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Dermatology- common conditions

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25 papers 1000+ followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613297/dermoscopy-in-general-dermatology-a-practical-overview
#1
REVIEW
Enzo Errichetti, Giuseppe Stinco
Over the last few years, dermoscopy has been shown to be a useful tool in assisting the noninvasive diagnosis of various general dermatological disorders. In this article, we sought to provide an up-to-date practical overview on the use of dermoscopy in general dermatology by analysing the dermoscopic differential diagnosis of relatively common dermatological disorders grouped according to their clinical presentation, i.e. dermatoses presenting with erythematous-desquamative patches/plaques (plaque psoriasis, eczematous dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, mycosis fungoides and subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus), papulosquamous/papulokeratotic dermatoses (lichen planus, pityriasis rosea, papulosquamous sarcoidosis, guttate psoriasis, pityriasis lichenoides chronica, classical pityriasis rubra pilaris, porokeratosis, lymphomatoid papulosis, papulosquamous chronic GVHD, parakeratosis variegata, Grover disease, Darier disease and BRAF-inhibitor-induced acantholytic dyskeratosis), facial inflammatory skin diseases (rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, discoid lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, lupus vulgaris, granuloma faciale and demodicidosis), acquired keratodermas (chronic hand eczema, palmar psoriasis, keratoderma due to mycosis fungoides, keratoderma resulting from pityriasis rubra pilaris, tinea manuum, palmar lichen planus and aquagenic palmar keratoderma), sclero-atrophic dermatoses (necrobiosis lipoidica, morphea and cutaneous lichen sclerosus), hypopigmented macular diseases (extragenital guttate lichen sclerosus, achromic pityriasis versicolor, guttate vitiligo, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, progressive macular hypomelanosis and postinflammatory hypopigmentations), hyperpigmented maculopapular diseases (pityriasis versicolor, lichen planus pigmentosus, Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome, Dowling-Degos disease, erythema ab igne, macular amyloidosis, lichen amyloidosus, friction melanosis, terra firma-forme dermatosis, urticaria pigmentosa and telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans), itchy papulonodular dermatoses (hypertrophic lichen planus, prurigo nodularis, nodular scabies and acquired perforating dermatosis), erythrodermas (due to psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, pityriasis rubra pilaris and scabies), noninfectious balanitis (Zoon's plasma cell balanitis, psoriatic balanitis, seborrheic dermatitis and non-specific balanitis) and erythroplasia of Queyrat, inflammatory cicatricial alopecias (scalp discoid lupus erythematosus, lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia and folliculitis decalvans), nonscarring alopecias (alopecia areata, trichotillomania, androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium) and scaling disorders of the scalp (tinea capitis, scalp psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis amiantacea)...
December 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688361/safety-of-oral-propranolol-for-the-treatment-of-infantile-hemangioma-a-systematic-review
#2
Christine Léaute-Labrèze, Olivia Boccara, Caroline Degrugillier-Chopinet, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier, Sorilla Prey, Geneviève Lebbé, Stéphanie Gautier, Valérie Ortis, Martine Lafon, Agnès Montagne, Alain Delarue, Jean-Jacques Voisard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Given the widespread use of propranolol in infantile hemangioma (IH) it was considered essential to perform a systematic review of its safety. The objectives of this review were to evaluate the safety profile of oral propranolol in the treatment of IH. METHODS: We searched Embase and Medline databases (2007-July 2014) and unpublished data from the manufacturer of Hemangiol/Hemangeol (marketed pediatric formulation of oral propranolol; Pierre Fabre Dermatologie, Lavaur, France)...
September 29, 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682637/primary-scalp-alopecia-new-histopathological-tools-new-concepts-and-a-practical-guide-to-diagnosis
#3
Athanassios Kolivras, Curtis Thompson
The diagnosis of primary scalp alopecia remains one of the most challenging fields in dermatopathology. In this review, we would like to connect the established classification of primary alopecia into scarring (cicatricial) and non-scarring (non-cicatricial) with current concepts. We introduce a simplified pathway for the diagnosis of the most common causes of alopecia, including a discussion of tissue processing techniques and use of immunohistochemistry.
