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Jane Lapham, MS, SLP

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461 papers 25 to 100 followers An article collection curated by a Speech-Language Pathologist who specializes in adult neurogenic communication disorders.
By Jane Lapham Speech-Language Pathologist specializing in aphasia, dysarthria, dysphagia, and cognitive-linguistic disorders caused by stroke and brain injury.
Katarina L Haley, Jennifer L Womack, Tyson G Harmon, Sharon W Williams
BACKGROUND: Considerable attention has been given to the identification of depression in stroke survivors with aphasia, but there is more limited information about other mood states. Visual analog scales are often used to collect subjective information from people with aphasia. However, the validity of these methods for communicating about mood has not been established in people with moderately to severely impaired language. OBJECTIVE: The dual purposes of this study were to characterize the relative endorsement of negative and positive mood states in people with chronic aphasia after stroke and to examine congruent validity for visual analog rating methods for people with a range of aphasia severity...
August 2015: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Sandra P Whiteside, Lucy Dyson, Patricia E Cowell, Rosemary A Varley
Acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) is a motor speech disorder that affects the implementation of articulatory gestures and the fluency and intelligibility of speech. Oral apraxia (OA) is an impairment of nonspeech volitional movement. Although many speakers with AOS also display difficulties with volitional nonspeech oral movements, the relationship between the 2 conditions is unclear. This study explored the relationship between speech and volitional nonspeech oral movement impairment in a sample of 50 participants with AOS...
November 2015: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Steve Majerus, Lucie Attout, Marie-Amélie Artielle, Marie-Anne Van der Kaa
Verbal short-term memory (STM) impairment represents a frequent and long-lasting deficit in aphasia, and it will prevent patients from recovering fully functional language abilities. The aim of this study was to obtain a more precise understanding of the nature of verbal STM impairment in aphasia, by determining whether verbal STM impairment is merely a consequence of underlying language impairment, as suggested by linguistic accounts of verbal STM, or whether verbal STM impairment reflects an additional, specific deficit...
October 2015: Neuropsychologia
Qin Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy at different pressure levels on aphasia after craniocerebral injury and assess the patient adherence to the therapies. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with aphasia after craniocerebral injury receiving 30 sessions of HBO therapy at the pressure level of 0.175 MPa and another 31 patients receiving 0.2 MPa therapy were recruited as the treatment groups 1 and 2, respectively; 31 patients who refused to have HBO therapy served as the control group...
August 2015: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Mariska J van Dijk, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Thóra B Hafsteinsdóttir, Marieke J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVE: To identify and critically appraise the evidence for instruments assessing depression in stroke patients with aphasia. METHODS: The PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Psych Info and Cochrane databases were searched from inception until May 2015. RESULTS: Of the 383 titles found in the search, 15 articles met the inclusion criteria and six instruments were identified: The Aphasic Depression Rating Scale, the Clinical Global Impression-Scale, the Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire (four versions), the Signs of Depression Scale, the Visual Analogue Mood Scale (three versions) and the Visual Analogue Self Esteem Scale...
August 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Jennifer E Mack, Sarah D Chandler, Aya Meltzer-Asscher, Emily Rogalski, Sandra Weintraub, M-Marsel Mesulam, Cynthia K Thompson
Naming and word-retrieval deficits, which are common characteristics of primary progressive aphasia (PPA), differentially affect production across word classes (e.g., nouns, verbs) in some patients. Individuals with the agrammatic variant (PPA-G) often show greater difficulty producing verbs whereas those with the semantic variant (PPA-S) show greater noun deficits and those with logopenic PPA (PPA-L) evince no clear-cut differences in production of the two word classes. To determine the source of these production patterns, the present study examined word-finding pauses as conditioned by lexical variables (i...
October 2015: Neuropsychologia
Jacqueline S Laures-Gore, Tony W Buchanan
Individuals with aphasia face significant challenges in their lives. These challenges stem from the difficulties caused by impaired language function. Impairment in the ability to successfully communicate could be a significant source of stress to individuals with aphasia. The purpose of the current paper is to present a review of the literature on the neuropsychobiology of stress and aphasia, give a contemporary conceptualization of stress (both neurobiological and psychological), offer a framework and directions for future investigations in stress and aphasia, and finally suggest clinical implications for this line of inquiry...
2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Diane Kendall, Lisa Edmonds, Anine Van Zyl, Inge Odendaal, Molly Stein, Anita van der Merwe
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is contribute to clinical practice of bilinguals around the globe, as well as to add to our understanding of bilingual aphasia processing, by analysing confrontation naming data from four Afrikaans/English bilingual individuals with acquired aphasia due to a left hemisphere stroke. METHODS: This is a case series analysis of four Afrikaans/English bilingual aphasic individuals following a left cerebrovascular accident. Error analysis of confrontation naming data in both languages was performed...
June 26, 2015: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
N Auclair-Ouellet, M Fossard, M Houde, R Laforce, J Macoir
Although there is growing interest in inflectional morphology in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), derivational morphology has rarely been studied in this population. This study reports the performance of N.G., a 72-year-old-woman with svPPA in a verb production task designed to entail morphological processing (composition, decomposition) and self-appraisal of her productions. N.G. demonstrated an over-reliance on morphological processing and failures in her appraisal of root/affix combinations that resulted in the production of morphological paraphasias and neologisms...
2016: Neurocase
Sarah Northcott, Becky Moss, Kirsty Harrison, Katerina Hilari
OBJECTIVE: Identify what factors are associated with functional social support and social network post stroke; explore stroke survivors' perspectives on what changes occur and how they are perceived. DATA SOURCES: The following electronic databases were systematically searched up to May 2015: Academic Search Complete; CINAHL Plus; E-journals; Health Policy Reference Centre; MEDLINE; PsycARTICLES; PsycINFO; and SocINDEX. REVIEW METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were followed in the conduct and reporting of this review...
