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By Jenny Chen Neuroradiikogist
H Fudaba, T Shimomura, T Abe, H Matsuta, Y Momii, K Sugita, H Ooba, T Kamida, T Hikawa, M Fujiki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pulsed arterial spin-labeling, DTI, and MR spectroscopy provide useful data for tumor evaluation. We evaluated multiple parameters by using these pulse sequences and the Ki-67 labeling index in newly diagnosed supratentorial gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All 32 patients, with grade II (3 each of diffuse astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, and oligoastrocytoma), grade III (3 anaplastic astrocytomas, 4 anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, and 1 anaplastic oligoastrocytoma), and grade IV (14 glioblastomas and 1 glioblastoma with an oligodendroglioma component) cases underwent pulsed arterial spin-labeling, DTI, and MR spectroscopy studies by using 3T MR imaging...
November 2014: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
D Lobsien, B Ettrich, K Sotiriou, J Classen, F Then Bergh, K-T Hoffmann
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Functional correlates of microstructural damage of the brain affected by MS are incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate correlations of visual-evoked potentials with microstructural brain changes as determined by DTI in patients with demyelinating central nervous disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients with clinically isolated syndrome or MS were prospectively recruited. The mean P100 visual-evoked potential latencies of the right and left eyes of each patient were calculated and used for the analysis...
November 2014: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
J Virhammar, K Laurell, K G Cesarini, E-M Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MR imaging is used in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of several imaging features and their prognostic use in the selection of shunt candidates with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative MR imaging scans of the brain were retrospectively evaluated in 108 patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus who had undergone a standardized, clinical evaluation before and 12 months after shunt surgery...
December 2014: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
M Lou, Z Chen, J Wan, H Hu, X Cai, Z Shi, J Sun
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Asymmetric hypointensity of cerebral veins on susceptibility-weighted imaging has been shown to indirectly reflect tissue hypoxia after cerebral ischemia. We therefore investigated whether patients with prominent asymmetry of the cerebral veins on SWI and a relatively small diffusion-weighted imaging lesion (SWI-DWI mismatch), representing the presence of salvageable tissue, were more likely to benefit from thrombolytic therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of the anterior circulation of patients with ischemic stroke with SWI/DWI acquired before thrombolysis...
November 2014: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
S Yamada, K Tsuchiya, W G Bradley, M Law, M L Winkler, M T Borzage, M Miyazaki, E J Kelly, J G McComb
This article provides an overview of phase-contrast and time-spatial labeling inversion pulse MR imaging techniques to assess CSF movement in the CNS under normal and pathophysiologic situations. Phase-contrast can quantitatively measure stroke volume in selected regions, notably the aqueduct of Sylvius, synchronized to the heartbeat. Judicious fine-tuning of the technique is needed to achieve maximal temporal resolution, and it has limited visualization of CSF motion in many CNS regions. Phase-contrast is frequently used to evaluate those patients with suspected normal pressure hydrocephalus and a Chiari I malformation...
April 2015: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
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