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Mind and Matter

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149 papers 100 to 500 followers Papers that study the relationships between emotional/mental disease and heart disease
By Gregory Gustafson Interventional Cardiologist
Kang Zhao, Jin-Fan Tian, Cong Zhao, Fei Yuan, Zhu-Ye Gao, Li-Zhi Li, Hong-Xu Liu, Xian Wang, Chang-Jiang Ge, Shu-Zheng Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of integrative medicine (IM) on patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and investigate the prognostic factors of CAD in a real-world setting. METHODS: A total of 1,087 hospitalized patients with CAD from four hospitals in Beijing, China were consecutively selected between August 2011 and February 2012. The patients were assigned to two groups based on the treatment: Chinese medicine (CM) plus conventional treatment, i...
April 28, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Christiane Brems, Lauren Justice, Kari Sulenes, Lisa Girasa, Julia Ray, Madison Davis, Jillian Freitas, Margaret Shean, Dharmakaya Colgan
BACKGROUND: Yoga is gaining momentum as a popular and evidence-based, integrative health care and self-care practice. The characteristics of yoga practitioners are not proportional to the demographics of the general population, especially with respect to gender and ethnicity. Several access barriers have been implicated (eg, time, cost, and access to teachers). No studies have explored the barriers to practice among health professions students. Their participation in yoga is deemed important because they are future health professionals who will make referrals to other services...
2015: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Ravinder Jerath, Molly W Crawford
The brain is considered to be the primary generator and regulator of emotions; however, afferent signals originating throughout the body are detected by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and brainstem, and, in turn, can modulate emotional processes. During stress and negative emotional states, levels of cardiorespiratory coherence (CRC) decrease, and a shift occurs toward sympathetic dominance. In contrast, CRC levels increase during more positive emotional states, and a shift occurs toward parasympathetic dominance...
2015: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Daniel L Moran, Mark Y Underwood, Taylor A Gabourie, Kenneth C Lerner
CONTEXT: The changes in verbal learning and working memory that often occur with aging may result in reduced social and intellectual interactions. These changes significantly affect an individual's quality of life. As humans age, the body's ability to regulate and maintain calcium levels is diminished. Pharmacological manipulation of the entry of free calcium (Ca2+) has been shown to be effective in increasing some aspects of cognitive function in the aged brain. Apoaequorin has been shown in laboratory studies to regulate levels of intracellular calcium in neuronal cells and to provide protection against ischemic cell death...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Tony B Benning
The current article interrogates the mind-body dualism that characterizes modern psychiatry and contends that the dualism is manifested by the relative neglect by psychiatrists of the body, or soma. The article argues that the state of affairs has several consequences, including psychiatrists' underappreciation of the somatic manifestations of mental disorders and of the therapeutic potential of somatic or body-based therapies. Empirical data attest to the association of a range of mental illnesses with somatic pathologies, as does the fact that a range of somatic therapies, including yoga and t'ai chi, are increasingly being shown to be efficacious in the treatment of a range of mental illnesses...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
James R Burrell, Glenda M Halliday, Jillian J Kril, Lars M Ittner, Jürgen Götz, Matthew C Kiernan, John R Hodges
Early reports of cognitive and behavioural deficits in motor neuron disease might have been overlooked initially, but the concept of a frontotemporal dementia-motor neuron disease continuum has emerged during the past decade. Frontotemporal dementia-motor neuron disease is now recognised as an important dementia syndrome, which presents substantial challenges for diagnosis and management. Frontotemporal dementia, motor neuron disease, and frontotemporal dementia-motor neuron disease are characterised by overlapping patterns of TAR DNA binding protein (TDP-43) pathology, while the chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72) repeat expansion is common across the disease spectrum...
August 27, 2016: Lancet
Rubesh Gooriah, Randa Nimeri, Fayyaz Ahmed
Migraine, a significantly disabling condition, is treated with acute and preventive medications. However, some individuals are refractory to standard treatments. Although there is a host of alternative management options available, these are not always backed by strong evidence. In fact, most of the drugs used in migraine were initially designed for other purposes. Whilst effective, the benefits from these medications are modest, reflecting the need for newer and migraine-specific therapeutic agents. In recent years, we have witnessed the emergence of novel treatments, of which noninvasive neuromodulation appears to be the most attractive given its ease of use and excellent tolerability profile...
