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By David Bennett Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon in the United States
Donna Phillips, Joseph D Zuckerman, Eric J Strauss, Kenneth A Egol
Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) have been used extensively in medical schools and residency programs to evaluate various skills, including the six core competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Orthopaedic surgery residency programs will be required by the ACGME to assess residents on core competencies in the Milestone Project. Thus, it is important that evaluations be made in a consistent, objective manner. Orthopaedic residency programs can also use simulation models in the examination to accurately and objectively assess residents' skills as they progress through training...
October 2013: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
John Elfar, Ron Martin Garcia Menorca, Jeffrey Douglas Reed, Spencer Stanbury
Composite bone models are increasingly used in orthopaedic biomechanics research and surgical education-applications that traditionally relied on cadavers. Cadaver bones are suboptimal for many reasons, including issues of cost, availability, preservation, and inconsistency between specimens. Further, cadaver samples disproportionately represent the elderly, whose bone quality may not be representative of the greater orthopaedic population. The current fourth-generation composite bone models provide an accurate reproduction of the biomechanical properties of human bone when placed under bending, axial, and torsional loads...
February 2014: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
William N Levine, Robert C Spang
In 2003, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) created national guidelines for resident work hours to promote safe care and high-quality learning. However, some reports suggested that the 2003 rules did not reduce resident fatigue or improve patient care. Since July 2011, further restrictions have been in effect. The changes have been the source of much controversy regarding their impact on resident education and patient safety. We reviewed existing literature on the effects of the new and old rules, with a focus on the field of orthopaedics...
September 2014: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
David Swanson, J Lawrence Marsh, Shepard Hurwitz, G Paul DeRosa, Kathleen Holtzman, S Deniz Bucak, Amy Baker, Carol Morrison
BACKGROUND: Residency programs commonly use performance on the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) developed by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) to identify residents who are lagging behind their peers and at risk for failing Part I of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Certifying Examination. This study was designed to investigate the utility of the OITE score as a predictor of ABOS Part I performance. METHOD: Results for 3132 examinees who took Part I of the ABOS examination for the first time from 2002 to 2006 were matched with records from the 1997 to 2006 OITE tests; at least one OITE score was located for 2852 (91%) of the ABOS Part I examinees...
June 19, 2013: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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