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Psychiatric Education

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426 papers 100 to 500 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292223/mechanism-of-action-for-obtaining-job-offers-with-virtual-reality-job-interview-training
#1
Matthew J Smith, Justin D Smith, Michael F Fleming, Neil Jordan, C Hendricks Brown, Laura Humm, Dale Olsen, Morris D Bell
OBJECTIVE: Four randomized controlled trials revealed that virtual-reality job interview training (VR-JIT) improved interviewing skills and the odds of obtaining a job offer among trainees with severe mental illness or autism spectrum disorder. This study assessed whether postintervention interviewing skills mediated the relationship between completion of virtual interviews and receiving job offers by six-month follow-up. METHODS: VR-JIT trainees (N=79) completed pre- and posttest mock interviews and a brief survey approximately six months later to assess whether they received a job offer...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233531/developing-a-collaborative-care-training-program-in-a-psychiatry-residency
#2
REVIEW
Hsiang Huang, Marshall Forstein, Robert Joseph
BACKGROUND: Collaborative care is an evidence-based approach for improving quality mental health access in primary care settings. Although job opportunities will grow over the next decade, few psychiatry residencies have established curricula to train the next generation of psychiatrists to work in this expanding model of care. OBJECTIVE: In this article, the authors describe the collaborative care training experience at a safety-net academic institution to provide a template for psychiatry residencies designing curricula to prepare psychiatry residents for collaborative care practices...
December 20, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222751/planning-to-be-routine-habit-as-a-mediator-of-the-planning-behaviour-relationship-in-healthcare-professionals
#3
Sebastian Potthoff, Justin Presseau, Falko F Sniehotta, Marie Johnston, Marko Elovainio, Leah Avery
BACKGROUND: Gaps in the quality of care provided to people with type 2 diabetes are regularly identified. Healthcare professionals often have a strong intention to follow practice guidelines during consultations with people with type 2 diabetes; however, this intention does not always translate into action. Action planning (planning when, where and how to act) and coping planning (planning how to overcome pre-identified barriers) have been hypothesised to help with the enactment of intentions by creating mental cue-response links that promote habit formation...
February 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027689/entrustable-professional-activities-epas-for-teachers-in-medical-education-has-the-time-come
#4
Charlene M Dewey, Gersten Jonker, Olle Ten Cate, Teri L Turner
On a daily basis, patients put their trust in the healthcare system for safe and high-quality healthcare. However, what evidence do we have as an educational community that our supervising faculty members are competent to fulfill this responsibility? Few, if any, requirements exist for faculty members to have continuous professional development in the field of medical education. Many faculty "love to teach", however, this love of teaching does not make them competent to teach or assess the competence of trainees whom they supervise...
December 27, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247495/staging-a-performance-learners-perceptions-about-direct-observation-during-residency
#5
Kori A LaDonna, Rose Hatala, Lorelei Lingard, Stephane Voyer, Christopher Watling
CONTEXT: Evidence strongly supports that direct observation is a valid and reliable assessment tool; support for its impact on learning is less compelling, and we know that some learners are ambivalent about being observed. However, learners' perceptions about the impact of direct observation on their learning and professional development remain underexplored. To promote learning, we need to understand what makes direct observation valuable for learners. METHODS: Informed by constructivist grounded theory, we interviewed 22 learners about their observation experiences...
February 28, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246262/workplace-violence-is-not-part-of-a-doctor-s-job
#6
EDITORIAL
Barbara Sibbald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247364/teaching-students-to-say-i-don-t-know-potential-methods-and-implications
#7
Kevin Bree, Brenda Roman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224707/when-i-say-%C3%A2-adaptive-expertise
#8
Maria Mylopoulos, Nicole N Woods
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229477/-why-not-you-discourses-of-widening-access-on-uk-medical-school-websites
#9
Kirsty Alexander, Tania Fahey Palma, Sandra Nicholson, Jennifer Cleland
CONTEXT: In the UK, applications to medicine from those in lower socio-economic groups remain low despite significant investments of time, interest and resources in widening access (WA) to medicine. This suggests that medical schools' core messages about WA may be working to embed or further reinforce marginalisation, rather than to combat this. Our objective was to investigate how the value of WA is communicated by UK medical schools through their websites, and how this may create expectations regarding who is 'suitable' for medicine...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220333/developing-skilled-doctor-patient-communication-in-the-workplace-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-trainees-and-clinical-supervisors
#10
Esther Giroldi, Wemke Veldhuijzen, Kristel Geelen, Jean Muris, Frits Bareman, Herman Bueving, Trudy van der Weijden, Cees van der Vleuten
To inform the development of recommendations to facilitate learning of skilled doctor-patient communication in the workplace, this qualitative study explores experiences of trainees and supervisors regarding how trainees learn communication and how supervisors support trainees' learning in the workplace. We conducted a qualitative study in a general practice training setting, triangulating various sources of data to obtain a rich understanding of trainees and supervisors' experiences: three focus group discussions, five discussions during training sessions and five individual interviews...
February 20, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220334/future-directions-in-personality-occupational-and-medical-selection-myths-misunderstandings-measurement-and-suggestions
#11
Eamonn Ferguson, Filip Lievens
This paper has two objectives: (1) presenting recent advances in personality theory whereby personality traits are conceptualized within a framework that focuses on the dynamic interactions of behaviour, biology, context, and states, and (2) discussing the implications of these developments for measurement and medical selection. We start by presenting evidence that traits are no longer regarded as stable deterministic predictors of behaviour. Instead, traits are found to change across generations, the life span, and in response to environmental contingencies...
