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Cirurgia cardiaca

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94 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Eduardo Roque Cardiologista com foco em cardiologia hospitalar e cuidados intensivos. Professor de clínica médica.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904903/prediction-of-severe-bleeding-after-coronary-surgery-the-will-bleed-risk-score
#1
Fausto Biancari, Debora Brascia, Francesco Onorati, Daniel Reichart, Andrea Perrotti, Vito G Ruggieri, Giuseppe Santarpino, Daniele Maselli, Giovanni Mariscalco, Riccardo Gherli, Antonino S Rubino, Marisa De Feo, Giuseppe Gatti, Francesco Santini, Magnus Dalén, Matteo Saccocci, Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Juhani K E Airaksinen, Paola D'Errigo, Stefano Rosato, Francesco Nicolini
Severe perioperative bleeding after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with poor outcome. An additive score for prediction of severe bleeding was derived (n=2494) and validated (n=1250) in patients from the E-CABG registry. Severe bleeding was defined as E-CABG bleeding grades 2-3 (transfusion of >4 units of red blood cells or reoperation for bleeding). The overall incidence of severe bleeding was 6.4 %. Preoperative anaemia (3 points), female gender (2 points), eGFR <45 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (3 points), potent antiplatelet drugs discontinued less than five days (2 points), critical preoperative state (5 points), acute coronary syndrome (2 points), use of low-molecular-weight heparin/fondaparinux/unfractionated heparin (1 point) were independent predictors of severe bleeding...
December 1, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594874/predictors-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-elderly-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#2
Rubanenko O Anatoĺevna, Fatenkov O Veniaminovich, Khokhlunov S Mikhaylovich
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A total of 81 patients with CAD who underwent CABG were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1, without postoperative atrial fibrillation (59 patients, 74.6% men, mean age 65.8 ± 4.0 years); Group 2, with early new-onset atrial fibrillation after CABG (22 patients, 90...
July 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498373/renoprotection-by-remote-ischemic-conditioning-during-elective-coronary-revascularization-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Chenghui Zhou, Yunseok Jeon, Patrick Meybohm, Alexander Zarbock, Paul Jeffrey Young, Lihuan Li, Derek J Hausenloy
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has been recognized an emerging non-invasive approach for preventing acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing either elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). On the other hand, accumulating evidence has indicated the involving role of pre-CABG contrast usage for coronary angiography in post-surgery AKI risk. Along with the shortening time delay of CABG after coronary angiography, and the prevalent hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR), the AKI prevention by RIC has faced challenges following coronary revascuralization...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460359/prompt-impact-of-first-prospective-statin-mega-trials-on-postoperative-lipid-management-of-cabg-patients-a-20-year-follow-up-in-a-single-hospital
#4
A Palomäki, V Hällberg, M Ala-Korpela, P T Kovanen, K Malminiemi
BACKGROUND: The long-term success of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) depends on secondary prevention. Vast evidence provided by the results of cholesterol mega-trials over two decades has shown that effective reduction of LDL cholesterol improves the prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease. However, the implementation of these results into the clinical practice has turned out to be challenging. We analysed how the information derived from clinical statin trials and international recommendations affected the local treatment practices of dyslipidaemia of CABG patients during a 20-year time period...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479778/comparative-effectiveness-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-cabg-surgery-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes
#5
Ruchit Shah, Yi Yang, John P Bentley, Benjamin F Banahan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the relative effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among elderly patients with diabetes regarding acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, repeat revascularization, and all-cause mortality. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the 2006-2008 5% national sample of Medicare claims data. Elderly (≥65 years) beneficiaries with at least two claims of diabetes separated by ≥30 days and who had at least one inpatient claim for multi-vessel CABG or PCI between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2008 were identified...
November 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326237/choice-of-prosthetic-heart-valve-in-a-developing-country
#6
Shiv Kumar Choudhary, Sachin Talwar, Balram Airan
Mechanical prostheses and stented xenografts (bioprosthesis) are most commonly used substitutes for aortic and mitral valve replacement. The mechanical valves have the advantage of durability but are accompanied with the risk of thromboembolism, problems of long-term anticoagulation, and associated risk of bleeding. In contrast, bioprosthetic valves do not require long-term anticoagulation, but carry the risk of structural valve degeneration and re-operation. A mechanical valve is favoured in young patients (<40 years) if reliable anticoagulation is ensured...
