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PCOS

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By Ellen Pappas Osteopathic Medical Student
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136632/saturated-fat-intake-is-related-to-heart-rate-variability-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary%C3%A2-syndrome
#1
Scheila K Graff, Fernanda M Mario, Jose A Magalhães, Ruy S Moraes, Poli Mara Spritzer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a heightened risk for cardiovascular diseases in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) may reflect subclinical cardiovascular disease, with a putative association between HRV and dietary fat. This study evaluated HRV in PCOS and control women based on the dietary intake of saturated fatty acid (SFA). METHODS: Biochemical/hormonal profile, resting metabolic rate, physical activity, HRV in response to the Stroop test, and dietary intake were assessed in 84 PCOS and 54 control women stratified by median SFA intake in the PCOS group (8...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643088/potential-therapeutic-applications-of-human-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-analogues-in-reproductive-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Vitaly A Kushnir, David B Seifer, David H Barad, Aritro Sen, Norbert Gleicher
Members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily are key regulators of various physiological processes. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) which is also commonly known as Müllerian-inhibiting substance (MIS) is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily and an important regulator of reproductive organ differentiation and ovarian follicular development. While AMH has been used for diagnostic purposes as a biomarker for over 15 years, new potential therapeutic applications of recombinant human AMH analogues are now emerging as pharmacologic agents in reproductive medicine...
September 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624501/new-biomarkers-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Sidika E Karakas
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder affecting young women. Even though the definition of PCOS has changed over the years, all diagnostic criteria include two or more of the following: oligomenorrhea/oligoovulation/anovulation, androgen excess and polycystic ovaries (PCO). Traditional method of assessing the ovarian morphology has been transvaginal pelvic ultrasound. Recent studies support that serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels correlate with the number of ovarian follicles and cysts...
August 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636541/methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-c677t-polymorphism-and-the-risks-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-14-studies
#4
Lihong Wang, Wenting Xu, Caihong Wang, Mengyu Tang, Yujia Zhou
Some studies have reported an association between the Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C667T genetic variant and risk of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), although the results remain controversial. A systematic search was conducted on PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Ovid, Chinese National Knowledge Databases and WanFang databases with relevant keywords. Fourteen studies of sixteen distinct populations involving 1478 PCOS cases and used to conduct a meta-analysis. The T allele was not significantly associated with increased risk of PCOS [OR: 1...
June 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640441/adipose-tissue-derived-omentin-1-function-and-regulation
#5
Takuya Watanabe, Kaho Watanabe-Kominato, Yui Takahashi, Miho Kojima, Rena Watanabe
Omentin-1, also known as intelectin-1, is a recently identified novel adipocytokine of 313 amino acids, which is expressed in visceral (omental and epicardial) fat as well as mesothelial cells, vascular cells, airway goblet cells, small intestine, colon, ovary, and plasma. The level of omentin-1 expression in (pre)adipocytes is decreased by glucose/insulin and stimulated by fibroblast growth factor-21 and dexamethasone. Several lines of experimental evidence have shown that omentin-1 plays crucial roles in the maintenance of body metabolism and insulin sensitivity, and has anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, and cardiovascular protective effects via AMP-activated protein kinase/Akt/nuclear factor-κB/mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK, JNK, and p38) signaling...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642705/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-insights-into-the-therapeutic-approach-with-inositols
#6
REVIEW
Maria A Sortino, Salvatore Salomone, Michele O Carruba, Filippo Drago
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by hormonal abnormalities that cause menstrual irregularity and reduce ovulation rate and fertility, associated to insulin resistance. Myo-inositol (cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol, MI) and D-chiro-inositol (cis-1,2,4-trans-3,5,6-cyclohexanehexol, DCI) represent promising treatments for PCOS, having shown some therapeutic benefits without substantial side effects. Because the use of inositols for treating PCOS is widespread, a deep understanding of this treatment option is needed, both in terms of potential mechanisms and efficacy...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645211/akr1c3-mediated-adipose-androgen-generation-drives-lipotoxicity-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Michael W O'Reilly, Punith Kempegowda, Mark Walsh, Angela E Taylor, Konstantinos N Manolopoulos, J William Allwood, Robert K Semple, Daniel Hebenstreit, Warwick B Dunn, Jeremy W Tomlinson, Wiebke Arlt
Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent metabolic disorder occurring in up to 10% of women of reproductive age. PCOS is associated with insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk. Androgen excess is a defining feature of PCOS and has been suggested as causally associated with insulin resistance; however, mechanistic evidence linking both is lacking. We hypothesized that adipose tissue is an important site linking androgen activation and metabolic dysfunction in PCOS. Methods: We performed a human deep metabolic in vivo phenotyping study examining the systemic and intra-adipose effects of acute and chronic androgen exposure in 10 PCOS women, in comparison with 10 body mass index-matched healthy controls, complemented by in vitro experiments...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646699/insulin-and-the-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Djuro Macut, Jelica Bjekić-Macut, Dario Rahelić, Mirjana Doknić
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent endocrinopathy among women during reproductive age. PCOS is characterised by hyperandrogenaemia, hyperinsulinaemia, and deranged adipokines secretion from the adipose tissue. In addition to the reduced insulin sensitivity, PCOS women exhibit β-cell dysfunction as well. Low birth weight and foetal exposure to androgens may contribute to the development of the PCOS phenotype during life. Further metabolic complications lead to dyslipidaemia, worsening obesity and glucose tolerance, high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, and greater susceptibility to diabetes...
