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EMS in the field

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22 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Arthur Cronwright Aspiring to best practice always
Saman Arbabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Shock
Gerard B Hannibal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: AACN Advanced Critical Care
Henry M Wu, Jessica K Fairley, James Steinberg, Phyllis Kozarsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
Samuel J Stratton, Atilla Uner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
A Kehoe, S Rennie, J E Smith
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Elderly patients comprise an ever-increasing proportion of major trauma patients. The presenting GCS in elderly patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may not reflect the severity of injury as accurately as it does in the younger patient population. However, GCS is often used as part of the decision tool to define the population transferred directly to a major trauma centre. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between age and presenting GCS in patients with isolated TBI...
August 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Daniel W Spaite, Bentley J Bobrow, Uwe Stolz, Duane Sherrill, Vatsal Chikani, Bruce Barnhart, Michael Sotelo, Joshua B Gaither, Chad Viscusi, P David Adelson, Kurt R Denninghoff
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) exacts a great toll on society. Fortunately, there is growing evidence that the management of TBI in the early minutes after injury may significantly reduce morbidity and mortality. In response, evidence-based prehospital and in-hospital TBI treatment guidelines have been established by authoritative bodies. However, no large studies have yet evaluated the effectiveness of implementing these guidelines in the prehospital setting. This article describes the background, design, implementation, emergency medical services (EMS) treatment protocols, and statistical analysis of a prospective, controlled (before/after), statewide study designed to evaluate the effect of implementing the EMS TBI guidelines-the Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care (EPIC) study (NIH/NINDS R01NS071049, "EPIC"; and 3R01NS071049-S1, "EPIC4Kids")...
July 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Zachary F Meisel, Judy A Shea, Nicholas J Peacock, Edward T Dickinson, Breah Paciotti, Roma Bhatia, Egor Buharin, Carolyn C Cannuscio
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Patient handoffs are known as high-risk events for medical error but little is known about the professional, structural, and interpersonal factors that can affect the patient transition from emergency medical services (EMS) care to the emergency department (ED). We study EMS providers' perspectives to generate hypotheses to inform and improve this handoff. METHODS: We conducted focus groups with EMS providers recruited at 3 national and regional conferences from January to March 2011 until theme saturation was reached; 7 focus groups were conducted with 48 EMS providers...
March 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Peter T Pons, Jason S Haukoos, Whitney Bludworth, Thomas Cribley, Kathryn A Pons, Vincent J Markovchick
OBJECTIVES: One marker of quality emergency medical services care is measured by meeting an 8-minute response time guideline. This guideline was based on results of paramedic response times for nontraumatic cardiac arrest patients and has not been studied in unselected patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of paramedic response time on survival to hospital discharge in unselected patients in a large urban setting while controlling for a number of potentially important confounders, including level of illness severity...
July 2005: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Smita C Banerjee, A Niroshan Siriwardena, Mohammad Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Intravenous cannulation is a common and important intervention undertaken by paramedics for administration of fluids and drugs in the pre-hospital setting. This study was a partial application of the theory of reasoned action to the prediction of pre-hospital cannulation intentions as part of an evaluation of an educational intervention to change cannulation behaviour in paramedics in line with national guidance. METHODS: In 2008 a self-completion questionnaire was sent to paramedics from Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire divisions of East Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust, UK...
February 2011: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Sarah Sofianopoulos, Brett Williams, Frank Archer
INTRODUCTION: This paper investigates the literature regarding the impact of shift work on prehospital emergency providers. While the issue of shift work has been thoroughly investigated in other health disciplines, this is not the case for the paramedic discipline, particularly in the Australian context. OBJECTIVE: To identify the literature available on prehospital providers regarding the effects of shift work on sleep. METHOD: Electronic databases used were the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid MEDLINE, Proquest, AMED and CINAHL...
February 2012: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Sheldon Cheskes, Sue Thomson, Linda Turner
INTRODUCTION: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been used effectively in the prehospital environment for a wide range of respiratory emergencies. The feasibility of CPAP when used by primary care paramedics (PCPs) has not been established. OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the feasibility of prehospital CPAP when used by paramedics trained to the primary care paramedic (PCP) level compared with those trained to the advanced care paramedic (ACP) level. Our hypothesis was that the feasibility of CPAP use by paramedics trained to the PCP level is similar to that of paramedics trained to the ACP level...
October 2012: Prehospital Emergency Care
David C Cone, John Ahern, Christopher H Lee, Dorothy Baker, Terrence Murphy, Sandy Bogucki
INTRODUCTION: Responses for "lift assists" (LAs) are common in many emergency medical services (EMS) systems, and result when a person dials 9-1-1 because of an inability to get up, is subsequently determined to be uninjured, and is not transported for further medical attention. Although LAs often involve recurrent calls and are generally not reimbursable, little is known of their operational effects on EMS systems. We hypothesized that LAs present an opportunity for earlier treatment of subtle-onset medical conditions and injury prevention interventions in a population at high risk for falls...
