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Psychiatric Education

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453 papers 100 to 500 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618855/stability-of-and-factors-related-to-medical-student-specialty-choice-of-psychiatry
#1
Matthew N Goldenberg, D Keith Williams, John J Spollen
OBJECTIVE: Targeted efforts are needed to increase the number of medical students choosing psychiatry, but little is known about when students decide on their specialty or what factors influence their choice. The authors examined the timing and stability of student career choice of psychiatry compared with other specialties and determined what pre- and intra-medical school factors were associated with choosing a career in psychiatry. METHOD: Using survey data from students who graduated from U...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504023/twelve-tips-for-effective-body-language-for-medical-educators
#2
Andrew J Hale, Jason Freed, Daniel Ricotta, Grace Farris, C Christopher Smith
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of human communication is nonverbal. Although the fields of business and psychology have significant literature on effectively using body language in a variety of situations, there is limited literature on effective body language for medical educators. AIM: To provide 12 tips to highlight effective body language strategies and techniques for medical educators. METHOD: The tips provided are based on our experiences and reflections as clinician-educators and the available literature...
May 14, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502249/psychiatric-mental-health-nursing-advanced-practice-workforce-capacity-to-address-shortages-of-mental-health-professionals
#3
Kathleen R Delaney
There is a recognized shortage of mental health professionals licensed to provide the full scope of mental health services, including assessment, diagnosis, and prescribing. Psychiatric mental health advanced practice nurses (PMH APNs) have the education and licensure to provide these services, address provider shortages and increase access to services. Unfortunately, federal reports and mental health workforce studies inaccurately depict important characteristics of PMH APNs, particularly their scope of practice, a situation that creates misunderstanding and impedes workforce planning...
May 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449609/using-children-as-standardized-patients-in-osce-in-pediatric-occupational-therapy
#4
Chung-Pei Fu, Jiann-Horng Yeh, Chia-Ting Su, Chien-Hsiou Liu, Wan-Ying Chang, Yu-Lan Chen, Ai-Lun Yang, Chih-Chia Wang
BACKGROUND: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) have been administered in physical and psychiatric occupational therapy (OT) education, but not in pediatric OT education. The objectives were to examine the satisfaction and the influences of OSCE in pediatric OT on all participants. METHODS: The OSCE contained evaluation, intervention, and parent education stations. Sixty examinees, 44 child standardized patients (SPs), 44 chaperones, three playroom managers, 14 OSCE assistants, and 15 examiners participated in the OSCE...
April 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441202/learning-in-the-era-of-automation
#5
Benjamin Wolpaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445214/teaching-the-social-determinants-of-health-a-path-to-equity-or-a-road-to-nowhere
#6
Malika Sharma, Andrew D Pinto, Arno K Kumagai
Medical schools are increasingly called to include social responsibility in their mandates. As such, they are focusing their attention on the social determinants of health (SDOH) as key drivers in the health of the patients and communities they serve. However, underlying this emphasis on SDOH is the assumption that teaching medical students about SDOH will lead future physicians to take action to help achieve health equity. There is little evidence to support this belief. In many ways, the current approach to SDOH within medical education positions the SDOH as "facts to be known" rather than as "conditions to be challenged and changed...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366088/spiritual-dimensions-of-suicide-prevention
#7
Barbara L Parry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394065/patients-of-doctors-further-from-medical-school-graduation-have-poorer-outcomes
#8
John J Norcini, John R Boulet, Amy Opalek, W Dale Dauphinee
CONTEXT: There is an apparent contradiction between the findings of studies indicating that patient outcomes are better when physicians have a greater volume of practice and those that find outcomes to be worse with increased time since training, which implies greater volume. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to estimate the adjusted relationships between physicians' characteristics, including recent practice volume and time since medical school graduation, and patient outcomes...
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437359/what-s-in-a-med-check-unpacking-the-psychopharmacology-encounter
#9
Justin A Chen, Nicholas Kontos, Scott N Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442609/speaking-up-about-traditional-and-professionalism-related-patient-safety-threats-a-national-survey-of-interns-and-residents
#10
William Martinez, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Eric J Thomas, Jason M Etchegaray, Julia T Shelburne, Gerald B Hickson, Donald W Brady, Anneliese M Schleyer, Jennifer A Best, Natalie B May, Sigall K Bell
BACKGROUND: Open communication between healthcare professionals about care concerns, also known as 'speaking up', is essential to patient safety. OBJECTIVE: Compare interns' and residents' experiences, attitudes and factors associated with speaking up about traditional versus professionalism-related safety threats. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Six US academic medical centres, 2013-2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1800 medical and surgical interns and residents (47% responded)...