August 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649885/can-the-source-of-hyperandrogenism-in-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-predict-metabolic-phenotype
#9
Alaa Al Nofal, Lyndsay D Viers, Asma Javed
In this study, we demonstrated an association between adrenal hyperandrogenism, as determined by dehydroepiandrostenedione-to-free testosterone (DHEA-S/FT) ratio, and metabolic phenotype in obese and lean adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We compared 64 overweight/obese adolescents with PCOS (PCOS-O) with 18 lean (PCOS-L) adolescents. We analyzed the association between DHEA-S/FT ratios and metabolic parameters. Patients in the PCOS-O group were younger (median [interquartile range]) than those in the PCOS-L group (15 [15-17] vs...
June 24, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653944/association-between-serum-25-oh-vitamin-d-and-metabolic-disturbances-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
M A Keshavarz, S Moradi, Z Emami, F Rohani
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels and metabolic parameters together with androgenic hormone levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: This is a single-centre study from the Endocrinology Institute at Firouzgar Hospital in Iran. Seventy-three women aged 15-45 years were recruited from May 2013 to December 2013. Serum 25(OH) vitamin D level, other laboratory biomarkers and anthropometric indexes were measured...
June 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655971/significant-improvement-selected-mediators-of-inflammation-in-phenotypes-of-women-with-pcos-after-reduction-and-low-gi-diet
#11
Małgorzata Szczuko, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Dominika Maciejewska, Arleta Drozd, Andrzej Starczewski, Ewa Stachowska
Many researchers suggest an increased risk of atherosclerosis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. In the available literature, there are no studies on the mediators of inflammation in women with PCOS, especially after dietary intervention. Eicosanoids (HETE and HODE) were compared between the biochemical phenotypes of women with PCOS (normal and high androgens) and after the 3-month reduction diet. Eicosanoid profiles (9(S)-HODE, 13(S)-HODE, 5(S)-HETE, 12(S)-HETE, 15(S)-HETE, 5(S)-oxoETE, 16(R)-HETE, 16(S)-HETE and 5(S), 6(R)-lipoxin A4, 5(S), 6(R), 15(R)-lipoxin A4) were extracted from 0...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657375/metabolic-effect-of-obesity-on-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-adolescents-a-meta-analysis
#12
Li Li, Qiong Feng, Ming Ye, Yaojuan He, Aling Yao, Kun Shi
This meta-analysis provides an updated and comprehensive estimate of the effects of obesity on metabolic disorders in adolescent polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Relevant articles consistent with the search terms published up to 31 January 2014 were retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CENTRAL. Thirteen articles (16 independent studies) conformed to the inclusion criteria. The evaluated outcomes were the metabolic parameters of obese adolescents with PCOS (case group) relative to normal-weight adolescents with PCOS, or obese adolescents without PCOS...
November 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511809/the-management-of-anovulatory-infertility-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-an-analysis-of-the-evidence-to-support-the-development-of-global-who-guidance
#13
REVIEW
Adam H Balen, Lara C Morley, Marie Misso, Stephen Franks, Richard S Legro, Chandrika N Wijeyaratne, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Bart C J M Fauser, Robert J Norman, Helena Teede
BACKGROUND: Here we describe the consensus guideline methodology, summarise the evidence-based recommendations we provided to the World Health Organisation (WHO) for their consideration in the development of global guidance and present a narrative review on the management of anovulatory infertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of this paper was to present an evidence base for the management of anovulatory PCOS...
