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By Richard Gough Paramedic tutor, Post Qualification Manager
Mark H Wilson, John Hinds, Gareth Grier, Brian Burns, Simon Carley, Gareth Davies
OBJECTIVE: Early death following cranial trauma is often considered unsurvivable traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, Impact Brain Apnoea (IBA), the phenomenon of apnoea following TBI, may be a significant and preventable contributor to death attributed to primary injury. This paper reviews the history of IBA, cites case examples and reports a survey of emergency responder experience. METHODS: Literature and narrative review and focused survey of pre-hospital physicians...
August 2016: Resuscitation
Marc Maegele
For the German speaking countries, Tscherne's definition of "polytrauma" which represents an injury of at least two body regions with one or a combination being life-threatening is still valid. The timely and adequate management including quick referral of the trauma patient into a designated trauma center may limit secondary injury and may thus improve outcomes already during the prehospital phase of care. The professional treatment of multiple injured trauma patients begins at the scene in the context of a well structured prehospital emergency medical system...
2015: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Venu Jain, Radha Chari, Sharon Maslovitz, Dan Farine, Emmanuel Bujold, Robert Gagnon, Melanie Basso, Hayley Bos, Richard Brown, Stephanie Cooper, Katy Gouin, N Lynne McLeod, Savas Menticoglou, William Mundle, Christy Pylypjuk, Anne Roggensack, Frank Sanderson
OBJECTIVE: Physical trauma affects 1 in 12 pregnant women and has a major impact on maternal mortality and morbidity and on pregnancy outcome. A multidisciplinary approach is warranted to optimize outcome for both the mother and her fetus. The aim of this document is to provide the obstetric care provider with an evidence-based systematic approach to the pregnant trauma patient. OUTCOMES: Significant health and economic outcomes considered in comparing alternative practices...
June 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
A Kehoe, J E Smith, A Edwards, D Yates, F Lecky
AIM: Major trauma (MT) has traditionally been viewed as a disease of young men caused by high-energy transfer mechanisms of injury, which has been reflected in the configuration of MT services. With ageing populations in Western societies, it is anticipated that the elderly will comprise an increasing proportion of the MT workload. The aim of this study was to describe changes in the demographics of MT in a developed Western health system over the last 20 years. METHODS: The Trauma Audit Research Network (TARN) database was interrogated to identify all cases of MT (injury severity score >15) between 1990 and the end of 2013...
December 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Alice M Young, Anthony P Joseph, Alicia Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2015: Medical Journal of Australia
Mark Dixon, Joseph O'Halloran, Ailish Hannigan, Scott Keenan, Niamh M Cummins
BACKGROUND: Spinal immobilisation during extrication of patients in road traffic collisions is routinely used despite the lack of evidence for this practice. In a previous proof of concept study (n=1), we recorded up to four times more cervical spine movement during extrication using conventional techniques than self-controlled extrication. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish, using biomechanical analysis which technique provides the minimal deviation of the cervical spine from the neutral in-line position during extrication from a vehicle in a larger sample of variable age, height and mass...
December 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Robert J Hartman
A healthy 42-year-old man presented to the emergency department after the acute onset of penile pain during sexual intercourse. The erect penis had inadvertently collided with his partner's perineum. He heard a snap, noticed a rush of blood from the meatus, had immediate detumescence, and had..
March 12, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Camille L Stewart, Megan A Moscariello, Kristine W Hansen, Steven L Moulton
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We observed a high incidence of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in properly restrained infants involved in higher speed motor vehicle crashes (MVCs). We hypothesized that car safety seats are inadequately protecting infants from TBI. METHODS: We retrospectively queried scene crash data from our State Department of Transportation (2007-2011) and State Department of Public Health data (2000-2011) regarding infants who presented to a trauma center after MVC...
January 2014: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
D Dean Potter, Kathleen S Berns, Terri A Elsbernd, Scott P Zietlow
OBJECTIVE: Our rural trauma center uses packed red blood cells (PRBCs) and plasma onboard our helicopter to offset the delay of transport. We summarize our initial experience with prehospital blood use in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: Our air ambulance service began carrying PRBCs in 1987 and plasma in 2009. We performed a 9-year retrospective review including patients (< 18 years) who received blood during helicopter transports. Only patients transported to our level 1 trauma center were included to ensure complete follow-up...
January 2015: Air Medical Journal
May Mrochuk, Domhnall ÓDochartaigh, Eddie Chang
OBJECTIVE: Tranexamic acid (TXA) administration has been shown to reduce mortality in bleeding trauma patients if given in the hospital within 3 hours of injury. Its use has been theorized to be of benefit in the prehospital environment. This study evaluates the timing of TXA administration in a critical care helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) versus that of the destination trauma hospital. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of consecutive trauma patients who were given TXA during HEMS transfer...
