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By Daniel Spicer Third year med student
Axel Müller, Helge Franke, Karl-Ludwig Resch, Gary Fryer
CONTEXT: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common and often lifelong functional gastrointestinal disorder. There is a scarcity of effective management options for IBS. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh) for managing the symptoms of IBS. DATA SOURCES: Articles without language or publication-date restriction were searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, PEDro, OSTMED.DR, and Osteopathic Research Web...
June 2014: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
John C Licciardone, Robert J Gatchel, Cathleen M Kearns, Dennis E Minotti
CONTEXT: Depression and somatization are often present in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVES: To measure the presence of depression and somatization in patients with chronic LBP and to study the associations of depression and somatization with somatic dysfunction, LBP severity, back-specific functioning, and general health. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using baseline measures collected within a randomized controlled trial...
December 2012: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Donald R Noll, Brian F Degenhardt, Thomas F Morley, Francis X Blais, Kari A Hortos, Kendi Hensel, Jane C Johnson, David J Pasta, Scott T Stoll
BACKGROUND: The Multicenter Osteopathic Pneumonia Study in the Elderly (MOPSE) is a registered, double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial designed to assess the efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) as an adjunctive treatment in elderly patients with pneumonia. METHODS: 406 subjects aged >/= 50 years hospitalized with pneumonia at 7 community hospitals were randomized using concealed allocation to conventional care only (CCO), light-touch treatment (LT), or OMT groups...
March 19, 2010: Osteopathic Medicine and Primary Care
S Marx, U Cimniak, M Rütz, K L Resch
BACKGROUND: The etiology of chronic prostatitis chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is still unclear. As no pathological findings exist the diagnosis of CP/CPPS is essentially a diagnosis by exclusion and functional disorders, so-called somatoform disorders play a more important role. Osteopathy treats functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system including all associated internal organs but little attention has so far been paid to this treatment method. Therefore, the 5-year follow-up period was intended to show that this is a sustainable form of therapy using exclusively manual and gentle techniques and simple treatment procedures resulting in manageable costs...
March 2013: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement conventional treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, including those that cause low back pain. Osteopathic manipulative treatment is defined in the Glossary of Osteopathic Terminology as: "The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician (US Usage) to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction...
November 2010: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Henry W C Hundscheid, Manon J A E Pepels, Leopold G J B Engels, Ruud J L F Loffeld
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Effective treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not yet available. Osteopathy is a manual treatment which relies on mobilizing and manipulating procedures in order to relieve complaints. In the present study, a randomized controlled trial was carried out to evaluate the effects of osteopathic treatment for IBS. METHODS: Eligible IBS patients were randomized between osteopathy and standard care. Follow-up was 6 months and validated means of follow-up were used...
September 2007: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Karen Voigt, Jan Liebnitzky, Ute Burmeister, Henna Sihvonen-Riemenschneider, Matthias Beck, Roger Voigt, Antje Bergmann
OBJECTIVES: Migraine is one of the most prevalent neurological disorders in Europe, severely affecting ability to work and quality of life. Medical therapies are considered to be the "gold standard" of treatment. This study addresses osteopathic treatment for acute therapy or prophylactic therapy as an alternative to traditional therapies. DESIGN: Forty-two (42) female patients with migraine were randomized into an intervention group (n = 21) and a control group (n = 21)...
March 2011: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Stephanie D Moore, Kevin G Laudner, Todd A McLoda, Michael A Shaffer
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To compare a muscle energy technique (MET) for the glenohumeral joint (GHJ) horizontal abductors and an MET for the GHJ external rotators to improve GHJ range of motion (ROM) in baseball players. BACKGROUND: Overhead athletes often exhibit loss of GHJ ROM in internal rotation, which has been associated with shoulder pathology. Current stretching protocols aimed at improving flexibility of the posterior shoulder have resulted in inconsistent outcomes...
June 2011: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
John C Licciardone, Steve Buchanan, Kendi L Hensel, Hollis H King, Kimberly G Fulda, Scott T Stoll
OBJECTIVE: To study osteopathic manipulative treatment of back pain and related symptoms during the third trimester of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to compare usual obstetric care and osteopathic manipulative treatment, usual obstetric care and sham ultrasound treatment, and usual obstetric care only. Outcomes included average pain levels and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire to assess back-specific functioning...
