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interventional pulm stuff

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By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Eric Daniel Tenda, Abraham Yakub, Ceva Wicaksono Pitoyo, Fauziah Fardizza
Life threatening event due to central airway obstruction caused by very large blood clot formation with profuse on going bleeding its very challenging to manage. Interventional pulmonologist must aware about this situation which can lead to respiratory failure. There are several choices to treat this unlikely situation, in example flexible bronchoscopy with forceps, bronchial lavage, and suction. We present a case with post-surgical tracheostomy bleeding which caused a giant blood clot formation in a disseminated intravascular coagulation due to severe sepsis in end stage renal disease patient, successfully managed with cryoextraction and argon plasma coagulation...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Kassem Harris, Jonathan Puchalski, Daniel Sterman
The detection of peripheral lung nodules is increasing due to expanded use of computed tomography (CT) and implementation of lung cancer screening recommendations. Although surgical resection of malignant nodules remains the treatment modality of choice at present, many patients are not surgical candidates, thus prompting the need for other therapeutic options. Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and percutaneous thermal ablation are emerging as viable alternatives to surgical resection. For safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness purposes, however, alternative bronchoscopic methods for treatment of peripheral lung cancer are currently under active exploration...
June 9, 2016: Chest
Christopher Andrew Efthymiou, Tahir Masudi, James Andrew Charles Thorpe, Kostas Papagiannopoulos
Malignant pleural effusions in the presence of trapped lung remain notoriously difficult to treat. Various methods exist ranging from minimally invasive procedures including repeated needle thoracocentesis to the need for a formal surgical procedure such as placement of a pleuroperitoneal shunt and even thoracotomy and decortication. Controversy exists as to what is the optimum treatment for this condition. Any planned treatment should balance the therapeutic benefit provided against convalesce for a disease with a limited life expectancy...
December 2009: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Septimiu Dan Murgu, Katarine Egressy, Balaji Laxmanan, Guillermo Doblare, Rosamaria Ortiz-Comino, D Kyle Hogarth
The purpose of this article is to provide an update on methods for palliating symptoms in patients with histologically benign and malignant central airway obstruction. We review the published literature within the past decade on postintubation, posttracheostomy, and TB- and transplant-related airway strictures; tracheobronchomalacia; and malignant airway obstruction. We review terminology, classification systems, and parameters that impact treatment decisions. The focus is on how airway stent insertion fits into the best algorithm of care...
August 2016: Chest
Christoph Frank Dietrich, Jouke Tabe Annema, Paul Clementsen, Xin Wu Cui, Mathias Maximilian Borst, Christian Jenssen
Ultrasound imaging has gained importance in pulmonary medicine over the last decades including conventional transcutaneous ultrasound (TUS), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS). Mediastinal lymph node staging affects the management of patients with both operable and inoperable lung cancer (e.g., surgery vs. combined chemoradiation therapy). Tissue sampling is often indicated for accurate nodal staging. Recent international lung cancer staging guidelines clearly state that endosonography (EUS and EBUS) should be the initial tissue sampling test over surgical staging...
September 2015: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Philippe A Grenier, Catherine Beigelman-Aubry, Pierre-Yves Brillet
Nonneoplastic stenosis of proximal airways may result from longstanding intubations or tracheostomy, granulomatous infection, or systemic diseases such as relapsing polychondritis, amyloidosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, and inflammatory bowel disease. It also may be caused by saber sheath trachea, tracheobronchopathia osteoplastica, or broncholithiasis. An early diagnosis of the tracheal and bronchial stenosis has become possible with the advent of routine CT imaging. Multiplanar and volume rendering reformations after thin collimation MDCT acquisition help assess the location and extent of the stenosis and characterize the presence, distribution, and type of airway wall thickening...
March 2009: Radiologic Clinics of North America
David A Lawrence, Brittany Branson, Isabel Oliva, Ami Rubinowitz
A variety of pathologic processes can involve the central airways. Abnormalities may either diffusely or focally involve the tracheal or mainstem bronchial walls. Diseases that diffusely involve the tracheal wall can be subclassified as sparing the membranous trachea or circumferentially involving the tracheal wall. Focal diseases of the trachea and mainstem bronchi include benign and malignant causes. Additionally, congenital and acquired morphologic abnormalities of the trachea will be reviewed.