January 2015: Air Medical Journal
A C Scholten, S A A Berben, A H Westmaas, P M van Grunsven, E T de Vaal, P P M Rood, N Hoogerwerf, C J M Doggen, L Schoonhoven
INTRODUCTION: Acute pain in trauma patients in emergency care is still undertreated. Early pain treatment is assumed to effectively reduce pain in patients and improve long-term outcomes. In order to improve pain management in the chain of emergency care, a national evidence-based guideline was developed. The aim of this study was to assess whether current practice is in compliance with the guideline 'Pain management for trauma patients in the chain of emergency care' from the Netherlands Association for Emergency Nurses (in Dutch NVSHV), and to evaluate early and initial pain management for adult trauma patients in emergency care...
May 2015: Injury
Stephen L Richey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2007: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Martin L Tonglet, Jean Marc Minon, Laurence Seidel, Jean Louis Poplavsky, Michel Vergnion
INTRODUCTION: Identifying patients who need damage control resuscitation (DCR) early after trauma is pivotal for adequate management of their critical condition. Several trauma-scoring systems have been developed to identify such patients, but most of them are not simple enough to be used in prehospital settings in the early post-traumatic phase. The Trauma Induced Coagulopathy Clinical Score (TICCS) is an easy-to-measure and strictly clinical trauma score developed to meet this medical need...
2014: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Eileen M Bulger, David Snyder, Karen Schoelles, Cathy Gotschall, Drew Dawson, Eddy Lang, Nels D Sanddal, Frank K Butler, Mary Fallat, Peter Taillac, Lynn White, Jeffrey P Salomone, William Seifarth, Michael J Betzner, Jay Johannigman, Norman McSwain
This report describes the development of an evidence-based guideline for external hemorrhage control in the prehospital setting. This project included a systematic review of the literature regarding the use of tourniquets and hemostatic agents for management of life-threatening extremity and junctional hemorrhage. Using the GRADE methodology to define the key clinical questions, an expert panel then reviewed the results of the literature review, established the quality of the evidence and made recommendations for EMS care...
April 2014: Prehospital Emergency Care
Louise S Londero, Birgitte Nørgaard, Kim Houlind
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of acute limb ischemia is severe, with amputation rates of up to 25% and in-hospital mortality of 9-15%. Delay in treatment increases the risk of major amputation and may be present at different stages, including patient delay, doctors´ delay and waiting time in the emergency department. It is important to identify existing problems in order to reduce time delay. The aim of this study was to collect data for patients with acute limb ischemia and to evaluate the time delay between the different events from onset of symptoms to specialist evaluation and further treatment with focus on pre-hospital and in-hospital time delays...
2014: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Jamie Barnes, Annie Duffy, Nathan Hamnett, Jane McPhail, Chris Seaton, Kayvan Shokrollahi, M Ian James, Paul McArthur, Rowan Pritchard Jones
INTRODUCTION: 'Mersey Burns App' is a smartphone/tablet application that aids in the assessment of total burn surface area (TBSA) and calculation of fluid resuscitation protocols in burns. This paper presents two studies assessing the speed and accuracy of calculations using Mersey Burns (App) in comparison with a Lund and Browder chart (paper) when a burn is assessed by medical students and clinicians. METHODS: The first study compared the speed and accuracy of TBSA and resuscitation calculation for a photograph of a burn with App and paper using burns and plastics and emergency medicine trainees and consultants...
August 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Samuel J Stratton, Atilla Uner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Elizabeth Bateman, Stuart Maitland-Knibb
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether restrictive fluid administration in penetrating thoracic trauma impacted on patients' mortality. 143 papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these are tabulated. It is concluded that there is paucity of relevant research and there is limited scientific evidence to inform fluid administration in these patients...
October 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Helen Anne Snooks, Ben Carter, Jeremy Dale, Theresa Foster, Ioan Humphreys, Philippa Anne Logan, Ronan Anthony Lyons, Suzanne Margaret Mason, Ceri James Phillips, Antonio Sanchez, Mushtaq Wani, Alan Watkins, Bridget Elizabeth Wells, Richard Whitfield, Ian Trevor Russell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of Computerised Clinical Decision Support (CCDS) for paramedics attending older people who fall. DESIGN: Cluster trial randomised by paramedic; modelling. SETTING: 13 ambulance stations in two UK emergency ambulance services. PARTICIPANTS: 42 of 409 eligible paramedics, who attended 779 older patients for a reported fall. INTERVENTIONS: Intervention paramedics received CCDS on Tablet computers to guide patient care...
2014: PloS One
Pip Lewis, Chris Wright
OBJECTIVES & BACKGROUND: Intraosseous (IO) access is becoming increasingly accepted in adult populations as an alternative to peripheral vascular access, however there is still insufficient evidence in large patient groups supporting its use. METHODS: Retrospective review. This paper reports on the use of intraosseous devices over a 7 year period from August 2006 to August 2013 during combat operations in Afghanistan. A search of the Joint Theatre Trauma Registry (JTTR-UK), a database of all trauma patients treated by Defence Medical Services in Iraq and Afghanistan, was carried out looking for all the incidences of intraosseous access use during this time...
September 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
2014-08-17 17:21:21
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