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Urgent psychiatric care

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125 papers 100 to 500 followers Timely ambulatory psychiatric interventions/programs for high risk individuals and people in crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588323/interagency-collaboration-models-for-people-with-mental-ill-health-in-contact-with-the-police-a-systematic-scoping-review
#1
Adwoa Parker, Arabella Scantlebury, Alison Booth, Jillian Catherine MacBryde, William J Scott, Kath Wright, Catriona McDaid
OBJECTIVE: To identify existing evidence on interagency collaboration between law enforcement, emergency services, statutory services and third sector agencies regarding people with mental ill health. DESIGN: Systematic scoping review. Scoping reviews map particular research areas to identify research gaps. DATA SOURCES AND ELIGIBILITY: ASSIA, CENTRAL, the Cochrane Library databases, Criminal Justice Abstracts, ERIC, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PROSPERO and Social Care Online and Social Sciences Citation Index were searched up to 2017, as were grey literature and hand searches...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540114/denial-of-suicide-attempt-among-hospitalized-survivors-of-a-self-inflicted-gunshot-wound
#2
Michael Matthew McClay, Stephen S O'Connor, Brittany Nicole Groh, Marissa Baudino, Lisa Venanzi, Angela Shields, Jo Ellen Wilson, John Bone, Stephen Nicolson
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that suicide attempts by self-inflicted gunshot wound (GSW) are underreported and may in turn affect disposition following hospitalization. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and use of services among individuals who do not disclose suicidal intent following a self-inflicted GSW. METHODS: Electronic medical record data from 128 survivors of self-inflicted GSWs at a level 1 trauma center were analyzed to identify factors associated with nondisclosure of a suicide attempt to medical staff...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493413/integrating-safety-plans-for-suicidal-patients-into-patient-portals-challenges-and-opportunities
#3
Virna Little, Jessica Neufeld, Andrea Renee Cole
Safety planning is an emerging evidence-based practice that is effective at decreasing suicidal behaviors. As electronic medical records and patient portals become more prevalent, patients and clinicians have recognized the value of using this technology in the safety planning process. This column describes the experience of one federally qualified health center, the Institute for Family Health, in integrating safety plans into the patient portal. The authors argue that incorporating safety plans into patient portals may unlock a new to way to expand safety planning efforts in health settings-a way that may ultimately save lives...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382327/a-systematic-review-of-care-management-interventions-targeting-multimorbidity-and-high-care-utilization
#4
Jennifer M Baker, Richard W Grant, Anjali Gopalan
BACKGROUND: Evidence supporting the effectiveness of care management programs for complex patients has been inconclusive. However, past reviews have not focused on complexity primarily defined by multimorbidity and healthcare utilization. We conducted a systematic review of care management interventions targeting the following three patient groups: adults with two or more chronic medical conditions, adults with at least one chronic medical condition and concurrent depression, and adults identified based solely on high past or predicted healthcare utilization...
January 30, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447412/service-models-for-urgent-and-emergency-psychiatric-care-an-overview
#5
Dominiek Coates
There is variation in the way mental health services respond to urgent and emergency presentations, with few evidence-based models reported in the literature, and no agreed on best practice models. To inform the development of urgent and emergency psychiatric care models, a literature review was performed. The review sought to identify strengths and critiques of varying models, evidence gaps, and areas for future research. After review, significant variation was found in the design and scope of urgent and emergency care models...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385959/reducing-frequent-utilization-of-psychiatric-emergency-services-among-veterans-while-maintaining-quality-of-care
#6
Daniel M Blonigen, Luisa Manfredi, Adrienne Heinz, Xiaoyu Bi, Paola Suarez, Andrea L Nevedal, Anita A Vashi, Christine Timko, Todd Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Use of psychiatric emergency services in emergency departments (EDs) and inpatient psychiatry units contributes substantially to the cost of mental health care. Among patients who utilize psychiatric emergency services, a small percentage ("high utilizers") contributes a disproportionate share of the total cost, yet little is known about the context of care for these patients. This study employed qualitative methods to identify barriers to and facilitators of reducing use of psychiatric emergency services among high utilizers...
