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General activity and wellness

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30 papers 100 to 500 followers MH Residency - general activity and wellness
Domhnall MacAuley, Adrian Bauman, Pierre Frémont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Katherine M Flegal, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Margaret D Carroll, Cheryl D Fryar, Cynthia L Ogden
IMPORTANCE: Between 1980 and 2000, the prevalence of obesity increased significantly among adult men and women in the United States; further significant increases were observed through 2003-2004 for men but not women. Subsequent comparisons of data from 2003-2004 with data through 2011-2012 showed no significant increases for men or women. OBJECTIVE: To examine obesity prevalence for 2013-2014 and trends over the decade from 2005 through 2014 adjusting for sex, age, race/Hispanic origin, smoking status, and education...
June 7, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Leon Mabire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Paul D Loprinzi, Eveleen Sng, Ovuokerie Addoh
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between physical activity and residual-specific mortality (deaths not from the major nine causes of death) among a national sample of adults in the United States, which has yet to be investigated. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were employed, with 16,329 participants constituting the analytical sample. Participants were followed through 2011, including a median follow-up of 101 months...
September 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Jasvir S Bahl, James Dollman, Kade Davison
OBJECTIVES: The American College of Sports Medicine and Exercise and Sports Science Australia recognise the importance of gathering a client history (subjective assessment) to inform clinical decisions for clients with chronic disease and/or disability. Despite the importance of the subjective assessment in problem-oriented exercise management, there is currently no primary evidence to indicate the important domains that should be addressed during the subjective assessment to guide safe and effective clinical decisions...
February 5, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Shumei Xu, Ying Xue
Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21-24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16-18% of individuals have abdominal obesity. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups. Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Samuele Marcora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Sports Medicine
Brandon Q Jones, Carlton J Covey, Marvin H Sineath
The role of the family physician in managing knee pain is expanding as recent literature supports nonsurgical management for many patients. Effective treatment depends on the etiology of knee pain. Oral analgesics-most commonly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetaminophen-are used initially in combination with physical therapy to manage the most typical causes of chronic knee pain. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons recommends against glucosamine/chondroitin supplementation for osteoarthritis...
November 15, 2015: American Family Physician
Graeme T Harding, Michael J Dunbar, Cheryl L Hubley-Kozey, William D Stanish, Janie L Astephen Wilson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an important risk factor for knee osteoarthritis initiation and progression. However, it is unclear how obesity may directly affect the mechanical loading environment of the knee joint, initiating or progressing joint degeneration. The objective of this study was to investigate the interacting role of obesity and moderate knee osteoarthritis presence on tibiofemoral contact forces and muscle forces within the knee joint during walking gait. METHODS: Three-dimensional gait analysis was performed on 80 asymptomatic participants and 115 individuals diagnosed with moderate knee osteoarthritis...
January 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Diego T Brunelli, Mara Patrícia T Chacon-Mikahil, Arthur F Gáspari, Wendell Arthur Lopes, Valéria Bonganha, Ivan Luiz P Bonfante, Maria Luisa Bellotto, Cleiton Augusto Libardi, Cláudia Regina Cavaglieri
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of 24 wk of combined training on proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory markers associated with obesity in obese middle-age men. METHODS: Thirty obese men (48.73 ± 1.04 yr; body mass index, 31.00 ± 0.29 kg·m) underwent 24 wk of combined training [CT (N = 17), aerobic (50%-85% of V˙O2peak) and resistance (6-10 maximum repetition [RM]) training)] three times per week, 60 min per session, or a control group (N = 13). Anthropometric measures, maximal strength for leg press and bench press, peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak) and serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, IL-15, resistin, leptin, and adiponectin were determined before (M1) and after 8 (M2), 16 (M3), and 24 (M4) wk of the experimental design...
October 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Vijay GC, Edward C F Wilson, Marc Suhrcke, Wendy Hardeman, Stephen Sutton
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether brief interventions promoting physical activity are cost-effective in primary care or community settings. DESIGN: Systematic review of economic evaluations. METHODS AND DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EconLit, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, the Cochrane library, National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database and the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry up to 20 August 2014. Web of Knowledge was used for cross-reference search...
April 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Patrick M Davitt, Joseph K Pellegrino, Jarrett R Schanzer, Harisics Tjionas, Shawn M Arent
Although both endurance (E) and resistance (R) exercise improve various health and fitness variables, there is still debate regarding the optimal ordering of these modes of exercise within a concurrent bout. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of performing E before R (E-R) or R before E (R-E) on strength, VO2max, and body composition over the course of an 8-week exercise program. Inactive college female subjects (N = 23; 19.8 ± 0.22 years; 61.0 ± 2.5 kg) were randomly assigned to either an E-R (n = 13) or an R-E (n = 10) group...
