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Peds & adolesence

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21 papers 100 to 500 followers MH Residency - Pediatric & Adolescent Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25466410/femoral-nerve-block-is-associated-with-persistent-strength-deficits-at-6-months-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#1
T David Luo, Ali Ashraf, Diane L Dahm, Michael J Stuart, Amy L McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Femoral nerve block (FNB) has become a popular method of postoperative analgesia for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in pediatric and adolescent patients. Successful rehabilitation after surgery involves return of quadriceps and hamstring strength. PURPOSE: To compare knee strength and function 6 months after ACL reconstruction in pediatric and adolescent patients who received FNB versus patients with no nerve block. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
February 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677043/cross-sectional-study-of-low-back-pain-lbp-in-children-and-adolescents-prevalence-and-risk-factor
#2
Rihab Moncer, Sonia Jemni, Samia Frioui, Emna Toulgui, Iheb BelHadjYoussef, Fayçal Khachnaoui
OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of non specific LBP in children and adolescents and identify factors directly associated with LBP, which will allow us to establish a program to prevent non specific LBP in childhood. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study about 444 students, 201 boys and 243 girls, with average age of 14.95 years. Evaluation includes anthropometric assessment, extensibility of sub pelvic muscles and the endurance of back muscles and quadriceps with spine examination...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587835/exercise-not-a-miracle-cure-just-good-medicine
#3
Domhnall MacAuley, Adrian Bauman, Pierre Frémont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26765628/motor-performance-as-risk-factor-for-lower-extremity-injuries-in-children
#4
Lisbeth Runge Larsen, Peter Lund Kristensen, Tina Junge, Signe Fuglkjær Møller, Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Niels Wedderkopp
PURPOSE: Physical activity-related injuries in children constitute a costly public health matter. The influence of motor performance on injury risk is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine if motor performance was a risk factor of traumatic and overuse lower extremity injuries in a normal population of children. METHODS: This study included 1244 participants from 8 to 14 yr old at baseline, all participating in the "Childhood Health, Activity and Motor Performance School Study Denmark...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26978166/physical-exam-risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injury-in-high-school-athletes-a-systematic-review
#5
James A Onate, Joshua S Everhart, Daniel R Clifton, Thomas M Best, James R Borchers, Ajit M W Chaudhari
OBJECTIVE: A stated goal of the preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is to reduce musculoskeletal injury, yet the musculoskeletal portion of the PPE is reportedly of questionable use in assessing lower extremity injury risk in high school-aged athletes. The objectives of this study are: (1) identify clinical assessment tools demonstrated to effectively determine lower extremity injury risk in a prospective setting, and (2) critically assess the methodological quality of prospective lower extremity risk assessment studies that use these tools...
November 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045088/pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-transphyseal-versus-physeal-sparing-techniques
#6
Todd P Pierce, Kimona Issa, Anthony Festa, Anthony J Scillia, Vincent K McInerney
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is becoming more common in skeletally immature individuals, and it may be performed with transphyseal or physeal-sparing techniques. A number of studies have assessed the outcomes of these techniques, but there is a need to systematically evaluate the pooled data from these studies. PURPOSE: To compare the differences in demographics and outcomes of transphyseal and physeal-sparing techniques by assessing (1) demographics, (2) incidence of growth disturbances, and (3) graft survivorship in the pediatric population...
April 4, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851290/effects-and-dose-response-relationships-of-resistance-training-on-physical-performance-in-youth-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Melanie Lesinski, Olaf Prieske, Urs Granacher
OBJECTIVES: To quantify age, sex, sport and training type-specific effects of resistance training on physical performance, and to characterise dose-response relationships of resistance training parameters that could maximise gains in physical performance in youth athletes. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified by systematic literature search in the databases PubMed and Web of Science (1985-2015)...
July 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26772611/risk-of-secondary-injury-in-younger-athletes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Amelia J Wiggins, Ravi K Grandhi, Daniel K Schneider, Denver Stanfield, Kate E Webster, Gregory D Myer
BACKGROUND: Injury to the ipsilateral graft used for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or a new injury to the contralateral ACL are disastrous outcomes after successful ACL reconstruction (ACLR), rehabilitation, and return to activity. Studies reporting ACL reinjury rates in younger active populations are emerging in the literature, but these data have not yet been comprehensively synthesized. PURPOSE: To provide a current review of the literature to evaluate age and activity level as the primary risk factors in reinjury after ACLR...
July 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25912072/do-graft-diameter-or-patient-age-influence-the-results-of-acl-reconstruction
#9
Jean Baptiste Marchand, Nicolas Ruiz, Augustin Coupry, Mark Bowen, Henri Robert
PURPOSE: Hamstring tendons are commonly used as a graft source for ACL reconstruction. This study seeks to determine whether either the diameter of the tendon graft or the age of the patient influences the outcome of the ACL reconstruction when measured using a standard, previously validated laxity measurement device. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 88 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction with a short, quadrupled tendon technique, using the semitendinosus ± gracilis tendons...
September 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25915146/limitations-of-current-aha-guidelines-and-proposal-of-new-guidelines-for-the-preparticipation-examination-of-athletes
#10
Tim P Dunn, David Pickham, Sonya Aggarwal, Divya Saini, Nikhil Kumar, Matthew T Wheeler, Marco Perez, Euan Ashley, Victor F Froelicher
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of athletes who screen positive with the preparticipation examination guidelines from the American Heart Association, the AHA 12-elements, in combination with 3 screening electrocardiogram (ECG) criteria. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Stanford University Sports Medicine Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Total of 1596 participants, including 297 (167 male; mean age, 16...
