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Survey of Symptom Rating Scales

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71 papers 100 to 500 followers Can we take shared strengths and filter unnecessary points from different assessment scales?
By Edwin Kim Resident Physician, Aspiring Addiction Psychiatrist
Erin K Smith, Priya Gopalan, Jody B Glance, Pierre N Azzam
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Evaluate the rationale for screening women for postpartum depression• Assess tools for screening for postpartum depression OBJECTIVE: To perform a qualitative literature review on screening for postpartum depression (PPD), as applicable to the general psychiatrist. Results are classified by instrument, timing, and clinical setting of the screen. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted using the PubMed database for English-language articles published since January 1987...
May 2016: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
Noreen A Reilly-Harrington, Richard C Shelton, Masoud Kamali, Dustin J Rabideau, Leah W Shesler, Madhukar H Trivedi, Susan L McElroy, Louisa G Sylvia, Charles L Bowden, Terence A Ketter, Joseph R Calabrese, Michael E Thase, William V Bobo, Thilo Deckersbach, Mauricio Tohen, Melvin G McInnis, James H Kocsis, Alexandra K Gold, Vivek Singh, Daniel M Finkelstein, Gustavo Kinrys, Andrew A Nierenberg
BACKGROUND: Few brief, self-report measures exist that can reliably predict adverse suicidality outcomes in patients with BD. This study utilized the Concise Health Risk Tracking Self-Report (CHRT) to assess suicidality in patients with BD and examined its psychometric performance, clinical correlates, and prospective value in predicting adverse events related to suicidality. METHODS: The CHRT was administered at baseline and follow-up to 482 adult patients in Bipolar CHOICE, a 6-month randomized comparative effectiveness trial...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Joseph F Goldberg, Amir Garakani, Sigurd H Ackerman
BACKGROUND: Self-rated screening studies suggest higher prevalence rates for bipolar disorder than previously thought, but the validity of self-administered diagnostic tools has not been well established in mood-disordered patients with substance misuse. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional assessment of 113 English-speaking, nonintoxicated adults aged 18-69 years who were seeking treatment for mood or anxiety symptoms and substance use symptoms. (Subjects with anxiety complaints at initial presentation were included to possibly increase the pool of subjects with mood symptoms upon formal evaluation...
December 2012: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Chin-Pang Lee, Jun-Ran Jiang, Yu Chen, Chun-Lin Chu, Shih-Chieh Hsu, Chun-Liang Chen, Ching-Yen Chen
OBJECTIVE: Emotional distress may be associated with severe aging symptoms. This study aimed to investigate aging symptoms in male psychiatric outpatients and their relationship with anxiety and depression. METHOD: About 176 male psychiatric outpatients aged 40-80 years were enrolled into this single-center cross-sectional study, and completed self-reported questionnaires including "Aging Males' Symptoms" (AMS) scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
September 2013: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Trina Gates, Kristina Duffy, Jeffrey Moore, William Howell, William McDonald
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol-related disorders are the most prevalent psychiatric conditions in the aviation population. Efforts to effectively screen aviators for these disorders are continually sought, as underdiagnosis may negatively impact aviation safety. This study evaluates screening tools that have been validated in non-aviators in terms of their utility for aviator patients. METHODS: There were 111 male aviation patients (27 +/- 7 yr) referred for psychiatric evaluation at the Naval Aerospace Medicine Institute who completed the Self-Administered Alcohol Screening Test (SAAST), the Alcohol-Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and the Common Alcohol Logistical Scale-Revised (CAL-R) prior to evaluation by a staff psychiatrist or psychologist...
January 2007: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Susmita Chandramouleeswaran, Natasha Catherine Edwin, Peter John Victor, Prathap Tharyan
INTRODUCTION: The reliable identification, by emergency physicians, of those with intentional self-poisoning at risk of repeating attempts is crucial, particularly in countries with a shortfall of mental health professionals. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of intentional self-poisoning in India compared an emergency physician's assessment for the need for psychiatric referral, using the modified SAD PERSONS Scale (MSPS) as an interview guide, with a standard psychiatric interview...
