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By Jingchao Yan Lala
Robert F Lemanske, David T Mauger, Christine A Sorkness, Daniel J Jackson, Susan J Boehmer, Fernando D Martinez, Robert C Strunk, Stanley J Szefler, Robert S Zeiger, Leonard B Bacharier, Ronina A Covar, Theresa W Guilbert, Gary Larsen, Wayne J Morgan, Mark H Moss, Joseph D Spahn, Lynn M Taussig
BACKGROUND: For children who have uncontrolled asthma despite the use of low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), evidence to guide step-up therapy is lacking. METHODS: We randomly assigned 182 children (6 to 17 years of age), who had uncontrolled asthma while receiving 100 microg of fluticasone twice daily, to receive each of three blinded step-up therapies in random order for 16 weeks: 250 microg of fluticasone twice daily (ICS step-up), 100 microg of fluticasone plus 50 microg of a long-acting beta-agonist twice daily (LABA step-up), or 100 microg of fluticasone twice daily plus 5 or 10 mg of a leukotriene-receptor antagonist daily (LTRA step-up)...
March 18, 2010: New England Journal of Medicine
Zhifu Yang, Peixi Zhao, Jingwen Wang, Liping Tong, Jinyi Cao, Yun Tian, Zhanpeng Yao, Jingbo Wang, Yanrong Zhu, Yanyan Jia, Aidong Wen
OBJECTIVE: Irrational use of antimicrobial agents for preventing postoperative SSIs is a common phenomenon in China, which results in more bacterial resistance, higher hospital infection rates, extra costs of antimicrobial agents. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of Drug Rational Usage Guidelines System (DRUGS) on the surgeon's prescription behavior of antimicrobial agents. METHODS: 10 common surgical operations which included 1543 cases (where 778 cases using paper-based guidelines and 765 cases using DRUGS) were selected and their demographic and clinical data were collected...
2014: PloS One
Natan R Kahan, Dan-Andrei Waitman, Shimon Blackman, Daniel A Vardy
BACKGROUND: Policy development to manage new off-label uses of medications is an issue relevant to health policy stakeholders internationally. Retrospective drug utilization analyses may be useful to identify practice trends in the use of drugs for unapproved (off-label) uses. Since drug use evaluations (DUE) are generally performed for expensive medications or when safety concerns warrant increased scrutiny, patterns of off-label use of inexpensive drugs will probably be undetected. Tamoxifen citrate, an estrogen receptor antagonist, is indicated in Israel exclusively for palliative [sic: meaning adjuvant] treatment of breast cancer...
June 2010: Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy: JMCP
Liyang Tang
BACKGROUND: The promotion of patient safety and drug safety through promotion of pharmacist's drug safety practice was among the most important aims of China's health delivery system reform, but regional inequity in pharmacist's drug safety practice was still serious in China. METHODS: The 2011 national patient safety and medication error baseline survey was carried out for the first time in China, and through analyzing dataset from the survey, this study was set up to test both China's regional inequity in pharmacist's drug safety practice and major influencing factors for pharmacist's drug safety practice among different districts of China...
2012: International Journal for Equity in Health
L Bao, Y Wang, T Shang, X Ren, R Ma
Hospital information system is widely used to improve work efficiency of hospitals in China. However, it is lack of the function providing pharmaceutical information service for clinical pharmacists. A novel clinical pharmacy management system developed by our hospital was introduced to improve the work efficiency of clinical pharmacists in our hospital and to carry out large sample statistical analyzes by providing pharmacy information services and promoting rational drug use. Clinical pharmacy management system was developed according to the actual situation...
January 2013: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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