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Cancer prevention

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237 papers 1000+ followers Articles on screening and lifestyle factors to recommend to patients.
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
Sarah E R Bailey, Obi C Ukoumunne, Elizabeth Shephard, Willie Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Although the association between raised platelet count (thrombocytosis) and cancer has been reported in primary and secondary care studies, UK GPs are unaware of it, and it is insufficiently evidenced for laboratories to identify and warn of it. This systematic review aimed to identify and collate evidence from studies that have investigated thrombocytosis as an early marker of cancer in primary care. METHODS: EMBASE (OvidSP), Medline (Ovid), Web of Science and The Cochrane Library were searched for relevant studies...
September 28, 2016: Family Practice
Nicholas J Shaheen, Gary W Falk, Prasad G Iyer, Lauren B Gerson
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is among the most common conditions encountered by the gastroenterologist. In this document, the American College of Gastroenterology updates its guidance for the best practices in caring for these patients. These guidelines continue to endorse screening of high-risk patients for BE; however, routine screening is limited to men with reflux symptoms and multiple other risk factors. Acknowledging recent data on the low risk of malignant progression in patients with nondysplastic BE, endoscopic surveillance intervals are attenuated in this population; patients with nondysplastic BE should undergo endoscopic surveillance no more frequently than every 3-5 years...
January 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Cathy Bennett, Paul Moayyedi, Douglas A Corley, John DeCaestecker, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Gary Falk, Nimish Vakil, Scott Sanders, Michael Vieth, John Inadomi, David Aldulaimi, Khek-Yu Ho, Robert Odze, Stephen J Meltzer, Eamonn Quigley, Stuart Gittens, Peter Watson, Giovanni Zaninotto, Prasad G Iyer, Leo Alexandre, Yeng Ang, James Callaghan, Rebecca Harrison, Rajvinder Singh, Pradeep Bhandari, Raf Bisschops, Bita Geramizadeh, Philip Kaye, Sheila Krishnadath, M Brian Fennerty, Hendrik Manner, Katie S Nason, Oliver Pech, Vani Konda, Krish Ragunath, Imdadur Rahman, Yvonne Romero, Richard Sampliner, Peter D Siersema, Jan Tack, Tony C K Tham, Nigel Trudgill, David S Weinberg, Jean Wang, Kenneth Wang, Jennie Y Y Wong, Stephen Attwood, Peter Malfertheiner, David MacDonald, Hugh Barr, Mark K Ferguson, Janusz Jankowski
OBJECTIVES: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a common premalignant lesion for which surveillance is recommended. This strategy is limited by considerable variations in clinical practice. We conducted an international, multidisciplinary, systematic search and evidence-based review of BE and provided consensus recommendations for clinical use in patients with nondysplastic, indefinite, and low-grade dysplasia (LGD). METHODS: We defined the scope, proposed statements, and searched electronic databases, yielding 20,558 publications that were screened, selected online, and formed the evidence base...
May 2015: American Journal of Gastroenterology
John F Forbes, Ivana Sestak, Anthony Howell, Bernardo Bonanni, Nigel Bundred, Christelle Levy, Gunter von Minckwitz, Wolfgang Eiermann, Patrick Neven, Michael Stierer, Chris Holcombe, Robert E Coleman, Louise Jones, Ian Ellis, Jack Cuzick
BACKGROUND: Third-generation aromatase inhibitors are more effective than tamoxifen for preventing recurrence in postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive invasive breast cancer. However, it is not known whether anastrozole is more effective than tamoxifen for women with hormone-receptor-positive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Here, we compare the efficacy of anastrozole with that of tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive DCIS. METHODS: In a double-blind, multicentre, randomised placebo-controlled trial, we recruited women who had been diagnosed with locally excised, hormone-receptor-positive DCIS...
February 27, 2016: Lancet
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: American Family Physician
Aasma Shaukat, Thomas S Rector, Timothy R Church, Frank A Lederle, Adam S Kim, Jeffery M Rank, John I Allen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Withdrawal times and adenoma detection rates are widely used quality indicators for screening colonoscopy. More rapid withdrawal times have been associated with undetected adenomas, which can increase risk for interval colorectal cancer. METHODS: We analyzed records of 76,810 screening colonoscopies performed between 2004 and 2009, by 51 gastroenterologists practicing in Minneapolis and St Paul, MN. Colonoscopy records were linked electronically to the state cancer registry (Minnesota Cancer Surveillance System) to identify incident interval cancers that were diagnosed within 5...
