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By Jessica Schwartz Orthopedic residency trained doctor of physical therapy
Romain Seil, Roland Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Rebecca von der Heyde
Research pertaining to the rehabilitation of children with flexor tendon injuries is less prevalent than that in the adult population, and most authors agree that immobilization protocols comprise a safe and efficacious choice. This article presents suggested protocols and correlated literature regarding the outcomes of immobilization, early passive motion, and early active motion in the pediatric population. Confounding factors which influence rehabilitative choices, both personal and environmental, are also presented...
April 2015: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Jiaquan Luo, Kai Cao, Sheng Huang, Liangping Li, Ting Yu, Cong Cao, Rui Zhong, Ming Gong, Zhiyu Zhou, Xuenong Zou
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes, complications, and surgical trauma between anterior and posterior approaches for the treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials or non-randomized controlled trials published up to November 2014 that compared the clinical effectiveness of anterior and posterior surgical approaches for the treatment of multilevel CSM were acquired by a comprehensive search in four electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Controlled Trial Register and MEDLINE)...
August 2015: European Spine Journal
Leonard T Buller, Charles M Lawrie, Fernando E Vilella
Acetabular fractures in the elderly are most frequently the result of low-energy trauma and present unique management challenges to orthopedic surgeons. Evaluation and treatment should be performed in a multidisciplinary fashion with early involvement of internal medicine subspecialists and geriatricians. Distinct fracture patterns and pre-existing osteoarthritis and osteoporosis necessitate careful preoperative planning. The role of total hip arthroplasty should also be considered when surgical treatment is indicated...
April 2015: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Murat Korkmaz, Mustafa Fatih Erkoc, Sadiye Yolcu, Ozlem Balbaloglu, Zekeriya Öztemur, Fatih Karaaslan
INTRODUCTION: Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) often occurs in 40- to 50-year-old men. Multiple studies discuss the correct treatment strategy based on surgical or nonsurgical intervention, including early mobilization. We aimed to compare the outcomes of bearing weight on the same day with non-weight bearing over a 4-week period of ATR patients. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Forty-seven ATR patients were conservatively treated and entered into our study. Group 1 consisted of 23 patients treated with partial weight bearing beginning the same day of conservative treatment; Group 2 consisted of 24 patients treated with non-weight bearing after a 4-week period...
May 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
O L Santilli, N Nardelli, H A Santilli, D E Tripoloni
PURPOSE: Chronic pain of the inguino-crural region or "pubalgia" explains the 0.5-6.2% of the consultations by athletes. Recently, areas of weakness in the posterior wall called "sports hernias," have been identified in some of these patients, capable of producing long-standing pain. Several authors use different image methods (CT, MRI, ultrasound) to identify the lesion and various techniques of repair, by open or laparoscopic approaches, have been proposed but there is no evidence about the superiority of one over others due to the difficulty for randomizing these patients...
February 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
KenIchiro Murakami, Shinsuke Hori, Yoshinori Yamaguchi, Louis G Mercuri, Naota Harayama, Syouta Maruo, Tsuneo Takahashi
PURPOSE: Synovial plicae and their relation to pain and disability have been reported in the orthopedic literature in association with the knee and other extremity joints. However, the occurrence of synovial plicae in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have rarely been reported. This report describes the surgical appearance, distribution, and histologic findings of synovial plicae in patients with TMJ recurrent dislocation and internal derangement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients, 16 with recurrent dislocation and 4 with internal derangement, who underwent open TMJ surgery by the same surgeon from 2010 to 2013 were studied retrospectively...
May 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jashvant Poeran, Jason Babby, Rehana Rasul, Madhu Mazumdar, Stavros G Memtsoudis, David L Reich
This article aims to discuss and provide insight into the effects of the increased use and price (from $12.43 to $35.40 in 2014) of intravenous acetaminophen, which has rapidly gained acceptance in the field of perioperative medicine. Overall use and characteristics are described for selected surgeries with absolute use particularly high in orthopedic surgeries associated with substantial costs (up to an additional $160,000 per year per hospital for just orthopedic use). The availability of large-scale data on costs and use of intravenous acetaminophen in the United States will greatly benefit the ongoing discussions on its place in current practice...
May 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Hidetomo Saito, Yoichi Shimada, Toshiaki Yamamura, Shin Yamada, Takahiro Sato, Koji Nozaka, Hiroaki Kijima, Kimio Saito
Recently, although some studies of open repair of the tendon of the quadriceps femoris have been published, there have been no reports in the literature on primary arthroscopic repair. In our present study, we present two cases of quadriceps tendon injury arthroscopically repaired with excellent results. Case 1 involved a 68-year-old man who was injured while shifting his weight to prevent a fall. MRI showed complete rupture at the insertion of the patella of the quadriceps tendon. The rupture was arthroscopically repaired using both suture anchor and pull-out suture fixation methods via bone tunnels (hereafter, pull-out fixation)...
2015: Case Reports in Orthopedics
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
There is controversy in the literature regarding a number of topics related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The purpose of this article is to answer the following questions: 1) Bone-patellar tendon-bone reconstruction (BPTB-R) or hamstrimg reconstruction (H-R); 2) Double bundle or single bundle; 3) Allograft or authograft; 4) Early or late reconstruction; 5) Rate of return to sports after ACL reconstruction; 6) Rate of osteoarthritis after ACL reconstruction. A Cochrane Library and PubMed (MEDLINE) search of systematic reviews and meta-analysis related to ACL reconstruction was performed...
