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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26672969/is-pneumoperitoneum-the-terra-ignota-in-ultrasonography
#1
REVIEW
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
In most cases, pneumoperitoneum is caused by gastrointestinal perforation, which usually requires surgical treatment. Many authors believe that ultrasound imaging of pneumoperitoneum is at least as effective as conventional radiography, or even that its efficacy is superior. In such a situation, it is imperative to make this modality one of the main tools in the diagnostic arsenal of emergency medicine. This is the main aim of this paper. First, ultrasound anatomy of so-called thoracic-abdominal border is discussed...
June 2015: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26646463/echography-of-the-portal-vein-in-a-patient-with-shock
#2
Gaël Piton, Gilles Capellier, Eric Delabrousse
OBJECTIVES: To report the utility of abdominal ultrasonography to identify portal venous gas in patients with shock, as an indicator of acute mesenteric ischemia, and to illustrate the aspect of portal venous gas on ultrasonography. DATA SOURCES: Clinical observation of a patient, images of abdominal ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography, and video of portal venous gas. STUDY SELECTION: Not applicable. DATA EXTRACTION: Relevant information contained in the medical observation of the patient and selection of image and video of ultrasonography performed in the patient...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607189/a-young-woman-with-a-jejuno-jejunal-intussusception
#3
Louisa J D van Dijk, Bo Jan Noordman, Joris J Scheepers, Klaas A Hartholt
A 27-year-old woman presented at the emergency department, with pain in the epigastric region. Because physical examination, blood results, urine tests and an X-ray of the thorax showed no abnormalities, she was discharged. Twelve hours later, she presented again at the emergency department, with intense abdominal pain. The blood results, an X-ray and ultrasound of the abdomen were now aberrant. A CT of the abdomen showed an extensive intussusception. During an emergency laparotomy, the intussusception of the proximal jejunum was confirmed...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612989/a-fatal-twist-volvulus-of-the-small-intestine-in-a-46-year-old-woman
#4
Jared Klein, Kathryn Baxstrom, Stephen Donnelly, Patrick Feasel, Paul Koles
A 46-year-old woman presented to two emergency departments within 12 hours because of acute abdominal pain. Physical exam demonstrated tenderness and epigastric guarding. An ultrasound was interpreted as negative; she was discharged home. Later that evening, she was found dead. Postmortem exam revealed acute hemorrhagic necrosis of a segment of jejunum secondary to volvulus. Clinical clues suggesting presentations of small bowel volvulus are usually nonspecific; the diagnosis is typically confirmed at surgery...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26443344/accuracy-of-abdominal-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-pneumoperitoneum-in-patients-with-acute-abdominal-pain-a-pilot-study
#5
Peiman Nazerian, Camilla Tozzetti, Simone Vanni, Maurizio Bartolucci, Simona Gualtieri, Federica Trausi, Marco Vittorini, Elisabetta Catini, Gian Alfonso Cibinel, Stefano Grifoni
BACKGROUND: Pneumoperitoneum is a rare cause of abdominal pain characterized by a high mortality. Ultrasonography (US) can detect free intraperitoneal air; however, its accuracy remains unclear. The aims of this pilot study were to define the diagnostic performance and the reliability of abdominal US for the diagnosis of pneumoperitoneum. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Four senior and two junior physicians were shown, in an unpaired randomized order, abdominal US videos from 11 patients with and 11 patients without pneumoperitoneum...
December 2015: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26427951/the-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-to-evaluate-for-intestinal-foreign-bodies-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#6
Sara Leibovich, Stephanie J Doniger
We present the use of point-of-care ultrasound to evaluate two patients with examinations concerning for appendicitis who were found to have multiple magnets ingested and subsequent bowel perforations. These cases illustrate the consequences of magnet ingestion as well as the application of point-of-care ultrasound for the identification of intestinal foreign bodies in children.
October 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366707/bowel-ultrasonography-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Torsten Kucharzik, F Petersen, C Maaser
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is based on a combination of endoscopic, clinical and biochemical investigations as well as cross-sectional imaging. The applications of cross-sectional imaging in IBD are manifold. Ultrasonography has emerged as an important imaging modality in the diagnosis of Crohn's disease (CD) as well as for monitoring disease progression and in the therapeutic response to CD and ulcerative colitis (UC). Key Messages: Ultrasonography is non-invasive, radiation free, cheap, easy to use and well tolerated and accepted by patients...
