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Ckd

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3 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Ana Monteiro Md/phd student
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25190600/alterations-of-intestinal-barrier-and-microbiota-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
REVIEW
Alice Sabatino, Giuseppe Regolisti, Irene Brusasco, Aderville Cabassi, Santo Morabito, Enrico Fiaccadori
Recent studies have highlighted the close relationship between the kidney and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract--frequently referred to as the kidney--gut axis--in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this regard, two important pathophysiological concepts have evolved: (i) production and accumulation of toxic end-products derived from increased bacterial fermentation of protein and other nitrogen-containing substances in the GI tract, (ii) translocation of endotoxins and live bacteria from gut lumen into the bloodstream, due to damage of the intestinal epithelial barrier and quantitative/qualitative alterations of the intestinal microbiota associated with the uraemic milieu...
June 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19608703/bicarbonate-supplementation-slows-progression-of-ckd-and-improves-nutritional-status
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ione de Brito-Ashurst, Mira Varagunam, Martin J Raftery, Muhammad M Yaqoob
Bicarbonate supplementation preserves renal function in experimental chronic kidney disease (CKD), but whether the same benefit occurs in humans is unknown. Here, we randomly assigned 134 adult patients with CKD (creatinine clearance [CrCl] 15 to 30 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)) and serum bicarbonate 16 to 20 mmol/L to either supplementation with oral sodium bicarbonate or standard care for 2 yr. The primary end points were rate of CrCl decline, the proportion of patients with rapid decline of CrCl (>3 ml/min per 1...
September 2009: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25111593/role-of-troponin-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sylvie R Stacy, Catalina Suarez-Cuervo, Zackary Berger, Lisa M Wilson, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Eric B Bass, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have high prevalence of elevated serum troponin levels, which makes diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) challenging. PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of troponin in ACS diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis among patients with CKD. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through May 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Studies examining elevated versus normal troponin levels in terms of their diagnostic performance in detection of ACS, effect on ACS management strategies, and prognostic value for mortality or cardiovascular events after ACS among patients with CKD...
October 7, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
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