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Pediatria

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846 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Mario Garcia Médico pediatra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189687/better-nights-better-days-distance-intervention-for-insomnia-in-school-aged-children-with-without-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Penny Corkum, Patricia Lingley-Pottie, Fiona Davidson, Patrick McGrath, Christine T Chambers, Jennifer Mullane, Sheila Laredo, Kimberley Woodford, Shelly K Weiss
OBJECTIVE: Better Nights/Better Days, a distance intervention for insomnia in school-aged children (with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]), was evaluated to determine its effectiveness on children's sleep and psychosocial functioning.  METHODS:  A single center, parallel group design randomized controlled trial (stratified on ADHD diagnosis) was conducted. Parents were randomized to intervention (n = 31) or waitlist control (n = 30), and completed questionnaires administered over the phone at baseline, postintervention (2 months), and follow-up (6 months)...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549751/prader-willi-syndrome-101-an-overview-for-pediatric-nurses
#2
Kathryn Anglin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217153/methylphenidate-induced-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Soumya Jhanda, Neha Singla, Sandeep Grover
Literature on the association of methylphenidate and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) is sparse. This report discusses a case of a 14-year-old boy, who developed OCS (in the form of need for symmetry, obsessive doubts; compulsive symptoms included the need to order/arrange articles and repeated checking behavior), within 10 days of starting methylphenidate at the dose of 15 mg/day. Stoppage of methylphenidate led to amelioration of OCS over 2 weeks. The case description suggests that whenever a child on stimulants presents with new-onset OCS, association of OCS with stimulants must be suspected before considering an independent diagnosis of comorbid OCS/obsessive-compulsive disorder...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553370/neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-a-radiological-review
#4
REVIEW
Shahina Bano, Vikas Chaudhary, Umesh Chandra Garga
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a devastating condition that may result in death or severe neurologic deficits in children. Neuroimaging with cranial ultrasound (US), computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are valuable tools in the workup of patients with HIE. The pattern of brain injury depends on the severity and duration of hypoxia and degree of brain maturation. Mild to moderate HI injury results in periventricular leukomalacia and germinal matrix bleed in preterm neonates, and parasagittal watershed infarcts in full-term neonates...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904568/pediatric-autoimmune-encephalitis
#5
REVIEW
Massimo Barbagallo, Giovanna Vitaliti, Piero Pavone, Catia Romano, Riccardo Lubrano, Raffaele Falsaperla
Autoimmune (antibody mediated) encephalitis (AE) is emerging as a more common cause of pediatric encephalopathy than previously thought. The autoimmune process may be triggered by an infection, vaccine, or occult neoplasm. In the latter case, onconeural autoantibodies are directed against intracellular neuronal antigens, but a recent heterogeneous group of encephalitic syndromes has been found not to have underlying tumor but is associated with autoantibodies to the neuronal surface or synaptic antigens. Neuropsychiatric symptoms are very common in autoimmune encephalopathy; as a result, affected children may be initially present to psychiatrists...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26776841/parental-refusal-of-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine
#6
Frances DiAnna Kinder
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore reasons why parents may defer administration of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to their children. The literature suggests that parents choose to defer administration of this vaccine for several reasons. Data from this pilot study will contribute to our understanding of why parents defer administration of the vaccine. METHOD: This mixed-methods study took place in a pediatric practice. After a health care visit in which the vaccine was deferred, a survey was provided to the parent in a private room...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896379/postexposure-management-of-vaccine-preventable-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Teri Moser Woo
Because some parents are choosing to not vaccinate or only partially vaccinate their children, vaccine-preventable diseases that once were rarely seen in pediatric practice must now be considered part of the differential diagnosis when caring for these children. Measles, mumps, varicella, meningococcal disease, pertussis, and influenza are reviewed. Recommendations for prevention and treatment of these vaccine-preventable diseases are discussed.