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717620/cyclosporine-treatment-for-stevens-johnson-syndrome-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-retrospective-analysis-of-a-cohort-treated-in-a-specialized-referral-center
#4
Haur Yueh Lee, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Hong Yi Koh, Tharmotharampillai Thirumoorthy, Shiu Ming Pang
BACKGROUND: Treatment of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the impact of cyclosporine on hospital mortality in patients with SJS/TEN. METHODS: All patients with SJS and TEN admitted to our center from 2011 to 2014 were treated under a standardized protocol that allowed for cyclosporine therapy if the inclusion and exclusion criteria were met. Clinical data were reviewed retrospectively...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556757/evidence-based-scar-management-how-to-improve-results-with-technique-and-technology
#5
Ibrahim Khansa, Bridget Harrison, Jeffrey E Janis
BACKGROUND: Scars represent the visible sequelae of trauma, injury, burn, or surgery. They may induce distress in the patient because of their aesthetically unpleasant appearance, especially if they are excessively raised, depressed, wide, or erythematous. They may also cause the patient symptoms of pain, tightness, and pruritus. Numerous products are marketed for scar prevention or improvement, but their efficacy is unclear. METHODS: A literature review of high-level studies analyzing methods to prevent or improve hypertrophic scars, keloids, and striae distensae was performed...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26973097/the-wound-burn-guidelines-5-guidelines-for-the-management-of-lower-leg-ulcers-varicose-veins
#6
Takaaki Ito, Ryuichi Kukino, Masakazu Takahara, Miki Tanioka, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Yoshihide Asano, Masatoshi Abe, Takayuki Ishii, Taiki Isei, Yuji Inoue, Shinichi Imafuku, Ryokichi Irisawa, Masaki Ohtsuka, Mikio Ohtsuka, Fumihide Ogawa, Takafumi Kadono, Tamihiro Kawakami, Masakazu Kawaguchi, Takeshi Kono, Masanari Kodera, Keisuke Sakai, Takeshi Nakanishi, Akira Hashimoto, Minoru Hasegawa, Masahiro Hayashi, Manabu Fujimoto, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Takeo Maekawa, Koma Matsuo, Naoki Madokoro, Osamu Yamasaki, Yuichiro Yoshino, Andres Le Pavoux, Takao Tachibana, Hironobu Ihn
Varicose veins are treated at multiple clinical departments, but as patients often visit the dermatology clinic first due to leg ulcers, the present Guidelines for the Management of Lower Leg Ulcers/Varicose Veins were prepared in consideration of the importance of the dermatologist's role. Also, the disease concept of chronic venous insufficiency or chronic venous disorders and the CEAP classification of these disorders are presented. The objective of the present guidelines is to properly guide the diagnosis and treatment of lower leg ulcers/varicose veins by systematically presenting evidence-based recommendations that support clinical decisions...
August 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26853180/comparative-effectiveness-of-biologic-agents-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-in-a-real-world-setting-results-from-a-large-prospective-observational-study-psoriasis-longitudinal-assessment-and-registry-psolar
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bruce E Strober, Robert Bissonnette, David Fiorentino, Alexa B Kimball, Luigi Naldi, Neil H Shear, Kavitha Goyal, Steven Fakharzadeh, Stephen Calabro, Wayne Langholff, Yin You, Claudia Galindo, Seina Lee, Mark G Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: Comparing effectiveness of biologics in real-world settings will help inform treatment decisions. OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare therapeutic responses among patients initiating infliximab, adalimumab, or etanercept versus ustekinumab during the Psoriasis Longitudinal Assessment and Registry (PSOLAR). METHODS: Proportions of patients achieving a Physician Global Assessment score of clear (0)/minimal (1) and mean decrease in percentage of body surface area with psoriasis were evaluated at 6 and 12 months...
May 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26852728/systematic-review-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-acne-an-increasing-topical-and-oral-threat
#8
REVIEW
Timothy R Walsh, John Efthimiou, Brigitte Dréno
Topical and oral antibiotics are routinely used to treat acne. However, antibiotic resistance is increasing, with many countries reporting that more than 50% of Propionibacterium acnes strains are resistant to topical macrolides, making them less effective. We reviewed the current scientific literature to enable proposal of recommendations for antibiotic use in acne treatment. References were identified through PubMed searches for articles published from January, 1954, to March 7, 2015, using four multiword searches...
March 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26801356/interventions-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-cochrane-systematic-review-incorporating-grade-assessment-of-evidence-quality
#9
REVIEW
J R Ingram, P N Woo, S L Chua, A D Ormerod, N Desai, A C Kai, K Hood, T Burton, F Kerdel, S E Garner, V Piguet
More than 50 interventions have been used to treat hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), and so therapy decisions can be challenging. Our objective was to summarize and appraise randomized controlled trial (RCT) evidence for HS interventions in adults. Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, LILACS, five trials registers and abstracts from eight dermatology conferences until 13 August 2015. Two review authors independently assessed study eligibility, extracted data and assessed methodological quality...
May 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26801523/the-2016-international-league-of-dermatological-societies-revised-glossary-for-the-description-of-cutaneous-lesions
#10
A Nast, C E M Griffiths, R Hay, W Sterry, J L Bolognia
BACKGROUND: In order to facilitate effective communication in dermatology, a clearly defined glossary with precise descriptions is essential. The International League of Dermatological Societies' (ILDS) 'Glossary of basic dermatology lesions' was first published in 1987. A quarter of a century later, the ILDS made the decision to revise and expand this nomenclature. OBJECTIVES: Revision and expansion of an international nomenclature for the description of cutaneous lesions...
