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136 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Eduardo Roque Cardiologista com foco em cardiologia hospitalar e cuidados intensivos. Professor de clínica médica.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26907579/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviours-and-cardiovascular-health-when-will-cardiorespiratory-fitness-become-a-vital-sign
#1
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Després
Although it is generally agreed upon that a physically active lifestyle and regular exercise are good for heart health, it is much less appreciated by the public that the prolonged hours of sedentary time resulting from sitting at work or screen time are also risk factors for cardiovascular outcomes and other cardiometabolic diseases. In this short narrative review, evidence is discussed and prudent recommendations are made in the context of the sedentary, affluent lifestyle that characterizes a large proportion of our population...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20498671/disease-prevention-should-we-target-obesity-or-sedentary-lifestyle
#2
Olivier L Charansonney, Jean-Pierre Després
Obesity is a major health challenge facing the modern world. Some evidence points to obesity itself as the main driver of premature mortality. We propose that this view is oversimplified. For example, high levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with lower mortality, even in those who are overweight or obese. To address this issue, we combine epidemiological and physiological evidence in a new paradigm that integrates excess calorie intake, sedentary behavior, and a maladaptive response to stress...
August 2010: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24935969/television-viewing-and-time-spent-sedentary-in-relation-to-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#3
Daniela Schmid, Michael F Leitzmann
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior is emerging as an independent risk factor for chronic disease and mortality. However, the evidence relating television (TV) viewing and other sedentary behaviors to cancer risk has not been quantitatively summarized. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive electronic literature search in Cochrane, EMBASE, Medline, and SciSearch databases through February 2014 for published articles investigating sedentary behavior in relation to cancer incidence...
July 2014: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076004/sedentary-lifestyle-and-poor-eating-habits-in-childhood-a-cohort-study
#4
Gisele Ferreira Dutra, Cristina Correa Kaufmann, Alessandra Doumid Borges Pretto, Elaine Pinto Albernaz
Worldwide, about 22 million children under five years old are overweight. Environmental factors are the main trigger for this epidemic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the eating and physical activity habits in a cohort of eight-year-old children in Pelotas, Brazil. Eating habits were assessed based on the Ten Steps to Healthy Eating proposed by the Ministry of Health. To assess the level of physical activity, the physical activity questionnaire for children and adolescents (PAQ-C) was used. Of the 616 interviewed children at 8 years, it was observed that 50...
April 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26126700/association-between-electronic-equipment-in-the-bedroom-and-sedentary-lifestyle-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-of-children
#5
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Timóteo Leandro Araújo, Luis Carlos Oliveira, Victor Matsudo, Mauro Fisberg
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association between electronic devices in the bedroom with sedentary time and physical activity, both assessed by accelerometry, in addition to body mass index in children from São Caetano do Sul. METHODS: The sample consisted of 441 children. The presence of electronic equipment (television, personal computer, and videogames) in the bedroom was assessed by a questionnaire. For seven consecutive days, children used an accelerometer to objectively monitor the sedentary time and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity...
November 2015: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21164543/physiological-and-health-implications-of-a-sedentary-lifestyle
#6
REVIEW
Mark Stephen Tremblay, Rachel Christine Colley, Travis John Saunders, Genevieve Nissa Healy, Neville Owen
Sedentary behaviour is associated with deleterious health outcomes, which differ from those that can be attributed to a lack of moderate to vigorous physical activity. This has led to the field of "sedentary physiology", which may be considered as separate and distinct from exercise physiology. This paper gives an overview of this emerging area of research and highlights the ways that it differs from traditional exercise physiology. Definitions of key terms associated with the field of sedentary physiology and a review of the self-report and objective methods for assessing sedentary behaviour are provided...
December 2010: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791059/utility-of-nontraditional-risk-markers-in-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-assessment
#7
Joseph Yeboah, Rebekah Young, Robyn L McClelland, Joseph C Delaney, Tamar S Polonsky, Farah Z Dawood, Michael J Blaha, Michael D Miedema, Christopher T Sibley, J Jeffrey Carr, Gregory L Burke, David C Goff, Bruce M Psaty, Philip Greenland, David M Herrington
BACKGROUND: The improvement in discrimination gained by adding nontraditional cardiovascular risk markers cited in the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association cholesterol guidelines to the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk estimator (pooled cohort equation [PCE]) is untested. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the predictive accuracy and improvement in reclassification gained by the addition of the coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, the ankle-brachial index (ABI), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels, and family history (FH) of ASCVD to the PCE in participants of MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)...
