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Jane Lapham, MS, SLP

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470 papers 25 to 100 followers An article collection curated by a Speech-Language Pathologist who specializes in adult neurogenic communication disorders.
By Jane Lapham Speech-Language Pathologist specializing in aphasia, dysarthria, dysphagia, and cognitive-linguistic disorders caused by stroke and brain injury.
Sara B Pillay, Jeffrey R Binder, Colin Humphries, William L Gross, Diane S Book
OBJECTIVE: Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) was used to localize impairments specific to multiword (phrase and sentence) spoken language comprehension. METHODS: Participants were 51 right-handed patients with chronic left hemisphere stroke. They performed an auditory description naming (ADN) task requiring comprehension of a verbal description, an auditory sentence comprehension (ASC) task, and a picture naming (PN) task. Lesions were mapped using high-resolution MRI...
March 7, 2017: Neurology
Jimmy N Avari, Barnett S Meyers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Tiago A Mestre, Anne-Catherine Bachoud-Lévi, Johan Marinus, Julie C Stout, Jane S Paulsen, Peter Como, Kevin Duff, Cristina Sampaio, Christopher G Goetz, Esther Cubo, Glenn T Stebbins, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Cognitive impairment is one of the main features of Huntington's disease and is present across the disease spectrum. As part of the International Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorder Society-sponsored project to review all clinical rating scales used in Huntington's disease, a systematic review of the literature was performed to identify cognitive scales used in Huntington's disease and make recommendations for their use. A total of 17 cognitive scales were identified and evaluated. None of the scales met criteria for a "recommended" status...
February 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Bárbara Costa Beber, Renata Kochhann, Bruna Matias da Silva, Marcia L F Chaves
The logopenic variant of Primary Progressive Aphasia, or logopenic aphasia, is a the most recently described variant of Primary Progressive Aphasia and also the least well defined. This variant can present clinical findings that are also common to Alzheimer's disease, given they both share the same cytopathologic findings. This article reports the clinical case of a patient for whom it proved difficult to define a clinical diagnosis, being split between the logopenic variant and Alzheimer's disease at different phases of the disease...
July 2014: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
Jung E Park
Praxis, the ability to perform skilled or learned movements is essential for daily living. Inability to perform such praxis movements is defined as apraxia. Apraxia can be further classified into subtypes such as ideomotor, ideational and limb-kinetic apraxia. Relevant brain regions have been found to include the motor, premotor, temporal and parietal cortices. Apraxia is found in a variety of highly prevalent neurological disorders including dementia, stroke and Parkinsonism. Furthermore, apraxia has been shown to negatively affect quality of life...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Nadia Shigaeff, Mayra Zanetti, Sibelle de Almeida Tierno, Ana Beatriz Galhardi Di Tommaso, Thais Cristina Marques, Fábio Gazelato de Mello Franco
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is one of the most common causes of early-onset dementia with primary progressive aphasia (PPA) being the second-most-frequent form of this degenerative disease. Despite the similarity with progressive dementia (especially in early stages of Alzheimer´s disease), three types of PPA can be differentiated: semantic, agrammatic and logopenic (subtype discussed in this study). To date, no medications have been shown to improve or stabilize cognitive deficits in patients with PPA. We report the case of a 62-year-old woman with difficulty naming objects and planning...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
Caterina Breitenstein, Tanja Grewe, Agnes Flöel, Wolfram Ziegler, Luise Springer, Peter Martus, Walter Huber, Klaus Willmes, E Bernd Ringelstein, Karl Georg Haeusler, Stefanie Abel, Ralf Glindemann, Frank Domahs, Frank Regenbrecht, Klaus-Jürgen Schlenck, Marion Thomas, Hellmuth Obrig, Ernst de Langen, Roman Rocker, Franziska Wigbers, Christina Rühmkorf, Indra Hempen, Jonathan List, Annette Baumgaertner
BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines for aphasia recommend intensive speech and language therapy for chronic (≥6 months) aphasia after stroke, but large-scale, class 1 randomised controlled trials on treatment effectiveness are scarce. We aimed to examine whether 3 weeks of intensive speech and language therapy under routine clinical conditions improved verbal communication in daily-life situations in people with chronic aphasia after stroke. METHODS: In this multicentre, parallel group, superiority, open-label, blinded-endpoint, randomised controlled trial, patients aged 70 years or younger with aphasia after stroke lasting for 6 months or more were recruited from 19 inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation centres in Germany...
