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Music training and cognition

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6 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Xiaoting Kuang Cognitive neuroscience
Johanna G Barry, Benjamin Weiss, Beate Sabisch
Efficient auditory processing is hypothesized to support language and literacy development. However, behavioral tasks used to assess this hypothesis need to be robust to non-auditory specific individual differences. This study compared frequency discrimination abilities in a heterogeneous sample of adults using two different psychoacoustic task designs, referred to here as: 2I_6A_X and 3I_2AFC designs. The role of individual differences in nonverbal IQ (NVIQ), socioeconomic status (SES) and musical experience in predicting frequency discrimination thresholds on each task were assessed using multiple regression analyses...
July 5, 2013: Brain Sciences
Fran├žoise Rochette, Aline Moussard, Emmanuel Bigand
Despite advanced technologies in auditory rehabilitation of profound deafness, deaf children often exhibit delayed cognitive and linguistic development and auditory training remains a crucial element of their education. In the present cross-sectional study, we assess whether music would be a relevant tool for deaf children rehabilitation. In normal-hearing children, music lessons have been shown to improve cognitive and linguistic-related abilities, such as phonetic discrimination and reading. We compared auditory perception, auditory cognition, and phonetic discrimination between 14 profoundly deaf children who completed weekly music lessons for a period of 1...
2014: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Jennifer Zuk, Christopher Benjamin, Arnold Kenyon, Nadine Gaab
Executive functions (EF) are cognitive capacities that allow for planned, controlled behavior and strongly correlate with academic abilities. Several extracurricular activities have been shown to improve EF, however, the relationship between musical training and EF remains unclear due to methodological limitations in previous studies. To explore this further, two experiments were performed; one with 30 adults with and without musical training and one with 27 musically trained and untrained children (matched for general cognitive abilities and socioeconomic variables) with a standardized EF battery...
2014: PloS One
Gabriela Papp, Stjepana Kovac, Achim Frese, Stefan Evers
PURPOSE: Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) often show impairment of cognitive processing in different domains. We aimed to evaluate whether also musical ability is impaired in TLE. METHODS: We enrolled patients with lesional TLE and without any other neurological or psychiatric disorder. The side and the etiology of the epilepsy were confirmed by EEG and by MRI. We applied a self-developed test of musical ability which evaluates the ability to identify melodies, pitch, rhythm, and emotional content of music...
August 2014: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Hua Yang, Weiyi Ma, Diankun Gong, Jiehui Hu, Dezhong Yao
This study examined the relation between long-term music training and child development based on 250 Chinese elementary school students' academic development of first language (L1), second language (L2), and mathematics. We found that musician children outperformed non-musician children only on musical achievement and second language development. Additionally, although music training appeared to be correlated with children's final academic development of L1, L2, and mathematics, it did not independently contribute to the development of L1 or mathematical skills...
July 28, 2014: Scientific Reports
Ewa A Miendlarzewska, Wiebke J Trost
Musical training has recently gained additional interest in education as increasing neuroscientific research demonstrates its positive effects on brain development. Neuroimaging revealed plastic changes in the brains of adult musicians but it is still unclear to what extent they are the product of intensive music training rather than of other factors, such as preexisting biological markers of musicality. In this review, we synthesize a large body of studies demonstrating that benefits of musical training extend beyond the skills it directly aims to train and last well into adulthood...
2013: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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