January 19, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22235876/prospective-study-of-seasonal-patterns-in-hemostatic-factors-in-older-men-and-their-relation-to-excess-winter-coronary-heart-disease-deaths
#8
M A Ghebre, S G Wannamethee, A Rumley, P H Whincup, G D O Lowe, R W Morris
BACKGROUND: In England and Wales, approximately 20% extra deaths from coronary heart disease (CHD) occur between December and March, among older people. Circulating concentrations of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), von Willebrand factor (VWF) and fibrin D-dimer are associated with arterial disease, and tend to peak in winter. The potential contributions of these hemostatic activation measures to excess winter mortality are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To estimate contributions of hemostatic factors to excess winter mortality...
March 2012: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26286805/hospital-admissions-of-hypertension-angina-myocardial-infarction-and-ischemic-heart-disease-peaked-at-physiologically-equivalent-temperature-0%C3%A2-c-in-germany-in-2009-2011
#9
Ivy Shiue, David R Perkins, Nick Bearman
We aimed to understand and to provide evidence on relationships of the weather as biometeorological and hospital admissions due to hypertension, angina, myocardial infarction and ischemic heart disease in a national setting in recent years that might help indicate when to expect more admissions for health professionals and the general public. This is an ecological study. Ten percent of daily hospital admissions from the included hospitals (n = 1618) across Germany that were available between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2011 (n = 5,235,600) were extracted from Statistisches Bundesamt, Germany...
January 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881813/discriminative-power-of-the-heart-score-for-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease-in-acute-chest-pain-patients-referred-for-ccta
#10
Adriana Q Kolff, Michiel J Bom, Remco J J Knol, Friso M van de Zant, Petrus M van der Zee, Jan H Cornel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of the HEART score to predict the presence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) determined by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and its ability to predict the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients referred for CCTA after emergency department (ED) presentation. METHODS: From December 2011 to August 2014, 710 ED patients with chest pain who underwent CCTA within 30 days were included...
March 2016: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26906397/the-addition-of-depression-to-the-framingham-risk-equation-model-for-predicting-coronary-heart-disease-risk-in-women
#11
Adrienne O'Neil, Aaron J Fisher, Katherine J Kibbey, Felice N Jacka, Mark A Kotowicz, Lana J Williams, Amanda L Stuart, Michael Berk, Paul A Lewandowski, John J Atherton, Craig B Taylor, Julie A Pasco
BACKGROUND: Depression is widely considered to be an independent and robust predictor of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), however is seldom considered in the context of formal risk assessment. We assessed whether the addition of depression to the Framingham Risk Equation (FRE) improved accuracy for predicting 10-year CHD in a sample of women. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal design comprising an age-stratified, population-based sample of Australian women collected between 1993 and 2011 (n=862)...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006109/global-cardiac-risk-assessment-in-the-registry-of-pregnancy-and-cardiac-disease-results-of-a-registry-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#12
Iris M van Hagen, Eric Boersma, Mark R Johnson, Sara A Thorne, William A Parsonage, Pilar Escribano Subías, Agata Leśniak-Sobelga, Olga Irtyuga, Khaled A Sorour, Nasser Taha, Aldo P Maggioni, Roger Hall, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink
AIMS: To validate the modified World Health Organization (mWHO) risk classification in advanced and emerging countries, and to identify additional risk factors for cardiac events during pregnancy. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ongoing prospective worldwide Registry Of Pregnancy And Cardiac disease (ROPAC) included 2742 pregnant women (mean age ± standard deviation, 29.2 ± 5.5 years) with established cardiac disease: 1827 from advanced countries and 915 from emerging countries...
May 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26979465/role-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-adolescents-with-chest-pain-referred-to-a-cardiology-clinic
#13
Zahra Khairandish, Leila Jamali, Saeedeh Haghbin
BACKGROUND: We carried out this study in order to evaluate the causes of chest pain in teenagers and the role of anxiety and depression in this age group compared with the normal population. METHODS: In this prospective case-control study, all patients aged 11-18 years with chest pain and no history of trauma and referred to a paediatric cardiology clinic from March, 2009-April, 2010 were selected. A chest pain protocol including a detailed history, full physical examination, required blood tests, electrocardiography, and echocardiography was performed for all...