January 2010: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Marta Martelli, Lucia Cardinali, Gina Barlafante, Gianfranco Pizzolorusso, Cinzia Renzetti, Francesco Cerritelli
BACKGROUND: Placebo effect has been largely studied and debated in medicine. Research focused mainly on children and adults but not on newborns. In osteopathy, few studies documented this effect and no research has been conducted in newborns. OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of placebo effect in newborns using sham osteopathic manipulative treatment. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. SETTING: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Italy...
April 2014: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
John C Licciardone, Dennis E Minotti, Robert J Gatchel, Cathleen M Kearns, Karan P Singh
PURPOSE: We studied the efficacy of osteopathic manual treatment (OMT) and ultrasound therapy (UST) for chronic low back pain. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled, 2 × 2 factorial design was used to study OMT and UST for short-term relief of nonspecific chronic low back pain. The 455 patients were randomized to OMT (n = 230) or sham OMT (n = 225) main effects groups, and to UST (n = 233) or sham UST (n = 222) main effects groups. Six treatment sessions were provided over 8 weeks...
March 2013: Annals of Family Medicine
John C Licciardone, Cathleen M Kearns, Dennis E Minotti
PURPOSE: To assess response to osteopathic manual treatment (OMT) according to baseline severity of chronic low back pain (LBP). METHODS: The OSTEOPATHIC Trial used a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled, 2×2 factorial design to study OMT for chronic LBP. A total of 269 (59%) patients reported low baseline pain severity (LBPS) (<50 mm/100 mm), whereas 186 (41%) patients reported high baseline pain severity (HBPS) (≥50 mm/100 mm). Six OMT sessions were provided over eight weeks and outcomes were assessed at week 12...
December 2013: Manual Therapy
J Michael Wieting, Christopher Beal, Gary L Roth, Sherman Gorbis, Lori Dillard, Dennis Gilliland, Jacob Rowan
CONTEXT: Several studies have investigated the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operations; however, there is little information regarding the effect of OMT in the postoperative recovery of patients undergoing CABG operations. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo a CABG operation were voluntarily enrolled and randomly assigned to receive 1 of 3 treatment protocols after their surgical procedure: standardized daily OMT and conventional postoperative care (the OMT group), daily time-matched placebo OMT and conventional postoperative care (the placebo group), or conventional postoperative care only (the control group)...
May 2013: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
James Fanning, Rod Hojat
CONTEXT: Postoperative ileus is a major complication of abdominal surgical procedures OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of ileus and gastrointestinal morbidity in patients who received immediate postoperative feeding and bowel stimulation after undergoing major gynecologic surgical procedures. METHODS: During a 5-year period, the authors tracked demographic, surgical outcome, and follow-up information for 707 patients who underwent major gynecologic operations...
August 2011: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Donald R Noll, Havilah Julia Sthole, Thomas A Cavalieri
Osteopathic medicine is a rapidly growing discipline in health care that has much to offer the wider biomedical community. A distinction of the osteopathic medical profession is the importance of an overall guiding philosophy. Despite the osteopathic medical profession's success, there remains concern about the profession's ability to maintain its unique identity. Among many factors that have contributed to the profession's success, certain axioms from its earliest days are pertinent to the profession's identity...
December 2013: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Gerard A Baltazar, Michael P Betler, Krishna Akella, Rishi Khatri, Regina Asaro, Akella Chendrasekhar
CONTEXT: Postoperative ileus is a known complication after abdominal operations, and the clinical efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in postoperative surgical patients has seldom been the subject of research. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relationship between postoperative use of OMT and postoperative outcomes in gastrointestinal surgical patients, including time to flatus, clear liquid diet, and bowel movement and postoperative hospital length of stay (LOS)...
March 2013: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Brian C Clark, Stevan Walkowski, Robert R Conatser, David C Eland, John N Howell
BACKGROUND: Muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI) measures transverse relaxation time (T2), and allows for determination of the spatial pattern of muscle activation. The purposes of this pilot study were to examine whether MRI-derived T2 or side-to-side differences in T2 (asymmetries) differ in low back muscles between subjects with acute low back pain (LBP) compared to asymptomatic controls, and to determine if a single osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) session alters these T2 properties immediately and 48-hours after treatment...
2009: Osteopathic Medicine and Primary Care
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