2015: Pain Research and Treatment
Nathan J Kolla, Mark van der Maas, Maggie E Toplak, Patricia G Erickson, Robert E Mann, Jane Seeley, Evelyn Vingilis
BACKGROUND: Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) shows a robust association with alcohol and cannabis misuse, and these relationships are expressed differently in males and females. Manifestation of specific ADHD symptom profiles, even in the absence of the full disorder, may also be related to problems with alcohol and cannabis, although these relationships have not been investigated in epidemiological studies. To address this question, we studied the sex-specific associations of ADHD symptomatology with problematic alcohol and cannabis use in a representative sample of adults aged 18 years and older residing in Ontario, Canada...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Francesco Ancona, Letizia F Bertoldi, Francesco Ruggieri, Marco Cerri, Marco Magnoni, Luigi Beretta, Domenico Cianflone, Paolo G Camici
We demonstrate that in patients with stress cardiomyopathy the type of triggering event is associated with different clinical, instrumental, and laboratory features that characterize the phenotype at presentation.
October 1, 2016: European Heart Journal
Jonathan Bate, Andrew Schuman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2016: Lancet
Constance Hammen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress is well known as a trigger of depressive reactions, fear, anxiety, and behavioral disorders. However, there are many gaps in the conceptualization and measurement of environmental stress. RESULTS: Exciting developments in the neuroscience of stress have increasingly expanded our knowledge of mechanisms by which stress may affect emotional and behavioral adjustment. Ironically, environmental stress has often been a silent player in human studies of stress processes...
July 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Gin S Malhi, Darryl Bassett, Philip Boyce, Richard Bryant, Paul B Fitzgerald, Kristina Fritz, Malcolm Hopwood, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Richard Porter, Ajeet B Singh
OBJECTIVES: To provide guidance for the management of mood disorders, based on scientific evidence supplemented by expert clinical consensus and formulate recommendations to maximise clinical salience and utility. METHODS: Articles and information sourced from search engines including PubMed and EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Google Scholar were supplemented by literature known to the mood disorders committee (MDC) (e.g., books, book chapters and government reports) and from published depression and bipolar disorder guidelines...
December 2015: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Eirini Tsitsipa, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, there have been many different opinions concerning the neurocognitive function in Bipolar disorder (BD). The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review of the literature and to synthesize the data in a comprehensive picture of the neurocognitive dysfunction in BD. METHODS: Papers were located with searches in PubMed/MEDLINE, through June 1st 2015. The review followed a modified version of the recommendations of the Preferred Items for Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
2015: Annals of General Psychiatry
Iria Grande, Michael Berk, Boris Birmaher, Eduard Vieta
Bipolar disorder is a recurrent chronic disorder characterised by fluctuations in mood state and energy. It affects more than 1% of the world's population irrespective of nationality, ethnic origin, or socioeconomic status. Bipolar disorder is one of the main causes of disability among young people, leading to cognitive and functional impairment and raised mortality, particularly death by suicide. A high prevalence of psychiatric and medical comorbidities is typical in affected individuals. Accurate diagnosis of bipolar disorder is difficult in clinical practice because onset is most commonly a depressive episode and looks similar to unipolar depression...
April 9, 2016: Lancet
Nishant Verma, S Natasha Beretvas, Belen Pascual, Joseph C Masdeu, Mia K Markey
INTRODUCTION: As currently used, the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) has low sensitivity for measuring Alzheimer's disease progression in clinical trials. A major reason behind the low sensitivity is its sub-optimal scoring methodology, which can be improved to obtain better sensitivity. METHODS: Using item response theory, we developed a new scoring methodology (ADAS-CogIRT) for the ADAS-Cog, which addresses several major limitations of the current scoring methodology...