2016: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275298/incidence-and-impact-of-patient-prosthesis-mismatch-in-isolated-aortic-valve-surgery
#7
Selman Dumani, Ermal Likaj, Andi Kacani, Laureta Dibra, Elizana Petrela, Vera Beca, Ali Refatllari
AIM: The mains topics of this work are the incidence of patient-prosthesis mismatch and the influence in the early results of isolated aortic valve surgery. METHODS: In 193 patients isolated aortic valve surgery was performed. The study population was divided in three subgroups: 20 patients with severe, 131 patients with moderate and 42 patients without patient-prosthesis mismatch. The indexed effective orifice area was used to define the subgroups. Operative mortality and perioperative complications were considered the indicators of the early results of aortic valve surgery...
December 15, 2015: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237075/traf3ip2-mediates-atherosclerotic-plaque-development-and-vulnerability-in-apoe-mice
#8
Siva Sankara Vara Prasad Sakamuri, Yusuke Higashi, Sergiy Sukhanov, Jalahalli M Siddesha, Patrice Delafontaine, Ulrich Siebenlist, Bysani Chandrasekar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Atherosclerosis is a major cause of heart attack and stroke. Inflammation plays a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis. Since the cytoplasmic adaptor molecule TRAF3IP2 (TRAF3-Interacting Protein 2) plays a causal role in various autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, we hypothesized that TRAF3IP2 mediates atherosclerotic plaque development. METHODS: TRAF3IP2/ApoE double knockout (DKO) mice were generated by crossing TRAF3IP2(-/-) and ApoE(-/-) mice...
September 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189033/determination-of-clinical-outcome-in-mitral-regurgitation-with-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-quantification
#9
Saul G Myerson, Joanna d'Arcy, Jonathan P Christiansen, Laura E Dobson, Raad Mohiaddin, Jane M Francis, Bernard Prendergast, John P Greenwood, Theodoros D Karamitsos, Stefan Neubauer
BACKGROUND: Surgery for severe mitral regurgitation is indicated if symptoms or left ventricular dilation or dysfunction occur. However, prognosis is already reduced by this stage, and earlier surgery on asymptomatic patients has been advocated if valve repair is likely, but identifying suitable patients for early surgery is difficult. Quantifying the regurgitation may help, but evidence for its link with outcome is limited. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can accurately quantify mitral regurgitation, and we examined whether this was associated with the future need for surgery...
June 7, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219528/withdrawn-preoperative-statin-therapy-for-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Elmar W Kuhn, Ingo Slottosch, Thorsten Wahlers, Oliver J Liakopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26330426/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-related-bleeding-complications-in-patients-treated-with-ticagrelor-or-clopidogrel-a-nationwide-study
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Emma C Hansson, Lena Jidéus, Bengt Åberg, Henrik Bjursten, Mats Dreifaldt, Anders Holmgren, Torbjörn Ivert, Shahab Nozohoor, Mikael Barbu, Rolf Svedjeholm, Anders Jeppsson
AIMS: Excessive bleeding impairs outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Current guidelines recommend withdrawal of clopidogrel and ticagrelor 5 days (120 h) before elective surgery. Shorter discontinuation would reduce the risk of thrombotic events and save hospital resources, but may increase the risk of bleeding. We investigated whether a shorter discontinuation time before surgery increased the incidence of CABG-related major bleeding complications and compared ticagrelor- and clopidogrel-treated patients...
January 7, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26567980/revascularization-options-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#12
REVIEW
A Pieter Kappetein, Nicolas M van Mieghem, Stuart J Head
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CAGB) is superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in reducing mortality in certain patients and improving the composite end points of angina, recurrent myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization procedures. However, CABG is associated with a higher perioperative stroke risk. For patients with less complex disease or left main coronary disease, PCI is an acceptable alternative to CABG. Lesion complexity is an essential consideration for stenting, whereas patient comorbidity is an essential consideration for CABG...
January 2016: Heart Failure Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26616030/medical-therapy-with-versus-without-revascularization-in-stable-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-ischemia-the-case-for-community-equipoise
#13
REVIEW
Gregg W Stone, Judith S Hochman, David O Williams, William E Boden, T Bruce Ferguson, Robert A Harrington, David J Maron
All patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) should be managed with guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT), which reduces progression of atherosclerosis and prevents coronary thrombosis. Revascularization is also indicated in patients with SIHD and progressive or refractory symptoms, despite medical management. Whether a strategy of routine revascularization (with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft surgery as appropriate) plus GDMT reduces rates of death or myocardial infarction, or improves quality of life compared to an initial approach of GDMT alone in patients with substantial ischemia is uncertain...
