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Ethics in Psychiatry

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115 papers 100 to 500 followers
James Colgrove
In recent years, vaccine refusal and associated declines in herd immunity have contributed to numerous outbreaks of infectious diseases, consumed public health resources, and provoked increasingly polarized debates between supporters and opponents of vaccines. Although the prominence of the..
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
David L DeMets, Susan S Ellenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Rachel R Hardeman, Eduardo M Medina, Katy B Kozhimannil
On July 7, 2016, in our Minneapolis community, Philando Castile was shot and killed by a police officer in the presence of his girlfriend and her 4-year-old daughter. Acknowledging the role of racism in Castile’s death, Minnesota Governor Mark Dayton asked rhetorically, "Would this have happened if..
October 12, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Lisa Rosenbaum
In 1985, when internist Jim O’Connell, cofounder of the Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program, began doing outreach to homeless people, one of the toughest questions he faced was whether to commit someone to the hospital for involuntary psychiatric treatment. States vary in their criteria for..
October 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Lucas Laursen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2016: Nature
Roger Mulder, Giles Newton-Howes, Jeremy W Coid
Significant efforts have been made to identify risk factors associated with suicide. However, the evidence suggests that risk categorisation may be of limited value, or worse, potentially harmful, confusing clinical thinking. We argue instead for a shift in focus towards real engagement with the individual patient, their specific problems and circumstances.
October 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Lisa R Miller, Eric Anthony Grollman
Research suggests that transgender people face high levels of discrimination in society, which may contribute to their disproportionate risk for poor health. However, little is known about whether gender nonconformity, as a visible marker of one's stigmatized status as a transgender individual, heightens trans people's experiences with discrimination and, in turn, their health. Using data from the largest survey of transgender adults in the United States, the National Transgender Discrimination Survey (N = 4,115), we examine the associations among gender nonconformity, transphobic discrimination, and health-harming behaviors (i...
September 2015: Sociological Forum
Christine Montross
In my work on the intensive treatment unit of a psychiatric hospital, I see many patients whose lives collide with the criminal justice system. Some are admitted to my care because they’re seeking respite. Others are admitted — often brought in by police — because the community seeks respite from..
October 13, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Céline Buffel du Vaure, Agnès Dechartres, Constance Battin, Philippe Ravaud, Isabelle Boutron
OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess registration details of ongoing randomised controlled trials (RCTs) targeting 10 common chronic conditions and registered at and to determine the prevalence of (1) trial records excluding patients with concomitant chronic condition(s) and (2) those specifically targeting patients with concomitant chronic conditions. DESIGN: Systematic review of trial registration records. DATA SOURCES: ClinicalTrials...
2016: BMJ Open
Richard T White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Susan R McGurk, Kim T Mueser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Megan C Lytle, Vincent M B Silenzio, Eric D Caine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Wael Haddara, Lorelei Lingard
As an ideal, altruism has long enjoyed privileged status in medicine and medical education. As a practice, altruism is perceived to be in decline in the current generation. A number of educational efforts are underway to reclaim this "lost value" of medicine. In this paper we explore constructions of altruism over a defined period of time through a content analysis of the Canadian and Australian Medical Associations (CMA and AMA respectively) Codes of Ethics. We analyzed all editions of both Codes (1868-2004), using a content analysis approach, including thematic analysis...
September 26, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Aaron Prosser, Bartosz Helfer, Stefan Leucht
Despite evidence for their comparable efficacy, psychotherapy faces a dramatic decline relative to pharmacotherapy in psychiatry. A deep ideological reason for this decline centres on the belief that psychotherapy is a psychosocial treatment whereas pharmacotherapy is a biological treatment. Modern cognitive neuroscience demonstrates that this distinction is a myth.
April 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Jon Jureidini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Sara J Becker, Miriam M Midoun
OBJECTIVE: To systematically analyze the effects of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) on patient requests for medication and physician prescribing across psychiatry-relevant studies. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Thomson Reuters' ISI Web of Knowledge, and Google Scholar were searched (1999-2014) using variations of the terms direct-to-consumer advertising and psychiatric. Reference lists and an online repository of DTCA manuscripts were also scrutinized. STUDY SELECTION: English-language studies collecting data at the point of service, focusing on or including psychiatric medication, and assessing the effects of DTCA on patient and/or physician behavior were included...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Kamaldeep Bhui, Maria Joao Silva, Raluca A Topciu, Edgar Jones
BACKGROUND: Radicalisation is proposed to explain why some individuals begin to support and take part in violent extremism. However, there is little empirical population research to inform prevention, and insufficient attention to the role of psychiatric vulnerabilities. AIMS: To test the impact of depressive symptoms, adverse life events and political engagement on sympathies for violent protest and terrorism (SVPT). METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of Pakistani and Bangladeshi men and women from two English cities...
September 8, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Alex B Neitzke
There is considerable discourse surrounding the disproportionate diagnosis of women with depression as compared to men, often times cited at a rate around 2:1. While this disparity clearly draws attention to gender, a focus on gender tends to fall away in the study and treatment of depression in neuroscience and psychiatry, which largely understand its workings in mechanistic terms of brain chemistry and neurological processes. I first consider how this brain-centered biological model for depression came about...
March 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Thomas E Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
2016-09-16 11:46:45
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