October 2015: Gastroenterology
Francesco Sardanelli, Franca Podo, Filippo Santoro, Siranoush Manoukian, Silvana Bergonzi, Giovanna Trecate, Daniele Vergnaghi, Massimo Federico, Laura Cortesi, Stefano Corcione, Sandro Morassut, Cosimo Di Maggio, Anna Cilotti, Laura Martincich, Massimo Calabrese, Chiara Zuiani, Lorenzo Preda, Bernardo Bonanni, Luca A Carbonaro, Alma Contegiacomo, Pietro Panizza, Ernesto Di Cesare, Antonella Savarese, Marcello Crecco, Daniela Turchetti, Maura Tonutti, Paolo Belli, Alessandro Del Maschio
OBJECTIVES: : To prospectively compare clinical breast examination, mammography, ultrasonography, and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a multicenter surveillance of high-risk women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: : We enrolled asymptomatic women aged ≥ 25: BRCA mutation carriers; first-degree relatives of BRCA mutation carriers, and women with strong family history of breast/ovarian cancer, including those with previous personal breast cancer. RESULTS: : A total of 18 centers enrolled 501 women and performed 1592 rounds (3...
February 2011: Investigative Radiology
Elham Kharazmi, Kari Hemminki, Eero Pukkala, Kristina Sundquist, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Steinar Tretli, Jörgen H Olsen, Mahdi Fallah
BACKGROUND: None of the population-based epidemiologic studies to date has had a large enough sample size to show the familial risk of testicular cancer (TC) by age at diagnosis for patients and their relatives or for rare histologic subtypes. OBJECTIVE: To estimate absolute and relative risks of TC in relatives of TC patients by age at diagnosis in patients and their relatives and histological subtypes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In a joint population-based cohort study, 97 402 first-degree relatives of 21 254 TC patients who were diagnosed between 1955 and 2010 in five European countries were followed for cancer incidence...
August 2015: European Urology
D Paoli, F Giannandrea, M Gallo, R Turci, M S Cattaruzza, F Lombardo, A Lenzi, L Gandini
PURPOSE: We carried out a case-control study to investigate the possible role of occupational and environmental exposure to endocrine disruptors in the onset of testicular cancer (TC). METHODS: We evaluated 125 TC patients and 103 controls. Seminal fluid examination and organochlorine analysis were performed in all subjects. Cases and controls were also interviewed using a structured questionnaire to collect demographic information, residence, andrological medical history and dietary information...
July 2015: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
A Srivastava, N Kreiger
In North America and most Western European countries, testicular cancer is often cited as the most common cancer among young and middle-aged men, and yet few studies have examined the relation between modifiable factors and testicular cancer risk. Data collected between 1995 and 1996 in Ontario, Canada, as part of the Enhanced Cancer Surveillance Study were used to examine the relation between the frequency of recreational, and intensity of occupational, physical activity at various life periods, including cumulative and averaged lifetime activity and risk of testicular cancer...
January 1, 2000: American Journal of Epidemiology
Katherine A McGlynn, Britton Trabert
The incidence of testicular cancer has been increasing over the past several decades in many developed countries. The reasons for the increases are unknown because the risk factors for the disease are poorly understood. Some research suggests that in utero exposures, or those in early childhood, are likely to be important in determining an individual's level of risk. However, other research suggests that exposure to various factors in adolescence and adulthood is also linked to the development of testicular cancer...
June 2012: Nature Reviews. Urology
Linda Kachuri, Paul J Villeneuve, Marie-Élise Parent, Kenneth C Johnson, Shelley A Harris
BACKGROUND: The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified diesel exhaust as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) and gasoline exhaust as a possible carcinogen (Group 2B) based studies of lung cancer, however the evidence for other sites is limited. We addressed this question by investigating exposure to diesel and gasoline emissions with respect to risk of colorectal cancer in men. METHODS: We used data from a population-based case-control study with incident cases of colon (n = 931) and rectal (n = 840) cancer and 1360 controls from 7 Canadian provinces conducted in 1994-1997...
January 14, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Sally J Hutchings, Lesley Rushton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2012: British Journal of Cancer
Terry Brown, Lesley Rushton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2012: British Journal of Cancer
Charlotte Young, Lesley Rushton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2012: British Journal of Cancer
Rebecca Slack, Charlotte Young, Lesley Rushton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2012: British Journal of Cancer
Rebecca Slack, Charlotte Young, Lesley Rushton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2012: British Journal of Cancer
Terry Brown, Charlotte Young, Lesley Rushton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2012: British Journal of Cancer
J S Stenehjem, K Kjærheim, M Bråtveit, S O Samuelsen, F Barone-Adesi, N Rothman, Q Lan, T K Grimsrud
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to examine the risk of lymphohaematopoietic (LH) cancer according to benzene exposure among offshore workers. METHODS: Cancer registry data were used to identify 112 cancer cases diagnosed during 1999-2011 in a cohort of 24 917 Norwegian men reporting offshore work between 1965 and 1999. Analyses were conducted according to a stratified case-cohort design with a reference subcohort of 1661 workers. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals, adjusted for other benzene exposure and smoking...
April 28, 2015: British Journal of Cancer
Terry Brown, Andy Darnton, Lea Fortunato, Lesley Rushton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2012: British Journal of Cancer
2016-02-06 14:12:10
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