September 14, 2015: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25954096/ultrasonographic-imaging-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-pediatric-patients
#8
REVIEW
Liliana Chiorean, Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Barbara Braden, Xin-Wu Cui, Reiner Buchhorn, Jian-Min Chang, Christoph F Dietrich
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal diseases in pediatric patients. Choosing the optimal imaging modality for the assessment of gastrointestinal disease in pediatric patients can be challenging. The invasiveness and patient acceptance, the radiation exposure and the quality performance of the diagnostic test need to be considered. By reviewing the literature regarding imaging in inflammatory bowel disease the value of ultrasound in the clinical management of pediatric patients is highlighted...
May 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26164439/ultrasound-features-of-pediatric-crohn-disease-a-guide-for-case-interpretation
#9
REVIEW
David M Biko, Daniel G Rosenbaum, Sudha A Anupindi
With the emerging use of ultrasound in the evaluation of children with Crohn disease presenting with acute abdominal symptoms, there is a need to become familiar with the sonographic features of this disease. Our aim is to provide a primer of the characteristic intramural and extramural US findings in children with Crohn disease to serve as a practical and systematic guide to interpretation.
September 2015: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25987928/diagnosis-of-a-strangulated-laparoscopic-incisional-hernia-with-point-of-care-ultrasonography
#10
Niran Argintaru, Ahmed Al-Den, Jordan Chenkin
The use of point-of-care ultrasound for the diagnosis of bowel obstructions and hernias is becoming increasingly common in the emergency department (ED). Using a relatively rare case of an incisional port hernia, we demonstrate the ultrasound findings of a strangulated hernia causing a partial small bowel obstruction. A 46-year-old female presented four days following a laparoscopic surgery complaining of abdominal pain, nausea and lack of bowel movements. There was a palpable mass in the left lower quadrant under the 12mm trocar port incision...
May 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25927264/point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-small-bowel-obstruction-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Joshua Guttman, Michael B Stone, Heidi H Kimberly, Joshua S Rempell
Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common cause of acute abdominal pain presenting to the emergency department (ED). Although the literature is limited, point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) has been found to have superior diagnostic accuracy for SBO compared to plain radiography; however, it is rarely used in North America for this. We present the case of a middle-aged man who presented with abdominal pain where POCUS by the emergency physician early in the hospital course expedited the diagnosis of SBO and led to earlier surgical consultation...
March 2015: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25837707/diagnosis-of-constipation-does-not-correlate-with-trans-abdominal-ultrasound-of-rectal-distention
#12
Matthew D Mason, Christina B Ching, Douglass B Clayton, John C Thomas, John C Pope, Mark C Adams, John W Brock, Stacy T Tanaka
INTRODUCTION: Constipation has been shown to have a significant impact on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in children, and treatment of constipation in children with bowel bladder dysfunction (BBD) has been shown to improve or completely resolve LUTS in many cases. Recent studies utilizing trans-abdominal ultrasound (US) to assess stool burden have correlated diagnosis of constipation with US appearance of rectal stool. An US scoring tool was published in 2008 to assess stool burden, showing linear correlation with constipation severity by symptom questionnaire in an outpatient pediatric constipation clinic population...
June 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25834673/diagnosis-of-pneumoperitoneum-with-bedside-ultrasound
#13
Alice Chao, Laleh Gharahbaghian, Phillips Perera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25785221/amyand-s-hernia-complicated-by-omental-infarct-presenting-as-acute-scrotum-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Reza Khorramirouz, Amin Bagheri, Alireza Aalam Sahebpour, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
Inguinal hernia with acute appendicitis known as Amyand's hernia is uncommon. It may clinically manifest as acute scrotum, inguinal lymphadenitis, or strangulated hernia. The presentation of Amyand's hernia with acute scrotum has been rarely described. Also, the manifestation of infarcted omentum in the inguinal hernia has been described in one case previously. However, the coexistence of perforated appendix with infarcted omentum in the hernia sac which manifests acute scrotum has not been described previously...
