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By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Wilfred Druml
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent and serious event associated with a high rate of complications, with an increased risk of progression to multiple organ dysfunction and excessive 'attributable' mortality. AKI affects all physiologic functions and organ systems with interrelated mechanisms, including the 'classical' consequences of the uremic state, the inflammatory nature of AKI per se and resulting systemic effects, the modulating effect of AKI in the presence of an (inflammatory) underlying disease process and the multiple untoward effects induced by renal replacement therapy (RRT) and anticoagulation...
December 2014: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Alexander Zarbock, Hernando Gomez, John A Kellum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in critically ill patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Sepsis is the most common cause of AKI. Considerable evidence now suggests that the pathogenic mechanisms of sepsis-induced AKI are different from those seen in other causes of AKI. This review focuses on the recent advances in this area and discusses possible therapeutic interventions that might derive from these new insights into the pathogenesis of sepsis-induced AKI...
December 2014: Current Opinion in Critical Care
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