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Plant Based Health

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227 papers 1000+ followers Collection of papers focused on plant based lifestyles. Must reads for everyone interested in health!
By Chan Kruse Interested in healthy living and healthy eating as a form of disease prevention.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663080/association-between-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-the-risk-of-hypertension-among-chinese-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Ming-Wei Liu, Hong-Jie Yu, Shuai Yuan, Yong Song, Bo-Wen Tang, Zhong-Kui Cao, Xu-Hao Yang, Samuel D Towne, Qi-Qiang He
PURPOSE: Fruit and vegetable intake has been inversely associated with the risk of hypertension; however, there is inconsistent evidence on the long-term association. Given this gap in the literature, it is necessary to identify evidence from large prospective studies, especially in China, where insufficient evidence exists. Thus, we examined the association of fruit and vegetable intake with incident hypertension in Chinese adults. METHODS: We conducted analyses among 5659 Chinese adults aged 18-64 years, free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and hypertension in the 2006 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663679/the-role-of-cruciferous-vegetables-and-isothiocyanates-for-lung-cancer-prevention-current-status-challenges-and-future-research-directions
#2
REVIEW
Zhenzhen Zhang, Raymond Bergan, Jackilen Shannon, Christopher G Slatore, Gerd Bobe, Yumie Takata
Lung cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Although smoking and air pollution exposure are primary risk factors of lung cancer, diet has also been reported to contribute to lung cancer risk. Cruciferous vegetables contain many bioactive compounds that alter the detoxification process of air-borne carcinogenic compounds and, thereby, may decrease lung cancer risk. In our meta-analysis of 31 observational studies, cruciferous vegetable intake was inversely associated with lung cancer risk (summary odds ratio/relative risk = 0...
April 16, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677110/dietary-treatment-of-metabolic-acidosis-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
REVIEW
Roswitha Siener
Chronic kidney disease and reduced glomerular filtration rate are risk factors for the development of chronic metabolic acidosis. The prevention or correction of chronic metabolic acidosis has been found to slow progression of chronic kidney disease. Dietary composition can strongly affect acid⁻base balance. Major determinants of net endogenous acid production are the generation of large amounts of hydrogen ions, mostly by animal-derived protein, which is counterbalanced by the metabolism of base-producing foods like fruits and vegetables...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681560/high-tomato-and-tomato-product-consumption-is-protective-against-the-decline-in-handgrip-strength-among-japanese-adults-the-oroshisho-study
#4
Zhongyu Ren, Cong Huang, Haruki Momma, Yufei Cui, Kaijun Niu, Shota Sugiyama, Masakazu Nanno, Ryoichi Nagatomi
BACKGROUND: There is scarce epidemiological evidence regarding the relationships of the consumption of different types of vegetables or fruits with change in skeletal muscle strength. We prospectively examined the relationships among Japanese adults, using handgrip strength to assess skeletal muscle strength. METHODS: A 3-year study was carried out with 259 Japanese adults who were 22-68 years of age. The frequency of consumption of different types of vegetables or fruits were obtained using a validated self-administered dietary history questionnaire...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692750/intake-of-raw-fruits-and-vegetables-is-associated-with-better-mental-health-than-intake-of-processed-fruits-and-vegetables
#5
Kate L Brookie, Georgia I Best, Tamlin S Conner
Background: Higher intakes of fruits and vegetables, rich in micronutrients, have been associated with better mental health. However, cooking or processing may reduce the availability of these important micronutrients. This study investigated the differential associations between intake of raw fruits and vegetables, compared to processed (cooked or canned) fruits and vegetables, and mental health in young adults. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey design, 422 young adults ages 18-25 (66.1% female) living in New Zealand and the United States completed an online survey that assessed typical consumption of raw vs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696631/proinflammatory-diet-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-squamous-cell-head-and-neck-cancer
#6
A L Mazul, N Shivappa, J R Hébert, S E Steck, N Rodriguez-Ormaza, M Weissler, A F Olshan, J P Zevallos
Diets high in fruits and vegetables and low in red meat intake have been associated with decreased risk of head and neck cancer. Additionally, chronic inflammation pathways and their association with cancer have been widely described. We hypothesized a pro-inflammatory diet, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®), is associated with increased risk of head and neck cancer. We used the Carolina Head and Neck Cancer (CHANCE) study, a population-based case-control study of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702040/impact-of-diets-rich-in-whole-grains-and-fruits-and-vegetables-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-randomized-clinical-feeding-trial
#7
Somaye Fatahi, Elnaz Daneshzad, Hamed Kord-Varkaneh, Nick Bellissimo, Neil R Brett, Leila Azadbakht
OBJECTIVE: Previous interventions have reported desirable effects of diets rich in whole grains or rich in fruits and vegetables on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and weight management. However, data are lacking regarding the effect of these fiber sources separately. The aim of this randomized clinical feeding trial was to investigate the effects of fiber-rich diets with different sources of fiber (fruits, vegetables, and whole grains) on weight loss and CVD risk factors in overweight and obese women...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702128/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-strategies-to-increase-vegetable-consumption-in-preschool-children-aged-2-5-years
#8
Chandani Nekitsing, Pam Blundell-Birtill, Jennie E Cockroft, Marion M Hetherington
BACKGROUND: Most children do not meet daily recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake, and consumption of vegetables remains especially low. Eating habits track from childhood to adulthood hence establishing liking and intake of vegetables is important. OBJECTIVE: To identify the most successful strategies to enhance vegetable intake in preschool children aged 2-5 years. DESIGN: The research was a systematic review and a meta-analysis of published studies...