January 2015: Tropical Doctor
J Gierus, A Mosiołek, T Koweszko, P Wnukiewicz, O Kozyra, A Szulc
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the presented research was to obtain the initial data regarding the validity of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in diagnosing cognitive impairment in psychiatrically hospitalized patients. METHOD: The results in MoCA obtained from 221 patients were analyzed in terms of proportional participation of patients with particular diagnosis in three result ranges. In 67 patients, additional version of the scale was also used. Comparative analysis of average results in particular diagnostic groups (organically based disorders, disorders due to psychoactive substance use, psychotic disorders, neurotic disorders and personality disorders) was also carried out, as well as an analysis of the scale's accuracy as a diagnostic test in detecting organic disorders...
September 2015: General Hospital Psychiatry
Stephen M Schueller, Mary J Kwasny, Blake F Dear, Nickolai Titov, David C Mohr
OBJECTIVE: Monitoring depressive symptoms during treatment can guide clinical decision making and improve outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore values on the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) that could predict response to treatment. METHOD: Data came from two independent trials, including three treatment modalities of cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression. Four hundred eighty-seven participants who either met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition criteria for major depressive disorder or had PHQ-9 scores consistent with a diagnosis of depression were included in our analyses...
September 2015: General Hospital Psychiatry
Andrew Stephen Moriarty, Simon Gilbody, Dean McMillan, Laura Manea
OBJECTIVE: The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is a widely used screening tool for major depressive disorder (MDD), although there is debate surrounding its diagnostic properties. For the PHQ-9, we aimed to: 1. Establish the diagnostic performance at the standard cutoff point (10). 2. Compare the diagnostic performance at the standard cutoff point in different clinical settings. 3. Assess whether there is selective reporting of cutoff points other than 10. METHODS: We searched three databases - Embase, MEDLINE and PSYCHInfo - and performed a reverse citation search in Web of Science...
November 2015: General Hospital Psychiatry
Bing Han, Eunice C Wong, Zhimin Mao, Lisa S Meredith, Andrea Cassells, Jonathan N Tobin
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to validate the reliability and efficiency of alternative cutoff values on the abbreviated six-item Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist (PCL-6) [1] for underserved, largely minority patients in primary care settings of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs). METHOD: Using a sample of 760 patients recruited from six FQHCs in the New York City and New Jersey metropolitan area from June 2010 to April 2013, we compared the PCL-6 with the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition...
January 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
P N Prince, G J Gerber
In response to suggestions that available measures may not adequately reflect the idiosyncratic nature of subjective quality of life, the schedule for the evaluation of individual quality of life (SEIQoL) was developed to allow individuals first to select and define their own dimensions of quality of life, and then to assign a relative weight to each of the dimensions they have chosen. A simplified version of the instrument, the SEIQoL-direct weighting (SEIQoL-DW), can be used to elicit similar information from subjects with impaired cognitive functioning...
2001: Quality of Life Research
Sheila A Donahue, Jennifer I Manuel, Daniel B Herman, Linda H Fraser, Henian Chen, Susan M Essock
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the creation, validation, and use of an assertive community treatment (ACT) Transition Readiness Scale (TRS) to identify clients who may be ready to transition from ACT services. Scale development was prompted by concerns over long stays on ACT teams and the resulting impact on access. METHODS: Data were extracted from a centralized clinical reporting system for all 1,365 persons enrolled for at least 12 months as of August 2008 in the 42 ACT teams in New York City, including 382 clients of eight of those ACT teams...
March 2012: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Sébastien Urben, Sandrine Pihet, Caroline Graap, Vanessa Baier, Chloe Dyson, Swen Courosse, Laurent Holzer
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the clinical usefulness of the emotional symptoms (Emo) and externalizing problems (Ext) scales compared with the Total score on the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA). METHODS: The HoNOSCA was rated at admission and discharge for 260 adolescent inpatients. The primary outcomes assessed were (a) the sensitivity of the 3 HoNOSCA scores to clinical improvement; and (b) the between diagnoses discriminative value of these scores...
