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11 papers 500 to 1000 followers
By Richard Gough Paramedic tutor, Post Qualification Manager
Seyed-Hassan Tonekaboni, Farhad Mahvelati Shamsabadi, Seyed-Saeed Anvari, Ali Mazrooei, Mohammad Ghofrani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to compare efficacy and safety of buccal midazolam with intravenous diazepam in control of seizures in Iranian children. METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial. 92 patients with acute seizures, ranging from 6 months to 14 years were randomly assigned to receive either buccal midazolam (32 cases) or intravenous diazepam (60 cases) at the emergency department of a children's hospital. The primary outcome of this study was cessation of visible seizure activity within 5 minutes from administration of the first dosage...
September 2012: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Mark Anderson
Prolonged seizures and status epilepticus are a common acute neurological presentation in pediatric practice. As a result, there is a need for effective and safe medications that can be delivered to convulsing children to effect rapid seizure termination both in hospital and community settings. The challenges of achieving intravenous access, particularly in young children, mandate alternative routes of administration for these drugs. Over the last ten years, midazolam delivered via the buccal mucosa has been demonstrated to be efficacious, safe, and acceptable to children and their caregivers, and a formulation has recently been licensed for use in Europe...
2013: Patient Preference and Adherence
Maria Kensche, Josemir W Sander, Sanjay M Sisodiya
Buccal midazolam is a rescue medication to reduce the duration of or stop an epileptic seizure, and is used to prevent status epilepticus. It is available in various forms, including a buccal preparation with a strength of 10 mg/1 ml. Midazolam is a licensed medication, but the buccal formulation is currently used off-licence. The prescriber takes ultimate responsibility for its use in this way. Administered by a trained person, it is receiving widespread acceptance as an alternative and effective treatment to rectally-administered diazepam in the community...
2010: BMJ Case Reports
Jason McMullan, Comilla Sasson, Arthur Pancioli, Robert Silbergleit
BACKGROUND: Rapid treatment of status epilepticus (SE) is associated with better outcomes. Diazepam and midazolam are commonly used, but the optimal agent and administration route is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine by systematic review if nonintravenous (non-IV) midazolam is as effective as diazepam, by any route, in terminating SE seizures in children and adults. Time to seizure cessation and respiratory complications was examined. METHODS: We performed a search of PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, American College of Physicians Journal Club, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts for studies published January 1, 1950, through July 4, 2009...
June 2010: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
R Chakupurakal, D N Sobithadevi, A P Choules, M Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2010: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Simon N Muchohi, Gilbert O Kokwaro, Bernhards R Ogutu, Geoffrey Edwards, Steve A Ward, Charles R J C Newton
AIM: To investigate the pharmacokinetics and clinical efficacy of intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM) and buccal midazolam (MDZ) in children with severe falciparum malaria and convulsions. METHODS: Thirty-three children with severe malaria and convulsions lasting > or =5 min were given a single dose of MDZ (0.3 mg kg(-1)) IV (n = 13), IM (n = 12) or via the buccal route (n = 8). Blood samples were collected over 6 h post-dose for determination of plasma MDZ and 1'-hydroxymidazolam concentrations...
October 2008: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Arthur Mpimbaza, Grace Ndeezi, Sarah Staedke, Philip J Rosenthal, Justus Byarugaba
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to compare the efficacy and safety of buccal midazolam with rectal diazepam in the treatment of prolonged seizures in Ugandan children. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized clinical trial in which 330 patients were randomly assigned to receive buccal midazolam or rectal diazepam. The trial was conducted in the pediatric emergency unit of the national referral hospital of Uganda. Consecutive patients who were aged 3 months to 12 years and presented while convulsing or who experienced a seizure that lasted >5 minutes were randomly assigned to receive buccal midazolam plus rectal placebo or rectal diazepam plus buccal placebo...
January 2008: Pediatrics
Max Wiznitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2005: Lancet
Richard Body, Mawra Ijaz
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether buccal midazolam is better than rectal diazepam for treating prolonged seizures in childhood and adolescence. Eight papers were found using the reported search, of which two presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results, and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. A clinical bottom line is stated.
May 2005: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
R C Scott, F M Besag, S G Boyd, D Berry, B G Neville
PURPOSE: To determine whether buccal/sublingual administration of midazolam (MDL) would lead to detectable venous concentrations and EEG changes in 10 healthy volunteers. METHODS: The study consisted of an open-label and a double-blind phases. Subjects held 10 mg MDL in 2 ml peppermint-flavored fluid or peppermint-flavored placebo in their mouth for 5 min and then spat it out. Cardiorespiratory and EEG monitoring was performed in all subjects. RESULTS: Venous MDL concentrations measured on 10 occasions from 5 to 600 min after administration showed a rapid increase for the first 20-30 min...
March 1998: Epilepsia
E Alfonzo-Echeverri, K C Troutman, W George
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the rate of absorption and clearance time of midazolam (Versed) when administered by the submucosal (SM) route), and the intramuscular (IM) route in ten healthy adult volunteers, ranging in age from 25 to 35 years. Each subject received midazolam 0.08 mg/kg, to a maximum of 5 mg, by the SM and IM routes at two week intervals. Vital signs and arterial oxygen saturation levels were monitored every five minutes throughout the 180 minute study period. Blood samples (3 ml) were collected via an intravenous line, prior to midazolam administration and at 2, 5, 10, 20, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 minutes, centrifuged and analyzed by gas-liquid chromatography...
November 1990: Anesthesia Progress
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