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Puericultura

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76 papers 100 to 500 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241784/ivermectin-versus-permethrin-in-the-treatment-of-scabies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Ashar Dhana, Hsi Yen, Jean-Phillip Okhovat, Eunyoung Cho, NaNa Keum, Nonhlanhla P Khumalo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979664/oily-skin-a-review-of-treatment-options
#2
REVIEW
Dawnielle C Endly, Richard A Miller
One of the most common dermatologic concerns is oily skin, and the demand for effective treatment options is ever apparent. This review article addresses numerous topical treatment options such as retinoids, olumacostat glasaretil, and various cosmeceutical agents. several systemic and procedural techniques that incorporate isotretinoin, spironolactone, oral contraceptives, botulinum toxin, photodynamic therapy, and lasers are reviewed as well. Each treatment option is analyzed in terms of the proposed mechanism of action, efficacy reported in the literature, and potential adverse effects...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084831/the-care-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-their-primary-medical-home
#3
REVIEW
M Regina Lantin-Hermoso, Stuart Berger, Ami B Bhatt, Julia E Richerson, Robert Morrow, Michael D Freed, Robert H Beekman
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth anomaly. With advances in repair and palliation of these complex lesions, more and more patients are surviving and are discharged from the hospital to return to their families. Patients with CHD have complex health care needs that often must be provided for or coordinated for by the primary care provider (PCP) and medical home. This policy statement aims to provide the PCP with general guidelines for the care of the child with congenital heart defects and outlines anticipated problems, serving as a repository of current knowledge in a practical, readily accessible format...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109104/advocating-for-the-dream-act-why-pediatricians-should-care-and-what-they-can-do
#4
Mark Kuczewski, John D Lantos, Zarna Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972464/guidelines-for-the-management-of-congenital-heart-diseases-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969890/lactobacillus-reuteri-for-infants-with-colic-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nicole Y Fatheree, Yuying Liu, Christopher M Taylor, Thomas K Hoang, Chunyan Cai, Mohammad H Rahbar, Manouchehr Hessabi, Michael Ferris, Valarie McMurtry, Christine Wong, Ta Vu, Theresa Dancsak, Ting Wang, Wallace Gleason, Vinay Bandla, Fernando Navarro, Dat Q Tran, J Marc Rhoads
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety of probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri strain Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen (DSM) 17938 with daily administration to healthy infants with colic and to determine the effect of L reuteri strain DSM 17938 on crying, fussing, inflammatory, immune, and microbiome variables. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a controlled, double-blinded, phase 1 safety and tolerability trial in healthy breast-fed infants with colic, aged 3 weeks to 3 months, randomly assigned to L reuteri strain DSM 17938 (5 × 108 colony-forming units daily) or placebo for 42 days and followed for 134 days...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555299/life-with-one-kidney
#7
Michiel F Schreuder
Life with a solitary functioning kidney (SFK) may be different from that when born with two kidneys. Based on the hyperfiltration hypothesis, a SFK may lead to glomerular damage with hypertension, albuminuria and progression towards end-stage renal disease. As the prognosis of kidney donors was considered to be very good, having a SFK has been considered to be a benign condition. In contrast, our research group has demonstrated that being born with or acquiring a SFK in childhood results in renal injury before adulthood in over 50% of those affected...
April 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401050/the-new-rome-iv-criteria-for-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-infants-and-toddlers
#8
REVIEW
Judith Zeevenhooven, Ilan J N Koppen, Marc A Benninga
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common worldwide and cover a wide range of disorders attributable to the gastrointestinal tract that cannot be explained by structural or biochemical abnormalities. The diagnosis of these disorders relies on the symptom-based Rome criteria. In 2016 the Rome criteria were revised for infants/toddlers and for children and adolescents. In this review, we discuss the novel Rome IV criteria for infants and toddlers. The criteria for infant colic were drastically changed, whereas only minor changes were made for regurgitation, cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional diarrhea, infant dyschezia and functional constipation...
March 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687906/early-nutrition-growth-and-cognitive-development-of-infants-from-birth-to-2-years-in-malaysia-a-study-protocol
#9
Abdul Razak Nurliyana, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Wan Ying Gan, Kit-Aun Tan
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of life is a critical period of rapid growth and brain development. During this period, nutrition and environmental factors play important roles in growth and cognitive development of a child. This report describes the study protocol of early nutrition, growth and cognitive development of infants from birth to 2 years of age. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study of mothers and infants recruited from government health clinics in Seremban district in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia...
September 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096515/tonsillectomy-versus-watchful-waiting-for-recurrent-throat-infection-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Anna Morad, Nila A Sathe, David O Francis, Melissa L McPheeters, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
CONTEXT: The effectiveness of tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy ("tonsillectomy") for recurrent throat infection compared with watchful waiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare sleep, cognitive, behavioral, and health outcomes of tonsillectomy versus watchful waiting in children with recurrent throat infections. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687532/management-of-undescended-testes-european-association-of-urology-european-society-for-paediatric-urology-guidelines
#11
Christian Radmayr, Hasan S Dogan, Piet Hoebeke, Radim Kocvara, Rien Nijman, Selcuk Silay, Raimund Stein, Shabnam Undre, Serdar Tekgul
CONTEXT: Undescended testis is the most common endocrinological disease in the male newborn period. Incidence varies between 1.0% and 4.6% in full-term neonates, with rates as high as 45% in preterm neonates. Failure or delay of treatment can result in reduced fertility and/or increased testicular cancer risk in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of boys with undescended testes which reduce the risk of impaired fertility and testicular cancer in adulthood...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604932/how-to-raise-a-genius-lessons-from-a-45-year-study-of-super-smart-children
#12
Tom Clynes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22569527/diagnostic-approach-and-management-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-in-infants-and-children-espghan-gi-committee-practical-guidelines
#13
S Koletzko, B Niggemann, A Arato, J A Dias, R Heuschkel, S Husby, M L Mearin, A Papadopoulou, F M Ruemmele, A Staiano, M G Schäppi, Y Vandenplas
OBJECTIVES: This guideline provides recommendations for the diagnosis and management of suspected cow's-milk protein allergy (CMPA) in Europe. It presents a practical approach with a diagnostic algorithm and is based on recently published evidence-based guidelines on CMPA. DIAGNOSIS: If CMPA is suspected by history and examination, then strict allergen avoidance is initiated. In certain circumstances (eg, a clear history of immediate symptoms, a life-threatening reaction with a positive test for CMP-specific IgE), the diagnosis can be made without a milk challenge...
