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By Mario Garcia Médico pediatra
Eric H Rosenfeld, Richard Sola, Yangyang Yu, Shawn D St Peter, Sohail R Shah
PURPOSE: To review current management and outcomes of ingested batteries and develop a clinical management algorithm. METHODS: Children <18years old who ingested a battery between 1/2011 and 9/2016 at two tertiary care children's hospitals were reviewed. Demographics, imaging, management and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square and Wilcoxon Rank-sum tests. RESULTS: There were 180 battery ingestions. The median age was 3...
August 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Venkatachalam Raveenthiran
Circumcision is the oldest surgical operation known to mankind. It probably originated as a less radical form of genital mutilation inflicted on prisoners of war. Over time it was adopted by the Egyptian priesthood and nobility, perhaps inspired by the mythology of Osiris. In turn, circumcision became part of the Jewish and Muslim religious cultures. In contrast, ancient Greeks valued an intact prepuce, as evident from the nude figures of Renaissance art. In the 19th century, circumcision was touted as a treatment for excessive masturbation, seizures, epilepsy, and paraplegia...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Martha K Swartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Roberto Antonucci, Cristian Locci, Maria Grazia Clemente, Elena Chicconi, Luca Antonucci
Hypovitaminosis D in childhood is a re-emerging public health problem in developed countries. New life style habits, current "epidemics" of obesity in children and adolescents worldwide, and other preventable risk factors may play a role in favoring the occurrence of vitamin D deficiency. In addition to skeletal consequences, hypovitaminosis D has been found to be involved in the development of serious health extra-skeletal problems in childhood, including atopy and autoimmunity. The increasing concerns about the global health impact of vitamin D deficiency make further research necessary to fill the gaps of knowledge in this field, and particularly to establish universally accepted "normal" serum 25(OH)D levels in the pediatric population, and to improve strategies for the screening, prevention and treatment of hypovitaminosis D...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Brent R Collett, Brian G Leroux, Erin R Wallace, Emily Gallagher, Jason Shao, Matthew L Speltz
OBJECTIVE In this study, the authors examined head shape through age 36 months for children with and without a history of positional plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly (PPB). METHODS Infants with PPB (cases) were identified through a craniofacial clinic at the time of diagnosis. Infants without diagnosed PPB were identified through a participant registry. Clinician ratings of 3D cranial images were used to confirm the presence or absence of PPB. The cohort included 235 case infants (diagnosed PPB, confirmed with 3D imaging), 167 unaffected controls (no diagnosed PPB, no deformation detected), and 70 affected controls (no diagnosed PPB, discernible skull deformation)...
March 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Annalisa Deodati, Stefano Cianfarani
Growth hormone (GH) was first isolated from cadaver pituitary glands, requiring laborious and expensive collection of glands, followed by extraction and purification of the hormone. This limited supply restricted its use to children with severe GH deficiency who were treated with low dosages and suboptimal schedules. The development of recombinant DNA-derived GH, allowed the production of virtually unlimited amounts of GH, leading to the approval for therapy for a large number of childhood conditions characterized by non-GH deficient short stature...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Stephanie Libzon, Lihi Bar-Lev Schleider, Naama Saban, Luda Levit, Yulia Tamari, Ilan Linder, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Lubov Blumkin
A complex motor disorder is a combination of various types of abnormal movements that are associated with impaired quality of life (QOL). Current therapeutic options are limited. We studied the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of medical cannabis in children with complex motor disorder. This pilot study was approved by the institutional ethics committee. Two products of cannabidiol (CBD) enriched 5% oil formulation of cannabis were compared: one with 0.25% δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) 20:1 group, the other with 0...
August 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
David Isaacs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
David Isaacs, Henry Kilham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Michelle S Lorentzos, Richard Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
David Isaacs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Kim Oates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Megan A Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Mohammad S Alzahrani, Mary K Maneno, Monika N Daftary, La'Marcus Wingate, Earl B Ettienne
Objectives: Broad-spectrum antibiotics are frequently prescribed for children with upper respiratory tract infections (URI). Excessive use of broad-spectrum antibiotics leads to the emergence of resistant bacteria. This study aimed to identify factors associated with prescribing broad-spectrum antibiotics among children younger than 18 years presenting with URI in outpatient settings. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey-Outpatient Departments (NHAMCS-OPD) between 2006 and 2010...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
Lars Wichstrøm, Frode Stenseng, Jay Belsky, Tilmann von Soest, Beate Wold Hygen
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was included in the Addendum to DSM-5 as a condition for further study. Studies of community samples using a diagnostic interview are lacking, and evaluations of the proposed symptoms, comorbidities, and predictors of IGD are scarce. To provide such information participants in a Norwegian prospective community study were assessed with a clinical interview at age 10 years. Symptoms of other psychiatric disorders were measured with the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment at ages 8 and 10 (n = 740)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Javed Ismail, M Jayashree
Septic shock in children is associated with high mortality, especially in developing countries. Management includes early recognition, timely antibiotics, aggressive fluid resuscitation, and appropriate vasoactive therapy, to achieve the therapeutic end points. The evidence at each step in management has evolved over the past decade with a paradigm shift in emphasis from a 'protocolized care' to an 'individualized physiology-based care'. This shift mirrors the general trend one observes in critical care with respect to various treatment modalities i...
April 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
Anupam Sachdeva, Vinod Gunasekaran, Payal Malhotra, Dinesh Bhurani, Satya Prakash Yadav, Nita Radhakrishnan, Manas Kalra, Sunil Bhat, Ruchira Misra, Pramod Jog
JUSTIFICATION: Practitioners and people need information about the therapeutic potential of umbilical cord blood stem cells and pros and cons of storing cord blood in public versus private banks. PROCESS: Indian Academy of Pediatrics conducted a consultative meeting on umbilical cord blood banking on 25th June 2016 in Pune, attended by experts in the field of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation working across India. Review of scientific literature was also performed...
June 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
Rajniti Prasad, Abhishek Kumar, Om Prakash Mishra, Tej Bali Singh, Ankur Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Anju Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Atul Gupta, Gayathri Bhat, Paolo Pianosi
Asthma still causes considerable morbidity and mortality globally and minimal improvement has been seen in key outcomes over the last decade despite increasing treatment costs. This review summarizes recent advances in the management of asthma in children and adolescents. It focuses on the need for personalized treatment plans based on heterogenous asthma pathophysiology, the use of the terminology 'asthma attack' over exacerbation to instill widespread understanding of severity, and the need for every attack to trigger a structured review and focused strategy...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
2018-07-31 13:16:32
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