November 12, 2015: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
Komlavi Yayehd, N'kenon W N'da, Loïc Belle, Vincent Bataille, Michel Hanssen, Pierre Leddet, Jean-François Aupetit, Philippe Commeau, Emmanuelle Filippi, Jean-Louis Georges, Franck Albert, Grégoire Rangé, Patrick Meimoun, Xavier Marcaggi, Serge Baleynaud, Olivier Nallet, Alain Dibie, Claude Barnay, Bernard Jouve, Maud Legrand, Simon Cattan, Geneviève Mulak, Tabassome Simon, Nicolas Danchin, Jean-Jacques Dujardin
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a rare condition characterized by a sudden temporary weakening of the heart. TTC can mimic acute myocardial infarction and is associated with a minimal release of myocardial biomarkers in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. AIMS: To provide an extensive description of patients admitted to hospital for TTC throughout France and to study the management and outcomes of these patients. METHODS: In 14 non-academic hospitals, we collected clinical, electrocardiographic, biological, psychological and therapeutic data in patients with a diagnosis of TTC according to the Mayo Clinic criteria...
January 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Robert DuBroff, Vasant Lad, Cristina Murray-Krezan
CONTEXT: Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, and its incidence is rapidly accelerating in developing nations. Patients often search for therapies that are alternatives to traditional treatments, such as heart medicines, coronary bypass surgery, or coronary stenting. Ayurveda is an ancient, East Indian, holistic approach to health care, and its use has never been formally evaluated for patients with coronary heart disease. OBJECTIVES: The study intended to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of comprehensive ayurvedic therapy-incorporating diet, meditation, breathing exercises, yoga, and herbs-for patients with established coronary heart disease...
September 2015: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Tiffany A Greenwood, Neal R Swerdlow, Raquel E Gur, Kristin S Cadenhead, Monica E Calkins, Dorcas J Dobie, Robert Freedman, Michael F Green, Ruben C Gur, Laura C Lazzeroni, Keith H Nuechterlein, Ann Olincy, Allen D Radant, Amrita Ray, Nicholas J Schork, Larry J Seidman, Larry J Siever, Jeremy M Silverman, William S Stone, Catherine A Sugar, Debby W Tsuang, Ming T Tsuang, Bruce I Turetsky, Gregory A Light, David L Braff
OBJECTIVE: The Consortium on the Genetics of Schizophrenia has undertaken a large multisite study to characterize 12 neurophysiological and neurocognitive endophenotypic measures as a step toward understanding the complex genetic basis of schizophrenia. The authors previously demonstrated the heritability of these endophenotypes; in the present study, genetic linkage was evaluated. METHOD: Each family consisted of a proband with schizophrenia, at least one unaffected sibling, and both parents...
May 2013: American Journal of Psychiatry
Stefan Koelsch, Lutz Jäncke
Music can powerfully evoke and modulate emotions and moods, along with changes in heart activity, blood pressure (BP), and breathing. Although there is great heterogeneity in methods and quality among previous studies on effects of music on the heart, the following findings emerge from the literature: Heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) are higher in response to exciting music compared with tranquilizing music. During musical frissons (involving shivers and piloerection), both HR and RR increase. Moreover, HR and RR tend to increase in response to music compared with silence, and HR appears to decrease in response to unpleasant music compared with pleasant music...
November 21, 2015: European Heart Journal
Valentina Cardi, Freya Corfield, Jenni Leppanen, Charlotte Rhind, Stephanie Deriziotis, Alexandra Hadjimichalis, Rebecca Hibbs, Nadia Micali, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: Difficulties in social cognition have been identified in eating disorders (EDs), but the exact profile of these abnormalities is unclear. The aim of this study is to examine distinct processes of social-cognition in this patient group, including attentional processing and recognition, empathic reaction and evoked facial expression in response to discrete vignettes of others displaying positive (i.e. happiness) or negative (i.e. sadness and anger) emotions. METHOD: One hundred and thirty-eight female participants were included in the study: 73 healthy controls (HCs) and 65 individuals with an ED (49 with Anorexia Nervosa and 16 with Bulimia Nervosa)...
2015: PloS One
2015-09-07 17:41:15
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