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Sports medicine

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122 papers 1000+ followers MH Residency - Sports Medicine
Trevor A Lentz, Mark V Paterno, Jonathan C Riboh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Jill L Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Yorikatsu Omi, Dai Sugimoto, Setsurou Kuriyama, Tomohisa Kurihara, Kenji Miyamoto, Songjo Yun, Tatsuhiro Kawashima, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Programs to prevent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female basketball players are scarce. Also, ACL injury prevention training that focuses on hip joint function has not been reported. PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of a hip-focused ACL injury prevention program in female basketball players. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A prospective intervention study was conducted for 12 years...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Kyle M A Thompson, Joshua T Slysz, Jamie F Burr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Nicholas G Mohtadi, Denise S Chan
BACKGROUND: Physicians counseling athletes on the prognosis of sport-specific performance outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) depend on the published literature. However, critical appraisal of the validity and biases in these studies is required to understand how ACLR affects an athlete's ability to return to sport, the athlete's sport-specific performance, and his or her ability to achieve preinjury levels of performance. PURPOSE: This review identifies the published prognostic studies evaluating sport-specific performance outcomes after ACLR...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Tim J Gabbett, Billy T Hulin, Peter Blanch, Rod Whiteley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Peter Blanch, Tim J Gabbett
The return to sport from injury is a difficult multifactorial decision, and risk of reinjury is an important component. Most protocols for ascertaining the return to play status involve assessment of the healing status of the original injury and functional tests which have little proven predictive ability. Little attention has been paid to ascertaining whether an athlete has completed sufficient training to be prepared for competition. Recently, we have completed a series of studies in cricket, rugby league and Australian rules football that have shown that when an athlete's training and playing load for a given week (acute load) spikes above what they have been doing on average over the past 4 weeks (chronic load), they are more likely to be injured...
April 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Georgia M Black, Tim J Gabbett, Michael H Cole, Geraldine Naughton
BACKGROUND: The ability to monitor training load accurately in professional sports is proving vital for athlete preparedness and injury prevention. While numerous monitoring techniques have been developed to assess the running demands of many team sports, these methods are not well suited to throwing-dominant sports that are infrequently linked to high running volumes. Therefore, other techniques are required to monitor the differing demands of these sports to ensure athletes are adequately prepared for competition...
October 2016: Sports Medicine
Tim J Gabbett, Simon Kearney, Leslie J Bisson, Joe Collins, Robby Sikka, Nathan Winder, Craig Sedgwick, Ed Hollis, Jeremy M Bettle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Nicholas B Murray, Tim J Gabbett, Andrew D Townshend, Peter Blanch
OBJECTIVE: To determine if any differences exist between the rolling averages and exponentially weighted moving averages (EWMA) models of acute:chronic workload ratio (ACWR) calculation and subsequent injury risk. METHODS: A cohort of 59 elite Australian football players from 1 club participated in this 2-year study. Global positioning system (GPS) technology was used to quantify external workloads of players, and non-contact 'time-loss' injuries were recorded. The ACWR were calculated for a range of variables using 2 models: (1) rolling averages, and (2) EWMA...
May 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Geoffrey D Abrams, Wenteh Chang, Jason L Dragoo
BACKGROUND: A variety of medications are administered to the intra-articular space for the relief of joint pain. While amide-type local anesthetics have been extensively studied, there is minimal information regarding the potential chondrotoxicity of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid medications. PURPOSE: To investigate the in vitro chondrotoxicity of single-dose equivalent concentrations of ketorolac, morphine, meperidine, and fentanyl on human chondrocytes...
