Read by QxMD icon Read


shared collection
29 papers 1000+ followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
Ivana Mikolasevic, Marta Žutelija, Vojko Mavrinac, Lidija Orlic
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including those with end-stage renal disease, treated with dialysis, or renal transplant recipients have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Dyslipidemia, often present in this patient population, is an important risk factor for CVD development. Specific quantitative and qualitative changes are seen at different stages of renal impairment and are associated with the degree of glomerular filtration rate declining. Patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD have low high-density lipoproteins (HDL), normal or low total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, increased triglycerides as well as increased apolipoprotein B (apoB), lipoprotein(a) (Lp (a)), intermediate- and very-low-density lipoprotein (IDL, VLDL; "remnant particles"), and small dense LDL particles...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
Mandana Rastegar, Glenn T Nagami
Acid-base disturbances can result from kidney or nonkidney disorders. We present a case of high-volume ileostomy output causing large bicarbonate losses and resulting in a non-anion gap metabolic acidosis. Non-anion gap metabolic acidosis can present as a form of either acute or chronic metabolic acidosis. A complete clinical history and physical examination are critical initial steps to begin the evaluation process, followed by measuring serum electrolytes with a focus on potassium level, blood gas, urine pH, and either direct or indirect urine ammonium concentration...
February 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Timothy H J Goodship, H Terence Cook, Fadi Fakhouri, Fernando C Fervenza, Véronique Frémeaux-Bacchi, David Kavanagh, Carla M Nester, Marina Noris, Matthew C Pickering, Santiago Rodríguez de Córdoba, Lubka T Roumenina, Sanjeev Sethi, Richard J H Smith
In both atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) complement plays a primary role in disease pathogenesis. Herein we report the outcome of a 2015 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Controversies Conference where key issues in the management of these 2 diseases were considered by a global panel of experts. Areas addressed included renal pathology, clinical phenotype and assessment, genetic drivers of disease, acquired drivers of disease, and treatment strategies. In order to help guide clinicians who are caring for such patients, recommendations for best treatment strategies were discussed at length, providing the evidence base underpinning current treatment options...
March 2017: Kidney International
Joris Hoelbeek, Raphaël Duivenvoorden, Onno J de Boer, Nike Claessen, Marius A Van den Bergh Weerman, Joris J T H Roelofs, Jesper Kers, Ineke J M Ten Berge, Sandrine Florquin
OBJECTIVES: We describe a 62-year-old woman with a 15-year history of a plasma cell dyscrasia (monoclonal IgGκ), manifested by type I cryoglobulinemia and dermal vasculitis. METHODS: In addition to the clinical examinations, light microscopy with immunohistochemistry, sequential multicolor immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy were used to characterize the crystalline deposits. RESULTS: At initial presentation and for a later flare, she was treated with cyclophosphamide and prednisolone with good clinical response...
February 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Michael V Rocco, Alfred K Cheung
The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) demonstrated a significant reduction in major cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality with intensive blood pressure control in older individuals at high cardiovascular risk, including patients with chronic kidney disease and mild proteinuria. Nephrologists should consider the SPRINT results when determining the optimal blood pressure target for patients with chronic kidney disease.
February 2016: Kidney International
R A Abeysekera, S Wijetunge, N Nanayakkara, A W M Wazil, N V I Ratnatunga, T Jayalath, A Medagama
BACKGROUND: Star fruit (Averrhoa carambola) is commonly consumed as a herbal remedy for various ailments in tropical countries. However, the dangers associated with consumption of star fruit are not commonly known. Although star fruit induced oxalate nephrotoxicity in those with existing renal impairment is well documented, reports on its effect on those with normal renal function are infrequent. We report two unique clinical presentation patterns of star fruit nephrotoxicity following consumption of the fruit as a remedy for diabetes mellitus-the first, in a patient with normal renal function and the second case which we believe is the first reported case of chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to prolonged and excessive consumption of star fruits...
December 17, 2015: BMC Research Notes
Ralph C Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Angela C Webster, Evi V Nagler, Martin Gallagher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Marina Noris, Giuseppe Remuzzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Soma Sanyal, Peter Marckmann, Susanne Scherer, Jerrold L Abraham
BACKGROUND: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a systemic disorder of patients with severe renal insufficiency who have received gadolinium (Gd)-based magnetic resonance contrast agents (GBCAs). The causative association with Gd exposure was strengthened by the demonstration of Gd in various tissues of NSF patients, predominantly at the bulk chemical level. The distribution of Gd at the histologic level of organs other than skin has not been reported previously. METHODS: We analysed tissues from an autopsy case with verified advanced NSF by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy...
November 2011: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Matthew R Weir, George L Bakris, David A Bushinsky, Martha R Mayo, Dahlia Garza, Yuri Stasiv, Janet Wittes, Heidi Christ-Schmidt, Lance Berman, Bertram Pitt
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia increases the risk of death and limits the use of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) in high-risk patients. We assessed the safety and efficacy of patiromer, a nonabsorbed potassium binder, in a multicenter, prospective trial. METHODS: Patients with chronic kidney disease who were receiving RAAS inhibitors and who had serum potassium levels of 5.1 to less than 6.5 mmol per liter received patiromer (at an initial dose of 4...