March 16, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993208/guidelines-for-the-reduction-of%C3%A2-cardiovascular-disease-in-women
#14
Gina P Lundberg, Sandra B Dunbar, Nanette K Wenger
Since 1984, more women than men have died each year from cardiovascular disease. Various organizations, such as the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology, have published prevention guidelines for heart disease and stroke that may improve care for women. In this article, we review these guidelines, the results of new studies on emerging risk factors, and new approaches for reducing cardiovascular disease in women.
May 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994643/time-trends-in-lifestyle-risk-factor-control-and-use-of-evidence-based-medications-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-in-europe-results-from-3-euroaspire-surveys-1999-2013
#15
Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer, Catriona Jennings, Viveca Gyberg, Guy De Backer, Lars Rydén, Philippe Amouyel, Jan Bruthans, Renata Cifkova, Jaap W Deckers, Johan De Sutter, Zlatko Fraz, Ian Graham, Irena Keber, Seppo Lehto, David Moore, Andrzej Pajak, David Wood
BACKGROUND: The EUROASPIRE (European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events) cross-sectional surveys describe time trends in lifestyle and risk factor control among coronary patients between 1999 and 2013 in Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Ireland, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, and the United Kingdom as part of the EuroObservational Research Programme under the auspices of European Society of Cardiology. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe time trends in lifestyle, risk factor control, and the use of evidence-based medication in coronary patients across Europe...
March 16, 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26526338/cardiac-rehabilitation-underrecognized-underutilized
#16
Barry A Franklin, Jenna Brinks
Unfortunately, too many patients continue to rely on costly coronary revascularization procedures, cardioprotective medications, or both, as first-line strategies to stabilize the course of coronary heart disease. However, these palliative therapies do not address the foundational or most proximal risk factors for coronary disease, that is, unhealthy dietary habits, physical inactivity, and cigarette smoking. Because most acute myocardial infarctions evolve from mild-to-moderate coronary artery stenosis (<70 % obstruction), rather than at the more severe obstructions that are commonly treated with coronary revascularization, these findings help explain the inability to demonstrate a reduction in acute cardiac events in most studies examining coronary artery bypass graft surgery and/or percutaneous coronary interventions...
December 2015: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26616030/medical-therapy-with-versus-without-revascularization-in-stable-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-ischemia-the-case-for-community-equipoise
#17
REVIEW
Gregg W Stone, Judith S Hochman, David O Williams, William E Boden, T Bruce Ferguson, Robert A Harrington, David J Maron
All patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) should be managed with guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT), which reduces progression of atherosclerosis and prevents coronary thrombosis. Revascularization is also indicated in patients with SIHD and progressive or refractory symptoms, despite medical management. Whether a strategy of routine revascularization (with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft surgery as appropriate) plus GDMT reduces rates of death or myocardial infarction, or improves quality of life compared to an initial approach of GDMT alone in patients with substantial ischemia is uncertain...
January 5, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26726047/the-year-in-cardiology-2015-valvular-heart-disease
#18
Bernard Iung, Shahbudin H Rahimtoola, Alec Vahanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26803431/weight-loss-is-superior-to-exercise-in-improving-the-atherogenic-lipid-profile-in-a-sedentary-overweight-population-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-randomized-trial
#19
Lene Rørholm Pedersen, Rasmus Huan Olsen, Christian Anholm, Rosemary L Walzem, Mogens Fenger, Jesper Eugen-Olsen, Steen Bendix Haugaard, Eva Prescott
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia and low-grade inflammation are integral in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We aim to compare the effects of a considerable weight loss and intensive exercise training on lipid atherogenicity and low-grade inflammation in a high-risk population with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Seventy non-diabetic participants with CAD, BMI 28-40 kg/m(2), age 45-75 years were randomized to 12 weeks' aerobic interval training (AIT) at 85-90% of peak heart rate three times/week or a low energy diet (LED, 800-1000 kcal/day) for 8-10 weeks followed by 2-4 weeks' weight maintenance diet...
March 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25730101/prospective-evaluation-of-the-association-of-nut-peanut-consumption-with-total-and-cause-specific-mortality
#20
Hung N Luu, William J Blot, Yong-Bing Xiang, Hui Cai, Margaret K Hargreaves, Honglan Li, Gong Yang, Lisa Signorello, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu
IMPORTANCE: High intake of nuts has been linked to a reduced risk of mortality. Previous studies, however, were primarily conducted among people of European descent, particularly those of high socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of nut consumption with total and cause-specific mortality in Americans of African and European descent who were predominantly of low socioeconomic status (SES) and in Chinese individuals in Shanghai, China. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Three large cohorts were evaluated in the study...
May 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
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