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Mind and Matter

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157 papers 100 to 500 followers Papers that study the relationships between emotional/mental disease and heart disease
By Gregory Gustafson Interventional Cardiologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477251/comparative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-21-antidepressant-drugs-for-the-acute-treatment-of-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#1
Andrea Cipriani, Toshi A Furukawa, Georgia Salanti, Anna Chaimani, Lauren Z Atkinson, Yusuke Ogawa, Stefan Leucht, Henricus G Ruhe, Erick H Turner, Julian P T Higgins, Matthias Egger, Nozomi Takeshima, Yu Hayasaka, Hissei Imai, Kiyomi Shinohara, Aran Tajika, John P A Ioannidis, John R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is one of the most common, burdensome, and costly psychiatric disorders worldwide in adults. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments are available; however, because of inadequate resources, antidepressants are used more frequently than psychological interventions. Prescription of these agents should be informed by the best available evidence. Therefore, we aimed to update and expand our previous work to compare and rank antidepressants for the acute treatment of adults with unipolar major depressive disorder...
April 7, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987035/the-psychoneuroimmunological-role-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#2
Ian Hunter Rutkofsky, Anser Saeed Khan, Sindhu Sahito, Vikram Kumar
Context • Psychoneuroimmunology is the interdisciplinary study that links behavioral health with the neuroendocrinal system and investigates that link's bidirectional impact on the human immune system. Mechanistic studies have shown how omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), like those found in fish oil, can modulate key pathways involved in inflammation, sympathetic activity, oxidative stress, transcription factors, and inflammatory cytokine production. Objective • The research team intended to investigate the effects that PUFAs have on the brain and the immune system, including the effects of proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress, and their therapeutic benefits in major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder, either as an alternative monotherapy or a complementary adjunct treatment...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141966/nutritional-factors-affecting-adult-neurogenesis-and-cognitive-function
#3
REVIEW
Shibu M Poulose, Marshall G Miller, Tammy Scott, Barbara Shukitt-Hale
Adult neurogenesis, a complex process by which stem cells in the hippocampal brain region differentiate and proliferate into new neurons and other resident brain cells, is known to be affected by many intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including diet. Neurogenesis plays a critical role in neural plasticity, brain homeostasis, and maintenance in the central nervous system and is a crucial factor in preserving the cognitive function and repair of damaged brain cells affected by aging and brain disorders. Intrinsic factors such as aging, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, and brain injury, as well as lifestyle factors such as high-fat and high-sugar diets and alcohol and opioid addiction, negatively affect adult neurogenesis...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141977/vitamins-associated-with-brain-aging-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-disease-biomarkers-epidemiological-and-experimental-evidence-plausible-mechanisms-and-knowledge-gaps
#4
REVIEW
Michael Fenech
The key to preventing brain aging, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer disease (AD) via vitamin intake is first to understand molecular mechanisms, then to deduce relevant biomarkers, and subsequently to test the level of evidence for the impact of vitamins in the relevant pathways and their modulation of dementia risk. This narrative review infers information on mechanisms from gene and metabolic defects associated with MCI and AD, and assesses the role of vitamins using recent results from animal and human studies...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639567/spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-as-a-cause-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-young-female-population-a-single-center-study
#5
Pei-Na Meng, Chen Xu, Wei You, Zhi-Ming Wu, Du-Jiang Xie, Hang Zhang, Chang Pan, Fei Ye
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a nonatherosclerotic but a rare and extremely dangerous clinical entity, it has a high prevalence in young female population with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The previous reports were restricted to other countries' population, but rare in China. Hence, this study aimed to focus on the characteristics of SCAD as a cause of young female AMI population in Jiangsu, China. METHODS: This study enrolled young female AMI patients aged ≤50 years who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) and intracoronary imaging in our center between January 2013 and December 2016...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588063/moderate-alcohol-consumption-as-risk-factor-for-adverse-brain-outcomes-and-cognitive-decline-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
Anya Topiwala, Charlotte L Allan, Vyara Valkanova, Enikő Zsoldos, Nicola Filippini, Claire Sexton, Abda Mahmood, Peggy Fooks, Archana Singh-Manoux, Clare E Mackay, Mika Kivimäki, Klaus P Ebmeier
Objectives  To investigate whether moderate alcohol consumption has a favourable or adverse association or no association with brain structure and function. Design  Observational cohort study with weekly alcohol intake and cognitive performance measured repeatedly over 30 years (1985-2015). Multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at study endpoint (2012-15). Setting  Community dwelling adults enrolled in the Whitehall II cohort based in the UK (the Whitehall II imaging substudy). Participants  550 men and women with mean age 43...
