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30 papers 500 to 1000 followers MH Residency - Hip
Donald A Neumann
The 21 muscles that cross the hip provide both triplanar movement and stability between the femur and acetabulum. The primary intent of this clinical commentary is to review and discuss the current understanding of the specific actions of the hip muscles. Analysis of their actions is based primarily on the spatial orientation of the muscles relative to the axes of rotation at the hip. The discussion of muscle actions is organized according to the 3 cardinal planes of motion. Actions are considered from both femoral-on-pelvic and pelvic-on-femoral perspectives, with particular attention to the role of coactivation of trunk muscles...
February 2010: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Karl F Bowman, Jeremy Fox, Jon K Sekiya
The hip is a complex anatomic structure composed of osseous, ligamentous, and muscular structures responsible for transferring the weight of the body from the axial skeleton into the lower extremities. This must be accomplished while allowing for dynamic loading during activities such as gait and balance. The evaluation of hip pain and periarticular pathology can be challenging because of the complex local anatomy and broad differential diagnosis. Recent advancements in the evaluation and surgical treatment of hip pathology have led to a renewed interest in the management of these disorders...
August 2010: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Parth Lodhia, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, S Pavan Vemula, Timothy J Martin, Benjamin G Domb
The primary purpose of this review article is to discuss the role of diagnostic, corticosteroid, hyaluronic acid (HA) and platelet rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) and femoroacetabular impingement (FIA). These treatments play an important biological role in the non-operative management of these conditions. Two independent reviewers performed an search of PubMed for articles that contained at least one of the following search terms pertaining to intra-articular hip injection-local anaesthetic, diagnostic, ultrasound, fluoroscopic, image guided, corticosteroid, HA, PRP, OA, labral tears and FAI...
April 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Alejandro Marquez-Lara, Sandeep Mannava, Elizabeth A Howse, Austin V Stone, Allston J Stubbs
PURPOSE: To critically evaluate the evidence for arthroscopic management of chondral defects in the hip through a systematic literature review. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed to identify all articles addressing the arthroscopic management of chondral defects about the hip. Case reports, open techniques, and those associated with osteonecrosis were excluded. Articles were assessed for sample size, location, severity, and size of chondral defects, and the surgical technique...
July 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Gilbert M Willett, Sarah A Keim, Valerie K Shostrom, Carol S Lomneth
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have questioned the importance of the iliotibial band (ITB) in lateral knee pain. The Ober test or modified Ober test is the most commonly recommended physical examination tool for assessment of ITB tightness. No studies support the validity of either Ober test for measuring ITB tightness. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of progressive transection of the ITB, gluteus medius and minimus (med/min) muscles, and hip joint capsule of lightly embalmed cadavers on Ober test results and to compare them with assessment of all structures intact...
March 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
W Andrew Lee, Adriana J Saroki, Sverre Løken, Christiano A C Trindade, Tyler R Cram, Broc R Schindler, Robert F LaPrade, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of the acetabulum has been described extensively in the literature, but radiographic acetabular guidelines have not been well established. This study provides a radiographic map of acetabular landmarks in the hip. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to quantify the precise radiographic location of arthroscopic landmarks around the acetabulum. The hypothesis was that their locations were reproducible despite variability in the anatomy and positioning of pelvic specimens...
January 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Khalil Khayambashi, Navid Ghoddosi, Rachel K Straub, Christopher M Powers
BACKGROUND: Prospective studies have reported that abnormal movement patterns at the trunk, hip, and knee are associated with noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Impaired hip strength may underlie these abnormal movement patterns, suggesting that diminished hip strength may increase the risk of noncontact ACL injury. PURPOSE: To determine whether baseline hip strength predicts future noncontact ACL injury in athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
February 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jeffrey J Nepple, J W Thomas Byrd, Klaus A Siebenrock, Heidi Prather, John C Clohisy
The surgical management of symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) generally is indicated after the failure of a trial of nonsurgical treatment. Surgical planning includes an assessment of the labrochondral pathology as well as of the acetabular and proximal femoral bony deformity. Advanced articular cartilage disease generally is associated with poorer outcomes. Surgical hip dislocation and hip arthroscopy have been used, with favorable early outcomes and low complication rates. Careful patient selection is important in predicting the success of the surgical management of symptomatic FAI...
2013: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Jeffrey J Nepple, Heidi Prather, Robert T Trousdale, John C Clohisy, Paul E Beaulé, Siôn Glyn-Jones, Kawan Rakhra, Young-Jo Kim
Imaging studies play a key role in establishing the diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). When clinical examination is suggestive of FAI, radiographic evidence should confirm the diagnosis. Imaging findings must be evaluated in the context of the patient's clinical presentation and recreational activities. Plain radiographic evaluation remains the initial diagnostic modality. Three-dimensional imaging such as MRI and CT often is obtained for the evaluation of labral and cartilage pathology, definition of bony anatomy, and surgical planning...
2013: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Rachel Lenhart, Darryl Thelen, Bryan Heiderscheit
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study, cross-sectional. Objectives To characterize hip muscle forces and powers during running, and to determine how these quantities change when altering step rate for a given running speed. BACKGROUND: Hip musculature has been implicated in a variety of running-related injuries and, as such, is often the target of rehabilitation interventions, including resistance exercises and gait retraining. The differential contributions of the hip muscles to the task of running are not well understood, and may be important for recognizing the biomechanical mechanisms of running-related injuries and refining current treatment and prevention strategies...