November 2016: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810402/impact-of-intermittent-fasting-on-health-and-disease-processes
#14
REVIEW
Mark P Mattson, Valter D Longo, Michelle Harvie
Humans in modern societies typically consume food at least three times daily, while laboratory animals are fed ad libitum. Overconsumption of food with such eating patterns often leads to metabolic morbidities (insulin resistance, excessive accumulation of visceral fat, etc.), particularly when associated with a sedentary lifestyle. Because animals, including humans, evolved in environments where food was relatively scarce, they developed numerous adaptations that enabled them to function at a high level, both physically and cognitively, when in a food-deprived/fasted state...
October 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580513/cumulative-live-birth-and-surplus-embryo-incidence-after-frozen-thaw-cycles-in-pcos-how-many-oocytes-do-we-need
#15
Yuan-Hui Chen, Qian Wang, Ya-Nan Zhang, Xiao Han, Dong-Han Li, Cui-Lian Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) and surplus embryo rate of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients during in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) treatment. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed 1142 PCOS patients who underwent first IVF in our institution between January 2011 and December 2014. All patients were categorized into five groups according to the number of oocytes retrieved...
September 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584602/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-metabolic-disorder-among-the-different-phenotypes-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#16
Mahnaz Ashrafi, Fatemeh Sheikhan, Arezoo Arabipoor, Nicole Rouhana, Roya Hosseini, Zahra Zolfaghari
OBJECTIVES: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder related to several metabolic consequences. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the metabolic features of various phenotypes. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and metabolic disorders among the four different phenotypes of PCOS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in Royan Institute including 208 pregnant women with a history of infertility and PCOS...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584836/effect-of-green-tea-on-metabolic-and-hormonal-aspect-of-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-overweight-and-obese-women-suffering-from-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-a-clinical-trial
#17
Hatav Gasemi Tehrani, Maryam Allahdadian, Farzane Zarre, Hanie Ranjbar, Fateme Allahdadian
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the common cause of Oligo-ovulation. This syndrome causes long-term metabolic issues as well as increase the risk of diabetes type 2, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease. The current research aimed to study the effect of green tea on weight and hormonal changes of women suffering from PCOS. METHODS: This two group, double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted in Isfahan city...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585716/detection-of-dendritic-cells-and-related-cytokines-in-follicular-fluid-of-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Tao Zhang, Fuying Tian, Ran Huo, Aifa Tang, Yong Zeng, Yong-Gang Duan
PROBLEM: The presence of dendritic cells (DCs) and associated cytokines in follicular fluid (FF) from patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) remains unknown. METHODS OF STUDY: FF was collected from PCOS patients and patients with severe male factor infertility (control) at the day of transvaginal oocyte retrieval. Phenotypes of DC were detected by flow cytometry, and TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-23 were assessed by ELISA. RESULTS: A significant decrease in the percentage of DC was found in patients with PCOS (16...
September 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546543/metabolic-profiling-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-reveals-interactions-with-abdominal-obesity
#19
A Couto Alves, B Valcarcel, V-P Mäkinen, L Morin-Papunen, S Sebert, A J Kangas, P Soininen, S Das, M De Iorio, L Coin, M Ala-Korpela, M-R Järvelin, S Franks
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive disorder associated with metabolic disturbances including obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. Here we investigate whether changes in the metabolic profile of PCOS women are driven by increased tendency to obesity or are specific features of PCOS related to increased testosterone levels. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an NMR metabolomics association study of PCOS cases (n=145) and controls (n=687) nested in a population-based birth cohort (n=3127)...
September 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570835/lifestyle-and-behavioral-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#20
Leah Brennan, Helena Teede, Helen Skouteris, Jake Linardon, Briony Hill, Lisa Moran
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition with serious physiological and psychological health consequences. It affects women across their reproductive lifespan and is associated with pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and large gestational-age babies. PCOS is associated with excess weight gain, which, in turn, exacerbates the health burden of PCOS. Therefore, weight management, including a modest weight loss, maintenance of weight loss, prevention of weight gain, and prevention of excess gestational weight gain, is a first-line treatment for women with PCOS during and independent of pregnancy...
August 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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