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Phobias

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2 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24938078/current-issues-in-the-treatment-of-specific-phobia-recommendations-for-innovative-applications-of-hypnosis
#1
REVIEW
Sharon B Spiegel
Specific phobia is the most common and treatable of the anxiety disorders. Exposure-based therapies are the treatment of choice and empirically validated protocols are available that promise rapid and effective results. In many cases, however, patients are reluctant to comply with demanding schedules of exposure, increasing the risk of treatment failure. Furthermore, in clinical practice, patients often present with multiple phobias and other Axis I and Axis II disorders that can further complicate therapy...
April 2014: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23774007/a-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-heritability-of-specific-phobia-subtypes-and-corresponding-fears
#2
REVIEW
C M H H Van Houtem, M L Laine, D I Boomsma, L Ligthart, A J van Wijk, A De Jongh
Evidence from twin studies suggests that genetic factors contribute to the risk of developing a fear or a phobia. The aim of the present study was to review the current literature regarding twin studies describing the genetic basis of specific phobias and their corresponding fears. The analysis included five twin studies on fears and ten twin studies on specific phobias. Heritability estimates of fear subtypes and specific phobia subtypes both varied widely, even within the subtypes. A meta-analysis performed on the twin study results indicated that fears and specific phobias are moderately heritable...
May 2013: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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