October 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Marcie Harris-Hayes, Michael J Mueller, Shirley A Sahrmann, Nancy J Bloom, Karen Steger-May, John C Clohisy, Gretchen B Salsich
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory cross-sectional study. Objectives To assess strength differences of the hip rotator and abductor muscle groups in young adults with chronic hip joint pain (CHJP) and asymptomatic controls. A secondary objective was to determine if strength in the uninvolved hip of those with unilateral CHJP differs from that in asymptomatic controls. BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between hip muscle strength and CHJP in young adults...
November 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Kristen M Stearns, Christopher M Powers
BACKGROUND: Impaired hip muscle performance has been implicated as a contributing factor to the increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in women. PURPOSE: To determine the influence of a hip-focused training program on lower extremity biomechanics during a drop-jump task. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Twenty-one recreationally active women (18-25 years of age) participated in a 4-week training program consisting of hip-focused plyometric and balance perturbation exercises (3 times/wk, 30 min/session)...
March 2014: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Mary Kristen Jesse, Brian Petersen, Colin Strickland, Omer Mei-Dan
A comprehensive knowledge of normal hip anatomy and imaging techniques is essential in the evaluation and assessment of the patient with hip pain. This article reviews the osseous, soft tissue, and vascular components of the hip and the normal anatomical variants encountered in routine hip imaging. Basic and advanced hip imaging is discussed with particular emphasis on radiographic and computed tomography measurements and their utility in evaluating patients with developmental hip dysplasia and femoroacetabular impingement syndrome...
July 2013: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
Emmanuel A Audenaert, Ian Peeters, Lara Vigneron, Nick Baelde, Christophe Pattyn
BACKGROUND: Radiographic features specifically related to the occurrence of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) appear to be highly prevalent in the asymptomatic population. It remains unclear, however, how these incidental findings should be interpreted clinically and which other variables might differentiate between true incidental findings and preclinical patients. PURPOSE: To study the association between cam and overall hip morphological characteristics and range of motion in impingement patients, asymptomatic patients (healthy patients with radiographic features specific to FAI), and healthy controls...
June 2012: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Connie Y Chang, Ambrose J Huang
Understanding normal anatomy of the hip is important for diagnosing its pathology. MR arthrography is more sensitive for the detection of intra-articular pathology than noncontrast MR imaging. Important elements of the osseous structures on MR imaging include the alignment and the marrow. Acetabular ossicles may be present. Normal variations involving the cartilage include the supra-acetabular fossa and the stellate lesion. Important muscles of the hip are the sartorius, rectus femoris, iliopsoas, gluteus minimus and medius, adductors, and hamstrings...
February 2013: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
B Sonny Bal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Michael P Reiman, Kristian Thorborg
Femoroacetabuler impingement (FAI) is becoming increasingly recognised as a potential pathological entity for individuals with hip pain. Surgery described to correct FAI has risen exponentially in the past 10 years with the use of hip arthroscopy. Unfortunately, the strength of evidence supporting both the examination and treatment of FAI does not appear to accommodate this exponential growth. In fact, the direction currently taken for FAI is similar to previously described paths of other orthopaedic and sports medicine pathologies (eg, shoulder impingement, knee meniscus tear) for which we have learned valuable lessons...
June 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Victor Lun, Andrew Marsh, Robert Bray, David Lindsay, Preston Wiley
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of hip and leg strengthening exercise programs on knee pain, function, and quality of life (QOL) of patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). DESIGN: Single-Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial. SETTING: Patients with KOA. PARTICIPANTS: Male and female subjects were recruited from patients referred to the University of Calgary Sport Medicine Center and from newspaper advertisements...
November 2015: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Sonia Branci, Kristian Thorborg, Birthe Højlund Bech, Mikael Boesen, Michael Bachmann Nielsen, Per Hölmich
BACKGROUND: Soccer players are commonly affected by long-standing adductor-related groin pain (ARGP), but the clinical significance of MRI findings in these athletes is largely unknown. Our aims were (1) to evaluate whether MRI findings are associated with long-standing ARGP in soccer players, (2) to assess MRI findings in asymptomatic soccer players and non-soccer playing controls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 28 male soccer players with long-standing ARGP, 17 male asymptomatic soccer players and 20 male asymptomatic non-soccer playing athletes of matching age and athletic exposure...
May 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
M P Reiman, A P Goode, C E Cook, P Hölmich, K Thorborg
BACKGROUND: Surgery for hip femoroacetabular impingement/acetabular labral tear (FAI/ALT) is exponentially increasing despite lacking investigation of the accuracy of various diagnostic measures. Useful clinical utility of these measures is necessary to support diagnostic imaging and subsequent surgical decision-making. OBJECTIVE: Summarise/evaluate the current diagnostic accuracy of various clinical tests germane to hip FAI/ALT pathology. METHODS: A computer-assisted literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE databases using keywords related to diagnostic accuracy of the hip joint, as well as the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used for the search and reporting phases of the study...
June 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
2014-12-28 03:26:27
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