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Primary Care Pearls

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86 papers 1000+ followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986989/hyperlipidemia-management-with-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-inhibitors
#1
REVIEW
Muhammed Shahreyar, Salem A Salem, Mannu Nayyar, Lekha K George, Nadish Garg, Santhosh K G Koshy
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in United States. Hyperlipidemia is an independent and potentially reversible risk factor for coronary artery disease. The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, collectively known as statins, have been the mainstay of pharmacologic therapy. Their availability, ease of administration, low cost, and strong evidence behind safety and efficacy makes them one of the most widely prescribed lipid-lowering agents. However, some patients may be intolerant to statins, and few others suffer from very high serum levels of cholesterol in which statin therapy alone or in combination with other cholesterol-lowering agents is insufficient in reducing serum lipid levels to achieve desired levels...
July 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986990/the-role-of-the-physician-when-a-patient-discloses-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Brian Penti, Joanne Timmons, David Adams
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent and has lasting impacts on the health and well-being of the entire family involved. Primary care physicians often interact with male patients who perpetrate IPV and are in a role potentially to intervene, but there is very little research and guidance about how to address perpetration of IPV in the health care setting. We reviewed the existing literature research related to physicians' interactions with male perpetrators of IPV and summarize the recommendations. If a male patient discloses IPV perpetration, physicians should assess for lethality, readiness to change, and comorbid medical conditions that could impact treatment, such as substance abuse and mental illness...
July 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788309/rethinking-the-outpatient-medication-list-increasing-patient-activation-and-education-while-architecting-for-centralization-and-improved-medication-reconciliation
#3
Frank Pandolfe, Adam Wright, Warner V Slack, Charles Safran
Objective: Identify barriers impacting the time consuming and error fraught process of medication reconciliation. Design and implement an electronic medication management system where patient and trusted healthcare proxies can participate in establishing and maintaining an inclusive and up-to-date list of medications. Methods: A patient-facing electronic medication manager was deployed within an existing research project focused on elder care management funded by the AHRQ, InfoSAGE, allowing patients and patients' proxies the ability to build and maintain an accurate and up-to-date medication list...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972748/primary-care-and-the-opioid-overdose-crisis-buprenorphine-myths-and-realities
#4
Sarah E Wakeman, Michael L Barnett
Despite widespread awareness of the opioid-overdose crisis, the epidemic continues to worsen. In 2016, there were 42,249 opioid-overdose deaths in the United States, a 28% increase from the previous year. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, life expectancy in the United States..
July 5, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946705/defining-estimating-and-communicating-overdiagnosis-in-cancer-screening
#5
Louise Davies, Diana B Petitti, Lynn Martin, Meghan Woo, Jennifer S Lin
The toll of inadequate health care is well-substantiated, but recognition is mounting that "too much" is also possible. Overdiagnosis represents one harm of too much medicine, but the concept can be confusing: It is often conflated with related harms (such as overtreatment, misclassification, false-positive results, and overdetection) and is difficult to measure because it cannot be directly observed. Because the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) issues screening recommendations aimed largely at healthy persons, it has a particular interest in understanding harms related to screening, especially but not limited to overdiagnosis...
July 3, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26826073/the-road-to-excellence-for-primary-care-resident-teaching-clinics
#6
Reena Gupta, Kate Dubé, Thomas Bodenheimer
Primary care residency programs and their associated primary care clinics face challenges in their goal to simultaneously provide a good education for tomorrow's doctors and excellent care for today's patients. A team from the Center for Excellence in Primary Care at the University of California, San Francisco, conducted site visits to 23 family medicine, internal medicine, and pediatric residency teaching clinics. The authors found that a number of programs have transformed themselves with respect to engaged leadership, resident scheduling, continuity of care for patients and residents, team-based care, and resident engagement in practice improvement...
April 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26696680/standards-of-medical-care-in-diabetes-2016-summary-of-revisions
#7
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26847402/oregon-s-medicaid-coordinated-care-organizations
#8
K John McConnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26817567/fibromyalgia-management-strategies-for-primary-care-providers
#9
REVIEW
L M Arnold, K B Gebke, E H S Choy
AIMS: Fibromyalgia (FM), a chronic disorder defined by widespread pain, often accompanied by fatigue and sleep disturbance, affects up to one in 20 patients in primary care. Although most patients with FM are managed in primary care, diagnosis and treatment continue to present a challenge, and patients are often referred to specialists. Furthermore, the lack of a clear patient pathway often results in patients being passed from specialist to specialist, exhaustive investigations, prescription of multiple drugs to treat different symptoms, delays in diagnosis, increased disability and increased healthcare resource utilisation...