April 15, 2017: Lancet
Nina F Dronkers, Maria V Ivanova, Juliana V Baldo
Studies of language disorders have shaped our understanding of brain-language relationships over the last two centuries. This article provides a review of this research and how our thinking has changed over the years regarding how the brain processes language. In the 19th century, a series of famous case studies linked distinct speech and language functions to specific portions of the left hemisphere of the brain, regions that later came to be known as Broca's and Wernicke's areas. One hundred years later, the emergence of new brain imaging tools allowed for the visualization of brain injuries in vivo that ushered in a new era of brain-behavior research and greatly expanded our understanding of the neural processes of language...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Denise Y Harvey, Jamie Podell, Peter E Turkeltaub, Olufunsho Faseyitan, H Branch Coslett, Roy H Hamilton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While noninvasive brain stimulation techniques show promise for language recovery after stroke, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We applied inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to regions of interest in the right inferior frontal gyrus of patients with chronic poststroke aphasia and examined changes in picture naming performance and cortical activation. METHODS: Nine patients received 10 days of 1-Hz rTMS (Monday through Friday for 2 weeks)...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
Katarina L Haley, Jennifer L Womack, Tyson G Harmon, Sharon W Williams
BACKGROUND: Considerable attention has been given to the identification of depression in stroke survivors with aphasia, but there is more limited information about other mood states. Visual analog scales are often used to collect subjective information from people with aphasia. However, the validity of these methods for communicating about mood has not been established in people with moderately to severely impaired language. OBJECTIVE: The dual purposes of this study were to characterize the relative endorsement of negative and positive mood states in people with chronic aphasia after stroke and to examine congruent validity for visual analog rating methods for people with a range of aphasia severity...
August 2015: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Sandra P Whiteside, Lucy Dyson, Patricia E Cowell, Rosemary A Varley
Acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) is a motor speech disorder that affects the implementation of articulatory gestures and the fluency and intelligibility of speech. Oral apraxia (OA) is an impairment of nonspeech volitional movement. Although many speakers with AOS also display difficulties with volitional nonspeech oral movements, the relationship between the 2 conditions is unclear. This study explored the relationship between speech and volitional nonspeech oral movement impairment in a sample of 50 participants with AOS...
November 2015: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Steve Majerus, Lucie Attout, Marie-Amélie Artielle, Marie-Anne Van der Kaa
Verbal short-term memory (STM) impairment represents a frequent and long-lasting deficit in aphasia, and it will prevent patients from recovering fully functional language abilities. The aim of this study was to obtain a more precise understanding of the nature of verbal STM impairment in aphasia, by determining whether verbal STM impairment is merely a consequence of underlying language impairment, as suggested by linguistic accounts of verbal STM, or whether verbal STM impairment reflects an additional, specific deficit...
October 2015: Neuropsychologia
Qin Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy at different pressure levels on aphasia after craniocerebral injury and assess the patient adherence to the therapies. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with aphasia after craniocerebral injury receiving 30 sessions of HBO therapy at the pressure level of 0.175 MPa and another 31 patients receiving 0.2 MPa therapy were recruited as the treatment groups 1 and 2, respectively; 31 patients who refused to have HBO therapy served as the control group...
