collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric Anesthesia

shared collection
230 papers 100 to 500 followers Interesting articles regarding the practice of Paediatric Anaesthesia
By Ignacio Galvez Paediatric Consultant Anaesthetist with an interest in research, teaching, difficult airway and regional anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286529/unanticipated-difficult-airway-management-in-children-the-consensus-statement-of-the-paediatric-anaesthesiology-and-intensive-care-section-and-the-airway-management-section-of-the-polish-society-of-anaesthesiology-and-intensive-therapy-and-the-polish-so
#1
Wojciech Walas, Dawid Aleksandrowicz, Maria Borszewska-Kornacka, Tomasz Gaszyński, Ewa Helwich, Marek Migdał, Andrzej Piotrowski, Grażyna Siejka, Tomasz Szczapa, Alicja Bartkowska-Śniatkowska
Tracheal intubation may be defined as an artificial airway established in order to provide mechanical ventilation of the lungs during surgical procedures under general anaesthesia, treatment in an intensive care unit, as well as in emergency situations. Difficulties encountered during intubation may cause hypoxia, hypoxic brain injury and, in extreme situations, may result in the patient's death. There may be unanticipated and anticipated difficult airway. Children form a specific group of patients as there are significant differences in both anatomy and physiology...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315467/a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-in-postoperative-pain-studies-in-paediatric-and-adolescent-patients-towards-development-of-a-core-outcome-set
#2
REVIEW
A Ross, J Young, R Hedin, G Aran, A Demand, A Stafford, J Worley, M Moore, M Vassar
Systematic reviews of postoperative pain in children have called into question the consistency of outcomes measured by clinical triallists as well as the measurement instruments used for assessment. Core outcome set methodology may be a solution to improve standardisation. This study provides an evidence-based foundation for the development of a core outcome set for paediatric postoperative pain studies. We searched ClinicalTrials.gov to identify relevant postoperative pain studies in children. The search yielded 300 registered trials...
March 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285839/role-of-ultrasound-guided-epidural-anesthesia-for-lower-limb-surgery-in-children-with-previously-repaired-meningomyelocele
#3
Vrushali C Ponde, Vinit V Bedekar, Dilip Chavan, Anuya Gursale, Dipal Shah
BACKGROUND: Children that have had a meningomyelocele repair often present for hip and bilateral lower limb surgeries. Due to vertebral, epidural, and nerve root abnormalities, placement of epidural catheter is difficult. AIMS: We aim to describe the potential role of ultrasound in delineating the most appropriate intervertebral space for central neuroaxial blocks in these patients. METHODS: Twelve children with previous meningomyelocele repair, in the age group of 6-12 years posted for hip or bilateral lower limb surgeries were included...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224770/pain-control-following-tonsillectomy-in-children-a-survey-of-patients
#4
Philip R Persino, Lena Saleh, David L Walner
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study aimed to survey pediatric patients and their parents after tonsillectomy to assess their pain management utilization and satisfaction. INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is the second most common surgical procedure performed in pediatric patients. Postoperative recovery is often associated with high levels of pain and severe functional limitations. There is currently no consensus on pain control regimens. Additionally, a recent FDA Black Box Warning on narcotic use has caused more uncertainty in appropriate pain control regimens...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168156/the-anesthetic-management-of-button-battery-ingestion-in-children
#5
Richard J Ing, Monica Hoagland, Lena Mayes, Mark Twite
PURPOSE: Injuries related to button battery ingestion are common in children. This review provides an outline of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, management, and anesthetic implications in children who have ingested a button battery. SOURCE: A literature search was conducted in the United States National Library of Medicine PubMed database using the terms "button battery ingestion" and "children' and "removal" and "surgery" and "anesthesia". Ninety-six articles published in English were found from 1983-2017, and 62 of these articles were incorporated into this review...
November 22, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270915/review-of-the-enhanced-recovery-pathway-for-children-perioperative-anesthetic-considerations
#6
REVIEW
Jessica A George, Rahul Koka, Tong J Gan, Eric Jelin, Emily F Boss, Val Strockbine, Deborah Hobson, Elizabeth C Wick, Christopher L Wu
PURPOSE: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways have been used for two decades to improve perioperative recovery in adults. Nevertheless, little is known about their effectiveness in children. The purpose of this review was to consider pediatric ERAS pathways, review the literature concerned with their potential benefit, and compare them with adult ERAS pathways. SOURCE: A PubMed literature search was performed for articles that included the terms enhanced recovery and/or fast track in the pediatric perioperative period...
December 19, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213283/lateral-supratrochanteric-approach-to-sciatic-and-femoral-nerve-blocks-in-children-a-feasibility-study
#7
Andrew A Albokrinov, Ulbolhan A Fesenko, Taras B Huz, Valentyna M Perova-Sharonova
Background: Sciatic and femoral nerve blocks (SNB and FNB) result in effective lower limb analgesia. Classical SNB and FNB require patient repositioning which can cause pain and discomfort. Alternative approaches to sciatic and femoral nerve blocks in supine patients can be useful. Materials and Methods: Neurostimulator-guided SNB and FNB from the lateral supratrochanteric approach were performed. Local anesthetic spread in SNB and FNB after radiographic opacification was analyzed...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210706/clinical-evidence-for-any-effect-of-anesthesia-on-the-developing-brain
#8
Andrew J Davidson, Lena S Sun
A recent U.S. Food and Drug Administration warning advised that prolonged or repeated exposure to general anesthetics may affect neurodevelopment in children. This warning is based on a wealth of preclinical animal studies and relatively few human studies. The human studies include a variety of different populations with several different outcome measures. Interpreting the results requires consideration of the outcome used, the power of the study, the length of exposure and the efforts to reduce the confounding effects of comorbidity and surgery...
