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Enrico Brunetti, Tom Heller, Joachim Richter, Daniel Kaminstein, Daniel Youkee, Maria Teresa Giordani, Samuel Goblirsch, Francesca Tamarozzi
Ultrasound (US) has vast potential in the field of infectious diseases, especially so in resource-limited settings. Recent technological advances have increased availability and access to ultrasound in low-resource settings, where the burden of infectious diseases is greatest. This paper collates the evidence for the utilization of ultrasound and evaluates its effectiveness in the diagnosis and management of a range of infectious diseases. This paper explores the role of ultrasound in population-based screening for specific diseases as well as highlights its benefits for individual patient management...
January 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
A Bartlett, R Williams, M Hilton
INTRODUCTION: Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a common viral illness that predominantly causes sore throat, fever and cervical lymphadenopathy in adolescents and young adults. Although usually a benign, self-limiting disease, it is associated with a small risk of splenic rupture, which can be life-threatening. It is common practice therefore to advise avoiding vigorous physical activity for at least 4-6 weeks, however this is not based on controlled trials or national guidelines. We reviewed published case reports of splenic rupture occurring in the context of IM in an attempt to ascertain common factors that may predict who is at risk...
March 2016: Injury
Shruti V Sangani, Samira Parikh
UNLABELLED: CNS Tuberculosis can manifest as meningitis, arachnoiditis and a tuberculoma. The rupture of a tubercle into the subarachnoid space leads to Tuberculosis Meningitis (TBME); the resulting hypersensitivity reaction can lead to an elevation of the intracranial pressure and hydrocephalus. While bedside optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) ultrasonography (USG) can be a sensitive screening test for elevated intracranial pressure in adult head injury, little is known regarding ONSD measurements in Tuberculosis Meningitis...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Cesar Henriquez-Camacho, Gonzalo Garcia-Casasola, Carlos Guillén-Astete, Juan Losa
Bedside ultrasound evaluation for infection can be performed promptly at the bedside, using simple equipment and without irradiation. Visualization of the foci often enables prompt antimicrobial therapy and even early ultrasound-guided procedure, facilitating earlier confirmation. These procedures are made safer using the real-time visual control that ultrasound provides. Future challenges for an infectious diseases specialist include gaining experience about the appropriate use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS)...
July 2015: Journal of Infection
Brett A Marvel, Gavin R Budhram
BACKGROUND: The red, swollen, infected hand can be a diagnostically challenging presentation in the emergency department (ED). Hand infections are a relatively uncommon ED complaint, and diagnoses may range from simple cellulitis to deep space abscess, and even to suppurative flexor tenosynovitis. The accurate differentiation of these clinical entities is of paramount importance to healing and recovery of function. CASE SERIES: In this case series, we review 4 patients with similar presenting complaints of a red, swollen hand, but with much different diagnoses and eventual treatment strategies...
January 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Peter J Emiley, John L Kendall, Jennifer W Bellows
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis is a challenging and commonly considered diagnosis in the emergency department. Early recognition and treatment with appropriate antibiotic therapy is crucial to prevent complications. OBJECTIVE: This case reviews relevant literature and typical ultrasound features of osteomyelitis. It highlights a previously undescribed and practical application of emergency department bedside ultrasonography, adding to the diagnostic armamentarium for this disease process...
January 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Geoffrey E Hayden, Kelley S Lybrand, E Page Bridges, Joseph D Losek, Bradley C Presley
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are common disease presentations to the emergency department (ED), with the majority of the infections attributed to community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Rapid and accurate identification of potentially serious SSTIs is critical. Clinician-performed ultrasonography (CPUS) is increasingly common in the ED, and assists in rapid and accurate identification of a variety of disease processes. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old female presented to the ED with chin swelling and "boils...
November 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Francesca Reali, Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Paolo Carlucci, Paola Fracasso, Fabiano Di Marco, Marzia Mandelli, Simone Soldi, Enrica Riva, Stefano Centanni
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound is a non-radiating accurate alternative tool to chest X-ray (CXR) in the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to define the accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAP in children. METHODS: 107 consecutive children with suspected CAP underwent clinical examination, blood sample analysis, CXR and lung ultrasound on admission to the Pediatric Department of the San Paolo Hospital...
2014: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Sabine Bélard, Tom Heller, Martin P Grobusch, Heather J Zar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Pediatric Radiology
Tsepo Moseme, Savvas Andronikou
Diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) remains a challenge in the pediatric population because of the lack of sputum production for laboratory analysis. Chest radiography is used in the diagnosis of pulmonary TB and the hallmark of diagnosis is the demonstration of hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Point-of-care sonography of the mediastinum is an alternative to chest radiography in detection of tuberculous lymph nodes. In the rural district health care setting US is often the most commonly available imaging modality and its mobility makes it possible to examine patients at the point of care, reducing the need for patients to travel to a regional hospital to acquire a chest radiograph...
June 2014: Pediatric Radiology
Elena Minakova, Stephanie J Doniger
Myiasis, or the infiltration of the botfly larvae, is a relatively frequent problem encountered by travelers to parts of Latin America. This is a novel case report that documents a Dermatobia hominis infestation of the left facial region with secondary periorbital cellulitis diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasonography.
June 2014: Pediatric Emergency Care
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