April 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336787/clinical-severity-alone-does-not-determine-disposition-decisions-for-patients-in-the-emergency-department-with-suicide-risk
#7
David S Kroll, Jennifer Karno, Brian Mullen, Sejal B Shah, Daniel J Pallin, David F Gitlin
BACKGROUND: Boarding of patients with suicide risk in emergency departments (EDs) negatively affects both patients and society. Factors other than clinical severity may frequently preclude safe outpatient dispositions among suicidal patients boarding for psychiatric admission in the ED. OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which nonclinical factors preclude safe outpatient discharge from the ED among patients boarding for psychiatric admission based on suicide risk...
December 7, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334881/a-proactive-behavioral-health-service-model-to-address-use-of-constant-observation-in-a-general-hospital
#8
Aaron Pinkhasov, Deepan Singh, Sridivya Chavali, Lori Legrand, Rose Calixte
In hospitals, use of constant observation (CO) causes significant economic burden without demonstrated reduction in adverse events. A novel quality improvement (QI) project was developed to reduce use of CO by integrating proactive behavioral health management of all patients requiring CO in a general hospital. Specific nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions used in this project, which included 491 patients, are discussed. Data collected were compared with data from a baseline period before project implementation...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617206/utilization-patterns-at-a-specialized-children-s-comprehensive-psychiatric-emergency-program
#9
Ruth Gerson, Jennifer Havens, Mollie Marr, Amy Storfer-Isser, Mia Lee, Carolena Rojas Marcos, Michelle Liu, Sarah McCue Horwitz
OBJECTIVE: Most youths experiencing a psychiatric crisis present to emergency departments (EDs) that lack the specialized staff to evaluate them, so youths are often discharged without appropriate mental health assessment or treatment. To better understand the needs of this population, this study described clinical details and disposition associated with visits for psychiatric emergencies to a specialized ED staffed 24/7 by child psychiatrists. METHODS: Through retrospective chart review, 1,180 visits to the ED during its first year of operation were reviewed for clinical characteristics, prior service utilization, and demographic characteristics...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669289/outpatient-follow-up-care-and-risk-of-hospital-readmission-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#10
Steven C Marcus, Chien-Chia Chuang, Daisy S Ng-Mak, Mark Olfson
OBJECTIVE: Although outpatient care within 30 days of mental health hospital discharge is an established quality indicator, little is known about the clinical implications of not receiving such care. This study evaluated whether receipt of outpatient care within 30 days of discharge was associated with a reduced risk of readmission during days 31-120 postdischarge among adult inpatients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal cohort analyses were performed with Truven MarketScan Commercial (2010-2014) and Medicaid (2010-2013) databases...
December 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859584/impact-of-physician-follow-up-care-on-psychiatric-readmission-rates-in-a-population-based-sample-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#11
Paul Kurdyak, Simone Natalie Vigod, Alice Newman, Vasily Giannakeas, Benoit H Mulsant, Therese Stukel
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the association between physician follow-up within 30 days after hospital discharge and psychiatric readmission within the subsequent 180 days. METHODS: Among inpatients with schizophrenia who were discharged between 2007 and 2012 in Ontario (N=19,132), those who had a 30-day follow-up visit with a primary care physician (PCP) only, a psychiatrist only, or both were compared with a no-follow-up group. The primary outcome was psychiatric readmission in the subsequent 180 days...
January 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325505/clinical-interpretation-of-urine-drug-tests-what-clinicians-need-to-know-about-urine-drug-screens
#12
REVIEW
Karen E Moeller, Julie C Kissack, Rabia S Atayee, Kelly C Lee
Urine drug testing is frequently used in clinical, employment, educational, and legal settings and misinterpretation of test results can result in significant adverse consequences for the individual who is being tested. Advances in drug testing technology combined with a rise in the number of novel misused substances present challenges to clinicians to appropriately interpret urine drug test results. Authors searched PubMed and Google Scholar to identify published literature written in English between 1946 and 2016, using urine drug test, screen, false-positive, false-negative, abuse, and individual drugs of abuse as key words...
