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Elbow

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14 papers 500 to 1000 followers MH Residency - Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469590/corticosteroid-injections-give-small-and-transient-pain-relief-in-rotator-cuff-tendinosis-a-meta-analysis
#1
Amin Mohamadi, Jimmy J Chan, Femke M A P Claessen, David Ring, Neal C Chen
BACKGROUND: The ability of injection of corticosteroids into the subacromial space to relieve pain ascribed to rotator cuff tendinosis is debated. The number of patients who have an injection before one gets relief beyond what a placebo provides is uncertain. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked: (1) Do corticosteroid injections reduce pain in patients with rotator cuff tendinosis 3 months after injection, and if so, what is the number needed to treat (NNT)? (2) Are multiple injections better than one single injection with respect to pain reduction at 3 months? METHODS: We systematically searched seven electronic databases for randomized controlled trials of corticosteroid injection for rotator cuff tendinosis compared with a placebo injection...
July 28, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25762150/lateral-trunk-lean-in-pitchers-affects-both-ball-velocity-and-upper-extremity-joint-moments
#2
Matthew J Solomito, Erin J Garibay, Jessica R Woods, Sylvia Õunpuu, Carl W Nissen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of upper extremity injuries in baseball pitchers is increasing. Over the past decade there has been a great deal of research attempting to elucidate the cause of these injuries, focusing mainly on the mechanics of the pitching arm with no examination of other key segments, such as the trunk. This is surprising, as coaches will often comment on trunk position in an effort to improve pitching outcomes. PURPOSE: To determine the association between contralateral trunk lean and ball velocity and the moments about the elbow and glenohumeral joint...
May 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25442643/arthroscopic-management-of-chronic-unstable-scaphoid-nonunions-effects-on-restoration-of-carpal-alignment-and-recovery-of-wrist-function
#3
Jong Pil Kim, Joong Bae Seo, Jun Young Yoo, Jee Young Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of arthroscopically assisted reduction and osteosynthesis on restoration of carpal alignment and recovery of clinical wrist function in patients with unstable scaphoid nonunion. METHODS: Thirty-six patients who underwent arthroscopically assisted osteosynthesis with or without bone grafting for unstable scaphoid nonunion between July 2006 and January 2012 were enrolled. The average time from injury to surgery was 51 ± 78...
March 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25455395/scaphoid-fractures
#4
REVIEW
John R Fowler, Thomas B Hughes
Scaphoid fractures are the most common carpal bone fracture, usually occurring in young men, although the incidence in women has increased over the past decade. Snuffbox tenderness and/or pain with axial loading of the thumb should be treated as a scaphoid fracture until proved otherwise and the diagnosis confirmed with serial radiographs and/or advanced imaging. Nearly all displaced scaphoid fractures should undergo operative intervention to reduce the risk of nonunion. Nondisplaced fractures have high union rates with cast treatment, but require extended periods of immobilization...
January 2015: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25522919/corticosteroid-injection-in-patients-with-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kiril E B vanVeen, Kees C L Alblas, Imanda M E Alons, Joost P Kerklaan, Marry C Siegersma, Michel Wesstein, Leo H Visser, Viviane Vankasteel, Korné Jellema
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). METHODS: Fifty-five patients were randomized between an ultrasound-guided injection of 1 ml containing 40 mg methylprednisolone acetate and 10 mg lidocaine hydrochloride or a placebo injection. The primary outcome was the subjective change of symptoms after 3 months...
September 2015: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25455393/sports-specific-injuries-of-the-hand-and-wrist
#6
REVIEW
R Glenn Gaston, Bryan J Loeffler
This article provides a philosophic overview of the management of athletes at all levels from high school to professional. It further reviews sports-specific injury patterns and position-specific injury patterns. This aspect is crucial, as many injuries may be relatively common for specific sports but rare in the general population, so recognition of these injuries requires a high degree of suspicion. The guiding principles of management are also discussed.
January 2015: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24220014/a-systematic-review-of-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-techniques
#7
REVIEW
Jonathan N Watson, Peter McQueen, Mark R Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction of the elbow has become increasingly more frequent among elite overhead athletes. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review comparing the clinical outcomes and biomechanical results of the Jobe, modified Jobe, docking, modified docking, Endobutton, and interference screw techniques for UCL reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: The docking technique will have significantly fewer complications and improved return-to-play rate...