January 5, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26858293/mitral-valve-prolapse-revisited
#14
Sakiko Honda, Tatsuya Kawasaki, Hirokazu Shiraishi, Michiyo Yamano, Tadaaki Kamitani, Satoaki Matoba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869640/early-versus-late-surgical-intervention-or-medical-management-for-infective-endocarditis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Mahesh Anantha Narayanan, Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Andre C Kalil, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Rakesh M Suri, George Mansour, Christopher J Destache, Janani Baskaran, Aryan N Mooss, Tammy Wichman, Lee Morrow, Renuga Vivekanandan
OBJECTIVE: Infective endocarditis is associated with high morbidity and mortality and optimal timing for surgical intervention is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare early surgical intervention with conservative therapy in patients with infective endocarditis. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, CINAHL and Google-scholar databases were searched from January 1960 to April 2015. Randomised controlled trials, retrospective cohorts and prospective observational studies comparing outcomes between early surgery at 20 days or less and conservative management for infective endocarditis were analysed...
June 15, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26794881/mechanical-versus-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve-replacement-in-middle-aged-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Dong Fang Zhao, Michael Seco, James J Wu, James B Edelman, Michael K Wilson, Michael P Vallely, Michael J Byrom, Paul G Bannon
The choice of a bioprosthetic valve (BV) or mechanical valve (MV) in middle-aged adults undergoing aortic valve replacement is a complex decision that must account for numerous prosthesis and patient factors. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to compare long-term survival, major adverse prosthesis-related events, anticoagulant-related events, major bleeding, reoperation, and structural valve degeneration in middle-aged patients receiving a BV or MV. A comprehensive search from six electronic databases was performed from their inception to February 2016...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685134/cardiac-surgery-during-the-acute-phase-of-infective-endocarditis-discrepancies-between-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-and-practices
#17
Bernard Iung, Thanh Doco-Lecompte, Sidney Chocron, Christophe Strady, François Delahaye, Vincent Le Moing, Claire Poyart, François Alla, Emmanuelle Cambau, Pierre Tattevin, Catherine Chirouze, Jean-François Obadia, Xavier Duval, Bruno Hoen
AIMS: Indications for surgery in acute infective endocarditis (IE) are detailed in guidelines, but their application is not well known. We analysed the agreement between the patient's attending physicians and European Society of Cardiology guidelines regarding indications for surgery. We also assessed whether surgery was performed in patients who had an indication. METHODS AND RESULTS: From the 2008 prospective population-based French survey on IE, 303 patients with definite left-sided native IE were identified...
March 7, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546171/does-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-increase-the-incidence-of-sternal-wound-infection-a-single-center-retrospective-of-4100-cases
#18
Lachmandath Tewarie, Rachad Zayat, Helga Haefner, Jan Spillner, Andreas Goetzenich, Rüdiger Autschbach, Ajay Moza
BACKGROUND: The impact of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) on the development of post-median sternotomy wound infection (SWI) and mediastinitis is still controversial. We aimed to investigate the frequency of cross-infection and incidence of SWI after PDT. METHODS: In a retrospective design, out of a total of 4100 procedures, all patients who had undergone median sternotomy and postoperative PDT were included from January 2010 to May 2013. For comparison of the pathogens isolated from SWIs, data from all patients who developed an SWI without a PDT during the aforementioned period were also analyzed...
2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341945/infective-endocarditis
#19
REVIEW
Thomas J Cahill, Bernard D Prendergast
Infective endocarditis occurs worldwide, and is defined by infection of a native or prosthetic heart valve, the endocardial surface, or an indwelling cardiac device. The causes and epidemiology of the disease have evolved in recent decades with a doubling of the average patient age and an increased prevalence in patients with indwelling cardiac devices. The microbiology of the disease has also changed, and staphylococci, most often associated with health-care contact and invasive procedures, have overtaken streptococci as the most common cause of the disease...
February 27, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26211405/cardiovascular-surgery-in-jehovah-s-witness-patients-the-role-of-preoperative-optimization
#20
Akiko Tanaka, Takeyoshi Ota, Nir Uriel, Zewditu Asfaw, David Onsager, Vassyl A Lonchyna, Valluvan Jeevanandam
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify factors associated with adverse outcomes in Jehovah's Witness patients undergoing complex cardiovascular surgery and to validate our preoperative optimization protocol. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 144 Jehovah's Witnesses who underwent cardiovascular surgery between 1999 and 2014. We excluded 7 salvage cases. The operative procedures included 56 coronary artery bypass graft surgeries, 43 valve procedures, 13 ventricular assist device implantations, 11 heart transplantations, 9 aortic surgeries, and 5 congenital defect repairs...
October 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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