June 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26843523/artificial-white-light-vs-daylight-photodynamic-therapy-for-actinic-keratoses-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Susan M O'Gorman, Julianne Clowry, Michael Manley, Jackie McCavana, Linda Gray, Ann Kavanagh, Aoife Lally, Paul Collins
IMPORTANCE: Daylight photodynamic therapy using topical methyl 5-aminolevulinic acid (MAL) for actinic keratoses (AKs) is as effective as conventional photodynamic therapy but has the advantage of being almost pain free. Daylight photodynamic therapy, however, requires dry and warm weather conditions. OBJECTIVE: To establish if topical MAL photodynamic therapy using a white light light-emitting diode (LED) lamp is as effective and well-tolerated as daylight photodynamic therapy for the treatment of AKs...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26775777/a-systematic-review-of-pulse-steroid-therapy-for-alopecia-areata
#12
REVIEW
Rony Shreberk-Hassidim, Yuval Ramot, Zvi Gilula, Abraham Zlotogorski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26653298/hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-guide-for-the-practicing-physician
#13
REVIEW
Carina M Woodruff, Abbas M Charlie, Kieron S Leslie
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory disease of apocrine gland-bearing skin. Although immunologic derangements, genetic predisposition, obesity, and smoking are likely important factors, the pathogenesis of the disease and the effect of available treatments on disease course have not been fully elucidated. In the absence of proper treatment, chronic inflammation results in diffuse scarring and a wide array of complications, including the development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. This severe and chronic disease can have detrimental effects on self-esteem and quality of life...
December 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26183987/benefit-of-different-concentrations-of-intralesional-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-alopecia-areata-an-intrasubject-pilot-study
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thomas Waitao Chu, Mohammed AlJasser, Aymen Alharbi, Othman Abahussein, Kevin McElwee, Jerry Shapiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26070005/long-term-management-of-adult-vulvar-lichen-sclerosus-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-507-women
#15
Andrew Lee, Jennifer Bradford, Gayle Fischer
IMPORTANCE: Adult vulvar lichen sclerosis (VLS) may be complicated by loss of vulvar structure and vulvar carcinoma. There is a lack of evidence as to the ideal method to maintain long-term remission and prevent complications. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether long-term preventive topical corticosteroid (TCS) treatment of VLS, with a target outcome of induction and maintenance of normal skin texture and color, reduces the risk of vulvar carcinoma, relieves symptoms, improves function, and preserves vulvar architecture, and to evaluate the adverse effects of treatment...
October 2015: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24547720/should-isotretinoin-be-stopped-prior-to-surgery-a-critically-appraised-topic
#16
REVIEW
C I Wootton, R P E Cartwright, P Manning, H C Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25455609/effect-of-tonsillectomy-on-psoriasis-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Tara D Rachakonda, Jaskaran S Dhillon, Aleksandra G Florek, April W Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Streptococcal infection is associated with psoriasis onset in some patients. Whether tonsillectomy decreases psoriasis symptoms requires a systematic review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether tonsillectomy reduces psoriasis severity through a comprehensive search of over 50 years of literature. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Web of Science, and OVID databases (from August 1, 1960, to September 12, 2013) and performed a manual search of selected references...
February 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25440430/the-adverse-effect-profile-of-oral-azathioprine-in-pediatric-atopic-dermatitis-and-recommendations-for-monitoring
#18
Nicholas R Fuggle, Walter Bragoli, Anjali Mahto, Mary Glover, Anna E Martinez, Veronica A Kinsler
BACKGROUND: Azathioprine is efficacious in the treatment of severe childhood atopic dermatitis; however, robust data on adverse effects in this population are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess adverse effects of azathioprine treatment in a pediatric atopic dermatitis cohort, and make recommendations for monitoring based on these data. METHODS: Blood test results for all 82 children prescribed oral azathioprine for atopic dermatitis in our department between 2010 and 2012 were collated prospectively, and clinical notes were reviewed retrospectively...
January 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25422009/atopic-dermatitis-skin-directed-management
#19
REVIEW
Megha M Tollefson, Anna L Bruckner
Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin condition characterized by relapsing eczematous lesions in a typical distribution. It can be frustrating for pediatric patients, parents, and health care providers alike. The pediatrician will treat the majority of children with atopic dermatitis as many patients will not have access to a pediatric medical subspecialist, such as a pediatric dermatologist or pediatric allergist. This report provides up-to-date information regarding the disease and its impact, pathogenesis, treatment options, and potential complications...
December 2014: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24720465/clinical-pearls-from-atopic-dermatitis-and-its-infectious-complications
#20
REVIEW
K H Kim
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is clinically very heterogeneous and these differences can cause confusion. Differential diagnosis is also complicated by co-infections, particularly in infancy and early childhood. This paper describes the stages and differential diagnosis during the various stages of childhood. The authors also provide advice on how to distinguish between AD and other disorders together with guidance on tackling common issues with treatment such as steroid phobia.
July 2014: British Journal of Dermatology
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