May 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
M D van Vugt, J R van Veldhuizen, M Bahler, Ph Delespaul, N Huffels, C L Mulder, G Nijboer, M Overdijk, H Kroon
BACKGROUND: Assertive community treatment (ACT) is one of the most important models for the care and treatment, in the community, of people with severe mental illness (SMI). ACT is concerned primarily with smi-patients who have the most complex problems and it provides care by means of intensive assertive outreach. Function act (FACT) provides care for the entire group of SMI - patients and combines the principles of case management and ACT. For a long time it has been possible to measure the degree of ACT model reliability using the facts reliability scale...
2011: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Clara Brichant-Petitjean, Cindy Legauffre, Nicolas Ramoz, Jean Ades, Philip Gorwood, Caroline Dubertret
Late-onset schizophrenia (LOS) is a controversial diagnosis, mainly characterized by more positive symptoms and less deterioration. LOS could be considered as either an extreme of typical schizophrenia (but for old age patients, and short duration of the disorder), or an independent group of patients with a specific diagnosis, with no clear evidence in favor or against any of these hypotheses. The aim of the present study is to characterize the memory cognitive profile of LOS patients without related organic factors (N=25), compared to early-onset schizophrenic patients (EOS, N=44), matched for the duration of the disorder, and healthy controls (HC, N=23), matched for the age of patients...
December 2013: Schizophrenia Research
Kaj S Christensen, Wenche Haugen, Manjit K Sirpal, Ole Rikard Haavet
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization, depression ranks as a major contributor to the global burden of disease. A large proportion of adult depressions had their first appearance in adolescence. Brief and reliable rating scales are needed for early detection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to validate the WHO-5 and the HSCL-6 for detection of depression among adolescents. METHODS: The project is a GP multicentre study conducted in Denmark and Norway...
June 2015: Family Practice
Ilze S Hallman, Nancy O'Connor, Susan Hasenau, Stephanie Brady
PROBLEM: The purpose of this study was to reduce perceived levels of interprofessional staff stress and to improve patient and staff safety by implementing a brief mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) training program on a high-acuity psychiatric inpatient unit. METHODS: A one-group repeated measure design was utilized to measure the impact of the (MBSR) training program on staff stress and safety immediately post-training and at 2 months. Two instruments were utilized in the study: the Toronto Mindfulness Scale and the Perceived Stress Scale...
November 2014: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Serafino G Mancuso, J Richard Newton, Peter Bosanac, Susan L Rossell, Julian B Nesci, David J Castle
DSM-5 contains substantial changes to eating disorder diagnoses. We examined relative prevalence rates of DSM-IV and DSM-5 eating disorder diagnoses using Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire diagnostic algorithms in 117 community out-patients. DSM-5 criteria produced a reduction in combined 'other specified feeding or eating disorder' and 'unspecified feeding or eating disorder' from 46% to 29%, an increase in anorexia nervosa diagnoses from 35% to 47%, the same number of bulimia nervosa diagnoses and a 5% rate of binge eating disorder diagnoses...
June 2015: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
David Axelson, Benjamin Goldstein, Tina Goldstein, Kelly Monk, Haifeng Yu, Mary Beth Hickey, Dara Sakolsky, Rasim Diler, Danella Hafeman, John Merranko, Satish Iyengar, David Brent, David Kupfer, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to identify diagnostic risk factors of manic, mixed, or hypomanic episodes in the offspring of parents with bipolar disorder ("high-risk offspring"). METHOD: High-risk offspring 6-18 years old (N=391) and demographically matched offspring (N=248) of community parents without bipolar disorder were assessed longitudinally with standardized diagnostic instruments by staff blind to parental diagnoses. Follow-up assessments were completed in 91% of the offspring (mean follow-up interval, 2...
July 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
Nancy Wolff, Jing Shi
Substance use disorders are overrepresented in incarcerated male populations. Cost-effective screening for alcohol and substance use problems among incarcerated populations is a necessary first step forward intervention. The Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) holds promise because it has strong psychometric properties, requires minimal training, is easy to score, is available in the public domain but, because of complicated skip patterns, cannot be self-administered. This study tests the feasibility, reliability, and validity of using computer-administered self-interviewing (CASI) versus interviewer-administered interviewing (IAI) to screen for substance use problems among incarcerated men using the ASSIST...
June 2015: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
2015-02-19 00:10:08
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