November 2015: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25907182/detecting-and-developing-youth-athlete-potential-different-strokes-for-different-folks-are-warranted
#11
REVIEW
Haresh T Suppiah, Chee Yong Low, Michael Chia
Sport talent identification and development (TI and TD) in youth continues to attract strong interest among coaches, sport scientists and sport administrators. TI for sport in youth with the anticipation of future elite level sport achievement is both an art and a science, and is strongly influenced by within athlete and extraneous-to-athlete factors (ecosystem of support or the lack of). The returns from investment on current TI and TD models of sport in youth are subpar in that few continue in the sport to achieve podium positions at the elite sport level in adulthood...
July 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24777218/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention
#12
REVIEW
Cynthia R LaBella, William Hennrikus, Timothy E Hewett
The number of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries reported in athletes younger than 18 years has increased over the past 2 decades. Reasons for the increasing ACL injury rate include the growing number of children and adolescents participating in organized sports, intensive sports training at an earlier age, and greater rate of diagnosis because of increased awareness and greater use of advanced medical imaging. ACL injury rates are low in young children and increase sharply during puberty, especially for girls, who have higher rates of noncontact ACL injuries than boys do in similar sports...
May 2014: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24743929/a-review-of-adolescent-high-intensity-interval-training
#13
REVIEW
Greig R M Logan, Nigel Harris, Scott Duncan, Grant Schofield
Despite the promising evidence supporting positive effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the metabolic profile in adults, there is limited research targeting adolescents. Given the rising burden of chronic disease, it is essential to implement strategies to improve the cardiometabolic health in adolescence, as this is a key stage in the development of healthy lifestyle behaviours. This narrative review summarises evidence of the relative efficacy of HIIT regarding the metabolic health of adolescents...
August 2014: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24698037/osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-knee-pathoanatomy-epidemiology-and-diagnosis
#14
REVIEW
Nathan L Grimm, Jennifer M Weiss, Jeffrey I Kessler, Stephen K Aoki
Although several hypotheses have been described to explain the cause of osteochondritis dissecans, no single hypothesis has been accepted in the orthopedic community. Given its increased incidence among athletes, most in the sports medicine community agree that repetitive microtrauma plays at least some role in its development. Knowledge regarding the epidemiology and pathoanatomy of osteochondritis dissecans has helped the understanding of osteochondritis dissecans; however, much is still to be learned about this condition and its cause...
April 2014: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24567251/pediatric-sports-injuries-a-comparison-of-males-versus-females
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrea Stracciolini, Rebecca Casciano, Hilary Levey Friedman, Cynthia J Stein, William P Meehan, Lyle J Micheli
BACKGROUND: There is still much that we do not know about differences in sports injuries between young male and female athletes and the factors that may increase the risk for injuries in this regard. PURPOSE: To describe and compare differences between males and females in pediatric sports-related injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed using a 5% random sampling (N = 2133) of medical records of children aged 5 to 17 years seen over 10 years in a sports medicine clinic at a large academic pediatric hospital...
April 2014: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24096445/trends-in-pediatric-sports-related-and-recreation-related-injuries-in-the-united-states-in-the-last-decade
#16
Marios G Lykissas, Emily A Eismann, Shital N Parikh
BACKGROUND: There is an apparent increase in pediatric sports and recreation (SR)-related injuries in the United States in the last decade. The aim of this study was to compare injuries in 2000 to injuries sustained in 2005 and 2010 to determine the trend in 8 most common pediatric SR-related injuries in the United States in the last decade. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was queried for injuries sustained in the 5- to 14-year age group for the 8 most common SR-related activities for years 2000, 2005, and 2010...
December 2013: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23739684/pediatric-sports-injuries-an-age-comparison-of-children-versus-adolescents
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrea Stracciolini, Rebecca Casciano, Hilary Levey Friedman, William P Meehan, Lyle J Micheli
BACKGROUND: Significant knowledge deficits exist regarding sports injuries in the young child. Children continue to engage in physically demanding, organized sports to a greater extent despite the lack of physical readiness, predisposing themselves to injury. PURPOSE: To evaluate sports injuries sustained in very young children (5-12 years) versus their older counterparts (13-17 years) with regard to the type and location of injuries, severity, and diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
August 2013: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23478929/shoulder-injuries-in-young-athletes
#18
Megan M May, Julie Y Bishop
With increasing levels of competition at earlier ages, young athletes are becoming more susceptible to shoulder injuries. Overuse injuries in throwers are common conditions seen in pediatric and adolescent athletes. Little League shoulder and superior labial injuries are common due to the repetitive and high rotational forces placed on the shoulder during the throwing motion. Shoulder instability as a result of traumatic events occurring in collision sports is another frequent reason for young athletes to present to a sports medicine clinic...
March 2013: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21094406/imaging-pediatric-sports-injuries-upper-extremity
#19
REVIEW
Kirkland W Davis
With increasing youth participation in organized sports, more injuries in this age group are being treated by primary care and sports medicine physicians. Overuse injuries are much more common now than in past decades, with Little League shoulder, Little League elbow, and gymnast wrist being particular concerns. Rotator cuff tears and glenoid labral injuries, once thought to be rare in this age group, are also more common now. Osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow is relatively common and typically fares poorly without surgery...
November 2010: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19040943/diagnosing-acute-appendicitis-are-we-overusing-radiologic-investigations
#20
Kenneth K Y Wong, Tammy W Y Cheung, Paul K H Tam
PURPOSE: Acute appendicitis is the most common emergency presenting to pediatric surgeons. With proper history and thorough physical examination, the diagnosis of the condition clinically should approach 90%. With the increasing ease of performing radiologic investigations because of technological advances, more ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) are used to help diagnosing appendicitis. The aim of this study is to review the trend of diagnosing appendicitis in a single center and discuss the implications...
December 2008: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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