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Inpatient Psychopharmacology Lit Search

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162 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Edwin Kim Resident Physician, Aspiring Addiction Psychiatrist
Ying Qiao, Fuzhong Yang, Chunbo Li, Qian Guo, Hui Wen, Suoyu Zhu, Qiong Ouyang, Weidi Shen, Jianhua Sheng
This study investigated the effects of a low-dose aripiprazole adjunctive treatment for risperidone- or paliperidone-induced hyperprolactinemia in Han Chinese women with schizophrenia. After 4 weeks of risperidone or paliperidone treatment, 60 out of 66 patients improved significantly and experienced hyperprolactinemia. They were randomly assigned to the treatment group (aripiprazole adjunctive treatment) (n=30) or control group (non-adjunctive treatment) (n=30). The dosage of risperidone and paliperidone were maintained; and aripiprazole was maintained at 5mg/day during the 8-week study period...
March 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Rafał R Jaeschke, Magdalena Sowa-Kućma, Patrycja Pańczyszyn-Trzewik, Paulina Misztak, Krzysztof Styczeń, Wojciech Datka
The aim of this paper was to review the up-to-date evidence base on pharmacology and clinical properties of lurasidone. Lurasidone is an atypical antipsychotic, approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar depression. Lurasidone exhibits both an antipsychotic and antidepressant action. Based on its pharmacodynamics profile, it is believed that the drug's clinical action is mediated mainly through the D2, 5-HT2A and 5-HT7 receptors inhibition. In patients with schizophrenia the recommended dose range is 40-80mg/day...
August 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Leonardo V Lopez, John M Kane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
S V Sathish Kumar, Vinod Kumar Sinha
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunctions have been a major side effect of the second generation anti-psychotic drugs which often affects treatment compliance in patients with schizophrenia. There is no/few systematic review or research addressing sexual dysfunction and their effect on serum prolactin level among different atypical antipsychotics in India. AIMS: To determine and compare the frequency of sexual dysfunction associated with olanzapine, risperidone, and clozapine and their effect on serum prolactin level in remitted patients with schizophrenia...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Thomas Scheidemantel, Irina Korobkova, Soham Rej, Martha Sajatovic
Asenapine (Saphris(®)) is an atypical antipsychotic drug which has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of schizophrenia in adults, as well as the treatment of acute manic or mixed episodes of bipolar I in both adult and pediatric populations. Asenapine is a tetracyclic drug with antidopaminergic and antiserotonergic activity with a unique sublingual route of administration. In this review, we examine and summarize the available literature on the safety, efficacy, and tolerability of asenapine in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD)...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Kevin J Friesen, Shawn C Bugden
BACKGROUND: Citalopram is the most commonly prescribed antidepressant in Canada. Concerns have been raised about its cardiac safety, and a dose-dependent prolongation of the QT interval has been documented. Drug interactions involving concomitant use of other medications that prolong the QT interval or increase citalopram levels by interfering with its metabolism increase the cardiac risk. Regulatory bodies (Health Canada and the US Food and Drug Administration) issued warnings and required labeling changes in 2011/2012, suggesting maximum citalopram doses (<40 mg for those <65 years; <20 mg for those ≥65 years) and avoiding drug interactions that increase cardiac risk...
2015: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
T Scott Stroup, Tobias Gerhard, Stephen Crystal, Cecilia Huang, Mark Olfson
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared the effectiveness of initiating treatment with either clozapine or a standard antipsychotic among adults with evidence of treatment-resistant schizophrenia in routine clinical practice. METHOD: U.S. national Medicaid data from 2001 to 2009 were used to examine treatment outcomes in a cohort of patients with schizophrenia and evidence of treatment resistance that initiated clozapine (N=3,123) and in a propensity score-matched cohort that initiated a standard antipsychotic (N=3,123)...
February 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
M C Mauri, S Paletta, M Maffini, A Colasanti, F Dragogna, C Di Pace, A C Altamura
This review will concentrate on the clinical pharmacology, in particular pharmacodynamic data, related to atypical antipsychotics, clozapine, risperidone, paliperidone, olanzapine, que¬tiapine, amisulpride, ziprasidone, aripiprazole, asenapine, iloperidone, lurasidone and cariprazine. A summary of their acute pharmacokinetics properties are also reported. Four new second-generation antipsychotics are available: iloperidone, asenapine, lurasidone and in the next future cariprazine. Similar to ziprasidone and aripiprazole, these new agents are advisable for the lower propensity to give weight gain and metabolic abnormalities in comparison with older second-generation antipsychotics such as olanzapine or clozapine...
2014: EXCLI journal
Saeed Shoja Shafti, Hamid Kaviani
INTRODUCTION: Around 40-60% of the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) remain unimproved by serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs). Goal of this study was to compare the efficiency and safety of aripiprazole versus quetiapine, in patients with OCD, who did not respond effectively to fluvoxamine. METHOD: A total of 44 female inpatients with OCD, who did not respond successfully to fluvoxamine at maximum dose (300 mg/day) and duration (12 weeks), were assigned randomly, in a double-blind trial, to receive aripiprazole (n = 22) or quetiapine (n = 22), in addition to their SRI, for 12 weeks...