August 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Naoki Yamada, Wataru Kakuda, Kazuma Yamamoto, Ryo Momosaki, Masahiro Abo
OBJECTIVES: We clarified the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of atomoxetine administration combined with intensive speech therapy (ST) for patients with post-stroke aphasia. In addition, we investigated the effect of atomoxetine treatment on neural activity of surrounding lesioned brain areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four adult patients with motor-dominant aphasia and a history of left hemispheric stroke were studied. We have registered on the clinical trials database (ID: JMA-IIA00215)...
September 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
Domenico Scrutinio, Vincenzo Monitillo, Pietro Guida, Roberto Nardulli, Vincenzo Multari, Francesco Monitillo, Gianluigi Calabrese, Pietro Fiore
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prediction of functional outcome after stroke rehabilitation (SR) is a growing field of interest. The association between SR and survival still remains elusive. We sought to investigate the factors associated with functional outcome after SR and whether the magnitude of functional improvement achieved with rehabilitation is associated with long-term mortality risk. METHODS: The study population consisted of 722 patients admitted for SR within 90 days of stroke onset, with an admission functional independence measure (FIM) score of <80 points...
October 2015: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Leora R Cherney, Rosalind C Kaye, Jaime B Lee, Sarel van Vuuren
PURPOSE: The importance of personalization in script training in aphasia has been assumed but never tested. This study compared acquisition and generalization of personally relevant versus generic words or phrases appearing in the same scripts. METHOD: Eight individuals (6 men; 2 women) with chronic aphasia received 3 weeks of intensive computer-based script training. For each participant, 2 scripts, a trained and an untrained generalization script, were embedded with 4 personally relevant word choices and 2-4 generic items that were similar across participants...
November 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Yumie Honda, Takatoshi Sorimachi, Hiroaki Momose, Ken Takizawa, Sadaki Inokuchi, Mitsunori Matsumae
OBJECTIVE: Detailed features of chronic subdural haematoma (cSDH) associated with disturbance of consciousness and acute-on-chronic subdural haematoma (a/cSDH), in which acute subdural haematoma overlaps cSDH, remain poorly understood. The object of this study was to clarify both characteristics of cSDH associated with disturbance of consciousness and the significance of a/cSDH. METHODS: Clinical factors and computed tomography (CT) findings were retrospectively investigated in 349 consecutive patients admitted between 2006 and 2013 and diagnosed with cSDH...
November 2015: Neurological Research
Elizabeth E Galletta, Amy Vogel-Eyny
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a non-invasive method of brain stimulation, is an adjunctive research-therapy for aphasia. The concept supporting translational application of tDCS is that brain plasticity, facilitated by language intervention, can be enhanced by non-invasive brain stimulation. This study combined tDCS with an ecologically focused behavioral approach that involved training nouns and verbs in sentences. METHOD: HASH(0x354d390) PARTICIPANT: A 43-year-old, right-handed male with fluent-anomic aphasia who sustained a single-left-hemisphere-temporal-parietal stroke was recruited...
2015: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
A V Blesneag, L Popa, A D Stan
The new tendency in rehabilitation involves non-invasive tools that, if applied early after stroke, promote neurorecovery. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation may correct the disruption of cortical excitability and effectively contribute to the restoration of movement and speech. The present paper analyses the results of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) trials, highlighting different aspects related to the repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation frequency, transcranial direct current stimulation polarity, the period and stimulation places in acute and subacute ischemic strokes...
2015: Journal of Medicine and Life
Yu-Kyong Choe, Tammie Foster, Abigail Asselin, Meagan LeVander, Jennifer Baird
Approximately 24% of stroke survivors experience co-occurring aphasia and hemiparesis. These individuals typically attend back-to-back therapy sessions. However, sequentially scheduled therapy may trigger physical and mental fatigue and have an adverse impact on treatment outcomes. The current study tested a hypothesis that exerting less effort during a therapy session would reduce overall fatigue and enhance functional recovery. Two stroke survivors chronically challenged by non-fluent aphasia and right hemiparesis sequentially completed verbal naming and upper-limb tasks on their home computers...
April 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Caitlin Keane, Swathi Kiran
The rehabilitation study described here sets out to test the premise of Abutalebi and Green's neurocognitive model--specifically, that language selection and control are components of overall cognitive control. We follow a trilingual woman (first language, L1: Amharic; second language, L2: English; third language, L3: French) with damage to the left frontal lobe and left basal ganglia who presented with cognitive control and naming deficits, through two periods of semantic treatment (French, followed by English) to alleviate naming deficits...
2015: Cognitive Neuropsychology
Sharon M Antonucci, Colleen MacWilliam
PURPOSE: We investigated from a theoretically motivated perspective what information differentiated sufficient from insufficient descriptions of objects provided by persons with aphasia. METHOD: Twenty-one adults with aphasia consequent to single left-hemisphere stroke verbally described 9 living and 9 nonliving objects. Responses were scored for accuracy (i.e., sufficiency) and tallied for type and quantity of semantic feature information provided. Main effects and interactions were identified using repeated measures analyses of variance, with significant findings followed up with planned comparisons...
November 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jessica Knilans, Gayle DeDe
PURPOSE: There is a lot of evidence that people with aphasia have more difficulty understanding structurally complex sentences (e.g., object clefts) than simpler sentences (subject clefts). However, subject clefts also occur more frequently in English than object clefts. Thus, it is possible that both structural complexity and frequency affect how people with aphasia understand these structures. METHOD: Nine people with aphasia and 8 age-matched controls participated in the study...
November 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
2015-10-05 04:58:47
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