August 2015: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Mariska J van Dijk, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Thóra B Hafsteinsdóttir, Marieke J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVE: To identify and critically appraise the evidence for instruments assessing depression in stroke patients with aphasia. METHODS: The PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Psych Info and Cochrane databases were searched from inception until May 2015. RESULTS: Of the 383 titles found in the search, 15 articles met the inclusion criteria and six instruments were identified: The Aphasic Depression Rating Scale, the Clinical Global Impression-Scale, the Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire (four versions), the Signs of Depression Scale, the Visual Analogue Mood Scale (three versions) and the Visual Analogue Self Esteem Scale...
August 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Jennifer E Mack, Sarah D Chandler, Aya Meltzer-Asscher, Emily Rogalski, Sandra Weintraub, M-Marsel Mesulam, Cynthia K Thompson
Naming and word-retrieval deficits, which are common characteristics of primary progressive aphasia (PPA), differentially affect production across word classes (e.g., nouns, verbs) in some patients. Individuals with the agrammatic variant (PPA-G) often show greater difficulty producing verbs whereas those with the semantic variant (PPA-S) show greater noun deficits and those with logopenic PPA (PPA-L) evince no clear-cut differences in production of the two word classes. To determine the source of these production patterns, the present study examined word-finding pauses as conditioned by lexical variables (i...
October 2015: Neuropsychologia
Jacqueline S Laures-Gore, Tony W Buchanan
Individuals with aphasia face significant challenges in their lives. These challenges stem from the difficulties caused by impaired language function. Impairment in the ability to successfully communicate could be a significant source of stress to individuals with aphasia. The purpose of the current paper is to present a review of the literature on the neuropsychobiology of stress and aphasia, give a contemporary conceptualization of stress (both neurobiological and psychological), offer a framework and directions for future investigations in stress and aphasia, and finally suggest clinical implications for this line of inquiry...
2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Diane Kendall, Lisa Edmonds, Anine Van Zyl, Inge Odendaal, Molly Stein, Anita van der Merwe
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is contribute to clinical practice of bilinguals around the globe, as well as to add to our understanding of bilingual aphasia processing, by analysing confrontation naming data from four Afrikaans/English bilingual individuals with acquired aphasia due to a left hemisphere stroke. METHODS: This is a case series analysis of four Afrikaans/English bilingual aphasic individuals following a left cerebrovascular accident. Error analysis of confrontation naming data in both languages was performed...
June 26, 2015: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
N Auclair-Ouellet, M Fossard, M Houde, R Laforce, J Macoir
Although there is growing interest in inflectional morphology in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), derivational morphology has rarely been studied in this population. This study reports the performance of N.G., a 72-year-old-woman with svPPA in a verb production task designed to entail morphological processing (composition, decomposition) and self-appraisal of her productions. N.G. demonstrated an over-reliance on morphological processing and failures in her appraisal of root/affix combinations that resulted in the production of morphological paraphasias and neologisms...
2016: Neurocase
Sarah Northcott, Becky Moss, Kirsty Harrison, Katerina Hilari
OBJECTIVE: Identify what factors are associated with functional social support and social network post stroke; explore stroke survivors' perspectives on what changes occur and how they are perceived. DATA SOURCES: The following electronic databases were systematically searched up to May 2015: Academic Search Complete; CINAHL Plus; E-journals; Health Policy Reference Centre; MEDLINE; PsycARTICLES; PsycINFO; and SocINDEX. REVIEW METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were followed in the conduct and reporting of this review...
August 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Naoki Yamada, Wataru Kakuda, Kazuma Yamamoto, Ryo Momosaki, Masahiro Abo
OBJECTIVES: We clarified the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of atomoxetine administration combined with intensive speech therapy (ST) for patients with post-stroke aphasia. In addition, we investigated the effect of atomoxetine treatment on neural activity of surrounding lesioned brain areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four adult patients with motor-dominant aphasia and a history of left hemispheric stroke were studied. We have registered on the clinical trials database (ID: JMA-IIA00215)...
September 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
2015-10-05 05:07:24
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