February 2015: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
Sara Tomassetti, Athol U Wells, Ulrich Costabel, Alberto Cavazza, Thomas V Colby, Giulio Rossi, Nicola Sverzellati, Angelo Carloni, Elisa Carretta, Matteo Buccioli, Paola Tantalocco, Claudia Ravaglia, Christian Gurioli, Alessandra Dubini, Sara Piciucchi, Jay H Ryu, Venerino Poletti
RATIONALE: Surgical lung biopsy is often required for a confident multidisciplinary diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Alternative, less-invasive biopsy methods, such as bronchoscopic lung cryobiopsy (BLC), are highly desirable. OBJECTIVES: To address the impact of BLC on diagnostic confidence in the multidisciplinary diagnosis of IPF. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we selected 117 patients with fibrotic interstitial lung disease without a typical usual interstitial pneumonia pattern on high-resolution computed tomography...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Ilyes Berania, Jordan Kazakov, Mohamed Khereba, Eric Goudie, Pasquale Ferraro, Vicky Thiffault, Moishe Liberman
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate whether endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) or endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) staging techniques of the mediastinum for lung cancer can change the treatment plan compared with the "gold standard" of surgical staging. METHODS: Patients were retrospectively identified from a prospectively collected database. Endoscopic staging was compared with the "gold standard" cervical mediastinoscopy (CM). In cases where mediastinoscopy was not performed, EBUS/EUS was compared with "ideal" CM, a virtual procedure, which was assumed to have 100% rates of sensitivity and specificity...
February 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Zheng Wang, Han-Bing Yu, Quan Luo, Yong-Yu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of carbolic acid treatment of bronchopleural fistula (BPF) using bronchofiberscope (BFS) in post-pulmonectomy patients. METHOD: Twelve patients with post-pulmonectomy BPF were enrolled in this study at the Liaoning Tumor Hospital between February 2009 and March 2012. Three patients had BPF after the right pneumonectomy, six patients after left pneumonectomy, one patient after the right middle and low lobectomy and two patients after left upper lobectomy...
2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Praveen Chenna, Alexander C Chen
Peripheral pulmonary lesions are an increasingly common finding in clinical practice. While many nodules are followed with radiographic surveillance, some may require biopsy. Conventional bronchoscopy with transbronchial lung biopsy has traditionally performed poorly for small, peripheral lesions, and transthoracic needle aspiration with computed tomographic (CT) guidance has been favored as the diagnostic test of choice. Despite the high diagnostic yield of transthoracic needle aspiration, procedural complications such as pneumothorax continue to be problematic...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Russell J Miller, Septimiu D Murgu
Emphysema and asthma are responsible for economic and social burden. Altering the natural course of these diseases is a field of intense research. The National Emphysema Treatment Trial showed that lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) could significantly reduce both morbidity and mortality in properly selected patients. LVRS is seldom performed, however, due to the high morbidity associated with the surgery. Numerous bronchoscopic interventions have been introduced with the goal of providing the clinical benefits of LVRS without the surgical complications...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Abdul Hamid Alraiyes, Michael S Machuzak
The purpose of this article is to provide an introduction to rigid bronchoscopy (RB). We will briefly discuss its history, evolution, and resurgence while we highlight its versatility and usefulness for today's interventional pulmonologist and thoracic surgeon. Despite being one of the earliest pulmonary procedures described, RB is still an important technique. Advances in thoracic medicine have made this skill critical for a fully functional interventional pulmonary program. If the interventional pulmonologist of this century is to be successful, he or she should be facile in this technique...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Kamran Mahmood, Momen M Wahidi
Central airway obstruction (CAO) is seen in malignant and nonmalignant airway disorders and can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Endobronchial ablative therapies are used in conjunction with mechanical debridement to achieve hemostasis and restore airway patency. These therapies can be classified into modalities with immediate or delayed effect. Therapies with immediate effect include heat therapies (such as electrocautery, argon plasma coagulation, and laser) and cryorecanalization using a cryoprobe for tissue extraction...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Samira Shojaee, A Christine Argento
