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C spine in RA

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By David Bennett Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon in the United States
Bradley R Wasserman, Ronald Moskovich, Afshin E Razi
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic inflammatory disorder affecting multiple organ systems, joints, ligaments, and bones and commonly involves the cervical spine. Chronic synovitis may result in bony erosion and ligamentous laxity that result in instability and subluxation. Anterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) is the most frequently occurring deformity, due to laxity of the primary and secondary ligamentous restraints. Additional manifestations of RA include cranial settling, subaxial subluxation, or a combination of these...
2011: Bulletin of the NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases
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