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By Mario Garcia Médico pediatra
Joyce Gomes de Moraes, Maria Eugênia Farias de Almeida Motta, Monique Ferraz de Sá Beltrão, Taciana Lima Salviano, Giselia Alves Pontes da Silva
Many factors explain dysbiosis in chronic constipation (CC), such as a low-fiber diet. The objective of this study was to compare the fecal microbiota of constipated and nonconstipated children and their intake frequencies of food. Methods. This observational study included 79 children (M/F 43/36) aged six to 36 months divided into two groups: cases (39 constipated children) and controls (40 nonconstipated children). We used a structured form to collect demographic variables, conducted anthropometric assessment, and collected food intake frequency data...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
Gagandeep Kang, Sowmyanarayanan V Thuppal, Rajan Srinivasan, Rajiv Sarkar, Beula Subashini, Srinivasan Venugopal, Kulandaipalayam Sindhu, Dhivya Anbu, Nathalie Parez, Lennart Svensson, Anuradha Bose
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of racecadotril on reduction in the duration of acute rotavirus and non-rotavirus diarrhea. DESIGN: Two randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trials. SETTING: Community-based trial in an urban area in Vellore, hospital-based trial at a secondary hospital in Vellore. PARTICIPANTS: 199 and 130 3-59 month old children in the community- and hospital-based trials, respectively. METHODS: Racecadotril (1...
July 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Satish Tiwari, Ketan Bharadva, Balraj Yadav, Sushma Malik, Prashant Gangal, C R Banapurmath, Zeeba Zaka-Ur-Rab, Urmila Deshmukh, - Visheshkumar, R K Agrawal
JUSTIFICATION: Shaping up the post-2015 development agenda is of crucial importance in the development process around the Globe as 2015 was the last year of milllionium development goals. It is the right time to asses our own progress vis-a-vis the Millennium Development Goals and these Guidelines are an attempt in that regard. PROCESS: The Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) chapter of Indian Academy of Pediatrics invited a group of experts for National Consultative Meet for discussing and contributing on latest scientific advances and developments...
August 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Manu R Sood, Sravan Reddy Matta
Functional abdominal pain (FAP) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) of childhood. Only a minority of patients with FAP seek medical attention, often presenting to the primary care physician while symptoms are still evolving. The bio-psychosocial model of treatment not only aims to alleviate the illness symptoms but also identifies and remedies the psychological comorbidities and social factors that contribute to illness behavior. Many patients with a mild illness can be managed in the primary care setting...
April 22, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Subhash Chettri, B Vishnu Bhat, B Adhisivam
In developing countries, meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates. The concepts of pathophysiology and management of meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) and meconium aspiration syndrome have undergone tremendous change in recent years. Routine intranatal and postnatal endotracheal suctioning of meconium in vigorous infants is no longer recommended. Recent studies have challenged its role even in non-vigorous infants. Supportive therapy like oxygen supplementation, mechanical ventilation and intravenous fluids are the cornerstone in the management of meconium aspiration syndrome...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Ali Ozdemir, Dilek Dogruel, Ozlem Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate vitamin D levels in patients with recurrent wheeze at early ages of childhood. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25 (OH)D], levels which is known as an indicator of vitamin D adequacy, was examined in infants with three or more wheezing attacks. RESULTS: A total of 186 infants with recurrent wheezing were included in the study along with 118 healthy control peers. The recurrent wheezing study participants were classified into two groups according to Asthma Predictive Index (API) positivity and compared to control subjects regarding their serum vitamin D status...
June 27, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Vivekanandan Kalaiselvan, Prasad Thota, Vipin Kumar, Madhvi Singh Rathore, Anusha Thota, Gyanendra Nath Singh
OBJECTIVE: To study the case series for intussusception associated with the vaccination of rotavirus vaccine in children. METHODS: The study of spontaneous adverse event monitoring such as intussusception due to rotavirus vaccine was carried out from the year 2011 through 2015. The individual case safety reports (ICSRs) of this event were collated, assessed and recorded as per the requirement of Suspected Adverse Drug Reactions Reporting form of Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI)...
September 19, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Amy A Gelfand, Peter J Goadsby
OBJECTIVE: To provide a summary of knowledge about the use of melatonin in the treatment of primary headache disorders. BACKGROUND: Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland; its production is regulated by the hypothalamus and increases during periods of darkness. METHODS: We undertook a narrative review of the literature on the role of melatonin in the treatment of primary headache disorders. RESULTS: There are randomized placebo-controlled trials examining melatonin for preventive treatment of migraine and cluster headache...