January 15, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Navdeep Tangri, Dana C Miskulin, Jing Zhou, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Wieneke M Michels, Patti L Ephraim, Aidan McDermott, Deidra C Crews, Julia J Scialla, Stephen M Sozio, Tariq Shafi, Bernard G Jaar, Klemens Meyer, L Ebony Boulware
BACKGROUND: Intravenous iron use in hemodialysis patients has greatly increased over the last decade, despite limited studies on the safety of iron. METHODS: We studied the association of receipt of intravenous iron with hospitalizations in an incident cohort of hemodialysis patients. We examined 9544 patients from Dialysis Clinic, Inc. (DCI). We ascertained intravenous iron use from DCI electronic medical record and USRDS data files, and hospitalizations through Medicare claims...
April 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Amir Qaseem, Robert H Hopkins, Donna E Sweet, Melissa Starkey, Paul Shekelle
DESCRIPTION: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on the screening, monitoring, and treatment of adults with stage 1 to 3 chronic kidney disease. METHODS: This guideline is based on a systematic evidence review evaluating the published literature on this topic from 1985 through November 2011 that was identified by using MEDLINE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
December 17, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Alice Sabatino, Giuseppe Regolisti, Irene Brusasco, Aderville Cabassi, Santo Morabito, Enrico Fiaccadori
Recent studies have highlighted the close relationship between the kidney and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract--frequently referred to as the kidney--gut axis--in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this regard, two important pathophysiological concepts have evolved: (i) production and accumulation of toxic end-products derived from increased bacterial fermentation of protein and other nitrogen-containing substances in the GI tract, (ii) translocation of endotoxins and live bacteria from gut lumen into the bloodstream, due to damage of the intestinal epithelial barrier and quantitative/qualitative alterations of the intestinal microbiota associated with the uraemic milieu...
June 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Martin R Pollak
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and nephrotic syndrome can be caused by rare highly penetrant mutations in number of genes. FSGS can follow both recessive and dominant inheritance patterns. In general, recessive forms present early, whereas the autosomal dominant forms present in adolescence or adulthood. Many of the genes found to be mutated in FSGS and nephrotic syndrome patients encode proteins essential for normal podocyte structure and/or function. An exception appears to be APOL1, which harbors common variants responsible for the high rate of FSGS and other nephropathies in people of recent African ancestry...
September 2014: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Keng-Thye Woo, Marjorie Foo, Hui-Lin Choong, Han-Kim Tan, Kok-Seng Wong, Choong-Meng Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Kidney International
Laetitia Dou, Marion Sallée, Claire Cerini, Stéphane Poitevin, Bertrand Gondouin, Noemie Jourde-Chiche, Karim Fallague, Philippe Brunet, Raymond Calaf, Bertrand Dussol, Bernard Mallet, Françoise Dignat-George, Stephane Burtey
In CKD, uremic solutes may induce endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and oxidative stress, leading to increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated whether the uremic solute indole-3 acetic acid (IAA) predicts clinical outcomes in patients with CKD and has prooxidant and proinflammatory effects. We studied 120 patients with CKD. During the median study period of 966 days, 29 patients died and 35 experienced a major cardiovascular event. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that mortality and cardiovascular events were significantly higher in the higher IAA group (IAA>3...
April 2015: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Rafia S Al-Lamki, Tanya N Mayadas
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), initially reported to induce tumor cell apoptosis and cachexia, is now considered a central mediator of a broad range of biological activities from cell proliferation, cell death and differentiation to induction of inflammation and immune modulation. TNF exerts its biological responses via interaction with two cell surface receptors: TNFR1 and TNFR2. (TNFRs). These receptors trigger shared and distinct signaling pathways upon TNF binding, which in turn result in cellular outputs that may promote tissue injury on one hand but may also induce protective, beneficial responses...
February 2015: Kidney International
Yajuan Yang, Tong Liu, Jianping Zhao, Guangping Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2014: International Journal of Cardiology
David W Johnson, Elaine M Pascoe, Sunil V Badve, Kim Dalziel, Alan Cass, Philip Clarke, Paolo Ferrari, Stephen P McDonald, Alicia T Morrish, Eugenie Pedagogos, Vlado Perkovic, Donna Reidlinger, Anish Scaria, Rowan Walker, Liza A Vergara, Carmel M Hawley
BACKGROUND: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA)-hyporesponsive anemia is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pentoxifylline shows promise as a treatment for ESA-hyporesponsive anemia, but has not been rigorously evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 53 adult patients with CKD stage 4 or 5 (including dialysis) and ESA-hyporesponsive anemia (hemoglobin≤120g/L and ESA resistance index [calculated as weight-adjusted weekly ESA dose in IU/kg/wk divided by hemoglobin concentration in g/L]≥1...
January 2015: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
2014-10-04 18:41:22
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"