February 2015: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
Georgia L Stevens, Gail Dawson, Jacqueline Zummo
AIM: Results from clinical trials support the use of oral antipsychotics for treatment of early or first-episode psychosis in patients with schizophrenia. This paper will review literature on the advantages of early initiation of treatment for schizophrenia and the clinical benefits of early use of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs). METHOD: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to identify published literature on the use of LAIs early in the treatment of schizophrenia...
October 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Lee S Cohen, Adele C Viguera, Kathryn A McInerney, Marlene P Freeman, Alexandra Z Sosinsky, Danna Moustafa, Samantha P Marfurt, Molly A Kwiatkowski, Shannon K Murphy, Adriann M Farrell, David Chitayat, Sonia Hernández-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: Second-generation antipsychotics are used to treat a spectrum of psychiatric illnesses in reproductive-age women. The National Pregnancy Registry for Atypical Antipsychotics was established to determine the risk of major malformations among infants exposed to second-generation antipsychotics during pregnancy relative to a comparison group of unexposed infants of mothers with histories of psychiatric morbidity. METHOD: Women were prospectively followed during pregnancy and the postpartum period; obstetric, labor, delivery, and pediatric medical records were obtained...
March 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
John Yin, Abby C Collier, Alasdair M Barr, William G Honer, Ric M Procyshyn
Paliperidone palmitate long-acting injectable is a second-generation antipsychotic indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia. According to the product monograph, the monthly maintenance dose of paliperidone palmitate can be given in either the deltoid or gluteal muscle. Unfortunately, many clinicians may misinterpret these directions to mean that these intramuscular sites are interchangeable, and thus therapeutically equivalent. Currently, the literature on this topic is sparse, but the published pharmacokinetic studies and Food and Drug Administration submission data on paliperidone palmitate show discrepancies in the elimination half-life, peak plasma concentration, and absorption rate that are dependent on the site of injection...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Nina Khachiyants, Rizwan Ali, Csaba P Kovesdy, Jonna G Detweiler, Kye Y Kim, Mark B Detweiler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2010: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Kari M Ersland, Silje Skrede, Therese H Røst, Rolf K Berge, Vidar M Steen
Several antipsychotics have well-known adverse metabolic effects. Studies uncovering molecular mechanisms of such drugs in patients are challenging due to high dropout rates, previous use of antipsychotics and restricted availability of biological samples. Rat experiments, where previously unexposed animals are treated with antipsychotics, allow for direct comparison of different drugs, but have been hampered by the short half-life of antipsychotics in rodents. The use of long-acting formulations of antipsychotics could significantly increase the value of rodent models in the molecular characterization of therapeutic and adverse effects of these agents...
December 2015: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Chittaranjan Andrade
Pills and capsules may release their contents within minutes of ingestion; these are immediate-release formulations. Pills and capsules may also release their contents after a time lag, or a little at a time, or in some other predetermined way; these are time-release formulations. Many drugs in psychiatry have been time-release formulated to reduce their local adverse effects in the gastrointestinal tract, to reduce adverse effects associated with peak blood levels, or to artificially extend their half-life...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Donald C Goff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
Rachel Franklin, Sam Zorowitz, Andrew K Corse, Alik S Widge, Thilo Deckersbach
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a debilitating and difficult-to-treat psychiatric disease that presents a serious burden to patients' lives as well as health care systems around the world. The essential diagnostic criterion for BD is episodes of mania or hypomania; however, the patients report that the majority of their time is spent in a depressive phase. Current treatment options for this component of BD have yet to achieve satisfactory remission rates. Lurasidone is a drug in the benzisothiazole class approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in June 2013 for the acute treatment of bipolar depression...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Christoffer Polcwiartek, Benjamin Sneider, Claus Graff, David Taylor, Jonathan Meyer, Jørgen K Kanters, Jimmi Nielsen
RATIONALE: Certain antipsychotics increase the risk of heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) prolongation and consequently Torsades de Pointes (TdP) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Drug-induced Brugada syndrome (BrS) is also associated with SCD. Most SCDs occur in patients with additional cardiac risk factors. OBJECTIVES: Aripiprazole's cardiac safety has not been assessed in patients at high risk for torsade, where QTc prolongation risk is highly increased. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and The Cochrane Library were searched for preclinical, clinical, and epidemiological studies...
September 2015: Psychopharmacology
Oloruntoba Oluboka, Sandra Stewart, Suzette Landry, Susan Adams
This study prospectively assessed outcomes in a group of patients who were randomly switched from Clozaril to generic clozapine (Gen-Clozapine). The authors examined data from rating scales administered before the switch and at points after the switch. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups on any baseline measures, including psychiatric status and dose of medication. In the group of patients who were switched to the generic formulation, there was a significant increase in Global Assessment Scale scores by the end of the 6-month monitoring period...
May 2010: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Markus Dold, Gernot Fugger, Martin Aigner, Rupert Lanzenberger, Siegfried Kasper
BACKGROUND: Non-response to an initial antipsychotic trial emerges frequently in the pharmacological management of schizophrenia. Increasing the dose (high-dose treatment, dose escalation) is an often applied strategy in this regard, but there are currently no meta-analytic data available to ascertain the evidence of this treatment option. METHODS: We systematically searched for all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared a dose increase directly to the continuation of standard-dose medication in patients with initial non-response to a prospective standard-dose pharmacotherapy with the same antipsychotic compound...
August 2015: Schizophrenia Research
2015-07-11 01:01:29
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