April 24, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703769/pattern-of-polyphenol-intake-and-the-long-term-risk-of-dementia-in-older-persons
#9
Sophie Lefèvre-Arbogast, David Gaudout, Julien Bensalem, Luc Letenneur, Jean-François Dartigues, Boris P Hejblum, Catherine Féart, Cécile Delcourt, Cécilia Samieri
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal combination of dietary polyphenols associated with the long-term risk of dementia in a large prospective French cohort of older persons, the Three-City (3C) Study. METHODS: We included 1,329 older adults without dementia from the 3C study with assessment of intake of 26 polyphenol subclasses who were followed up for 12 years for dementia. Using partial least squares for Cox models, we identified a pattern of polyphenol intake associated with dementia risk...
April 27, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703857/the-relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-fruit-vegetable-intakes-in-uk-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey
#10
Essra A Noorwali, Janet E Cade, Victoria J Burley, Laura J Hardie
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence to suggest an association between sleep and diet. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sleep duration and fruit/vegetable (FV) intakes and their associated biomarkers in UK adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Data from The National Diet and Nutrition Survey. PARTICIPANTS: 1612 adults aged 19-65 years were included, pregnant/breastfeeding women were excluded from the analyses...
April 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704911/vegans-report-less-bothersome-vasomotor-and-physical-menopausal-symptoms-than-omnivores
#11
Bonnie Beezhold, Cynthia Radnitz, Robert E McGrath, Arielle Feldman
OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle modifications that may reduce menopausal symptoms have generated much interest. The vegetarian diet has been associated with a lower risk of chronic disease as well as a more healthy hormonal milieu. Our objective in this cross-sectional study was to survey peri- and postmenopausal women to investigate menopausal symptoms and dietary pattern. STUDY DESIGN: Survey distribution in 2015-2016 was aimed at female vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores between the ages of 45 and 80 years, who were active on senior and vegetarian social networking websites and at vegan restaurants and events...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427539/cholesterol-absorption-and-synthesis-in-vegetarians-and-omnivores
#12
Dieter Lütjohann, Sven Meyer, Klaus von Bergmann, Frans Stellaard
SCOPE: Vegetarian diets are considered health-promoting; however, a plasma cholesterol lowering effect is not always observed. We investigate the link between vegetarian-diet-induced alterations in cholesterol metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We study male and female omnivores, lacto-ovo vegetarians, lacto vegetarians, and vegans. Cholesterol intake, absorption, and fecal sterol excretion are measured as well as plasma concentrations of cholesterol and noncholesterol sterols...
March 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506219/plant-based-diets-for-children-as-a-means-of-improving-adult-cardiometabolic-health
#13
Malgorzata A Desmond, Jakub Sobiecki, Mary Fewtrell, Jonathan C K Wells
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest contributor to global mortality, and this trend is expected to continue. Although mortality rates have been falling, adverse developments in obesity and diabetes threaten to reverse this. It has been estimated that the only viable strategy to reduce the epidemic is to focus on population-wide risk factor reduction. Primordial prevention, a strategy aimed at avoiding the development of risk factors before the disease onset, has been shown to reduce the CVD epidemic substantially...
