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Electroconvulsive Therapy

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19 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Edwin Kim Resident Physician, Aspiring Addiction Psychiatrist
Neeta Shenai, Crystal D White, Pierre N Azzam, Priya Gopalan, LalithKumar K Solai
In cases of malignant catatonia, prompt administration of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can decrease mortality, whereas delays to initiating ECT have resulted in adverse outcomes, including death. We present a clinical vignette of malignant catatonia that required court-ordered ECT, followed by a discussion of practical and legal obstacles to expediting emergent ECT when patients cannot provide consent. We review particularly exacting mandates for involuntary ECT from three states: California, Texas, and New York...
May 2016: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
Veena Graff, Peter Wingfield, David Adams, Terry Rabinowitz
OBJECTIVE: Patients often feel anxious before electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), which can lead to avoidance of treatments. Music is a noninvasive safe option to reduce anxiety in the preoperative setting. Therefore, we examined patients' preferences of listening to music while receiving ECT by providing music-by way of headphones or speakers-to participants before treatment. METHODS: Patients receiving ECT were recruited for this study. Patients served as their own controls in 3 separate music intervention sessions: 1) randomization to music via headphones or speakers, 2) no music, 3) the remaining music intervention...
September 2016: Journal of ECT
George G Kirov, Laura Owen, Hazel Ballard, Adele Leighton, Kara Hannigan, Danielle Llewellyn, Valentina Escott-Price, Maria Atkins
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective acute treatment for severe depression, but widely held concerns about memory problems may limit its use. AIMS: To find out whether repeated or maintenance courses of ECT cause cumulative cognitive deterioration. METHOD: Analysis of the results of 10 years of cognitive performance data collection from patients who have received ECT. The 199 patients had a total of 498 assessments, undertaken after a mean of 15...
March 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Tor Magne Bjølseth, Knut Engedal, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Per Bergsholm, Gro Strømnes Dybedal, Torfinn Lødøen Gaarden, Lars Tanum
BACKGROUND: No study has previously investigated whether the speed of recovery from disorientation in the post-ictal period may predict the short-term treatment outcome of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study included 57 elderly patients with unipolar or bipolar major depression, aged 60-85 years, treated with formula-based ECT. Treatment outcome was assessed weekly during the ECT course using the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD17)...
January 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Mauricio Tohen, Christopher C Abbott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
Marc H Zisselman, Richard L Jaffe
Acute catatonia in an adolescent or young adult can present complex clinical challenges. Prominent issues include those involving diagnosis, timely and effective treatment, and diminished capacity to provide consent. The authors describe a 19-year-old woman presenting initially with manic excitement followed by a lengthy period of mutism, immobility, and food and fluid refusal. Elevated temperature, an elevated creatine phosphokinase level, and autonomic dysfunction led to consideration of a malignant catatonic syndrome...
February 2010: American Journal of Psychiatry
Gennie Wang, Brian Milne, Rachel Rooney, Tarit Saha
Background. In addition to general anesthesia, muscle relaxants are given prior to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in order to prevent musculoskeletal injury. Higher doses of muscle relaxants have been suggested for patients at high risk for bone fractures; however, there are adverse side effects associated with these higher doses. Aims. We present a successful case of ECT to treat chronic major depressive disorder in a 62-year-old woman at high risk of bone fracture due to gastric adenocarcinoma with metastases to bone and liver...
2014: Case Reports in Psychiatry
Harm-Pieter Spaans, Pascal Sienaert, Filip Bouckaert, Julia F van den Berg, Esmée Verwijk, King H Kho, Max L Stek, Rob M Kok
BACKGROUND: Severe depression can be a life-threatening disorder, especially in elderly patients. A fast-acting treatment is crucial for this group. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may work faster than medication. AIMS: To compare the speed of remission using ECT v. medication in elderly in-patients. METHOD: The speed of remission in in-patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of major depression (baseline MADRS score ≥20) was compared between 47 participants (mean age 74...
January 2015: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Maurizio Pompili, David Lester, Giovanni Dominici, Lucia Longo, Giulia Marconi, Alberto Forte, Gianluca Serafini, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment that is most effective for mood disorders (Bipolar Disorder and Major Depression). It has also been shown to be an effective treatment for schizophrenia accompanied by catatonia, extreme depression, mania and other affective components. ECT is currently under-used in many psychiatric settings due to its stigmatized perception by patients and mental health professionals. However, many unanswered questions remain regarding its role in the management of patients with schizophrenia...