Ultrasonography of the thorax has become a more recognized tool in pulmonary medicine, thanks to continuing clinical research that has proven its many valuable roles in the day-to-day management of pulmonary and pleural diseases. Ultrasound examination is a cost-effective imaging modality that permits the pulmonologist to obtain information about the pathologies in the thorax without the risk of exposure to ionizing radiation, providing the examiner with real-time and immediate results. Its ease of use and training along with its portability to the patient's bedside and accurate examination of the pleural space has allowed for safer pleural procedures such as thoracentesis, chest tube placement, tunneled pleural catheter placement, and medical thoracoscopy...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Adam Belanger, Jason Akulian
Bedside percutaneous tracheostomy and gastrostomy tube placement are cost-effective and safe techniques employed in the management of critically ill patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation. Both procedures have been well characterized and studied in the surgical and gastroenterology literature. Recently the performance of these procedures by interventional pulmonologists have been reported. This review focuses on the role of the interventional pulmonologist in the ICU, specifically in regard to the placement of percutaneous tracheostomies and gastrostomy tubes...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Mark Slade
Pneumothorax refers to the presence of air within the pleural cavity, which may arise from a spontaneous defect in the visceral pleural surface, or through iatrogenic or other thoracic trauma. The most common cause in the developed world is iatrogenic pneumothorax. Most frequently, it can be managed conservatively or through simple pleural aspiration or drainage. A persistent air leak, >2 days' duration, develops in one-third of patients. When patients are managed with chest drainage alone, the median time for resolution of air leak is longer in patients with a pneumothorax secondary to an underlying lung disease (11 vs...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Joseph H Skalski, Philippe J Astoul, Fabien Maldonado
The burden of pleural diseases continues to rise and affects an increasingly complex and aging patient population. As such, thoracentesis is one of the most common procedures performed by respiratory physicians, as pleural fluid analysis can establish the diagnosis of pleural effusions in approximately 75% of the cases. When a diagnosis is not reached, options include image-guided biopsies, only possible when focal pleural lesions can be identified by computed tomography or ultrasound; closed pleural biopsies, associated with a relatively low diagnostic yield; and surgical pleural biopsies, which typically require general anesthesia and a hospital stay...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Masahide Oki, Hideo Saka, Masahiko Ando, Fumihiro Asano, Noriaki Kurimoto, Katsuhiko Morita, Chiyoe Kitagawa, Yoshihito Kogure, Teruomi Miyazawa
RATIONALE: The combination of an ultrathin bronchoscope, navigational technology, and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) seems to combine the best of mutual abilities for evaluating peripheral pulmonary lesions, but ultrathin bronchoscopes that allow the use of EBUS have not been developed so far. OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic yield of transbronchial biopsy under EBUS, fluoroscopy, and virtual bronchoscopic navigation guidance using a novel ultrathin bronchoscope with that using a thin bronchoscope with a guide sheath for peripheral pulmonary lesions...
August 15, 2015: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Gaëtan Deslee, Karin Klooster, Martin Hetzel, Franz Stanzel, Romain Kessler, Charles-Hugo Marquette, Christian Witt, Stefan Blaas, Wolfgang Gesierich, Felix J F Herth, Juergen Hetzel, Eva M van Rikxoort, Dirk-Jan Slebos
BACKGROUND: The lung volume reduction (LVR) coil is a minimally invasive bronchoscopic nitinol device designed to reduce hyperinflation and improve elastic recoil in severe emphysema. We investigated the feasibility, safety and efficacy of LVR coil treatment in a prospective multicentre cohort trial in patients with severe emphysema. METHODS: Patients were treated in 11 centres. Safety was evaluated by recording all adverse events, efficacy by the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) as primary endpoint, and pulmonary function testing, modified Medical Research Council dyspnoea score (mMRC) and 6-min walk distance (6MWD) up to 12 months after the final treatment...
November 2014: Thorax
2014-06-16 15:31:24
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