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SonoKids PULM infant

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8 papers 0 to 25 followers
Vincenzo Basile, Antonio Di Mauro, Egisto Scalini, Paolo Comes, Ignazio Lofù, Michael Mostert, Silvio Tafuri, Mariano M Manzionna
BACKGROUND: Clinical assessment is the gold standard for diagnosis of bronchiolitis. To date, only one study found LUS (Lung Ultrasound) to be a valuable tool in the diagnosis of bronchiolitis. Aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of lung ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis in infants. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of infants admitted to our Pediatric Unit with suspected bronchiolitis. A physical examination and lung ultrasound scans were performed on each patient...
2015: BMC Pediatrics
Jing Liu, Fang Liu, Ying Liu, Hua-Wei Wang, Zhi-Chun Feng
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasonography is useful for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children and adults. This study investigated the lung ultrasound findings in severe neonatal pneumonia. METHODS: From September 2012 to October 2013, 80 neonates admitted to Bayi Children's Hospital, affiliated with the Beijing Military General Hospital, were divided into two groups: 40 neonates with severe pneumonia according to their medical history, clinical manifestations, and chest radiograph findings and 40 neonates with no lung disease (control group)...
August 2014: Chest
Jing Liu, Hai-Ying Cao, Hua-Wei Wang, Xiang-Yong Kong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in newborn infants. METHODS: From March 2012 to May 2013, 100 newborn infants were divided into two groups: RDS group (50 cases) and control group (50 cases). According to the findings of chest x-ray, there were 10 cases of grade II RDS, 15 grade III cases, and 25 grade IV cases in RDS group. Lung ultrasound was performed at bedside by a single expert...
April 2014: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Fiorella Migliaro, Angela Sodano, Letizia Capasso, Francesco Raimondi
Pneumothorax is a frequent critical situation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Diagnosis relies on clinical judgement, transillumination and chest radiogram. We report the case of a very preterm infant suddenly developing significant and persistent desaturation and bradycardia. Re-intubation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation were performed. Clinical and cold light examination were not suggestive of pneumothorax according to two experienced neonatologists. A lung ultrasound scan showed evidence of right pneumothorax that was promptly aspirated...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Jing Liu, Yan Wang, Wei Fu, Chang-Shuan Yang, Jun-Jin Huang
Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is one of the most common causes of perinatal dyspnea and is traditionally diagnosed by chest x-ray. This study aimed to explore the diagnostic value of lung ultrasonography (LUS) for TTN as well as differentiate it from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) by using LUS. From January 2013 to February 2014, 60 infants who were diagnosed with TTN based on medical history, clinical manifestations, arterial blood gas analysis, and chest radiography were recruited to the study group...
December 2014: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yoshino Tamaki Sameshima, João Fernando Lourenço de Almeida, Murilo Marques Almeida Silva, Renata Remondini, Luciana Branco Haddad, Miguel José Francisco Neto, Marcelo Buarque de Gusmão Funari
The reversal of lung collapse is one of the challenges of lung injury prevention in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this case, lung recruitment maneuver (RM) with positive end-expiratory pressure under computed tomography guidance is the procedure of choice, but cumulative ionizing radiation exposure is a major radiologic concern, especially in infants. Real-time guidance of lung recruitment under bedside lung ultrasound (US) assessment in adults has shown to be an effective procedure for performing RM that avoids ionizing radiation overexposure...
December 2014: Ultrasound Quarterly
Marco Piastra, Nadya Yousef, Roselyne Brat, Paolo Manzoni, Mostafa Mokhtari, Daniele De Luca
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a rare and life-threatening neonatal lung injury induced by meconium in the lung and airways. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a quick, easy and cheap imaging technique that is increasingly being used in critical care settings, also for newborns. In this paper we describe ultrasound findings in MAS. Six patients with MAS of variable severity were examined by LUS during the first hours of life. Chest X-rays were used as reference. The following dynamic LUS signs were seen in all patients: (1) B-pattern (interstitial) coalescent or sparse; (2) consolidations; (3) atelectasis; (4) bronchograms...
September 2014: Early Human Development
Francesco Raimondi, Fiorella Migliaro, Angela Sodano, Teresa Ferrara, Silvia Lama, Gianfranco Vallone, Letizia Capasso
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation is the treatment of choice for neonatal moderate respiratory distress (RD). Predictors of nasal ventilation failure are helpful in preventing clinical deterioration. Work on neonatal lung ultrasound has shown that the persistence of a hyperechogenic, "white lung" image correlates with severe distress in the preterm infant. We investigate the persistent white lung ultrasound image as a marker of noninvasive ventilation failure. METHODS: Newborns admitted to the NICU with moderate RD and stabilized on nasal continuous positive airway pressure for 120 minutes were enrolled...
October 2014: Pediatrics
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