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26948259/clinical-evaluation-of-red-eyes-in-pediatric-patients
#8
Casey Beal, Beverly Giordano
Patients with the primary symptom of a red eye are commonly seen in pediatric primary care clinics. The differential diagnoses of a red eye are broad, but with a succinct history and physical examination, the diagnosis can be readily identified in many patients. Identifying conditions that threaten vision and understanding the urgency of referral to an ophthalmologist is paramount. Some systemic diseases such as leukemia, sarcoidosis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis can present with the chief symptom of a red eye...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268427/clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-treatment-of-pediatric-acute-gastroenteritis-in-the-outpatient-setting
#9
Rebecca A Carson, Shawna S Mudd, P Jamil Madati
Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common illness in childhood that usually can be treated in the outpatient setting. Inaccurate assessment or delayed treatment of AGE can lead to an increased risk for invasive interventions. A literature search was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL Plus, the Cochrane Library, and Embase. Results of the query were refined to narrow the focus of relevant studies for the provider caring for dehydrated children in the outpatient setting. Use of clinical dehydration scales to assess the level of dehydration and early initiation of oral rehydration therapy promote optimal patient outcomes...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765202/a-comprehensive-plan-to-prevent-bullying
#10
EDITORIAL
Martha K Swartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396105/eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-case-study-of-a-12-year-old-boy
#11
Katherine Kiely
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an underrecognized chronic condition in which symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux are accompanied by eosinophilia in the esophagus. This disorder affects both children and adults and is associated with a history of other atopic disorders, particularly food allergies. This case study discusses the epidemiology of eosinophilic esophagitis and the proper procedures for diagnosis, referral, and management using the dietary restrictions and pharmacologic treatment included in the clinical recommendations issued by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition; the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; and the American College of Gastroenterologists...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433064/resilience
#12
Gail Hornor
Every child is a unique individual. This individuality is evident in children exposed to psychosocial trauma or adverse childhood experiences. There exists wide variation in the way children respond to toxic stressors in their lives. Some children appear to be relatively unaffected, while others develop a variety of psychological, behavioral, and physical consequences. What is the explanation for this phenomenon? Resiliency has been suggested to explain this variation in pathology expressions in trauma-exposed children...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822674/increasing-parental-knowledge-related-to-the-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine
#13
Joseph J Cipriano, Robert Scoloveno, Angela Kelly
INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to evaluate parental attitudes toward general vaccination protocols and increase parental knowledge of the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine. METHODS: A nonprobability convenience sample (N = 75) using a pre-/postintervention study design was conducted in a pediatric office in southern New Jersey. The Parental Attitudes Module measured the general disposition toward having children receive any type of vaccine. The HPV Knowledge Survey was a second tool used to specifically measures knowledge of the HPV vaccine...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126385/galactocele-in-a-prepubertal-girl
#14
Veronica I Alaniz, Myrlene Jeudy, Mark Pearlman, Elisabeth H Quint
BACKGROUND: Galactoceles have been previously described as an unusual cause of benign breast enlargement in male infants and children. CASE: A 3-year-old prepubertal girl presented with a right-sided breast mass and was found to have a 4.4-cm hypoechoic cyst on ultrasound imaging with otherwise normal endocrine studies including prolactin levels. She underwent cyst aspiration which revealed milky fluid. Fat globules were identified with microscopic examination, confirming the diagnosis of a galactocele...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168768/imposing-penalties-for-vaccine-rejection-requires-strong-scrutiny
#15
Julie Leask, Margie Danchin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194893/let-children-be-children
#16
EDITORIAL
David Isaacs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251740/the-rights-of-children
#17
EDITORIAL
David Isaacs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470809/words-that-wound
#18
EDITORIAL
David Isaacs, Henry Kilham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664628/medication-prescribed-by-australian-paediatricians-psychotropics-predominate
#19
Daryl Efron, Margie H Danchin, Noel E Cranswick, Alisha Gulenc, Stephen Hearps, Harriet Hiscock
AIM: The aims of this study were to examine: (i) medications prescribed by Australian general and community paediatricians, (ii) predictors of prescribing (child age, gender) and (iii) changes in medication prescription between 2008 and 2013. METHODS: Two patient-level practice national audits were conducted by the Australian Paediatric Research Network in 2008 and 2013. General and community paediatricians in outpatient clinics and private practices recorded demographic data, diagnoses and medications prescribed for all patients seen over a 2-week period...
October 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776851/say-a-prayer-for-the-safe-cutting-of-a-child-s-teeth-the-folklore-of-teething
#20
Sarah Malkiel, Michal Eisenstadt, Uri Pollak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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