July 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Steven Mann, Christopher Beedie, Alfonso Jimenez
There is a direct relationship between chronically elevated cholesterol levels (dyslipidaemia) and coronary heart disease. A reduction in total cholesterol is considered the gold standard in preventative cardiovascular medicine. Exercise has been shown to have positive impacts on the pathogenesis, symptomatology and physical fitness of individuals with dyslipidaemia, and to reduce cholesterol levels. The optimal mode, frequency, intensity and duration of exercise for improvement of cholesterol levels are, however, yet to be identified...
February 2014: Sports Medicine
Haresh T Suppiah, Chee Yong Low, Michael Chia
Sport talent identification and development (TI and TD) in youth continues to attract strong interest among coaches, sport scientists and sport administrators. TI for sport in youth with the anticipation of future elite level sport achievement is both an art and a science, and is strongly influenced by within athlete and extraneous-to-athlete factors (ecosystem of support or the lack of). The returns from investment on current TI and TD models of sport in youth are subpar in that few continue in the sport to achieve podium positions at the elite sport level in adulthood...
July 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
A Baillot, J-P Baillargeon, C Brown, M-F Langlois
The main purpose of this study was to determine the association between the 6-min walk test distance (6MWTD) and physical functional capacity (PF) in primary care patients, as well as in obese individuals. We studied 351 subjects (age=56.8±14.6 years; BMI=29.4±5.7 kg/m(2); 68% women), including 141 obese subjects (BMI≥30 kg/m(2)), recruited in 10 different family practices. Physical (PCS) and mental component summary of the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and the 8 sub-scores were measured using the Short Form-36 Health Survey...
June 2015: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Paul M Ridker
Lifelong exposure to raised concentrations of LDL cholesterol increases cardiovascular event rates, and the use of statin therapy as an adjunct to diet, exercise, and smoking cessation has proven highly effective in reducing the population burden associated with hyperlipidaemia. Yet, despite consistent biological, genetic, and epidemiological data, and evidence from randomised trials, there is controversy among national guidelines and clinical practice with regard to LDL cholesterol, its measurement, the usefulness of population-based screening, the net benefit-to-risk ratio for different LDL-lowering drugs, the benefit of treatment targets, and whether aggressive lowering of LDL is safe...
August 16, 2014: Lancet
Peter F Kokkinos, Charles Faselis, Jonathan Myers, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Michael Doumas
BACKGROUND: Statins are commonly prescribed for management of dyslipidaemia and cardiovascular disease. Increased fitness is also associated with low mortality and is recommended as an essential part of promoting health. However, little information exists about the combined effects of fitness and statin treatment on all-cause mortality. We assessed the combined effects of statin treatment and fitness on all-cause mortality risk. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we included dyslipidaemic veterans from Veterans Affairs Medical Centers in Palo Alto, CA, and Washington DC, USA, who had had an exercise tolerance test between 1986, and 2011...
February 2, 2013: Lancet
David Montero, Guillaume Walther, Candela Diaz-Cañestro, Kyra E Pyke, Jaume Padilla
PURPOSE: Despite the growing research interest in vascular adaptations to exercise training over the last few decades, it remains unclear whether microvascular function in healthy subjects can be further improved by regular training. Herein, we sought to systematically review the literature and determine whether microvascular dilator function is greater in athletes compared to age-matched healthy untrained subjects. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Web of Science since their inceptions until October 2013 for articles evaluating indices of primarily microvascular endothelium-dependent or endothelium-independent dilation (MVEDD and MVEID, respectively) in athletes...
July 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Krista Casazza, Kevin R Fontaine, Arne Astrup, Leann L Birch, Andrew W Brown, Michelle M Bohan Brown, Nefertiti Durant, Gareth Dutton, E Michael Foster, Steven B Heymsfield, Kerry McIver, Tapan Mehta, Nir Menachemi, P K Newby, Russell Pate, Barbara J Rolls, Bisakha Sen, Daniel L Smith, Diana M Thomas, David B Allison
BACKGROUND: Many beliefs about obesity persist in the absence of supporting scientific evidence (presumptions); some persist despite contradicting evidence (myths). The promulgation of unsupported beliefs may yield poorly informed policy decisions, inaccurate clinical and public health recommendations, and an unproductive allocation of research resources and may divert attention away from useful, evidence-based information. METHODS: Using Internet searches of popular media and scientific literature, we identified, reviewed, and classified obesity-related myths and presumptions...
January 31, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
Bryan G Vopat, Stephen A Klinge, Philip K McClure, Paul D Fadale
Decades of research support the fact that much age-related deterioration is the result of the effects of sedentary lifestyles and the development of medical conditions rather than of aging itself. Elite older athletes, who demonstrate enhanced performance compared with historic cohorts and even some younger peers, are models of this paradigm. Many non-elite middle-aged adults and older adults continue to remain increasingly active throughout middle age and beyond. A continually growing body of basic science and clinical evidence demonstrates how active persons modulate physical decline through training...
September 2014: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
2014-09-05 23:55:42
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