January 2013: Prehospital Emergency Care
Judith C Finn, Daniel M Fatovich, Glenn Arendts, David Mountain, Hideo Tohira, Teresa A Williams, Peter Sprivulis, Antonio Celenza, Tony Ahern, Alexandra P Bremner, Peter Cameron, Meredith L Borland, Ian R Rogers, Ian G Jacobs
BACKGROUND: As demand for Emergency Department (ED) services continues to exceed increases explained by population growth, strategies to reduce ED presentations are being explored. The concept of ambulance paramedics providing an alternative model of care to the current default 'see and transport to ED' has intuitive appeal and has been implemented in several locations around the world. The premise is that for certain non-critically ill patients, the Extended Care Paramedic (ECP) can either 'see and treat' or 'see and refer' to another primary or community care practitioner, rather than transport to hospital...
2013: BMC Emergency Medicine
Roger A Band, Rama A Salhi, Daniel N Holena, Elizabeth Powell, Charles C Branas, Brendan G Carr
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Two decades ago, Philadelphia began allowing police transport of patients with penetrating trauma. We conduct a large, multiyear, citywide analysis of this policy. We examine the association between mode of out-of-hospital transport (police department versus emergency medical services [EMS]) and mortality among patients with penetrating trauma in Philadelphia. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of trauma registry data. Patients who sustained any proximal penetrating trauma and presented to any Level I or II trauma center in Philadelphia between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2007, were included...
May 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jeffrey M Singh, Russell D MacDonald, Mahvareh Ahghari
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The risks associated with urgent land-based transport of critically ill patients are not well known and have important implications for patient safety, care delivery, and policy development. We seek to determine the incidence of in-transit critical events and associated patient- and transport-level factors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using clinical and administrative data. We included adults undergoing urgent land-based critical care transport by a dedicated transport provider between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2010...
July 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Deborah Waldrop, Brian Clemency, Eugene Maguin, Heather Lindstrom
The nature of emergency end-of-life calls is changing as people live longer and die from chronic illnesses. This study explored prehospital providers' perceptions of (1) end-of-life 911 calls, (2) the signs and symptoms of dying, and (3) medical orders for life sustaining treatment (MOLST). The exploratory-descriptive pilot study was survey based and cross-sectional. Calls to nursing homes occur most often, (47.8% every shift). The MOLST was seen infrequently (57.9% rarely never). The most frequent signs and symptoms of dying were diagnosis (76%), hospice involvement (82%), apnea (75%), mottling (55%), and shortness of breath (48%)...
March 2015: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Peter S Dayan, James F Holmes, Shireen Atabaki, John Hoyle, Michael G Tunik, Richard Lichenstein, Elizabeth Alpern, Michelle Miskin, Nathan Kuppermann
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the prevalence of traumatic brain injuries in children who vomit after minor blunt head trauma, particularly when the vomiting occurs without other findings suggestive of traumatic brain injury (ie, isolated vomiting). We also aimed to determine the relationship between the timing and degree of vomiting and traumatic brain injury prevalence. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of children younger than 18 years with minor blunt head trauma...
June 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
François Réminiac, Youenn Jouan, Xavier Cazals, Jean-François Bodin, Pierre-François Dequin, Antoine Guillon
The number of ambulance crewmembers may affect the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in particular situations. However, few studies have investigated how the number of emergency care providers affects the quality of CPR. Nonetheless, problems in the initial handling of patients due to small ambulance crew sizes may have significant consequences. These difficulties may be more frequent in an obese population than in a non-obese population. Hence such problems may be frequently encountered because obesity is epidemic in developed countries...
October 2014: Prehospital Emergency Care
Teija Norri-Sederholm, Rauno Kuusisto, Jouni Kurola, Kaija Saranto, Heikki Paakkonen
INTRODUCTION: Situational awareness (SA), or being aware of what is going on and what might happen next, is essential for the successful management of prehospital emergency care. However, far too little attention has been paid to the flow of information. Having the right information is important when formulating plans and actions. PROBLEM: The aim of this study was to analyze and describe the type of information that is meaningful for SA in the work of paramedic field supervisors, and to create an information profile for them in the context of prehospital emergency care...
April 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Ala'a O Oteir, Karen Smith, Paul A Jennings, Johannes U Stoelwinder
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious condition that may lead to long-term disabilities placing financial and social burden on patients and their families, as well as their communities. Spinal immobilization has been considered the standard prehospital care for suspected SCI patients. However, there is a lack of consensus on its beneficial impact on patients' outcome. OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the current literature on the epidemiology of traumatic SCI and the practice of prehospital spinal immobilization...
August 2014: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
2014-08-20 13:25:52
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