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Rheumatic diseases

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By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786198/diagnosis-of-giant-cell-arteritis-when-should-we-biopsy-the-temporal-artery
#1
Omar Hussain, Andrew McKay, Kevin Fairburn, Peter Doyle, Robert Orr
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) can be diagnosed histopathologically by biopsy of the temporal artery, and clinically using the 5-point score of the 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification. We aimed to find out whether some patients are referred for biopsy unnecessarily. We audited all referrals (n=100) made to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery over 34 months, and used the ACR classification to find out whether patients had had a clinical diagnosis of GCA at referral (ACR score: 3 or more)...
April 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2202311/the-american-college-of-rheumatology-1990-criteria-for-the-classification-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#2
G G Hunder, D A Bloch, B A Michel, M B Stevens, W P Arend, L H Calabrese, S M Edworthy, A S Fauci, R Y Leavitt, J T Lie
Criteria for the classification of giant cell (temporal) arteritis were developed by comparing 214 patients who had this disease with 593 patients with other forms of vasculitis. For the traditional format classification, 5 criteria were selected: age greater than or equal to 50 years at disease onset, new onset of localized headache, temporal artery tenderness or decreased temporal artery pulse, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (Westergren) greater than or equal to 50 mm/hour, and biopsy sample including an artery, showing necrotizing arteritis, characterized by a predominance of mononuclear cell infiltrates or a granulomatous process with multinucleated giant cells...
August 1990: Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1975173/illustrated-histopathologic-classification-criteria-for-selected-vasculitis-syndromes-american-college-of-rheumatology-subcommittee-on-classification-of-vasculitis
#3
J T Lie
We describe the histopathologic criteria for the diagnosis of 7 selected vasculitis syndromes: polyarteritis nodosa, Churg-Strauss syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, hypersensitivity vasculitis, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, giant cell (temporal) arteritis, and Takayasu arteritis. The criteria apply to the stereotypical cases in each category; they were formulated after a review of submitted biopsy material from 278 of the 1,000 patients entered into the American College of Rheumatology Vasculitis Study Registry, and from prior experience with the pathologic diagnosis of vasculitis in 1,079 nonregistry patients...
August 1990: Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20799290/role-of-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-temporal-arteritis
#4
REVIEW
E L Ball, S R Walsh, T Y Tang, R Gohil, J M F Clarke
BACKGROUND: Temporal artery (TA) biopsy is the current standard for diagnosing temporal arteritis, but has limited sensitivity. Colour duplex ultrasonography is a newer, non-invasive method of diagnosing temporal arteritis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed of trials comparing TA biopsy with duplex ultrasonography. Duplex results (halo sign, stenosis or vessel occlusion) were compared with either TA biospy findings or the American College of Rheumatology research criteria for diagnosing temporal arteritis...
December 2010: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22809782/validity-of-the-american-college-of-rheumatology-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#5
Ann P Murchison, Molly E Gilbert, Jurij R Bilyk, Ralph C Eagle, Victoria Pueyo, Robert C Sergott, Peter J Savino
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical utility of the American College of Rheumatology criteria for the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) in patients with positive and negative temporal artery biopsies. DESIGN: Retrospective case series of all patients undergoing temporal artery biopsy. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients seen in the Neuro-ophthalmology Service of the Wills Eye Institute undergoing biopsy. One hundred twelve patients were identified between October 2001 and May 2006...
October 2012: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25802967/diagnostic-algorithm-for-patients-with-suspected-giant-cell-arteritis
#6
Mays A El-Dairi, Lan Chang, Alan D Proia, Thomas J Cummings, Sandra S Stinnett, M Tariq Bhatti
BACKGROUND: To identify clinical and laboratory factors contributing to the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) and develop a diagnostic algorithm for the evaluation of GCA. METHODS: Retrospective review of 213 consecutive cases of temporal artery biopsy (TAB) seen at a single academic center over a 10-year period (2000-2009). Pathologic specimens were re-reviewed and agreement between the original and second readings was assessed. A composite clinical suspicion score was created by adding 1 point for each of the following criteria: anterior extracranial circulation ischemia, new onset headache, abnormal laboratory results (erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein (CRP), or platelet count), jaw claudication, abnormal or tender superficial temporal artery, constitutional symptoms, and polymyalgia rheumatica; one point was subtracted if a comorbid condition could explain a criterion...