February 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26653300/evaluation-and-treatment-of-low-back-pain-a-clinically-focused-review-for-primary-care-specialists
#10
REVIEW
W Michael Hooten, Steven P Cohen
Low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. In the absence of a classification system for pain syndromes, classification of LBP on the basis of the distribution of pain as axial (pain generally localized to the low back) or radicular neuropathic (pain radiating to the lower extremities) is relevant to clinical practice because the distribution of pain is often a corollary of frequently occurring disease processes involving the lumbar spine. Common sources of axial LBP include the intervertebral disc, facet joint, sacroiliac joint, and paraspinal musculature, whereas common sources of radicular pain include a herniated intervertebral disc and spinal stenosis...
December 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26030123/effects-of-a-medical-home-and-shared-savings-intervention-on-quality-and-utilization-of-care
#11
Mark W Friedberg, Meredith B Rosenthal, Rachel M Werner, Kevin G Volpp, Eric C Schneider
IMPORTANCE: Published evaluations of medical home interventions have found limited effects on quality and utilization of care. OBJECTIVE: To measure associations between participation in the Northeastern Pennsylvania Chronic Care Initiative and changes in quality and utilization of care. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The northeast region of the Pennsylvania Chronic Care Initiative began in October 2009, included 2 commercial health plans and 27 volunteering small primary care practice sites, and was designed to run for 36 months...
August 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26141332/peripheral-neuropathy-a-practical-approach-to-diagnosis-and-symptom-management
#12
REVIEW
James C Watson, P James B Dyck
Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most prevalent neurologic conditions encountered by physicians of all specialties. Physicians are faced with 3 distinct challenges in caring for patients with peripheral neuropathy: (1) how to efficiently and effectively screen (in less than 2 minutes) an asymptomatic patient for peripheral neuropathy when they have a disorder in which peripheral neuropathy is highly prevalent (eg, diabetes mellitus), (2) how to clinically stratify patients presenting with symptoms of neuropathy to determine who would benefit from specialty consultation and what testing is appropriate for those who do not need consultation, and (3) how to treat the symptoms of painful peripheral neuropathy...
July 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26251027/restarting-antidepressant-treatment-following-early-discontinuation-a-primary-care-database-study
#13
Christopher Burton, Amanda J Cochran, Isobel M Cameron
BACKGROUND: Many patients in primary care stop antidepressant treatment after only one prescription, so do not benefit from treatment. Some patients who stop initial antidepressant treatment go on to restart it, but neither the incidence of restarting nor the probability that patients who restart treatment subsequently complete an adequate course of treatment is known. OBJECTIVE: To examine subsequent antidepressant use in patients who discontinued treatment after only one antidepressant prescription...
October 2015: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26141299/headache-management-pharmacological-approaches
#14
REVIEW
Alex J Sinclair, Aaron Sturrock, Brendan Davies, Manjit Matharu
Headache is one of the most common conditions presenting to the neurology clinic, yet a significant proportion of these patients are unsatisfied by their clinic experience. Headache can be extremely disabling; effective treatment is not only essential for patients but is rewarding for the physician. In this first of two parts review of headache, we provide an overview of headache management, emerging therapeutic strategies and an accessible interpretation of clinical guidelines to assist the busy neurologist...
December 2015: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174784/orthostatic-hypotension-mechanisms-causes-management
#15
REVIEW
Phillip A Low, Victoria A Tomalia
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) occurs when mechanisms for the regulation of orthostatic BP control fails. Such regulation depends on the baroreflexes, normal blood volume, and defenses against excessive venous pooling. OH is common in the elderly and is associated with an increase in mortality rate. There are many causes of OH. Aging coupled with diseases such as diabetes and Parkinson's disease results in a prevalence of 10-30% in the elderly. These conditions cause baroreflex failure with resulting combination of OH, supine hypertension, and loss of diurnal variation of BP...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25618905/primary-care-practice-transformation-start-with-roles-and-relationships
#16
EDITORIAL
Michelle Howard, Sharef Danho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26021568/paying-for-prevention-a-novel-test-of-medicare-value-based-payment-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction
#17
Darshak M Sanghavi, Patrick H Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25964416/abfm-to-simplify-moc-for-family-physicians-and-make-it-more-meaningful-a-family-medicine-registry
#18
Robert L Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26009536/provision-of-medical-student-teaching-in-uk-general-practices-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#19
Alex Harding, Joe Rosenthal, Marwa Al-Seaidy, Denis Pereira Gray, Robert K McKinley
BACKGROUND: Health care is increasingly provided in general practice. To meet this demand, the English Department of Health recommends that 50% of all medical students should train for general practice after qualification. Currently 19% of medical students express general practice as their first career choice. Undergraduate exposure to general practice positively influences future career choice. Appropriate undergraduate exposure to general practice is therefore highly relevant to workforce planning AIM: This study seeks to quantify current exposure of medical students to general practice and compare it with past provision and also with postgraduate provision...
June 2015: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26009537/itch-and-liver-management-in-primary-care
#20
Vinod S Hegade, Stuart F W Kendrick, Jahangir Rehman, David E J Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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