October 2014: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24859180/editorial-in-response-to-the-systematic-review-by-de-vos-et-al-strong-evidence-against-platelet-rich-plasma-injections-for-chronic-lateral-epicondylar-tendinopathy-a-systematic-review
#8
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25077746/treatment-of-medial-epicondylar-tendinopathy-in-athletes
#9
REVIEW
Allan Mishra, Joseph M Pirolo, Taco Gosens
Medial epicondylar tendinopathy, also known as golfer's elbow, is less common than lateral elbow tendinopathy. Overhead throwing athletes and those participating in sports that require repeated forearm pronation and wrist flexion are most commonly affected by this disorder. This problem predominates in amateur as opposed to professional athletes and is also seen more commonly in patients over 40 years of age. This review will begin by outlining the incidence, history, and physical examination of medial epicondylar tendinopathy, including a new clinical test...
September 2014: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25077747/ulnar-collateral-ligament-in-the-overhead-athlete-a-current-review
#10
REVIEW
Jeffrey Dugas, Justin Chronister, E Lyle Cain, James R Andrews
Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries are most commonly reported in baseball players (particularly in pitchers) but have also been observed in other overhead athletes including javelin, softball, tennis, volleyball, water polo, and gymnastics. Partial injuries have been successfully treated with appropriate nonoperative measures but complete tears and chronic injuries have shown less benefit from conservative measures. In these cases, surgical reconstruction has become the treatment modality for overhead athlete who wishes to continue to play...
September 2014: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25077754/nerve-injuries-about-the-elbow-in-the-athlete
#11
REVIEW
Joshua D Harris, David M Lintner
The athlete's elbow is a remarkable example of motion, strength, and durability. The stress placed on the elbow during sport, including the throwing motion, may lead to soft-tissue ligamentous and nerve injury. The thrower's elbow illustrates one example of possible nerve injury about the elbow in sport, related to chronic repetitive tensile and compressive stresses to the ulnar nerve associated with elbow flexion and valgus position. Besides the throwing athlete, nerve injury from high-energy direct-impact forces may also damage nerves around the elbow in contact sports...
September 2014: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25102290/novel-adaptations-in-motor-cortical-maps-the-relation-to-persistent-elbow-pain
#12
Siobhan M Schabrun, Paul W Hodges, Bill Vicenzino, Emma Jones, Lucinda S Chipchase
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral elbow pain results in sensorimotor dysfunction that is frequently bilateral, affects local and remote upper limb muscles, and persists beyond resolution of local tendon symptoms. These characteristics suggest supraspinal involvement. Here, we investigated 1) the excitability and organization of the M1 representation of the wrist extensor muscles and 2) the relation between M1 changes and clinical outcomes in lateral epicondylalgia (LE) (n = 11) and healthy control subjects (n = 11)...
April 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24474324/single-staged-treatment-using-a-standardized-protocol-results-in-functional-motion-in-the-majority-of-patients-with-a-terrible-triad-elbow-injury
#13
Akash Gupta, David Barei, Ansab Khwaja, Daphne Beingessner
BACKGROUND: Terrible triad injuries of the elbow, defined as elbow dislocation with associated fractures to the radial head and coronoid, are associated with stiffness, pain, and loss of motion. Studies to date have consisted of small sample sizes and used heterogeneous surgical techniques, which render comparisons difficult and unreliable. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In a group of patients treated under a standard surgical protocol, we sought to determine the early dislocation rate, the range of motion in those not undergoing secondary procedures, the frequency and types of secondary surgical interventions required, the difference in motion between those undergoing secondary surgery and those who did not, and the frequency of heterotopic ossification and patient-reported stiffness...
July 2014: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24474322/terrible-triad-injuries-of-the-elbow-does-the-coronoid-always-need-to-be-fixed
#14
Loukia K Papatheodorou, James H Rubright, Kathryn A Heim, Robert W Weiser, Dean G Sotereanos
BACKGROUND: The "terrible triad" of the elbow is a complex injury that can lead to pain, stiffness, and posttraumatic arthritis if not appropriately treated. The primary goal of surgery for these injuries is to restore stability of the joint sufficient to permit early motion. Although most reports recommend repair and/or replacement of all coronoid and radial head fractures when possible, a recent cadaveric study demonstrated that type II coronoid fractures are stable unless the radial head is removed and not replaced...
July 2014: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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