May 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617022/reducing-hospital-readmission-through-team-based-primary-care-a-7-week-pilot-study-integrating-behavioral-health-and-pharmacy
#13
Lauren N DeCaporale-Ryan, Nabila Ahmed-Sarwar, Robbyn Upham, Karen Mahler, Katie Lashway
INTRODUCTION: A team-based service delivery model was applied to provide patients with biopsychosocial care following hospital discharge to reduce hospital readmission. Most previous interventions focused on transitions of care occurred in the inpatient setting with attention to predischarge strategies. These interventions have not considered psychosocial stressors, and few have explored management in primary care settings. METHOD: A 7-week team-based service delivery model was implemented in a family medicine practice emphasizing a biopsychosocial approach...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737411/can-brief-behavioral-health-interventions-reduce-suicidal-and-self-harm-ideation-in-primary-care-patients
#14
Aubrey R Dueweke, Sasha M Rojas, Elizabeth A Anastasia, Ana J Bridges
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether brief behavioral health visits reduced suicidal and self-harm ideation among primary care patients and compared the effectiveness of interventions that targeted ideation directly (i.e., safety planning) with those that targeted ideation indirectly through management of underlying mental illness (e.g., behavioral activation). METHOD: We examined first- and last-visit data from 31 primary care patients with suicidal or self-harm ideation seen by behavioral health consultants...
September 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364579/frequency-of-prescription-opioid-misuse-and-suicidal-ideation-planning-and-attempts
#15
Lisham Ashrafioun, Todd M Bishop, Kenneth R Conner, Wilfred R Pigeon
The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between past-year frequency of prescription opioid misuse and past-year suicidal ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempts. Secondary data analyses were conducted using data from 41,053 participants of the 2014 National Survey of Drug Use and Health. Past-year frequency of prescription opioid misuse was grouped into 4 categories: none, less than monthly (1-11 times), monthly to weekly (12-51 times), and weekly or more (52 times or more). Binomial logistic regression analyses adjusted for demographics, overall health rating, depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders to test the associations between frequency of prescription opioid misuse and suicide-related variables...
September 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428338/strategies-to-prevent-death-by-suicide-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Natalie B V Riblet, Brian Shiner, Yinong Young-Xu, Bradley V Watts
Background Few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have shown decreases in suicide. Aims To identify interventions for preventing suicide. Method We searched EMBASE and Medline from inception until 31 December 2015. We included RCTs comparing prevention strategies with control. We pooled odds ratios (ORs) for suicide using the Peto method. Results Among 8647 citations, 72 RCTs and 6 pooled analyses met inclusion criteria. Three RCTs ( n = 2028) found that the World Health Organization (WHO) brief intervention and contact (BIC) was associated with significantly lower odds of suicide (OR = 0...
June 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434871/a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-following-a-suicide-attempt-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Rory C O'Connor, Eamonn Ferguson, Fiona Scott, Roger Smyth, David McDaid, A-La Park, Annette Beautrais, Christopher J Armitage
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether a volitional helpsheet (VHS), a brief psychological intervention, could reduce repeat self-harm in the 6 months following a suicide attempt. METHODS: We did a prospective, single-site, randomised controlled trial. Patients admitted to a hospital in Edinburgh, UK, after a suicide attempt were deemed eligible for the study if they were over the age of 16 years, had a self-reported history of self-harm, were fluent in English, were medically fit to interview, and were not participating in other research studies within the hospital...
June 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434872/the-use-of-emergency-department-based-psychological-interventions-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour
#18
Katrina Witt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412887/preventing-and-de-escalating-aggressive-behavior-among-adult-psychiatric-patients-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Bradley N Gaynes, Carrie L Brown, Linda J Lux, Kimberly A Brownley, Richard A Van Dorn, Mark J Edlund, Emmanuel Coker-Schwimmer, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Brian Sheitman, Theodore Zarzar, Meera Viswanathan, Kathleen N Lohr
OBJECTIVE: The project goal was to compare the effectiveness of strategies to prevent and de-escalate aggressive behaviors among psychiatric patients in acute care settings, including interventions for reducing use of seclusion and restraint. METHODS: Relevant databases were systematically reviewed for comparative studies of violence prevention and de-escalation strategies involving adult psychiatric patients in acute care settings. Studies (trials and cohort studies) were required to report on aggression or seclusion or restraint outcomes...
August 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426367/child-and-adolescent-emergency-and-urgent-mental-health-delivery-through-telepsychiatry-12-month-prospective-study
#20
Nasreen Roberts, Tina Hu, Nicholas Axas, Leanne Repetti
BACKGROUND: The significant gap between children and adolescents presenting for emergency mental healthcare and the shortage of child and adolescent psychiatrists constitutes a major barrier to timely access for psychiatric assessment for rural and remote areas. Unlike remote areas, urban emergency departments have in-house psychiatric consultation. Telepsychiatry may be a solution to ensure the same service for remote areas. However, there is a paucity of studies on the use of telepsychiatry for child and adolescent emergency consults...
October 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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