February 20, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116565/pulling-together-and-pulling-apart-influences-of-convergence-and-divergence-on-distributed-healthcare-teams
#12
L Lingard, C Sue-Chue-Lam, G R Tait, J Bates, J Shadd, V Schulz
Effective healthcare requires both competent individuals and competent teams. With this recognition, health professions education is grappling with how to factor team competence into training and assessment strategies. These efforts are impeded, however, by the absence of a sophisticated understanding of the the relationship between competent individuals and competent teams . Using data from a constructivist grounded theory study of team-based healthcare for patients with advanced heart failure, this paper explores the relationship between individual team members' perceived goals, understandings, values and routines and the collective competence of the team...
January 23, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120259/a-practical-approach-to-programmatic-assessment-design
#13
A A Timmerman, J Dijkstra
Assessment of complex tasks integrating several competencies calls for a programmatic design approach. As single instruments do not provide the information required to reach a robust judgment of integral performance, 73 guidelines for programmatic assessment design were developed. When simultaneously applying these interrelated guidelines, it is challenging to keep a clear overview of all assessment activities. The goal of this study was to provide practical support for applying a programmatic approach to assessment design, not bound to any specific educational paradigm...
January 24, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093833/cracking-the-code-residents-interpretations-of-written-assessment-comments
#14
Shiphra Ginsburg, Cees Pm van der Vleuten, Kevin W Eva, Lorelei Lingard
CONTEXT: Interest is growing in the use of qualitative data for assessment. Written comments on residents' in-training evaluation reports (ITERs) can be reliably rank-ordered by faculty attendings, who are adept at interpreting these narratives. However, if residents do not interpret assessment comments in the same way, a valuable educational opportunity may be lost. OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to explore residents' interpretations of written assessment comments using mixed methods...
January 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097303/clinicians-expectations-of-the-benefits-and-harms-of-treatments-screening-and-tests-a-systematic-review
#15
Tammy C Hoffmann, Chris Del Mar
Importance: Inaccurate clinician expectations of the benefits and harms of interventions can profoundly influence decision making and may be contributing to increasing intervention overuse. Objective: To systematically review all studies that have quantitatively assessed clinicians' expectations of the benefits and/or harms of any treatment, test, or screening test. Evidence Review: A comprehensive search strategy of 4 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO) from the start years to March 17-20, 2015, with no language or study type restriction, was performed...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873410/where-do-physicians-start-and-end
#16
Rachel H Ellaway, David Topps, Maureen Topps
Medical education is primarily about training physicians and maintaining their capabilities over time. Given that physicians are the primary focus of the field, there is a need for a clear idea of what physicians are or could be. This paper seeks to explore this issue by posing the simple question: ?Where do physicians start and end?' In doing so, the authors explore a series of different conceptual frames, including those of a physician's physical dimensions, their cellular boundaries, personal intentions and beliefs, professional identity, regulation, entrustability, professional performance, extended cognition, and disability...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943366/putting-the-puzzle-together-the-role-of-problem-definition-in-complex-clinical-judgement
#17
Sayra Cristancho, Lorelei Lingard, Thomas Forbes, Michael Ott, Richard Novick
CONTEXT: We teach judgement in pieces; that is, we talk about each aspect separately (patient, plan, resources, technique, etc.). We also let trainees figure out how to put the pieces together. In complex situations, this might be problematic. Using data from a drawing-based study on surgeons' experiences with complex situations, we explore the notion of 'problem definition' in real-world clinical judgement using the theoretical lens of systems engineering. METHODS: 'Emergence', the sensitising concept for analysis, is rooted in two key systems premises: that person and context are inseparable and that what emerges is an act of choice...
February 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981658/shedding-the-cobra-effect-problematising-thematic-emergence-triangulation-saturation-and-member-checking
#18
Lara Varpio, Rola Ajjawi, Lynn V Monrouxe, Bridget C O'Brien, Charlotte E Rees
CONTEXT: Qualitative research is widely accepted as a legitimate approach to inquiry in health professions education (HPE). To secure this status, qualitative researchers have developed a variety of strategies (e.g. reliance on post-positivist qualitative methodologies, use of different rhetorical techniques, etc.) to facilitate the acceptance of their research methodologies and methods by the HPE community. Although these strategies have supported the acceptance of qualitative research in HPE, they have also brought about some unintended consequences...
January 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084033/low-performing-students-have-insightfulness-when-they-reflect-in-action
#19
Mike Tweed, Gordon Purdie, Tim Wilkinson
CONTEXT: Measuring appropriateness of certainty of responses in a progress test using descriptors authentic to practice as reflection-in-action builds on existing theories of self-monitoring. Clinicians making decisions require the ability to accurately self-monitor, including certainty of being correct. Inappropriate certainty could lead to medical error. Self-assessment and certainty of assessment performance have been measured in a variety of ways. Previous work has shown that those with less experience are less accurate in self-assessment, but such studies looked at self-assessment using methods less authentic to clinical practice...
January 12, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058669/a-simulation-to-teach-integrated-care-in-undergraduate-medical-education-the-getting-to-know-patients-system-of-care-gps-care-experience
#20
Aatif Qureshi, Yvonne Kwok, Zarah Chaudhary, Fok-Han Leung, Maria Mylopoulos, Sanjeev Sockalingam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
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