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Regional blocks

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8 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Scott Bentley General Practitioner / GP Anaesthetist in Australia.
Julian Aliste, Prangmalee Leurcharusmee, Phatthanaphol Engsusophon, Aida Gordon, Giuliano Michelagnoli, Chonticha Sriparkdee, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Dana Q Tran, Tom C R V Van Zundert, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q H Tran
BACKGROUND: This randomized double-blinded trial compared the effect of intravenous and perineural dexamethasone (8 mg) on the duration of motor block for ultrasound (US)-guided axillary brachial plexus block (AXB). METHODS: Patients undergoing upper limb surgery with US-guided AXB were randomly allocated to receive preservative-free dexamethasone (8 mg) via intravenous (n = 75) or perineural (n = 75) administration. The local anesthetic agent, 1% lidocaine -0...
September 23, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Agnes M Lamon, Ashraf S Habib
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic. It is associated with increased comorbidities and increased maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. The risk of cesarean delivery is also increased in obese parturients. Anesthetic management of the obese parturient is challenging and requires adequate planning. Therefore, those patients should be referred to antenatal anesthetic consultation. Anesthesia-related complications and maternal mortality are increased in this patient population. The risk of difficult intubation is increased in obese patients...
2016: Local and Regional Anesthesia
P H Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Honorio T Benzon, Yogen G Asher, Craig T Hartrick
The incidence of back pain after neuraxial anesthesia in the adult population is not different from that after general anesthesia. The pain is usually mild, localized in the low back, rarely radiates to the lower extremities, and has a duration of only a few days. The risk factors for development of back pain include the lithotomy position, multiple attempts at block placement, duration of surgery longer than 2.5 hours, body mass index ≥32 kg/m, and a history of back pain. However, there is no permanent worsening of preexisting back pain after neuraxial anesthesia...
June 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Etrusca Brogi, Roy Kazan, Shantale Cyr, Francesco Giunta, Thomas M Hemmerling
PURPOSE: The transversus abdominal plane (TAP) block has been described as an effective pain control technique after abdominal surgery. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) to account for the increasing number of TAP block studies appearing in the literature. The primary outcome we examined was the effect of TAP block on the postoperative pain score at six, 12, and 24 hr. The secondary outcome was 24-hr morphine consumption. SOURCE: We searched the United States National Library of Medicine database, the Excerpta Medica database, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Studies and identified RCTs focusing on the analgesic efficacy of TAP block compared with a control group [i...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
S Orbach-Zinger, A Aviram, S Fireman, T Kadechenko, Z Klein, N Mazarib, A Artiuch, A Reuveni, A Ioscovich, L A Eidelman, R Landau
BACKGROUND: Quantitative sensory testing (QST) measures response to painful stimuli and has been used to predict post-caesarean pain. Pain reported upon intravenous cannulation was shown to predict epidural analgesic use and pain intensity during labour. We hypothesized that pain intensity reported by women upon local anaesthesia injection (ILA) for spinal anaesthesia may predict acute pain after caesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: In a prospective observational trial, 229 women undergoing elective CD under spinal anaesthesia were enrolled...
October 2015: European Journal of Pain: EJP
David Burckett-St Laurent, Vincent Chan, Ki Jinn Chin
PURPOSE: The conventional ultrasound-guided interscalene block targets the C5 and C6 nerve roots at approximately the level of the cricoid cartilage where they lie in the groove between the anterior and middle scalene muscles. This technique, although effective at providing regional anesthesia of the shoulder, is associated with risks of phrenic nerve palsy, injury to the dorsal scapular and long thoracic nerves, and long-term postoperative neurologic symptoms. In this case report, we describe the ultrasound-guided superior trunk block...
December 2014: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Sevtap Hekimoglu Sahin, Alkin Colak, Cavidan Arar, Ilker Yıldırım, Necdet Sut, Alparslan Turan
PURPOSE: Lumbar puncture (LP) is one of the most common procedures performed in medicine. The aim of this prospective study is to determine the success rate of LP in lateral decubitus with 45-degree head-up tilt position, and compare it with traditional positions like sitting and lateral decubitus. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty patients between 25 and 85 years of age who had undergone abdominal, urologic, and lower limb extremities surgeries were enrolled and 300 patients were divided into three different groups...
August 2014: Journal of Anesthesia
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