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Paediatric anaesthesia

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9 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Scott Bentley Rural GP Anaesthetist & Medical Officer in Aeromedical Retrieval Medicine
Andrew J Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Anesthesiology
M Thomas, T Engelhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
M Nazir, B Salim, F A Khan
The primary aim of this review was to assess the effect of pharmacological agents administered to attenuate the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation in paediatric patients up to 16 years of age undergoing elective surgery. Secondary aims were to identify adverse effects related to these agents, and the agents' roles in decreasing arrhythmias. A systematic search was conducted for articles listed in PubMed, CINAHL or the Cochrane database between January 1980 and June 2014. We included randomised controlled trials where the stated aim of the study included observing the effects of pharmacological agents on the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation...
November 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Xiuze Li, Mengjun Zhou, Qing Xia, Juan Li
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pain is a common phenomenon after pediatric tonsillectomy. This prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of intravenous parecoxib sodium in children undergoing tonsillectomy. METHODS: Sixty children (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-III, aged three to seven years, and scheduled to undergo elective tonsillectomy under general anesthesia) were randomly allocated into one of two groups to receive intravenous parecoxib sodium 1 mg·kg(-1) (Group P, n = 30) or the same volume of saline (Group S, n = 30) just after induction of general anesthesia...
March 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Steven M Green, Mark G Roback, Baruch Krauss, Lance Brown, Ray G McGlone, Dewesh Agrawal, Michele McKee, Markus Weiss, Raymond D Pitetti, Mark A Hostetler, Joe E Wathen, Greg Treston, Barbara M Garcia Pena, Andreas C Gerber, Joseph D Losek
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although ketamine is one of the most commonly used sedatives to facilitate painful procedures for children in the emergency department (ED), existing studies have not been large enough to identify clinical factors that are predictive of uncommon airway and respiratory adverse events. METHODS: We pooled individual-patient data from 32 ED studies and performed multiple logistic regressions to determine which clinical variables would predict airway and respiratory adverse events...
August 2009: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Richard Banchs, Jerrold Lerman, Samuel H Wald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Judith A Racoosin, David W Roberson, Michael A Pacanowski, David R Nielsen
During the past 10 years, efforts in pharmacogenomics have generated insights into the efficacy and safety of drugs, enhancing our understanding of the safety profile of even some of the oldest drugs, such as codeine sulfate, an opioid analgesic first approved in 1950 for relief of mild or moderate..
June 6, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
Moustafa A Moustafa
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric bronchoscopy is an intensely stimulating procedure that requires a deep level of anesthesia to prevent hemodynamic overstimulation and straining. Topical anesthesia of the airway may be a beneficial component of the anesthetic technique to achieve adequate depth without residual sedation. Experimental evidence suggests that in addition to its central effects, locally applied opioids elicit potent analgesic effects. METHODS: Forty-five patients aged 1-6 years scheduled for rigid bronchoscopy for foreign body removal were selected and subjected preoperatively to a nebulizer setting according to its components patients were divided into three groups...
May 2013: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Robert T Wilder, Randall P Flick, Juraj Sprung, Slavica K Katusic, William J Barbaresi, Christopher Mickelson, Stephen J Gleich, Darrell R Schroeder, Amy L Weaver, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic drugs administered to immature animals may cause neurohistopathologic changes and alterations in behavior. The authors studied association between anesthetic exposure before age 4 yr and the development of reading, written language, and math learning disabilities (LD). METHODS: This was a population-based, retrospective birth cohort study. The educational and medical records of all children born to mothers residing in five townships of Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1976 to 1982 and who remained in the community at 5 yr of age were reviewed to identify children with LD...
April 2009: Anesthesiology
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