December 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Brian Hainline, Judith A Turner, J P Caneiro, Mike Stewart, G Lorimer Moseley
Pain is a common problem among elite athletes and is frequently associated with sport injury. Both injury and pain interfere with peak performance. Pain management should be based on the physiological, anatomical and psychosocial influences on the individual's pain and is not equivalent to injury management, which focuses on musculoskeletal recovery and return-to-play. This narrative review provides a foundation for understanding the differing causes and types of pain in elite athletes, thereby serving as a springboard for comprehensive pain management...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Tim J Gabbett, George P Nassis, Eric Oetter, Johan Pretorius, Nick Johnston, Daniel Medina, Gil Rodas, Tom Myslinski, Dan Howells, Adam Beard, Allan Ryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Johann Windt, Bruno D Zumbo, Ben Sporer, Kerry MacDonald, Tim J Gabbett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael G Ciccotti, Keisha M Pollack, Michael C Ciccotti, John D'Angelo, Christopher S Ahmad, David Altchek, James Andrews, Frank C Curriero
BACKGROUND: Elbow injuries cause significant disability for the throwing athlete. Scant data are available on the distribution and characteristics of these injuries in elite baseball players. No study exists that focuses solely on the epidemiological characteristics of elbow injuries in professional baseball players using a comprehensive injury surveillance system. HYPOTHESIS: Professional baseball players have a high occurrence of elbow injuries influenced by factors including length of time playing, time period within the annual baseball season, and specific position played...
August 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Toby O Smith, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael S Rathleff, James Selfe, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal disorders are a prevalent and costly global health issue. A new form of exercise therapy focused on loading and resistance programmes that temporarily aggravates a patient's pain has been proposed. The object of this review was to compare the effect of exercises where pain is allowed/encouraged compared with non-painful exercises on pain, function or disability in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain within randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Two authors independently selected studies and appraised risk of bias...
December 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Anders Ploug Boesen, Rudi Hansen, Morten Ilum Boesen, Peter Malliaras, Henning Langberg
BACKGROUND: Injection therapies are often considered alongside exercise for chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT), although evidence of their efficacy is sparse. PURPOSE: To determine whether eccentric training in combination with high-volume injection (HVI) or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections improves outcomes in AT. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1. METHODS: A total of 60 men (age, 18-59 years) with chronic (>3 months) AT were included and followed for 6 months (n = 57)...
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Yashika Patel, Peter Goljan, Todd P Pierce, Anthony Scillia, Kimona Issa, Vincent K McInerney, Anthony Festa
Nasal fractures represent approximately 60% of all maxillofacial injuries that occur in athletic activities; however, there are no current guidelines regarding immediate sideline management of these injuries. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to (1) summarize the anatomy, etiology, and incidence of nasal fractures, and (2) evaluate the current body of literature regarding immediate on-field and subsequent outpatient management. It is imperative to establish that the athlete's airway is not compromised and there are no other severe concomitant injuries, such as a concussion, ocular injury, or leakage of cerebrospinal fluid...
October 2017: Sports Medicine
Adrian Mellor, Josh Bakker-Dyos, John O╩╝Hara, David Richard Woods, David A Holdsworth, Christopher J Boos
INTRODUCTION: The autonomic system and sympathetic activation appears integral in the pathogenesis of acute mountain sickness (AMS) at high altitude (HA), yet a link between heart rate variability (HRV) and AMS has not been convincingly shown. In this study we investigated the utility of the smartphone-derived HRV score to predict and diagnose AMS at HA. METHODS: Twenty-one healthy adults were investigated at baseline at 1400 m and over 10 days during a trek to 5140 m...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Cervical spine injuries are extremely common and range from relatively minor injuries, such as cervical muscle strains, to severe, life-threatening cervical fractures with spinal cord injuries. Although cervical spine injuries are most common in athletes who participate in contact and collision sports, such as American football and rugby, they also have been reported in athletes who participate in noncontact sports, such as baseball, gymnastics, and diving. Cervical spine injuries in athletes are not necessarily the result of substantial spine trauma; some athletes have chronic conditions, such as congenital stenosis, that increase their risk for a serious cervical spine injury after even minor trauma...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
2017-03-31 23:28:18
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