September 2016: Headache
Remy R Coeytaux, Deanna Befus
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current evidence that evaluates the effectiveness of acupuncture for the treatment or prevention of migraine, tension-type headache, and chronic headache disorders. METHODS: Findings from selected systematic reviews and meta-analyses are summarized. RESULTS: Recently published systematic reviews and meta-analyses demonstrate that acupuncture is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared to routine care only, medical management, and sham acupuncture 2 months after randomization...
July 2016: Headache
Deborah Tepper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Headache
Vincent T Martin, Brinder Vij
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive diets do not require the exclusion of a specific provocative food or ingredient, but regulate the quantities of core components of foods such as vitamins, ions, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence supporting the use of comprehensive diets in the prevention of migraine and other headache disorders and to discuss the mechanisms through which food, and ingredients within foods and beverages might trigger attacks of headache METHODS: This represents Part 2 of a narrative review of the role of diet in the prevention of migraine and other headache disorders...
October 2016: Headache
Vincent T Martin, Brinder Vij
BACKGROUND: The role of diet in the management of the headache patient is a controversial topic in the headache field. OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence supporting the hypothesis that specific foods or ingredients within foods and beverages trigger attacks of headache and/or migraine and to discuss the use of elimination diets in the prevention of headache disorders METHODS: This represents part 1 of a narrative review of the role of diet in the prevention of migraine and other headache disorders...
October 2016: Headache
Christina L Szperka, Amy A Gelfand, Andrew D Hershey
OBJECTIVE: To describe current patterns of use of nerve blocks and trigger point injections for treatment of pediatric headache. BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blocks are often used to treat headaches in adults and children, but the available studies and practice data from adult headache specialists have shown wide variability in diagnostic indications, sites injected, and medication(s) used. The purpose of this study was to describe current practice patterns in the use of nerve blocks and trigger point injections for pediatric headache disorders...
October 12, 2016: Headache
Punnee Pitisuttithum, Alain Bouckenooghe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Expert Review of Vaccines
Ralph A Tripp, Ted M Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Expert Review of Vaccines
Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
UNLABELLED: Children and/or their parents are in fear and anxiety when admitted to hospitals or undergo invasive surgeries or investigations. Clown therapy has been shown as an effective measure in reducing this hospital fear and anxiety. Hence, we carried out a systematic compilation of the existing evidence on the clinical utility of hospital clowns in pediatric population. Electronic databases were searched with an appropriate search strategy, and only randomized controlled trials comparing the effect of clown therapy with standard care in children were included...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Masako Hirabayashi, Masao Yoshinaga, Yuichi Nomura, Hiroya Ushinohama, Seiichi Sato, Nobuo Tauchi, Hitoshi Horigome, Hideto Takahashi, Naokata Sumitomo, Hirohiko Shiraishi, Masami Nagashima
: While the prevalence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has decreased worldwide, this decline has plateaued recently. Strategies are needed to resume the constant decrease of SIDS in Japan. A prospective electrocardiographic screening program for infants was performed between July 2010 and March 2011. Parents of 4319 infants were asked about environmental factors related to SIDS through questionnaires at a one-month medical checkup and one year. Parental awareness of prone position, smoke exposure, and breast feeding as environmental factors were 81...
September 23, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Jorgen Thorup, Dina Cortes
When considering long-term prognosis and results in adult age following treatment of cryptorchidism in childhood there are three main issues to be discussed: cosmetics, fertility, and malignancy. In the present review, the most recent research on the topics related to summaries of well-known knowledge on the field is presented.To some extent a smaller testis in a higher scrotal position than normal must be accepted as a fair cosmetic result after orchidopexy in childhood. The smaller testis size is related to the impaired fertility potential of the testis...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jack S Elder
Undescended testis (UDT) is the most common disorder of sexual development in boys and affects 3.5% of male newborns. Although approximately half of newborn UDTs descend spontaneously, some boys develop an ascending testis later in childhood. Recent guideline recommendations advocate orchiopexy by 18 months of age to maximize potential for fertility and perhaps reduce the risk for testicular carcinoma in the future. For palpable testes, a standard inguinal approach is appropriate. However, the prescrotal approach is often effective for low inguinal testes and reduces surgical time and patient discomfort with an equivalent success rate in boys with an ascending testis...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Julia Spencer Barthold, Susanne Reinhardt, Jorgen Thorup
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism is an isolated anomaly in the majority of cases, with evidence to date suggesting that it is a complex disorder resulting from interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Population, family, and limited genome-wide association data suggest moderate genetic risk, multiple susceptibility loci, and a role for the maternal environment. Epidemiologic studies have identified low birth weight or intrauterine growth retardation as factors most strongly associated with cryptorchidism, with additional evidence suggesting that maternal smoking and gestational diabetes increase risk...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
2016-10-21 14:06:01
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