November 28, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252483/writing-research-reports
#9
Daniel I Sessler, Steven Shafer
Clear writing makes manuscripts easier to understand. Clear writing enhances research reports, increasing clinical adoption and scientific impact. We discuss styles and organization to help junior investigators present their findings and avoid common errors.
January 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265174/the-effect-of-pre-operative-gastric-ultrasound-examination-on-the-choice-of-general-anaesthetic-induction-technique-for-non-elective-paediatric-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
A-C Gagey, M de Queiroz Siqueira, C Monard, S Combet, B Cogniat, F-P Desgranges, P Robinson, D Chassard, L Bouvet
Ultrasound examination of the gastric antrum is a non-invasive tool that allows reliable estimation of gastric contents. We performed this prospective cohort study in non-elective paediatric surgery to assess whether gastric ultrasound may help to determine the best anaesthetic induction technique, whether rapid sequence or routine. The primary outcome was the reduction of inappropriate induction technique. A pre-operative clinical assessment was performed by the attending anaesthetist who made a provisional plan for induction...
March 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941533/pathophysiology-and-management-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Sabrina M Heidemann, Alison Nair, Yonca Bulut, Anil Sapru
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a syndrome of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and hypoxia that accompanies up to 30% of deaths in pediatric intensive care units. Pediatric ARDS (PARDS) is diagnosed by the presence of hypoxia, defined by oxygenation index or Pao2 /Fio2 ratio cutoffs, and new chest infiltrate occurring within 7 days of a known insult. Hallmarks of ARDS include hypoxemia and decreased lung compliance, increased work of breathing, and impaired gas exchange. Mortality is often accompanied by multiple organ failure...
October 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084011/central-venous-catheters-in-small-infants
#12
EDITORIAL
Christopher Brasher, Serge Malbezin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054362/red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-infants-and-children-current-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Natasha Ali
Children routinely receive packed red blood transfusion when they are admitted in the intensive care unit or undergoing cardiac surgeries. These guidelines aim to summarize literature and provide transfusion triggers exclusively in infants and children.
October 6, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279666/pediatric-heart-failure-a-practical-guide-to-diagnosis-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Daniele Masarone, Fabio Valente, Marta Rubino, Rossella Vastarella, Rita Gravino, Alessandra Rea, Maria Giovanna Russo, Giuseppe Pacileo, Giuseppe Limongelli
Pediatric heart failure represents an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Currently, there are well-established guidelines for the management of heart failure in the adult population, but an equivalent consensus in children is lacking. In the clinical setting, ensuring an accurate diagnosis and defining etiology is essential to optimal treatment. Diuretics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition are the first-line therapies, whereas beta-blockers and devices for electric therapy are less used in children than in adults...
August 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914647/effect-of-an-intravenous-dexamethasone-added-to-caudal-local-anesthetics-to-improve-postoperative-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Hiromasa Kawakami, Takahiro Mihara, Nobuhito Nakamura, Koui Ka, Takahisa Goto
BACKGROUND: Caudal anesthesia has been used for postoperative pain control in pediatric surgical patients, but the duration of the analgesic effect is occasionally unsatisfactory. Intravenous steroids have been shown to be effective for postsurgical pain management after certain surgeries. The aim of this meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis (TSA) was to evaluate the analgesic effect of steroids in patients administered with caudal anesthesia. METHODS: This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266767/perioperative-experiences-of-anesthesia-reported-by-children-and-parents
#16
Claire Perrott, Clover-Ann Lee, Sian Griffiths, Michael R J Sury
BACKGROUND: The Sprint National Anaesthesia Project reported feedback from adults but not from children. We developed questionnaires for children and parents, and conducted a survey of perioperative anesthetic experiences in a large pediatric hospital. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective general anesthesia were selected randomly each weekday over 10 weeks. Parents and children were approached within 4 hours after awakening, and were asked to complete a short questionnaire...
February 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232665/the-laryngeal-mask-airway-and-its-use-in-neonatal-resuscitation-a-critical-review-of-where-we-are-in-2017-2018
#17
Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Stefano Caoci, Eugene Dempsey, Daniele Trevisanuto, Charles Christoph Roehr
Studies using videotape recordings and respiratory function monitoring have shown that both face mask (FM) application and endotracheal tube (ETT) placement represent a challenge for resuscitators. Hence, there is a strong need for devices that can largely be used independently of individual operator training levels, in order to ensure more reliable support in time-critical situations, such as neonatal resuscitation. The laryngeal mask airway device (LMA) has evolved as a potentially very valuable tool. We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating the use of the LMA in neonatal resuscitation...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749466/the-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-elective-paediatric-day-case-ent-surgery-a-prospective-audit
#18
LETTER
Geoff Thorning, Peter Robb, Bernadette Ewah, Venugopalapura Shylaja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141737/anaesthesia-and-orphan-disease-difficult-ventilation-following-intubation-in-goldenhar-syndrome
#19
Faiz Hasham, Noud van Helmond, Richard Sidlow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141736/anaesthesia-and-orphan-diseases-airway-management-in-proteus-disease
#20
Anastasia Alevizou, Panagiota Florou, Chrysanti Batistaki, Georgia Kostopanagiotou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
label_collection
label_collection
3321
1
2
2017-12-05 16:11:51
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"