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Stones

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7 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Venkatesh Ariyamuthu Transplant Nephrologist at UT Southwestern Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497526/update-on-nephrolithiasis-core-curriculum-2016
#1
Anja Pfau, Felix Knauf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23546565/medical-management-to-prevent-recurrent-nephrolithiasis-in-adults-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-guideline
#2
REVIEW
Howard A Fink, Timothy J Wilt, Keith E Eidman, Pranav S Garimella, Roderick MacDonald, Indulis R Rutks, Michelle Brasure, Robert L Kane, Jeannine Ouellette, Manoj Monga
BACKGROUND: Optimum management to prevent recurrent kidney stones is uncertain. PURPOSE: To evaluate the benefits and harms of interventions to prevent recurrent kidney stones. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane, and other databases through September 2012 and reference lists of systematic reviews and randomized, controlled trials (RCTs). STUDY SELECTION: 28 English-language RCTs that studied treatments to prevent recurrent kidney stones and reported stone outcomes...
April 2, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376133/do-kidney-stone-formers-have-a-kidney-disease
#3
Anna L Zisman, Andrew P Evan, Fredric L Coe, Elaine M Worcester
Nephrolithiasis is a highly prevalent disorder affecting approximately one in eleven people and is associated with multiple complications including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease. Significant epidemiologic associations with chronic kidney disease and ESRD have been noted and are reviewed herein, but debate persists in the literature as to whether kidney stone formation is a pathogenic process contributing to kidney disease. Corroborating evidence supporting the presence of kidney disease in stone formers includes the variability of renal function by stone type, the positive association of stone size with renal dysfunction, the presence of markers of renal injury in the urine of even asymptomatic stone formers, and direct evidence of renal tissue injury on histopathology...
December 2015: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25354237/kidney-stones-are-common-after-bariatric-surgery
#4
John C Lieske, Ramila A Mehta, Dawn S Milliner, Andrew D Rule, Eric J Bergstralh, Michael G Sarr
Obesity, a risk factor for kidney stones and chronic kidney disease (CKD), is effectively treated with bariatric surgery. However, it is unclear whether surgery alters stone or CKD risk. To determine this we studied 762 Olmsted County, Minnesota residents who underwent bariatric surgery and matched them with equally obese control individuals who did not undergo surgery. The majority of bariatric patients underwent standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; 78%), with the remainder having more malabsorptive procedures (very long limb RYGB or biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch; 14%) or restrictive procedures (laparoscopic banding or sleeve gastrectomy; 7%)...
April 2015: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25229916/ultrasonography-versus-computed-tomography-for-suspected-nephrolithiasis
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rebecca Smith-Bindman, Chandra Aubin, John Bailitz, Rimon N Bengiamin, Carlos A Camargo, Jill Corbo, Anthony J Dean, Ruth B Goldstein, Richard T Griffey, Gregory D Jay, Tarina L Kang, Dana R Kriesel, O John Ma, Michael Mallin, William Manson, Joy Melnikow, Diana L Miglioretti, Sara K Miller, Lisa D Mills, James R Miner, Michelle Moghadassi, Vicki E Noble, Gregory M Press, Marshall L Stoller, Victoria E Valencia, Jessica Wang, Ralph C Wang, Steven R Cummings
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus about whether the initial imaging method for patients with suspected nephrolithiasis should be computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography. METHODS: In this multicenter, pragmatic, comparative effectiveness trial, we randomly assigned patients 18 to 76 years of age who presented to the emergency department with suspected nephrolithiasis to undergo initial diagnostic ultrasonography performed by an emergency physician (point-of-care ultrasonography), ultrasonography performed by a radiologist (radiology ultrasonography), or abdominal CT...
September 18, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25104802/a-nomogram-for-the-prediction-of-kidney-stone-recurrence
#6
EDITORIAL
Brian H Eisner, David S Goldfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25031016/salt-and-nephrolithiasis
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Ticinesi, Antonio Nouvenne, Naim M Maalouf, Loris Borghi, Tiziana Meschi
Dietary sodium chloride intake is nowadays globally known as one of the major threats for cardiovascular health. However, there is also important evidence that it may influence idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis onset and recurrence. Higher salt intake has been associated with hypercalciuria and hypocitraturia, which are major risk factors for calcium stone formation. Dietary salt restriction can be an effective means for secondary prevention of nephrolithiasis as well. Thus in this paper, we review the complex relationship between salt and nephrolithiasis, pointing out the difference between dietary sodium and salt intake and the best methods to assess them, highlighting the main findings of epidemiologic, laboratory and intervention studies and focusing on open issues such as the role of dietary salt in secondary causes of nephrolithiasis...
January 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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