June 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373350/social-integration-and-reduced-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-women-the-role-of-lifestyle-behaviors
#7
Shun-Chiao Chang, Maria Glymour, Marilyn Cornelis, Stefan Walter, Eric B Rimm, Eric Tchetgen Tchetgen, Ichiro Kawachi, Laura D Kubzansky
RATIONALE: Higher social integration is associated with lower cardiovascular mortality; however, whether it is associated with incident coronary heart disease (CHD), especially in women, and whether associations differ by case fatality are unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the associations between social integration and risk of incident CHD in a large female prospective cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-six thousand three hundred and sixty-two women in the Nurses' Health Study, free of CHD and stroke at baseline (1992), were followed until 2014...
June 9, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366738/the-heartbreak-of-depression-psycho-cardiac-coupling-in-myocardial-infarction
#8
REVIEW
John P Headrick, Jason N Peart, Boris P Budiono, David H K Shum, David L Neumann, Nicolas J C Stapelberg
Ample evidence identifies strong links between major depressive disorder (MDD) and both risk of ischemic or coronary heart disease (CHD) and resultant morbidity and mortality. The molecular mechanistic bases of these linkages are poorly defined. Systemic factors linked to MDD, including vascular dysfunction, atherosclerosis, obesity and diabetes, together with associated behavioral changes, all elevate CHD risk. Nonetheless, experimental evidence indicates the myocardium is also directly modified in depression, independently of these factors, impairing infarct tolerance and cardioprotection...
May 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126196/effectiveness-of-integrative-medicine-therapy-on-coronary-artery-disease-prognosis-a-real-world-study
#9
Kang Zhao, Jin-Fan Tian, Cong Zhao, Fei Yuan, Zhu-Ye Gao, Li-Zhi Li, Hong-Xu Liu, Xian Wang, Chang-Jiang Ge, Shu-Zheng Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of integrative medicine (IM) on patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and investigate the prognostic factors of CAD in a real-world setting. METHODS: A total of 1,087 hospitalized patients with CAD from four hospitals in Beijing, China were consecutively selected between August 2011 and February 2012. The patients were assigned to two groups based on the treatment: Chinese medicine (CM) plus conventional treatment, i...
April 28, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26026151/improving-access-to-yoga-barriers-to-and-motivators-for-practice-among-health-professions-students
#10
Christiane Brems, Lauren Justice, Kari Sulenes, Lisa Girasa, Julia Ray, Madison Davis, Jillian Freitas, Margaret Shean, Dharmakaya Colgan
BACKGROUND: Yoga is gaining momentum as a popular and evidence-based, integrative health care and self-care practice. The characteristics of yoga practitioners are not proportional to the demographics of the general population, especially with respect to gender and ethnicity. Several access barriers have been implicated (eg, time, cost, and access to teachers). No studies have explored the barriers to practice among health professions students. Their participation in yoga is deemed important because they are future health professionals who will make referrals to other services...
2015: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535473/how-does-the-body-affect-the-mind-role-of-cardiorespiratory-coherence-in-the-spectrum-of-emotions
#11
REVIEW
Ravinder Jerath, Molly W Crawford
The brain is considered to be the primary generator and regulator of emotions; however, afferent signals originating throughout the body are detected by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and brainstem, and, in turn, can modulate emotional processes. During stress and negative emotional states, levels of cardiorespiratory coherence (CRC) decrease, and a shift occurs toward sympathetic dominance. In contrast, CRC levels increase during more positive emotional states, and a shift occurs toward parasympathetic dominance...