January 2015: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
René Verdonk, Yannick Goubau, Fredrik K Almqvist, Peter Verdonk
This article looks into normal physiological fracture healing with special emphasis on the diamond concept. A precise definition of nonunion of long bones is described. Most often inadequate fixation (too rigid or too loose) is the reason for nonunion in long bone fractures. Because a critical bone defect cannot be bridged, it may lead directly or indirectly (lack of fixation) to nonunion. Individual inadequate local biological characteristics are also often found to be the cause; poor soft tissue coverage as well as a lack of periosteum and muscle or fascia or skin defects can lead to compromised vascularity in situ...
April 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Cho Yau Lo, Tun Hing Lui, Yan Kit Sit
INTRODUCTION: Iatrogenic patellar fracture is reported as a complication of patella procedures, such as medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction, reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee using bone-patellar tendon-bone technique, and resurfacing the patella in total knee arthroplasty. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old lady with right patella fracture was treated with open reduction and cerclage wiring. An iatrogenic split fracture was noted during tension of the cerclage wire and was successfully managed by screw fixation of the split fracture...
September 2014: Archives of Trauma Research
E Toullec
Adult flatfoot is defined as a flattening of the medial arch of the foot in weight-bearing and lack of a propulsive gait. The 3 lesion levels are the talonavicular, tibiotarsal and midfoot joints. The subtalar joint is damaged by the consequent rotational defects. Clinical examination determines deformity and reducibility, and assesses any posterior tibialis muscle deficit, the posterior tibialis tendon and spring ligament being frequently subject to degenerative lesions. Radiographic examination in 3 incidences in weight-bearing is essential, to determine the principal level of deformity...
February 2015: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Phillip N Williams, George Moran, James P Bradley, Neal S ElAttrache, Joshua S Dines
The use of biologics in the treatment of musculoskeletal disease has become increasingly more common as research studies continue to provide further elucidation of their mechanisms in healing. Platelet-rich plasma, patches, growth factors, and stem cells are among the many biologics under active investigation and have varying levels of success in augmenting surgical or nonoperative interventions. However, the limitations of these treatments exist, and clear guidelines for their indications and application have yet to be established...
March 2015: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Mihra S Taljanovic, Jennifer N Alcala, Lana H Gimber, Joshua D Rieke, Margaret M Chilvers, L Daniel Latt
Injuries of the peroneal tendon complex are common and should be considered in every patient who presents with chronic lateral ankle pain. These injuries occur as a result of trauma (including ankle sprains), in tendons with preexisting tendonopathy, and with repetitive microtrauma due to instability. The peroneus brevis and peroneus longus tendons are rarely torn simultaneously. Several anatomic variants, including a flat or convex fibular retromalleolar groove, hypertrophy of the peroneal tubercle at the lateral aspect of the calcaneus, an accessory peroneus quartus muscle, a low-lying peroneus brevis muscle belly, and an os peroneum, may predispose to peroneal tendon injuries...
January 2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Cesar A Benetton, Guilherme Cesa, Gabriel El-Kouba Junior, Ana Paula B Ferreira, João Ricardo N Vissoci, Ricardo Pietrobon
BACKGROUND: Although classification systems of olecranon fractures are important to help choose the best treatment and to predict prognosis, their degree of observer agreement is poorly investigated. The objective of this study was to investigate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of currently used classification systems for olecranon fractures. Our hypothesis is that the Colton classification presents an acceptable agreement because it is simpler to use; on the other hand, considering the AO classification's complexity, we expect it to reach a lower level of agreement...
March 2015: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
E Nectoux, J Décaudain, F Accadbled, A Hamel, N Bonin, P Gicquel
INTRODUCTION: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) can lead to hip impingement, more or less rapidly depending on initial slippage severity and on surgical technique. Various surgical options are applicable, including in situ fixation (ISF). The aim of the present study was to look for long-term signs of radiological impingement in hips treated for SCFE by IFS, in order to identify a slip threshold beyond which impingement more regularly appears. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study assessed the clinical and radiological evolution of patients operated on by ISF for SCFE, with a minimum 10 year's follow-up...
February 2015: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Gregory B Maletis, Maria C S Inacio, Tadashi T Funahashi
BACKGROUND: Patients generally choose to undergo anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) to return to their active lifestyles. However, returning to their previous activity level may result in a retear of their reconstructed knee or an injury to their contralateral anterior cruciate ligament (CACL). PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors associated with revision ACLR and contralateral ACLR (CACLR), compare the survival of the reconstructed ACL with the CACL, and determine how the risk factors associated with revision ACLR compare with those for CACLR...
March 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Naoki Nakano, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Takehiko Matsushita, Daisuke Araki, Atsuo Uefuji, Kanto Nagai, Shurong Zhang, Takao Inokuchi, Kyohei Nishida, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka
BACKGROUND: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) does not heal spontaneously after injury, and ACL patients of different ages respond differently to treatment. Although ACL-derived CD34-positive cells contribute to bone-tendon healing after ACL reconstruction, the relationship between the healing potential of ACL-derived cells and a patient's age is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: ACL-derived cells from young patients will have a greater effect on the maturation of bone-tendon integration in an immunodeficient rat model of ACL reconstruction compared with cells derived from older patients...
March 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Erin M Parsons, Albert O Gee, Charles Spiekerman, Peter R Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Recent anatomic investigations of the lateral structures of the knee have identified a new ligament, called the anterolateral ligament (ALL). To date, the anterolateral ligament has not been biomechanically tested to determine its function. HYPOTHESIS: The ALL of the knee will resist internal rotation at high angles of flexion but will not resist anterior drawer forces. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Eleven cadaveric knees were subjected to 134 N of anterior drawer at flexion angles between 0° and 90° and separately to 5 N·m of internal rotation at the same flexion angles...
March 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
2015-01-08 11:38:43
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