May 2013: Schizophrenia Research
Mark S George, Joseph J Taylor, E Baron Short
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Daily left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for several weeks was first proposed as an acute treatment for depression in the early 1990s, and was Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved in 2008. In the past year, several important studies have been published that extend our understanding of this novel treatment approach. RECENT FINDINGS: The first round of multisite clinical trials with TMS addressed whether prefrontal rTMS has efficacy and were conducted in carefully selected depressed patients who were antidepressant medication free...
January 2013: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Eyal Dahan, Evgenia Or, Avi Bleich, Yuval Melamed
Owing to unresolved questions concerning the efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of schizophrenia, and widespread negative attitudes toward ECT, maintenance ECT (mECT) is generally considered only as a last resort. Nevertheless, in some clinical situations, the advantages of mECT may outweigh the risks and associated concerns. We report the case of a patient suffering from disorganized schizophrenia who had life-threatening hematological side effects to treatment with antipsychotic agents...
January 2015: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Monika Edlinger, Stefan Schmidinger, Wolfgang Fleischhaker, Alex Hofer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2014: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
Helle K Schoeyen, Ute Kessler, Ole A Andreassen, Bjoern H Auestad, Per Bergsholm, Ulrik F Malt, Gunnar Morken, Ketil J Oedegaard, Arne Vaaler
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is regarded by many clinicians as the most effective treatment for treatment-resistant bipolar depression, but no randomized controlled trials have been conducted, to the authors' knowledge. They compared efficacy measures of ECT and algorithm-based pharmacological treatment in treatment-resistant bipolar depression. METHOD: This multicenter, randomized controlled trial was carried out at seven acute-care psychiatric inpatient clinics throughout Norway and included 73 bipolar disorder patients with treatment-resistant depression...
January 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
Matthew Majeske, Charles H Kellner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: American Journal of Psychiatry
Georgios Petrides, Chitra Malur, Raphael J Braga, Samuel H Bailine, Nina R Schooler, Anil K Malhotra, John M Kane, Sohag Sanghani, Terry E Goldberg, Majnu John, Alan Mendelowitz
OBJECTIVE: Up to 70% of patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia do not respond to clozapine. Pharmacological augmentation to clozapine has been studied with unimpressive results. The authors examined the use of ECT as an augmentation to clozapine for treatment-refractory schizophrenia. METHOD: In a randomized single-blind 8-week study, patients with clozapine-resistant schizophrenia were assigned to treatment as usual (clozapine group) or a course of bilateral ECT plus clozapine (ECT plus clozapine group)...
January 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
Beppe Micallef-Trigona
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the longest standing psychiatric treatment available and has unequivocal benefit in severe depression. However this treatment comes with a number of side effects such as memory impairment. On the other hand, Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a relatively new form of treatment which has been shown to be efficacious in patients suffering from a number of psychopathologies, including severe depression, with few reported side effects. Due to its potential therapeutic efficacy and lack of side effects, rTMS has gained traction in the treatment of depression, with a number of authors keen to see it take over from ECT...
2014: Depression Research and Treatment
G Fernie, D M Bennett, J Currie, J S Perrin, I C Reid
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for depression but the extent and persistence of cognitive side-effects remain uncertain. It has been reported that there is little evidence that impairments last longer than up to 15 days post-ECT. However, relatively few studies have followed patients for even as long as 1 month post-ECT. Here we report results from a brief cognitive battery given prior to ECT and repeated five times up to 6 months post-ECT. METHOD: In a retrospective case-note study of routinely collected clinical data 126 patients treated with ECT completed two neuropsychological tests [Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) spatial recognition memory (SRM) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)] and two subjective reports of memory function, prior to ECT...
October 2014: Psychological Medicine
René Klysner, Birgitte Bjerg Bendsen, Maja Soon Hansen
The serotonin syndrome has been described only in rare instances for electroconvulsive therapy combined with an antidepressant medication. We describe a case of serotonin toxicity induced by electroconvulsive therapy in combination with fluoxetine.
2014: Case Reports in Psychiatry
Charles H Kellner, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Teresa A Rummans, Mustafa M Husain, Keith Rasmussen, Martina Mueller, Hilary J Bernstein, Kevin O'Connor, Glenn Smith, Melanie Biggs, Samuel H Bailine, Chitra Malur, Eunsil Yim, Shawn McClintock, Shirlene Sampson, Max Fink
BACKGROUND: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been shown to be extremely effective for the acute treatment of major depression, it has never been systematically assessed as a strategy for relapse prevention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comparative efficacy of continuation ECT (C-ECT) and the combination of lithium carbonate plus nortriptyline hydrochloride (C-Pharm) in the prevention of depressive relapse. DESIGN: Multisite, randomized, parallel design, 6-month trial performed from 1997 to 2004...
December 2006: Archives of General Psychiatry
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