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Case reports in Surgery

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58 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Giovanni Gambino M.D. Ph.D.
Takahiro Watanabe, Hidetoshi Wada, Masanori Sato, Yuichirou Miyaki, Norihiko Shiiya
Intersigmoid hernia is a rare form of internal hernia. Here, we report a case of intersigmoid hernia and provide a brief review of the 62 cases involving the mesosigmoid reported in Japan from 2000 to 2013. In the current case, a 26-year-old man with no previous history of abdominal surgery presented with abdominal pain and vomiting. Abdominal computed tomography revealed an extensively dilated small bowel and a closed loop of small bowel in the mesosigmoid. The patient was diagnosed with an intestinal obstruction due to an incarcerated internal hernia involving the mesosigmoid...
2014: Case Reports in Surgery
David Smolilo, Benjamin C Lewis, Marina Yeow, David I Watson
Omental infarction can be difficult to diagnose preoperatively as imaging may be inconclusive and patients often present in a way that suggests a more common surgical pathology such as appendicitis. Here, a 40-year-old Caucasian man presented to casualty with shortness of breath and progressive right upper abdominal pain, accompanied with right shoulder and neck pain. Exploratory laparoscopy was eventually utilised to diagnose an atypical form of omental infarction that mimics cholecystitis. The vascular supply along the long axis of the segment was occluded initiating necrosis...
2015: Case Reports in Surgery
R Parker, G Gravante, M Elshaer, N Humayun, H Ebdewi
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous splenic rupture is a rare but dangerous event that requires prompt diagnosis and frequently an emergency splenectomy. Previous case reports have described the occurrence in patients with medical conditions, anticoagulant treatments, endoscopic procedures, laparoscopic surgery or no particular predisposing factor. Our report is the first to describe the occurrence of spontaneous spleen rupture following a laparotomy conducted in the lower abdomen. CASE HISTORY: A 62-year-old woman presented with a 10-day history of right iliac fossa pain radiating to the right leg and associated vomiting...
March 2015: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Vassilios Stathopoulos, Marios Georganas, Konstantinos Stratakis, Eirini Delaporta, Emmanouil Karallas, Konstantinos Koutsopoulos
The development of an intra-abdominal bile collection (biloma) is an infrequent complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). These bilomas develop in the subhepatic space most often secondary to iatrogenic injury of the extrahepatic ducts. We present a case of hepatic subcapsular biloma following LC and we discuss its etiology and management. Early diagnosis is crucial and percutaneous drainage under CT guidance should be employed to resolve this complication.
2014: Case Reports in Surgery
N Mayooran, A Olu Shola, N Iqbal
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is a rare condition where the gas trapped inside the bowel wall. It is commonly found as an incidental finding on routine abdominal imaging or scans. We present a case of incidental laparoscopic finding of pneumatosis intestinalis on a 32-year-old male, who underwent a laparoscopic appendectomy for an acute appendicitis. Laparoscopic appendectomy was performed and pneumatosis intestinalis managed conservatively. Patient did well and was discharged home. Management of PI depends on clinical presentation; asymptomatic PI can be managed adequately by treating underlying causes...
2014: Case Reports in Surgery
Mehmet Odabasi, Cem Arslan, Hasan Abuoglu, Emre Gunay, Mehmet Kamil Yildiz, Cengiz Eris, Erkan Ozkan, Ali Aktekin, M A Tolga Muftuoglu
INTRODUCTION: Atypical presentations of appendix have been reported including backache, left lower quadrant pain and groin pain from a strangulated femoral hernia containing the appendix. We report a case presenting an epigastric pain that was diagnosed after computed tomography as a perforated appendicitis on intestinal malrotation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 27-year-old man was admitted with a three-day history of epigastric pain. Physical examination revealed tenderness and defense on palpation of epigastric region...
2014: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Simona Papi, Francesca Pecchini, Roberta Gelmini
INTRODUCTION: Stump appendicitis is a rare but important complication that can occour after an open or laparoscopic appendectomy. Although it represents a recognized serious condition that should not be overlooked, it is not often considered by surgeons within the differential diagnoses faced with a patient presenting right iliac fossa abdominal pain, particularly those who present a previous history of appendectomy. MATERIAL OF STUDY: A comprehensive review of English literature was performed and 87 cases of stump appendicitis were identified...
2014: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Adam J Oates, Jonathan Sutcliffe, Jens Stahlschmidt, Jeannette K Kraft
A 15-year-old boy with caecal haematoma required a right hemicolectomy due to development of small bowel obstruction and near caecal perforation having presented several days after an episode of minor trauma. The position of the caecum between intraperitoneal and extraperitoneal bowel requires special treatment considerations. This is a unique case in an adolescent because caecal haematoma usually presents acutely with abdominal pain.
January 2014: Pediatric Radiology
M Desantis, J-M Bereder, D Benchimol
We report a case of grade III pseudomyxoma peritonei revealed by mucusuria and abdominal mass. These symptoms are unusual; the most frequent clinical presentation is acute appendicitis or progressively increasing abdominal diameter.
February 2014: Journal of Visceral Surgery
J E Betancourth-Alvarenga, F Vázquez-Rueda, F J Murcia-Pascual, J Ayala-Montoro
Appendiceal intussusception is a rare condition that can occur at any age. Only a few cases have been reported, and most are found during surgery. The therapeutic approach is usually surgical, ranging from an appendectomy to a hemicolectomy, primarily for biopsy and to rule out possible malignancy. Three cases of children under 14 years who underwent surgery for acute abdominal pain located in the right iliac fossa are presented; one with preoperative diagnosis by ultrasound, and the other two with positive intraoperative findings of intussusception of the cecal appendix, with acute appendicitis being histologically confirmed...
