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10 papers 0 to 25 followers Useful and interesting papers from the world of emergency medicine and critical care.
Eileen Shi, Gary M Vilke, Christopher J Coyne, Leslie C Oyama, Edward M Castillo
BACKGROUND: Although an elevated white blood cell count is a widely utilized measure for evidence of infection and an important criterion for evaluation of systemic inflammatory response syndrome, its component band count occupies a more contested position within clinical emergency medicine. Recent studies indicate that bandemia is highly predictive of a serious infection, suggesting that clinicians who do not appreciate the value of band counts may delay diagnosis or overlook severe infections...
July 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michael R Fettiplace, Adrian Pichurko, Richard Ripper, Bocheng Lin, Katarzyna Kowal, Kinga Lis, David Schwartz, Douglas L Feinstein, Israel Rubinstein, Guy Weinberg
OBJECTIVES: Cocaine intoxication leads to over 500,000 emergency department visits annually in the United States and ethanol cointoxication occurs in 34% of those cases. Cardiotoxicity is an ominous complication of cocaine and cocaethylene overdose for which no specific antidote exists. Because infusion of lipid emulsion (Intralipid) can treat lipophilic local anesthetic toxicity and cocaine is an amphipathic local anesthetic, the authors tested whether lipid emulsion could attenuate cocaine cardiotoxicity in vivo...
May 2015: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Ravichandra Balakrishnamoorthy, Isabelle Horgan, Siegfried Perez, Michael Craig Steele, Gerben B Keijzers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a single dose of intravenous dexamethasone in addition to routine treatment on visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores at 24 h in emergency department (ED) patients with low back pain with radiculopathy (LBPR). METHODS: Double-blind randomised controlled trial of 58 adult ED patients with LBPR, conducted in one tertiary and one urban ED. The intervention was 8 mg of intravenous dexamethasone (or placebo) in addition to current routine care...
July 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Peter Brendon Sherren, Cliff Reid, Karel Habig, Brian J Burns
Survival rates following traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) are known to be poor but resuscitation is not universally futile. There are a number of potentially reversible causes to TCA and a well-defined group of survivors. There are distinct differences in the pathophysiology between medical cardiac arrests and TCA. The authors present some of the key differences and evidence related to resuscitation in TCA, and suggest a separate algorithm for the management of out-of-hospital TCA attended by a highly trained physician and paramedic team...
2013: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
David J Lockey, Richard M Lyon, Gareth E Davies
BACKGROUND: Major trauma is the leading worldwide cause of death in young adults. The mortality from traumatic cardiac arrest remains high but survival with good neurological outcome from cardiopulmonary arrest following major trauma has been regularly reported. Rapid, effective intervention is required to address potential reversible causes of traumatic cardiac arrest if the victim is to survive. Current ILCOR guidelines do not contain a standard algorithm for management of traumatic cardiac arrest...
June 2013: Resuscitation
Pip Lewis, Chris Wright
OBJECTIVES & BACKGROUND: Intraosseous (IO) access is becoming increasingly accepted in adult populations as an alternative to peripheral vascular access, however there is still insufficient evidence in large patient groups supporting its use. METHODS: Retrospective review. This paper reports on the use of intraosseous devices over a 7 year period from August 2006 to August 2013 during combat operations in Afghanistan. A search of the Joint Theatre Trauma Registry (JTTR-UK), a database of all trauma patients treated by Defence Medical Services in Iraq and Afghanistan, was carried out looking for all the incidences of intraosseous access use during this time...
September 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Ahmet Kama, Serkan Yılmaz, Elif Yaka, Erkan Dervişoğlu, Nurettin Özgür Doğan, Emre Erimşah, Murat Pekdemir
BACKGROUND: There is no evidence regarding the several short-term prophylaxis protocols for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) that may be most feasibly convenient in emergency settings. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacies of short-term CIN prophylaxis protocols of normal saline, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) plus saline, and sodium bicarbonate plus saline in emergency department (ED) patients at moderate or high risk of CIN after receiving intravenous (IV) contrast agent...
June 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Shervin Farahmand, Said Shiralizadeh, Mohammad-Taghi Talebian, Shahram Bagheri-Hariri, Mona Arbab, Hamed Basirghafouri, Morteza Saeedi, Mojtaba Sedaghat, Habibolla Mirzababai
OBJECTIVE: Intravenous morphine has been used as a common method of pain control in emergency care. Nebulized fentanyl is also an effective temporary substitute. This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of nebulized fentanyl with intravenous (IV) morphine on management of acute limb pain. METHODS: This was a placebo-controlled, double-blind randomized clinical trial. Ninety emergency department patients with moderate to severe pain aged 15 to 50 years were blocked randomized and enrolled in this study...
September 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ryan P Bodkin, Nicole M Acquisto, Joshua M Zwart, Sean P Toussaint
PURPOSE: Detection of accurate temperature in the emergency department (ED) is integral for assessment, treatment, and disposition. The primary objective was to compare temperature measurements from noninvasive temperature devices in the adult ED. The secondary objective was to evaluate the discrepancy between febrile and afebrile patients. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of adult patients presenting to the ED. Patients who required a temperature measurement based on standard of care were included...
September 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Brent Thoma, Nikita Joshi, N Seth Trueger, Teresa M Chan, Michelle Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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