September 2015: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25102371/giant-cell-arteritis-diagnostic-accuracy-of-mr-imaging-of-superficial-cranial-arteries-in-initial-diagnosis-results-from-a-multicenter-trial
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Thorsten Klink, Julia Geiger, Marcus Both, Thomas Ness, Sonja Heinzelmann, Matthias Reinhard, Konstanze Holl-Ulrich, Dirk Duwendag, Peter Vaith, Thorsten Alexander Bley
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of superficial cranial arteries in the initial diagnosis of giant cell arteritis ( GCA giant cell arteritis ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following institutional review board approval and informed consent, 185 patients suspected of having GCA giant cell arteritis were included in a prospective three-university medical center trial. GCA giant cell arteritis was diagnosed or excluded clinically in all patients (reference standard [final clinical diagnosis])...
December 2014: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733943/updates-in-anca-associated-vasculitis
#8
REVIEW
Christian Pagnoux
Antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides are small-vessel vasculitides that include granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Wegener's granulomatosis), microscopic polyangiitis, and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome). Renal-limited ANCA-associated vasculitides can be considered the fourth entity. Despite their rarity and still unknown cause(s), research pertaining to ANCA-associated vasculitides has been very active over the past decades. The pathogenic role of antimyeloperoxidase ANCA (MPO-ANCA) has been supported using several animal models, but that of antiproteinase 3 ANCA (PR3-ANCA) has not been as strongly demonstrated...
September 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567298/myelitis-and-lupus-clinical-manifestations-diagnosis-and-treatment-review
#9
Edson Hernán Chiganer, Javier Pablo Hryb, Edgar Carnero Contentti
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects multiple systems. Myelopathy is one of 19 neuropsychiatric syndromes related to SLE defined by the American College of Rheumatology. Although infrequent, it is a severe manifestation, leading to motor and sensory deficits, and sphincter dysfunction. The pathogenesis is not clearly known, but may be related to arterial thrombosis and vasculitis. Diagnosis is based on clinical findings, laboratory tests and the use of gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging...
August 23, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638912/prevalence-incidence-and-prognosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease-classified-according-to-current-guidelines-a-large-retrospective-cohort-study-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#10
Takeshi Tokoroyama, Minoru Ando, Kyogo Setoguchi, Ken Tsuchiya, Kosaku Nitta
BACKGROUND: The prevalence, incidence and prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have not been fully understood in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 1077 RA patients from July 2004 to June 2014. CKD was defined as either proteinuria ≥1+ or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) or both, according to the current CKD classification with risk categories for future death, end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular disease...
September 16, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17617900/variations-in-corticosteroid-anesthetic-injections-for-painful-shoulder-conditions-comparisons-among-orthopaedic-surgeons-rheumatologists-and-physical-medicine-and-primary-care-physicians
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
John G Skedros, Kenneth J Hunt, Todd C Pitts
BACKGROUND: Variations in corticosteroid/anesthetic doses for injecting shoulder conditions were examined among orthopaedic surgeons, rheumatologists, and primary-care sports medicine (PCSMs) and physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMRs) physicians to provide data needed for documenting inter-group differences for establishing uniform injection guidelines. METHODS: 264 surveys, sent to these physicians in our tri-state area of the western United States, addressed corticosteroid/anesthetic doses and types used for subacromial impingement, degenerative glenohumeral and acromioclavicular arthritis, biceps tendinitis, and peri-scapular trigger points...
July 6, 2007: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22186921/the-chondrotoxicity-of-single-dose-corticosteroids
#12
Jason L Dragoo, Christina M Danial, Hillary J Braun, Michael A Pouliot, Hyeon Joo Kim
PURPOSE: Corticosteroids are commonly injected into the joint space. However, studies have not examined the chondrotoxicity of one-time injection doses. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone sodium phosphate (Decadron), methylprednisolone acetate (Depo-Medrol), betamethasone sodium phosphate and betamethasone acetate (Celestone Soluspan), and triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog) on human chondrocyte viability in vitro. METHODS: Single-injection doses of each of the corticosteroids were separately delivered to human chondrocytes for their respective average duration of action and compared to controls using a bioreactor containing a continuous infusion pump constructed to mimic joint fluid metabolism...
September 2012: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457514/2016-updated-eular-evidence-based-recommendations-for-the-management-of-gout
#13
P Richette, M Doherty, E Pascual, V Barskova, F Becce, J Castañeda-Sanabria, M Coyfish, S Guillo, T L Jansen, H Janssens, F Lioté, C Mallen, G Nuki, F Perez-Ruiz, J Pimentao, L Punzi, T Pywell, A So, A K Tausche, T Uhlig, J Zavada, W Zhang, F Tubach, T Bardin
BACKGROUND: New drugs and new evidence concerning the use of established treatments have become available since the publication of the first European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of gout, in 2006. This situation has prompted a systematic review and update of the 2006 recommendations. METHODS: The EULAR task force consisted of 15 rheumatologists, 1 radiologist, 2 general practitioners, 1 research fellow, 2 patients and 3 experts in epidemiology/methodology from 12 European countries...