January 2015: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Nk Semeena, Shashikant Adlekha
Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP) is a leucocytoclastic vasculitis of unclear aetiology characterised by symmetrical, non-traumatic, nonthrombocytopenic purpura mostly involving the lower limbs and buttocks, as well as arthritis, gastrointestinal manifestations, and occasional nephritis. A 35 years old male presented with purpuric rash on the lower extremities, abdominal pain, fever, arthralgia, and melaena. A diagnosis of HSP with appendicitis was made, which is an exceedingly rare phenomenon.
March 2014: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
A Stapel, M Grotz, R Kirchner
Since 1955 simultaneous presentation of acute appendicitis und acute cholecystitis have been described. These cases are understood as concomitance on the one hand and as imitation or induction of acute cholecystitis due to acute appendicitis. In laparoscopic surgery for inflammatory diseases, in particular acute cholecystitis, exploration of the entire abdomen should be more than cursory. In remarkable postoperative courses after cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis, acute appendicitis should be taken into account if it could not be excluded intraoperatively...
May 2014: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Martín Adrián Bolívar-Rodríguez, Marcel Antonio Cazarez-Aguilar, Rodolfo Fierro-López, Rosa Estela Romero-Aguilar, Hernán Lizárraga-González, Fred Morgan-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the more frequent no obstetric surgical emergency during pregnancy with an incidence of 1 in 1500 pregnancies. The clinical diagnosis is difficult because of the physiological changes of pregnancy itself. If not treated early increases the risk of maternal and fetal morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis and treatment of four cases of acute appendicitis during pregnancy. CLINICAL CASE: Four cases of acute appendicitis during pregnancy diagnosed in the period of a month...
May 2014: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Yasunori Otowa, Yasuo Sumi, Shingo Kanaji, Kiyonori Kanemitsu, Kimihiro Yamashita, Tatsuya Imanishi, Tetsu Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Kenichi Tanaka, Yoshihiro Kakeji
Although acute appendicitis is a common disease, retroperitoneal abscesses are rarely observed. Here, we report a case consisting of a psoas abscess and cutaneous fistula caused by appendicitis. The patient was a 56-year-old male who was introduced to our institution due to an intractable right psoas abscess. Imaging tests had been performed over the previous 3 years; however, clinicians could not find the origin of the abscess and failed to resolve the problem. A successful operation was performed via a laparoscopic approach, and 17 mo have passed without recurrence...
July 7, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Marlon Perera, Toan Pham, Sumeet Toshniwal, Yasmin Lennie, Steven Chan, Nezor Houli
Introduction. Concomitant cholecystitis and gallstone pancreatitis is an infrequent clinical encounter, reported sparsely in the literature. Concurrent acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis complicated by gall bladder perforation has not been reported before. Presentation of Case. We report a 39-year-old female presenting with concomitant cholecystitis and acute pancreatitis, complicated by gallbladder perforation. Discussion. There is much controversy surrounding the timing of cholecystectomy following gallstone pancreatitis, with the recent literature suggesting that "early" operation is safe...
2013: Case Reports in Surgery
Vincenzo Minutolo, Alessio Licciardello, Manuel Arena, Orazio Minutolo, Raffaele Lanteri, Goffredo Arena
Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FLH) is a rare primary tumor of the liver, which typically arises from noncirrhotic livers and affects patients below the age of 35. We report on a 29-year-old male patient who presented with a ruptured FLH and was treated with surgical resection. Options for treatment and review of the management are described.
2013: Case Reports in Surgery
P B Salemans, G F Vles, S Fransen, R Vliegen, M N Sosef
A case of gallstone ileus of the colon with illustrative pictures is presented, making the physicians more aware of this rare entity. Furthermore, the use of imaging modalities for diagnosis and decision making in management strategy is discussed.
2013: Case Reports in Surgery
Michael Donaire, James Mariadason, Daniel Stephens, Sitaram Pillarisetty, Marc K Wallack
Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in the USA. Intestinal malrotation diagnosed in adulthood was, until recently, a very rare phenomenon. While patients may present with intestinal obstruction or abdominal pain, the diagnosis is now often made as an incidental finding by computed tomography (CT). Surprisingly we found only seven case reports of carcinoma of the colon in patients with malrotation; CT failed to make the preoperative diagnosis in a majority. Laparoscopic colon surgery is rapidly becoming standard of care for colon cancer...
2013: Case Reports in Surgery
Alexandros Charalabopoulos, Abraham J Botha
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains the mainstay of treatment in patients with gallstone disease. Nowadays more than ever before, patients present with more comorbidities and entities that make the laparoscopic approach composite. One of these is the presence of lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts. Herein, we describe a case of successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with an LP shunt and an occipital nerve stimulator in the anterior abdominal wall. We describe alterations in technique, aiming at surgeons that perform laparoscopic cholecystectomies with useful tips in order to successfully deliver the operation...
2013: Case Reports in Surgery
Klaus Steinbrück, Reinaldo Fernandes, Giuliano Bento, Rafael Vasconcelos, Gustavo Stoduto, Thomas Auel, Lúcio F Pacheco-Moreira
Anatomical resection of segment VIII (SVIII) is one of the most difficult hepatectomies to perform. Although it is the best choice of surgical treatment for tumors located at SVIII, its feasibility can be compromised when the right hepatic vein (RHV) must be resected en bloc with SVIII. Herein we describe a case of a cirrhotic patient that was submitted to segmentectomy VIII in bloc with the main trunk of the RHV, due to hepatocellular carcinoma. The resection could only be performed because a well developed inferior right hepatic vein (IRHV) was present...
2013: Case Reports in Surgery
2014-07-20 12:36:13
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