April 25, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434131/knowing-how-and-knowing-why-testing-the-effect-of-instruction-designed-for-cognitive-integration-on-procedural-skills-transfer
#11
Jeffrey J H Cheung, Kulamakan M Kulasegaram, Nicole N Woods, Carol-Anne Moulton, Charlotte V Ringsted, Ryan Brydges
Transfer is a desired outcome of simulation-based training, yet evidence for how instructional design features promote transfer is lacking. In clinical reasoning, transfer is improved when trainees experience instruction integrating basic science explanations with clinical signs and symptoms. To test whether integrated instruction has similar effects in procedural skills (i.e., psychomotor skills) training, we studied the impact of instruction that integrates conceptual (why) and procedural (how) knowledge on the retention and transfer of simulation-based lumbar puncture (LP) skill...
April 22, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370354/how-evidence-from-observing-attending-physicians-links-to-a-competency-based-framework
#12
Maria Bacchus, David R Ward, Jill de Grood, Jane B Lemaire
CONTEXT: Competency-based medical education frameworks are often founded on a combination of existing research, educational principles and expert consensus. Our objective was to examine how components of the attending physician role, as determined by observing preceptors during their real-world work, link to the CanMEDS Physician Competency Framework. METHODS: This is a sub-study of a broader study exploring the role of the attending physician by observing these doctors during their working day...
June 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401576/a-new-nomenclature-for-classifying-psychotropic-drugs
#13
Filippo Caraci, Sam J Enna, Joseph Zohar, Giorgio Racagni, Gil Zalsman, Wim van den Brink, Siegfried Kasper, George F Koob, Carmine M Pariante, Pier Vincenzo Piazza, Kiyofumi Yamada, Michael Spedding, Filippo Drago
The Neuroscience-based Nomenclature (NbN) for psychotropic drugs was developed as an alternative to the current Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) indication-based classification in order to provide more precise designations for this drug class. The ATC nomenclature for psychotherapeutics is limited in that it fails to specify either pharmacological domains or mechanism of action and also does not describe all the potential uses of a particular agent. The disconnect between the drug classification and its clinical use is not very useful for scientific purposes and is confusing for patients and caregivers, often leading to a misunderstanding of the intended effects of the prescribed medication and, most importantly, to low treatment adherence...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421894/how-learning-analytics-can-early-predict-under-achieving-students-in-a-blended-medical-education-course
#14
Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors, Matti Tedre
AIM: Learning analytics (LA) is an emerging discipline that aims at analyzing students' online data in order to improve the learning process and optimize learning environments. It has yet un-explored potential in the field of medical education, which can be particularly helpful in the early prediction and identification of under-achieving students. The aim of this study was to identify quantitative markers collected from students' online activities that may correlate with students' final performance and to investigate the possibility of predicting the potential risk of a student failing or dropping out of a course...
April 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402246/resident-duty-hours-and-medical-education-policy-raising-the-evidence-bar
#15
David A Asch, Karl Y Bilimoria, Sanjay V Desai
On March 10, 2017, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) issued revised common program requirements for residents that go into effect this July. The revisions emphasize the importance of teamwork, flexibility, and physician welfare during training, but all the attention..
May 4, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404793/high-reliability-and-cargo-cult-qi-response-to-sutcliffe-et-al-bmj-qual-saf-2017-26-248-51
#16
LETTER
Andrew Smaggus, Mark Goldszmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341923/a-research-agenda-for-establishing-the-validity-of-non-academic-assessments-of-medical-school-applicants
#17
Clarence Dennis Kreiter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350315/death-during-simulation-a-literature-review
#18
Benjamin J Heller, Samuel DeMaria, Daniel Katz, Joshua A Heller, Andrew T Goldberg
INTRODUCTION: One of the goals of simulation is to teach subjects critical skills and knowledge applicable to live encounters, without the risk of harming actual patients. Although simulation education has surged in medical training over the last two decades, several ethically challenging educational methods have arisen. Simulated death has arisen as one of these challenging issues and currently there is no consensus regarding how to best manage this controversial topic in the simulated environment...
October 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273009/at-risk-for-serious-mental-illness-screening-children-of-patients-with-mood-disorders-or-schizophrenia
#19
Michel Maziade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273018/getting-real-about-health-care-costs-a-broader-approach-to-cost-stewardship-in-medical-education
#20
Ravi B Parikh, Arnold Milstein, Sachin H Jain
In recent years, a growing number of medical schools have begun to provide training in cost stewardship, as part of efforts to improve the value of health care. Yet everyday patient encounters provide sober reminders of the unintended consequences of myopic physician education about costs. Consider..
March 9, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
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