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Sports medicine

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99 papers 1000+ followers MH Residency - Sports Medicine
Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Jeremy W Riekena, Scott Hetzel, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Recommendations exist to encourage safe youth participation in sport. These recommendations include not specializing in 1 sport, limiting participation to less than 8 months per year, and limiting participation to fewer hours per week than a child's age. However, limited evidence exists to support or refute these recommendations. HYPOTHESIS: High levels of specialization will be associated with a history of injuries and especially overuse injuries, independent of age, sex, or weekly sport training hours...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Luke Hughes, Bruce Paton, Ben Rosenblatt, Conor Gissane, Stephen David Patterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Low-load exercise training with blood flow restriction (BFR) can increase muscle strength and may offer an effective clinical musculoskeletal (MSK) rehabilitation tool. The aim of this review was to systematically analyse the evidence regarding the effectiveness of this novel training modality in clinical MSK rehabilitation. DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis of peer-reviewed literature examining BFR training in clinical MSK rehabilitation (Research Registry; researchregistry91)...
March 4, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G O'Connor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed prior to participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for cardiovascular screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the centre of the controversy is the addition of a resting ECG to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Lindsay S Macnaughton, Sophie L Wardle, Oliver C Witard, Chris McGlory, D Lee Hamilton, Stewart Jeromson, Clare E Lawrence, Gareth A Wallis, Kevin D Tipton
The currently accepted amount of protein required to achieve maximal stimulation of myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) following resistance exercise is 20-25 g. However, the influence of lean body mass (LBM) on the response of MPS to protein ingestion is unclear. Our aim was to assess the influence of LBM, both total and the amount activated during exercise, on the maximal response of MPS to ingestion of 20 or 40 g of whey protein following a bout of whole-body resistance exercise. Resistance-trained males were assigned to a group with lower LBM (≤65 kg; LLBM n = 15) or higher LBM (≥70 kg; HLBM n = 15) and participated in two trials in random order...
August 2016: Physiological Reports
Domhnall MacAuley, Adrian Bauman, Pierre Frémont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Ryan A Mlynarek, Andrew W Kuhn, Asheesh Bedi
The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions has become more prevalent in recent years. Current literature has exhibited that PRP injections are relatively safe and can potentially accelerate or augment the soft tissue healing process. This review presents the most current literature update on the use of PRP in the treatment of rotator cuff tears, osteoarthritis of the knee, ulnar collateral ligament tears, lateral epicondylitis, hamstring injuries, and Achilles tendinopathy...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Endre Soreide, Lars-Petter Granan, Geir A Hjorthaug, Birgitte Espehaug, Sigbjørn Dimmen, Lars Nordsletten
BACKGROUND: The administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is controversial because it may impair tissue healing and clinical outcomes. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of NSAID administration on patients undergoing ACLR. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Included patients were aged >15 years and were registered in the Norwegian Knee Ligament Registry from 2008 until 2013 after the primary ACLR...
December 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Adam G Culvenor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Lisbeth Runge Larsen, Peter Lund Kristensen, Tina Junge, Signe Fuglkjær Møller, Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Niels Wedderkopp
PURPOSE: Physical activity-related injuries in children constitute a costly public health matter. The influence of motor performance on injury risk is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine if motor performance was a risk factor of traumatic and overuse lower extremity injuries in a normal population of children. METHODS: This study included 1244 participants from 8 to 14 yr old at baseline, all participating in the "Childhood Health, Activity and Motor Performance School Study Denmark...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ben Darlow, Peter B O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Hege Grindem, Lynn Snyder-Mackler, Håvard Moksnes, Lars Engebretsen, May Arna Risberg
BACKGROUND: Knee reinjury after ACL reconstruction is common and increases the risk of osteoarthritis. There is sparse evidence to guide return to sport (RTS) decisions in this population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between knee reinjury after ACL reconstruction and (1) return to level I sports, (2) timing of RTS and (3) knee function prior to return. METHODS: 106 patients who participated in pivoting sports participated in this prospective 2-year cohort study...
