and behavior in response to specific situations. In the case of physicians, self-awareness is their insight into how their emotional makeup influences patient care. Conceivably, such insight may improve doctors' professional performance. The authors review published approaches aimed at enhancing the self-awareness of medical students and draw attention to some problems in these approaches that call for further research...
February 2005: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Eva M Doherty, Patricia A Cronin, Gozie Offiah
BACKGROUND: The management of emotions in the workplace is a skill related to the ability to demonstrate empathic behaviour towards patients; to manage emotional reactions in oneself and to lead others as part of a team. This ability has been defined as emotional intelligence (EI) and doctor's EI may be related to communication skills and to patient satisfaction levels. This study reports on the use of two assessments of EI as part of a course on Personal and Professional Development (PPD) in a graduate medical school curriculum...
2013: BMC Medical Education
Patricia L Dobkin, Tom A Hutchinson
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness has the potential to prevent compassion fatigue and burnout in that the doctor who is self-aware is more likely to engage in self-care activities and to manage stress better. Moreover, well doctors are better equipped to foster wellness in their patients. Teaching mindfulness in medical school is gaining momentum; we examined the literature and related websites to determine the extent to which this work is carried out with medical students and residents. METHODS: A literature search revealed that 14 medical schools teach mindfulness to medical and dental students and residents...
August 2013: Medical Education
Craig Hassed, Steven de Lisle, Gavin Sullivan, Ciaran Pier
Medical students experience various stresses and many poor health behaviours. Previous studies consistently show that student wellbeing is at its lowest pre-exam. Little core-curriculum is traditionally dedicated to providing self-care skills for medical students. This paper describes the development, implementation and outcomes of the Health Enhancement Program (HEP) at Monash University. It comprises mindfulness and ESSENCE lifestyle programs, is experientially-based, and integrates with biomedical sciences, clinical skills and assessment...
August 2009: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Christie L Palladino, Brittany Ange, Deborah S Richardson, Rhonda Casillas, Matt Decker, Ralph A Gillies, Amy House, Michael Rollock, William H Salazar, Jennifer L Waller, Ronnie Zeidan, Lara Stepleman
PURPOSE: Psychological flexibility involves mindful awareness of our thoughts and feelings without allowing them to prohibit acting consistently with our values and may have important implications for patient-centered clinical care. Although psychological flexibility appears quite relevant to the training and development of health care providers, prior research has not evaluated measures of psychological flexibility in medical learners. Therefore, we investigated the validity of our learners' responses to three measures related to psychological flexibility...
August 13, 2013: Medical Education Online
Sharon Dobie
Medical students enter medical school hoping to have good relationships with their patients. Along with residents, however, they are exposed to a hidden curriculum that places the acquisition of biomedical knowledge above and at times at odds with development of the awareness and relationship skills important to the patient-physician relationship. Seasoned clinicians often enjoy the capacity for rich, healing relationships that are marked by reciprocal influence between them and their patients. The author argues that it is not necessary to relegate this recapturing of the human side of medicine to a midcareer epiphany, and the author calls for educational measures to encourage development of the communication and relationship-building skills throughout the medical education process...
April 2007: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Emma Warnecke, Stephen Quinn, Kathryn Ogden, Nick Towle, Mark R Nelson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether the practice of mindfulness reduces the level of stress experienced by senior medical students. METHODS: We carried out a multicentre, single-blinded, randomised controlled trial with intention-to-treat analysis in three clinical schools attached to the University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania. Participants included 66 medical students in their final 2 years of study in 2009. Participants were block-randomised to either an intervention or a usual care control group...
April 2011: Medical Education
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