2015: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878676/effects-of-a-supplement-containing-apoaequorin-on-verbal-learning-in-older-adults-in-the-community
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniel L Moran, Mark Y Underwood, Taylor A Gabourie, Kenneth C Lerner
CONTEXT: The changes in verbal learning and working memory that often occur with aging may result in reduced social and intellectual interactions. These changes significantly affect an individual's quality of life. As humans age, the body's ability to regulate and maintain calcium levels is diminished. Pharmacological manipulation of the entry of free calcium (Ca2+) has been shown to be effective in increasing some aspects of cognitive function in the aged brain. Apoaequorin has been shown in laboratory studies to regulate levels of intracellular calcium in neuronal cells and to provide protection against ischemic cell death...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878681/should-psychiatrists-resurrect-the-body
#13
Tony B Benning
The current article interrogates the mind-body dualism that characterizes modern psychiatry and contends that the dualism is manifested by the relative neglect by psychiatrists of the body, or soma. The article argues that the state of affairs has several consequences, including psychiatrists' underappreciation of the somatic manifestations of mental disorders and of the therapeutic potential of somatic or body-based therapies. Empirical data attest to the association of a range of mental illnesses with somatic pathologies, as does the fact that a range of somatic therapies, including yoga and t'ai chi, are increasingly being shown to be efficacious in the treatment of a range of mental illnesses...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26987909/the-frontotemporal-dementia-motor-neuron-disease-continuum
#14
REVIEW
James R Burrell, Glenda M Halliday, Jillian J Kril, Lars M Ittner, Jürgen Götz, Matthew C Kiernan, John R Hodges
Early reports of cognitive and behavioural deficits in motor neuron disease might have been overlooked initially, but the concept of a frontotemporal dementia-motor neuron disease continuum has emerged during the past decade. Frontotemporal dementia-motor neuron disease is now recognised as an important dementia syndrome, which presents substantial challenges for diagnosis and management. Frontotemporal dementia, motor neuron disease, and frontotemporal dementia-motor neuron disease are characterised by overlapping patterns of TAR DNA binding protein (TDP-43) pathology, while the chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72) repeat expansion is common across the disease spectrum...
August 27, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26839703/evidence-based-treatments-for-adults-with-migraine
#15
REVIEW
Rubesh Gooriah, Randa Nimeri, Fayyaz Ahmed
Migraine, a significantly disabling condition, is treated with acute and preventive medications. However, some individuals are refractory to standard treatments. Although there is a host of alternative management options available, these are not always backed by strong evidence. In fact, most of the drugs used in migraine were initially designed for other purposes. Whilst effective, the benefits from these medications are modest, reflecting the need for newer and migraine-specific therapeutic agents. In recent years, we have witnessed the emergence of novel treatments, of which noninvasive neuromodulation appears to be the most attractive given its ease of use and excellent tolerability profile...
2015: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920911/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-profiles-and-concurrent-problems-with-alcohol-and-cannabis-sex-differences-in-a-representative-population-survey
#16
Nathan J Kolla, Mark van der Maas, Maggie E Toplak, Patricia G Erickson, Robert E Mann, Jane Seeley, Evelyn Vingilis
BACKGROUND: Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) shows a robust association with alcohol and cannabis misuse, and these relationships are expressed differently in males and females. Manifestation of specific ADHD symptom profiles, even in the absence of the full disorder, may also be related to problems with alcohol and cannabis, although these relationships have not been investigated in epidemiological studies. To address this question, we studied the sex-specific associations of ADHD symptomatology with problematic alcohol and cannabis use in a representative sample of adults aged 18 years and older residing in Ontario, Canada...
February 27, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922810/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-and-neurogenic-stunned-myocardium-similar-albeit-different
#17
Francesco Ancona, Letizia F Bertoldi, Francesco Ruggieri, Marco Cerri, Marco Magnoni, Luigi Beretta, Domenico Cianflone, Paolo G Camici
We demonstrate that in patients with stress cardiomyopathy the type of triggering event is associated with different clinical, instrumental, and laboratory features that characterize the phenotype at presentation.
October 1, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913308/books-do-furnish-a-mind-the-art-and-science-of-bibliotherapy
#18
Jonathan Bate, Andrew Schuman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26726968/depression-and-stressful-environments-identifying-gaps-in-conceptualization-and-measurement
#19
Constance Hammen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress is well known as a trigger of depressive reactions, fear, anxiety, and behavioral disorders. However, there are many gaps in the conceptualization and measurement of environmental stress. RESULTS: Exciting developments in the neuroscience of stress have increasingly expanded our knowledge of mechanisms by which stress may affect emotional and behavioral adjustment. Ironically, environmental stress has often been a silent player in human studies of stress processes...
July 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643054/royal-australian-and-new-zealand-college-of-psychiatrists-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-mood-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Gin S Malhi, Darryl Bassett, Philip Boyce, Richard Bryant, Paul B Fitzgerald, Kristina Fritz, Malcolm Hopwood, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Richard Porter, Ajeet B Singh
OBJECTIVES: To provide guidance for the management of mood disorders, based on scientific evidence supplemented by expert clinical consensus and formulate recommendations to maximise clinical salience and utility. METHODS: Articles and information sourced from search engines including PubMed and EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Google Scholar were supplemented by literature known to the mood disorders committee (MDC) (e.g., books, book chapters and government reports) and from published depression and bipolar disorder guidelines...
December 2015: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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