2015: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25767639/ultrasonographic-findings-in-crohn-s-disease
#15
Gabriella Carnevale Maffè, Laura Brunetti, Pietro Formagnana, Gino Roberto Corazza
In recent years transabdominal bowel sonography has become a first-line modality both in the diagnosis and in the follow-up of inflammatory bowel diseases, especially Crohn's disease, reaching values of sensitivity ranging from 84 to 93 %. In particular, its role is very useful in the early diagnosis of complications such as stenosis, phlegmons, abscesses and fistulae. According to the available literature the ability of US to provide information about disease activity is still under debate and further studies are necessary...
March 2015: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25767640/power-doppler-sonography-to-predict-the-risk-of-surgical-recurrence-of-crohn-s-disease
#16
Davide Giuseppe Ribaldone, Teresa Cammarota, Andrea Resegotti, Antonino Sarno, Daniela Robotti, Paola Debani, Giovanni Bonenti, Francesca Bresso, Rinaldo Pellicano, Alessandro Adriani, Carlo Sguazzini, Stefania Reggiani, Marco Astegiano
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to investigate the role of power Doppler sonography as an additional predictor of surgical recurrence in Crohn's disease. METHODS: A sample of 33 patients, with ileal or ileocolonic Crohn's disease, that had underwent intestinal resection, were retrospectively enrolled. All patients had bowel ultrasonography 7-16 months after resection. Power Doppler sonography of the preanastomotic ileum was evaluated as a possible prognostication tool to assess the risk of long-term need for reoperation...
March 2015: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25560624/identification-of-a-pediatric-intra-abdominal-cystic-lymphangioma-using-point-of-care-ultrasonography
#17
REVIEW
D'Artagnan Francois Hinds, Elisa M Aponte, Michael Secko, Ninfa Mehta
Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomas are rare, benign congenital tumors that often present with vague symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. We report a case of a 4-year-old patient who presented to the emergency department with nonspecific abdominal pain. Her diagnosis of intra-abdominal cystic lymphangioma was facilitated by point-of-care ultrasonography.
January 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25493123/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-hereditary-angioedema-diagnosed-by-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Christine Riguzzi, Lia Losonczy, Nathan Teismann, Andrew A Herring, Arun Nagdev
Abdominal angioedema is a less recognized type of angioedema, which can occur in patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE). The clinical signs may range from subtle, diffuse abdominal pain and nausea, to overt peritonitis. We describe two cases of abdominal angioedema in patients with known HAE that were diagnosed in the emergency department by point-of-care (POC) ultrasound. In each case, the patient presented with isolated abdominal complaints and no signs of oropharyngeal edema. Findings on POC ultrasound included intraperitoneal free fluid and bowel wall edema...
November 2014: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25285388/an-unusual-case-of-hematemesis-in-a-12-month-old
#19
Dana Mueller, Luke Schroeder, Rahul Kaila, Jeff Louie
A 12-month-old male with a history of failure to thrive and hypothyroidism presented to a pediatric emergency department twice in a 24-hour period with complaint of hematemesis. The patient had a recent upper endoscopy and biopsy as part of a work-up for failure to thrive, but had no other pertinent positives in clinical history. Ultrasound demonstrated findings concerning for an intramural duodenal hematoma. The patient was admitted to the gastroenterology service for intravenous hydration and nasogastric decompression...
June 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25327619/prospective-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-sonography-on-the-management-and-surgical-intervention-of-neonates-with-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#20
Ali Yikilmaz, Nigel J Hall, Alan Daneman, J Ted Gerstle, Oscar M Navarro, Rahim Moineddin, Hazel Pleasants, Agostino Pierro
BACKGROUND/AIM: Established indications for surgery in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) are pneumoperitoneum and failure to improve or clinical deterioration with medical treatment alone. It has been proposed that infants with intestinal necrosis may benefit from surgery in the absence of one of these indications yet the diagnosis of definitive intestinal necrosis is challenging. Recent data suggest that abdominal ultrasound (US) examination focused on the gastrointestinal tract and the peritoneal cavity may be of utility in this regard...
December 2014: Pediatric Surgery International
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