January 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377815/eular-revised-recommendations-for-the-management-of-fibromyalgia
#14
G J Macfarlane, C Kronisch, L E Dean, F Atzeni, W Häuser, E Fluß, E Choy, E Kosek, K Amris, J Branco, F Dincer, P Leino-Arjas, K Longley, G M McCarthy, S Makri, S Perrot, P Sarzi-Puttini, A Taylor, G T Jones
OBJECTIVE: The original European League Against Rheumatism recommendations for managing fibromyalgia assessed evidence up to 2005. The paucity of studies meant that most recommendations were 'expert opinion'. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group from 12 countries assessed evidence with a focus on systematic reviews and meta-analyses concerned with pharmacological/non-pharmacological management for fibromyalgia. A review, in May 2015, identified eligible publications and key outcomes assessed were pain, fatigue, sleep and daily functioning...
February 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284161/bsr-and-bhpr-guideline-for-the-treatment-of-systemic-sclerosis
#15
REVIEW
Christopher P Denton, Michael Hughes, Nataliya Gak, Josephine Vila, Maya H Buch, Kuntal Chakravarty, Kim Fligelstone, Luke L Gompels, Bridget Griffiths, Ariane L Herrick, Jay Pang, Louise Parker, Anthony Redmond, Jacob van Laar, Louise Warburton, Voon H Ong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338776/eular-era-edta-recommendations-for-the-management-of-anca-associated-vasculitis
#16
M Yates, R A Watts, I M Bajema, M C Cid, B Crestani, T Hauser, B Hellmich, J U Holle, M Laudien, M A Little, R A Luqmani, A Mahr, P A Merkel, J Mills, J Mooney, M Segelmark, V Tesar, K Westman, A Vaglio, N Yalçındağ, D R Jayne, C Mukhtyar
In this article, the 2009 European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) have been updated. The 2009 recommendations were on the management of primary small and medium vessel vasculitis. The 2015 update has been developed by an international task force representing EULAR, the European Renal Association and the European Vasculitis Society (EUVAS). The recommendations are based upon evidence from systematic literature reviews, as well as expert opinion where appropriate...
September 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161602/laboratory-testing-for-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
V Pengo, A Banzato, E Bison, G Denas, G Zoppellaro, A Bracco, S Padayattil Jose, A Hoxha, A Ruffatti
This is a practical report on laboratory tests for the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). After a general definition of APS, this study deals with appropriateness and timing in requesting the determination of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies. Lupus anticoagulant (LAC), anticardiolipin (aCL), and anti β2-glycoprotein I (aβGPI) are the mandatory tests to be performed, while other tests are not yet validated for clinical use. Interpretation of results is an important discussed issue that implies a close liaison between clinical pathologists and clinicians...
May 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037326/clinical-trials-of-new-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-focus-on-early-disease
#18
REVIEW
Josef S Smolen, Sabine Collaud Basset, Maarten Boers, Ferdinand Breedveld, Christopher J Edwards, Tore K Kvien, Pierre Miossec, Tuulikki Sokka-Isler, Ronald F van Vollenhoven, Eric C Abadie, Olivier Bruyère, Cyrus Cooper, Heidi Mäkinen, Thierry Thomas, Peter Tugwell, Jean-Yves Reginster
The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases convened a task force of experts in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and clinical trial methodology to comment on the new draft 'Guideline on clinical investigation of medicinal products for the treatment of RA' released by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Special emphasis was placed by the group on the development of new drugs for the treatment of early RA. In the absence of a clear definition of early RA, it was suggested that clinical investigations in this condition were conducted in disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs naïve patients with no more than 1 year disease duration...
July 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26622326/treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease-a-perspective-review
#19
REVIEW
Kundan Iqbal, Clive Kelly
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease affecting 0.5-1% of the worldwide population. Whilst predominantly causing chronic pain and inflammation in synovial joints, it is also associated with significant extra-articular manifestations in a large proportion of patients. Among the various pulmonary manifestations, interstitial lung disease (ILD), a progressive fibrotic disease of the lung parenchyma, is the commonest and most important, contributing significantly to increased morbidity and mortality...
December 2015: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920998/nsaids-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-to-be-continued%C3%A2
#20
EDITORIAL
G Varkas, F Van den Bosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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