April 1, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039795/milk-intake-at-midlife-and-cognitive-decline-over-20-years-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#14
Natalia Petruski-Ivleva, Anna Kucharska-Newton, Priya Palta, David Couper, Katie Meyer, Misa Graff, Bernhard Haring, Richey Sharrett, Gerardo Heiss
Background : Faster rates of cognitive decline are likely to result in earlier onset of cognitive impairment and dementia. d-galactose, a derivative of lactose, is used in animal studies to induce neurodegeneration. Milk is the primary source of lactose in the human diet, and its effects on cognitive decline have not been fully evaluated. Objective : Assess the association of milk intake with change in cognitive function over 20 years. Methods : A total of 13,751 participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort completed a food frequency questionnaire and three neurocognitive evaluations from 1990 through 2013...
October 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929899/nutrition-as-a-component-of-dementia-risk-reduction-strategies
#15
Carol E Greenwood, Matthew D Parrott
According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, within the next generation, Canada will experience a more than doubling of individuals living with dementia and a potentially economically crippling 10-fold increase in costs to Canadians. Up to 50% of cases with dementia can be attributed to seven modifiable, predominantly vascular and/or lifestyle-associated, risk factors. Multi-modal dementia risk reduction strategies, targeting diet, exercise, mental stimulation, and vascular risk monitoring, are likely to be the most successful...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058160/equivalent-reduction-in-greenhouse-gas-emissions-by-mahayana-buddhists-practicing-vegetarian-diets
#16
Ampere A Tseng
The equivalent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) by Mahayana Buddhists with vegetarian diets is quantitatively evaluated. The Buddhists in seven Mahayana-dominated countries or regions, i.e., China, Japan, Vietnam, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore, are studied. Assessments of the vegetarian population among these Mahayana-dominated countries or regions are performed. Correlation formulas based on data from a national survey are developed to quantify the GHGEs of various dietary groups by using the meat consumption as the only required input...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017525/is-vegetarian-diet-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-taiwanese-women
#17
Yao-Jen Chang, Yi-Cheng Hou, Li-Ju Chen, Jing-Hui Wu, Chao-Chuan Wu, Yun-Jau Chang, Kuo-Piao Chung
BACKGROUND: Studies on the relationship between vegetarian diet and breast cancer in Asian populations are limited. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between vegetarian diet, dietary patterns, and breast cancer in Taiwanese women. METHODS: This case-control study compared the dietary patterns of 233 breast cancer patients and 236 age-matched controls. A questionnaire about vegetarian diets and 28 frequently-consumed food items was administered to these 469 patients in the surgical department of Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925645/vitamin-b12-deficiency-recognition-and-management
#18
Robert C Langan, Andrew J Goodbred
Vitamin B12 deficiency is a common cause of megaloblastic anemia, various neuropsychiatric symptoms, and other clinical manifestations. Screening average-risk adults for vitamin B12 deficiency is not recommended. Screening may be warranted in patients with one or more risk factors, such as gastric or small intestine resections, inflammatory bowel disease, use of metformin for more than four months, use of proton pump inhibitors or histamine H2 blockers for more than 12 months, vegans or strict vegetarians, and adults older than 75 years...
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#19
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693038/coffee-drinking-and-mortality-in-10-european-countries-a-multinational-cohort-study
#20
Marc J Gunter, Neil Murphy, Amanda J Cross, Laure Dossus, Laureen Dartois, Guy Fagherazzi, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Sofus Christian Larsen, Maria Luisa Redondo Cornejo, Antonio Agudo, María José Sánchez Pérez, Jone M Altzibar, Carmen Navarro, Eva Ardanaz, Kay-Tee Khaw, Adam Butterworth, Kathryn E Bradbury, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Domenico Palli, Sara Grioni, Paolo Vineis, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Peter Siersema, Max Leenders, Joline W J Beulens, Cuno U Uiterwaal, Peter Wallström, Lena Maria Nilsson, Rikard Landberg, Elisabete Weiderpass, Guri Skeie, Tonje Braaten, Paul Brennan, Idlir Licaj, David C Muller, Rashmi Sinha, Nick Wareham, Elio Riboli
Background: The relationship between coffee consumption and mortality in diverse European populations with variable coffee preparation methods is unclear. Objective: To examine whether coffee consumption is associated with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: 10 European countries. Participants: 521 330 persons enrolled in EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
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