August 2012: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380599/algorithms-for-common-gastrointestinal-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Yvan Vandenplas
Regurgitation, infantile colic and, or, constipationare frequent during the first 12 months of life, and although they aremost of the time functional disorders, these conditions can also be related to cow's milk. Practical algorithms for their management are presented. Management consists of exclusion of warning signs for organic disease, parental reassurance and nutritional strategies. The proposed algorithms will assist healthcare providers to manage frequent gastrointestinal and cows' milkrelated symptoms in infants...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26408108/how-we-diagnose-and-treat-iron-deficiency-anemia
#15
REVIEW
Michael Auerbach, John W Adamson
It is estimated that one-third of the world's population is anemic, the majority being due to iron deficiency (ID). In adults, ID is associated with fatigue in the absence of anemia, restless legs syndrome, pica and, in neonates, delayed growth and development. In adolescents, ID is associated with decrements in learning and behavioral abnormalities. In the absence of a clear cause, search for a source of bleeding is indicated. No single test is diagnostic of ID unless the serum ferritin is low or the percent transferrin saturation is low with an elevated total iron binding capacity...
January 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190100/evaluation-of-delayed-puberty-what-diagnostic-tests-should-be-performed-in-the-seemingly-otherwise-well-adolescent
#16
REVIEW
Leah Abitbol, Stephen Zborovski, Mark R Palmert
Delayed puberty (DP) is defined as the lack of pubertal development by an age that is 2-2.5 SDs beyond the population mean. Although it generally represents a normal variant in pubertal timing, concern that DP could be the initial presentation of a serious underlying disorder has led to a diagnostic approach that is variable and may include tests that are unnecessary and costly. In this review, we examine available literature regarding the recommended diagnostic tests and aetiologies identified during the evaluation of youth with DP...
August 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26589959/etiologies-of-conjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-infancy-a-systematic-review-of-1692-subjects
#17
REVIEW
Lena E Gottesman, Michael T Del Vecchio, Stephen C Aronoff
BACKGROUND: The etiologies of conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in infancy are diverse. OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence rates of the specific etiologies of conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in infancy. DATA SOURCES: EMBASE and Pubmed were searched electronically and the bibliographies of selected studies were search manually. The search was conducted independently by two authors. STUDY SELECTION: (1) prospective or retrospective case series or cohort study with 10 or more subjects; (2) consecutive infants who presented with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia; (3) subjects underwent appropriate diagnostic work-up for conjugated hyperbilirubinemia; (4) no specific diagnoses were excluded in the studied cohort...
November 20, 2015: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929420/asthma-in-childhood
#18
REVIEW
Fernando Maria de Benedictis, Marina Attanasi
Several topics on childhood asthma were addressed in the Paediatric Clinical Year in Review session at the 2015 European Respiratory Society International Congress. With regard to the relationship between lower respiratory tract infections and asthma, it emerges that is the number of respiratory episodes in the first years of life, but not the particular viral trigger, to be associated with later asthma development. Understanding which characteristics of individual patients are associated with an increased risk for asthma exacerbation is a critical step to implement strategies preventing these seasonal events...
March 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897386/guidelines-of-care-for-the-management-of-acne-vulgaris
#19
REVIEW
Andrea L Zaenglein, Arun L Pathy, Bethanee J Schlosser, Ali Alikhan, Hilary E Baldwin, Diane S Berson, Whitney P Bowe, Emmy M Graber, Julie C Harper, Sewon Kang, Jonette E Keri, James J Leyden, Rachel V Reynolds, Nanette B Silverberg, Linda F Stein Gold, Megha M Tollefson, Jonathan S Weiss, Nancy C Dolan, Andrew A Sagan, Mackenzie Stern, Kevin M Boyer, Reva Bhushan
Acne is one of the most common disorders treated by dermatologists and other health care providers. While it most often affects adolescents, it is not uncommon in adults and can also be seen in children. This evidence-based guideline addresses important clinical questions that arise in its management. Issues from grading of acne to the topical and systemic management of the disease are reviewed. Suggestions on use are provided based on available evidence.
May 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908688/pediatric-pes-planus-a-state-of-the-art-review
#20
REVIEW
James B Carr, Scott Yang, Leigh Ann Lather
Flatfoot (pes planus) is common in infants and children and often resolves by adolescence. Thus, flatfoot is described as physiologic because it is usually flexible, painless, and of no functional consequence. In rare instances, flatfoot can become painful or rigid, which may be a sign of underlying foot pathology, including arthritis or tarsal coalition. Despite its prevalence, there is no standard definition for pediatric flatfoot. Furthermore, there are no large, prospective studies that compare the natural history of idiopathic, flexible flat feet throughout development in response to various treatments...
March 2016: Pediatrics
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