July 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Romain Seil, Roland Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Roald Bahr
This paper addresses if and how a periodic health examination to screen for risk factors for injury can be used to mitigate injury risk. The key question asked is whether it is possible to use screening tests to identify who is at risk for a sports injury-in order to address the deficit through a targeted intervention programme. The paper demonstrates that to validate a screening test to predict and prevent sports injuries, at least 3 steps are needed. First, a strong relationship needs to be demonstrated in prospective studies between a marker from a screening test and injury risk (step 1)...
July 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Shawn W Hawkins, Jeremy R Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic modalities (TM) are used by sports physical therapists (SPT) but how they are used is unknown. PURPOSE: To identify the current clinical use patterns for cryotherapy among SPT. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: All members (7283) of the Sports Physical Therapy Section of the APTA were recruited. A scenario-based survey using pre-participation management of an acute or sub-acute ankle sprain was developed...
February 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
James A Onate, Joshua S Everhart, Daniel R Clifton, Thomas M Best, James R Borchers, Ajit M W Chaudhari
OBJECTIVE: A stated goal of the preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is to reduce musculoskeletal injury, yet the musculoskeletal portion of the PPE is reportedly of questionable use in assessing lower extremity injury risk in high school-aged athletes. The objectives of this study are: (1) identify clinical assessment tools demonstrated to effectively determine lower extremity injury risk in a prospective setting, and (2) critically assess the methodological quality of prospective lower extremity risk assessment studies that use these tools...
November 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Mohammed Ihsan, Greig Watson, Chris R Abbiss
Intense training results in numerous physiological perturbations such as muscle damage, hyperthermia, dehydration and glycogen depletion. Insufficient/untimely restoration of these physiological alterations might result in sub-optimal performance during subsequent training sessions, while chronic imbalance between training stress and recovery might lead to overreaching or overtraining syndrome. The use of post-exercise cold water immersion (CWI) is gaining considerable popularity among athletes to minimize fatigue and accelerate post-exercise recovery...
August 2016: Sports Medicine
Henrike Teunisje Dorothé van der Does, Michel Sanne Brink, Ruby Tina Ardi Otter, Chris Visscher, Koen Alfons Plechelmus Marie Lemmink
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate if changes in perceived stress and recovery over the course of a season are risk factors for acute and overuse injuries. DESIGN: A prospective nonexperimental cohort design. SETTING: Data were gathered at the SportsFieldLab Groningen and at the facilities of the participating teams. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-six male and female basketball, volleyball, and korfball players aged 21...
January 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Melanie Lesinski, Olaf Prieske, Urs Granacher
OBJECTIVES: To quantify age, sex, sport and training type-specific effects of resistance training on physical performance, and to characterise dose-response relationships of resistance training parameters that could maximise gains in physical performance in youth athletes. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified by systematic literature search in the databases PubMed and Web of Science (1985-2015)...
July 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Amelia J Wiggins, Ravi K Grandhi, Daniel K Schneider, Denver Stanfield, Kate E Webster, Gregory D Myer
BACKGROUND: Injury to the ipsilateral graft used for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or a new injury to the contralateral ACL are disastrous outcomes after successful ACL reconstruction (ACLR), rehabilitation, and return to activity. Studies reporting ACL reinjury rates in younger active populations are emerging in the literature, but these data have not yet been comprehensively synthesized. PURPOSE: To provide a current review of the literature to evaluate age and activity level as the primary risk factors in reinjury after ACLR...
July 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
E B Kramer, L Serratosa, J Drezner, J Dvorak
The European Resuscitation Council (ERC) 2015 Guidelines for Resuscitation were published recently. For the first time, these guidelines included a subsection on 'cardiac arrest during sports activities' in the section dealing with cardiac arrest in special circumstances, endorsing both the importance and unique nature of this form of cardiac arrest. This paper reviews four critical areas in the management of sudden cardiac arrest in a football player: recognition, response, resuscitation and removal from the field of play...
January 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
2015-12-12 14:50:35
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